Child Labour


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it gives a description on child labour as a concpt of Labour Economics

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Child Labour

  1. 1. Presented by:-
  2. 2. Who is a Child? International conventions define children as age 18 and under is a child. But individual governments child. But individual governments may define ´child´ according to different ages or other criteria. Indifferent ages or other criteria. In India, age under 14
  3. 3. What is a Labour? One who works in a daily wage basis on the days when he/she has the work opportunities open for him/her & rest sits ideal on other days is termed as labour.
  4. 4. What is Child Labour? • As per ILO any person below 15years working is considered to be a child labour. • Full time work by a child • To sustain self & family members.
  5. 5. Generally child labour is work for children that harms them or exploits them in some way. Some ways are:– Physical – Mental – Morally
  6. 6. Did you know • India has the highest number of child labourers in the world. • Acc to the National Sample Survey Organization, nearly 16.4 million Indian children aged 5-15 yrs are engaged in various works. • As per ILO 90% of child labourers
  7. 7. Causes of Child Labour • Poverty • Overexploitation of population. • Lack of schooling and daily care. • Limited choices for women. • Decrease of resources. • Abuse of the child. • Decrease in literacy. • Uncaring attitudes of employees • Increase of poverty. • Parental
  8. 8. Working area of Children • • • • • • • Mills Factories Brick works Chimney sweep Coal mines Street child Country child
  9. 9. Child Labour in India • INDIA accounts for the second highest number where child labor in the world. • According to certain experts approximately 10 million bonded children laborers are working as domestic servants in India. • Beyond this there are almost 55
  10. 10. IndIa’s chIld labour statistics
  11. 11. Laws prevailing in India to abolish Child Labour • The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986. Under the child labour act any worker below 14yrs of age is prohibited from working in a factory. • Factories Act, 1948. Factories act states that a
  12. 12. Why should we care? Many children in hazardous and dangerous jobs are in danger of injury, even death. They are suppose to sit at home, play with the friends, built their health, develop the culture and load themselves with knowledge
  13. 13. Children in need of care & protection • Orphans, abandoned & destitute • Missing or run-away children • Street & working children • Children of sex workers
  14. 14. • Abused, tortured and exploited • Children indulging in substance abuse • Children affected by natural calamities, emergencies & man made disasters • Children with disabilities • Child beggars
  15. 15. Solutions to reduce Child Labour • Increase family income • Education • Social services
  16. 16. • Family control of fertility • Learn about the issue • Support organizations that are raising awareness • Provide direct help to individual children