Revisão 7º ano – 6ª Etapa – Professor Hélio Diógenes paracasando.blogspot.com First Conditional http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-conditional_2.htm Real Possibility We are talking about the future. We are thinking about a particularcondition or situation in the future, and the result of this condition. There is areal possibility that this condition will happen. For example, it is morning. Youare at home. You plan to play tennis this afternoon. But there are some cloudsin the sky. Imagine that it rains. What will you do?IF Condition Result present simple WILL + base verbIf it rains I will stay at home. Notice that we are thinking about a future condition. It is not raining yet.But the sky is cloudy and you think that it could rain. We use the present simpletense to talk about the possible future condition. We use WILL + base verb totalk about the possible future result. The important thing about the firstconditional is that there is a real possibility that the condition will happen.Here are some more examples (do you remember the two basic structures: [IFcondition result] and [result IF condition]?):IF condition result present simple WILL + base verbIf I see Mary I will tell her.If Tara is free tomorrow he will invite her.If they do not pass their exam their teacher will be sad.If it rains tomorrow will you stay at home?If it rains tomorrow what will you do?Result IF conditionWILL + base verb present simpleI will tell Mary if I see her.He will invite Tara if she is free tomorrow.Their teacher will be sad if they do not pass their exam.Will you stay at home if it rains tomorrow?What will you do if it rains tomorrow?
ExerciseComplete the sentences with the given words, in the FIRST CONDITIONAL:1. If you ____________ (not study), you ____________ (fail) the test.2. We ____________ (die) if we ____________ (not get) help soon!3. If you ____________ (look) in the fridge, you ____________ (find) some colddrinks.4. If there ____________ (be) no oil in the engine, the car ____________(break) down.5. I ____________ (lend) you my umbrella if you ____________ (need) it.6. The sea level ____________ (rise) if the planet ____________ (get) hotter.7. If you ____________ (eat) your sandwiches now, you ____________ (nothave) anything for lunch!8. You ____________ (be) safe in an accident if you ____________ (wear)your seatbelt.9. If he ____________ (save) all his money, he ____________ (be able to go)on holiday to Canada.10. I ____________ (not come) with you if you ____________ (not bring) John!Choose the right alternative to complete the sentences:1. If you sell more than you did last year a) hell be out on his ear. b) Ill buy you a new car. c) youll soon be on your way d) youll be in big trouble.2. If you take my advice a) Concorde is faster than a 747. b) Ill buy two. c) youll keep a tighter control on what Jerome gets up to. d) youll be in big trouble.3. If he doesnt accept our offer a) well have to withdraw. thats the most we can afford to pay. b) your job here will be quite safe. c) hell be out on his ear. d) youll be in big trouble.4. If you give me a 10 % discount a) youll soon be on your way b) your job here will be quite safe. c) Ill buy two. d) youll be in big trouble.5. If sales dont improve soon a) well have to lay off some workers b) your job here will be quite safe. c) Ill buy two. d) youll keep a tighter control on what Jerome gets up to.6. If the report isnt on my desk tomorrow morning a) youll be in big trouble. b) your job here will be quite safe. c) well have to lay off some workers d) hell be out on his ear.7. If Nick doesnt mend his ways soon a) youll soon be on your way b) your job here will be quite safe. c) youll be in big trouble.
d) hell be out on his ear.8. If I see you standing around the coffee machine talking again a) youll be in big trouble. b) your job here will be quite safe. c) well have to lay off some workers d) hell be out on his ear.9. If you dont make the grade here a) your job here will be quite safe. b) youll soon be on your way c) well have to lay off some workers d) hell be out on his ear.10. Unless you do something really bad a) your job here will be quite safe. b) youll soon be on your way c) youll be in big trouble. d) hell be out on his ear. Going to http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/gofut.htmIntroduction In English, there are many ways of expressing future time. One of themost common is the "be going to" construction. This page will explain the mainmeaning of “be going to” and show you how to use “be going to” in sentencesand questions.1. How to form "be going to" sentencesTo make a verb form with “be going to”, you first put “be” into the correct form toagree with the subject, and then add “going to” + the simple form of the verb.This table lists the main forms:Subject Statement Question NegativeI I am going to Am I going to I am not going to leave. leave? leave. Im going to Im not going to leave. leave.You You are going to Are you going You are not going to leave. to leave? leave. Youre going to You arent going to leave. leave. Youre not going to leave.He He is going to Is he going to He is not going to leave. leave? leave.
Subject Statement Question Negative Hes going to Hes not going to leave. leave. He isnt going to leave.She She is going to Is she going to She is not going to leave. leave? leave. Shes going to Shes not going to leave. leave. She isnt going to leave.It It is going to Is it going to It is not going to leave. leave? leave. Its going to Its not going to leave. leave. It isnt going to leave.We We are going to Are we going to We are not going to leave. leave? leave. Were going to Were not going to leave. leave. We arent going to leave.They They are going Are they going They are not going to to leave. to leave? leave. Theyre going to Theyre not going to leave. leave. They arent going to leave.
2. The meaning of “be going to” future forms“Be going to” is usually used when something is already planned or definite.Look at the difference between these sentences:Ill make the supper tonight.(Making a decision/volunteering to do something.)Im going to make the supper every Wednesday.(This is already planned and organized.) Exercise http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/future-1-going-to/exercisesPut the verbs into the correct form (future I). Use going to. 1. It (rain) _______________. 2. They (eat) _______________ meat. 3. I (wear) _______________ blue shoes tonight. 4. We (not / help) _______________ you. 5. Jack (not / walk) _______________ home. 6. (cook / you) _______________ dinner? 7. Sue (share / not) _______________ her biscuits. 8. (leave / they) _______________ the house? 9. (take part / she) _______________ in the contest? 10. I (not / spend) _______________ my holiday abroad this year.Write questions in going to future. 1. (he / cook dinner / tonight) – __________________________________ 2. (you / run / in the race) – __________________________________ 3. (they / climb / that mountain) – _________________________________ 4. (she / exercise / at the gym / tonight) – __________________________ 5. (you / carry / that heavy box) – _________________________________ 6. (computer / crash) – __________________________________ 7. (we / eat / fish / tonight) – __________________________________ 8. (he / play football / tomorrow) – _________________________________ 9. (Lucy / call / a taxi) – __________________________________ 10. (you / sing / a song / for us) – __________________________________The following people do not intend to do the following actions.Write negative sentences in going to future. 1. (I / sell / my car) – __________________________________ 2. (he / help / us) – __________________________________ 3. (they / study / harder) – __________________________________ 4. (we / cook / dinner tonight) – __________________________________ 5. (I / celebrate / my birthday this year) – ___________________________ 6. (she / cleaning / her room) – __________________________________ 7. (they / move / house) – __________________________________ 8. (she / stay / with Amy) – __________________________________ 9. (they / change / their clothes) – _________________________________ 10. (we / get up early / on Sunday – _______________________________
Modal Verbs http://www.englishpage.com/modals/could.htmlCould "Could" is used to express possibility or past ability as well as to makesuggestions and requests. "Could" is also commonly used in conditionalsentences as the conditional form of "can."Examples:Extreme rain could cause the river to flood the city. possibilityNancy could ski like a pro by the age of 11. past abilityYou could see a movie or go out to dinner. suggestionCould I use your computer to email my boss? requestShould"Should" is most commonly used to make recommendations or give advice. Itcan also be used to express obligation as well as expectation.Examples:When you go to Berlin, you should visit the palaces in Potsdam.recommendationYou should focus more on your family and less on work. adviceBy now, they should already be in Dubai. expectation Exercise http://www.eclecticenglish.com/grammar/Should1A.htmlCould (simple past of Can). borrow – pass – dance – understand 1. When he was in high school he ____________________ everything. 2. When she was younger she ___________________ better than anyone. 3. ___________ I ___________ your dictionary? 4. ___________ you ___________ me the salad,please?Choose should or shouldnt. 1. You ______________ be so selfish. 2. I dont think you ______________ smoke so much. 3. You ______________ exercise more. 4. I think you ______________ try to speak to her. 5. You are overweight. You ______________ go on a diet. 6. Where ______________ we park our car? 7. You______________ never speak to your mother like this. 8. The kids ______________ spend so much time in front of the TV. 9. ______________ I tell her the truth or should I say nothing? 10. I think we ______________ reserve our holiday in advance.
Object Pronouns http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/pronouns Exercise http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/pronouns/personal_pronouns3.htmWhich object form of the personal pronoun can substitute the underlined phrasein the sentence?1) The teacher always gives the students homework. me / them / you2) I am reading the book to my little sister. her / us / him3) The boys are riding their bikes. it / them / her4) My father is writing a letter to John. me / her / him5) I dont know the answer. she / her / it6) Sally is going to Anne. her / him / me7) Open the window, please. it / them / us8) Can you tell the people the way to the airport, please? you / them / us9) The books are for Peter. him / her / you10) Can you help my sister and me, please? her / me / us