Smart Cities Introduction
Trento, 22 February 2013

Smart Cities
!

Macrotrends
Andrea Paraboschi
www.paraboschi.it
“The 19th century was a century of empires, the 20th century was a
century of nation states, the 21st century will be a ce...
Problem setting / Macro - I
By 2050, world population will be 9 billion people (+30%)	

By 2050, 70% of the world’s popula...
Problem setting / Macro - II
Demographic decline + Dramatic increase of very old people	

Cultural diversity	

Growing soc...
Problem setting / Micro -1
Can we still talk about cities?
!

Administrative unit	

MUA (Morphological Urban Area): built-...
Problem setting / Micro - II
Can we still talk about cities?
Urban and rural are melting - Rurban / Urban sprawl

Cities a...
Challenges
Europe 2020

Smart growth
Green growth
Inclusive growth
Megatrends
Digital Transformation

Technology will 	

connect and enrich lives	


Open Innovation

Innovation Networks

Ma...
Scenario setting
Global Internet traffic growth

By the end of 2014 	

40.000 PByte/month
Average growth: +47% YoY
Instrumented world

1 : 500
2 billion people on the
Internet (2011)

More than 1 trillion connected
devices in the world

...
Always-on world
ICT Macrotrends
Instrumented world	

Internet of things

Cloud computing
Moore’s law
Open source & standards

Social media...
Industrial Internet
Revolution

Industrial
Revolution
Intelligent	

Networks

+

Internet
Revolution

Industrial
Internet
...
New cities vs existing cities

needs proper design

needs proper upgrade

Common goal
Create productive districts at human...
How to reach human speed?
parking 50m

Data

Action

Information

Knowledge

Real world
Digital world

3 parkings availabl...
The role of a TELCO in a Smart Community
•Data gathering through mobile sensors	

•Key elements: Network coverage, 	

App ...
Smart Community as a platform
City outcomes 	

and aspirations
City processes 	

and services

Solution Areas
ICT Infrastr...
The need of STANDARDS	

NO Silos, let’s make Bricks!
City 	

Management
scalability	

modularity	

cross-city systems	


P...
The contribution of IT to global CO2 emissions

IT CO2 emissions account for 2%	

!

IT can significantly contribute 	

to ...
TELCO priorities for Smart Communities
Ubiquitous hi-speed network	


Digital 	

Transformation

Wired or wireless accordi...
Technology itself is not enough...
Urban performance currently depends not only on the city’ s endowment
of hard infrastru...
What has to be Smart?
Smart	

Economy

Smart	

Mobility
Smart	

Environment

Smart	

Living

Smart	

Governance

Smart	

P...
What is a Smart City?
We believe a city to be smart when investments in human and social capital and
traditional (transpor...
Smart Cities Introduction
Trento, 22 February 2013

Smart Cities
!

Macrotrends
Andrea Paraboschi
www.paraboschi.it
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Smart Cities - Macrotrends

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This presentation offers a brief overview on the Smart Cities topic, providing some data and some useful insights about why new kind of cities are needed and at the same time presenting some trends that boost the emergence of new urban paradigms.

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Transcript of "Smart Cities - Macrotrends"

  1. 1. Smart Cities Introduction Trento, 22 February 2013 Smart Cities ! Macrotrends Andrea Paraboschi www.paraboschi.it
  2. 2. “The 19th century was a century of empires, the 20th century was a century of nation states, the 21st century will be a century of cities”. Wellington E. Webb, former mayor of Denver D'una città non godi le sette o le settantasette meraviglie, ma la risposta che dà a una tua domanda. Italo Calvino, Le città invisibili (1972).
  3. 3. Problem setting / Macro - I By 2050, world population will be 9 billion people (+30%) By 2050, 70% of the world’s population will be urban (+20%) 1,25 million people moving from rural villages to cities each week Result: +3 billion people will live in cities. Two times more than now. data: Unicef, UN, ICSNC image source: fastcodesign.com
  4. 4. Problem setting / Macro - II Demographic decline + Dramatic increase of very old people Cultural diversity Growing social polarisation and segregation Loss of manufactury jobs (mono-sectorial cities under threat) Environment-related issues
  5. 5. Problem setting / Micro -1 Can we still talk about cities? ! Administrative unit MUA (Morphological Urban Area): built-up space FUA (Functional Urban Area): mobility patterns
  6. 6. Problem setting / Micro - II Can we still talk about cities? Urban and rural are melting - Rurban / Urban sprawl Cities are entities in constant evolution Problems can have local symptoms but require a wider territorial solution
  7. 7. Challenges Europe 2020 Smart growth Green growth Inclusive growth
  8. 8. Megatrends Digital Transformation Technology will connect and enrich lives Open Innovation Innovation Networks Mass Collaboration City as a platform Data fusion Smart Grids Sustainability Automation Substitution De-materialisation
  9. 9. Scenario setting Global Internet traffic growth By the end of 2014 40.000 PByte/month Average growth: +47% YoY
  10. 10. Instrumented world 1 : 500 2 billion people on the Internet (2011) More than 1 trillion connected devices in the world Source: IBM
  11. 11. Always-on world
  12. 12. ICT Macrotrends Instrumented world Internet of things Cloud computing Moore’s law Open source & standards Social media Big data Open data Ubiquitous hi-speed connectivity
  13. 13. Industrial Internet Revolution Industrial Revolution Intelligent Networks + Internet Revolution Industrial Internet Intelligent Decisioning Intelligent Devices
  14. 14. New cities vs existing cities needs proper design needs proper upgrade Common goal Create productive districts at human speed inside a hyper-connected and zero-emissions city ! Techno-city different from Smart City images: Masdar City, Florence
  15. 15. How to reach human speed? parking 50m Data Action Information Knowledge Real world Digital world 3 parkings available in Vicolo Stretto Parking management system
  16. 16. The role of a TELCO in a Smart Community •Data gathering through mobile sensors •Key elements: Network coverage, App co-design H •Data transmission to final user •Key elements: Network coverage, App co-design S Data H Information •Data transmission •Key element: Data network speed H focus on hardware S focus on software Action Knowledge H S H S •Data processing •Key element: Cloud processing
  17. 17. Smart Community as a platform City outcomes and aspirations City processes and services Solution Areas ICT Infrastructure Need of a Distributed intelligence + Integrated management
  18. 18. The need of STANDARDS NO Silos, let’s make Bricks! City Management scalability modularity cross-city systems Private Companies Universities Standardization process Custom system Middleware solutions open APIs
  19. 19. The contribution of IT to global CO2 emissions IT CO2 emissions account for 2% ! IT can significantly contribute to reduce the 98% of emissions caused by other activities or industries IT Other data: Gartner
  20. 20. TELCO priorities for Smart Communities Ubiquitous hi-speed network Digital Transformation Wired or wireless according to speed needs and urbanisation level Mass Collaboration Standards creation support Smart Apps co-design Boost hi-speed internet demand Sustainability Reducing negative esternalities
  21. 21. Technology itself is not enough... Urban performance currently depends not only on the city’ s endowment of hard infrastructure (‘physical capital’), but also, and increasingly so, on the availability and quality of knowledge communication and social infrastructure (‘human and social capital’). The latter form of capital is decisive for urban competitiveness. 1 Utilization of ICT 2 Business Led Urban Development 3 Social Inclusion 4 Focus on hi-tech and creative industries 5 Attention to social and relational capital 6 Social and environmental sustainability Caragliu A., Del Bo C., Nijkamp P., Smart Cities in Europe. 3rd Central European Conference in Regional Science – CERS, 2009
  22. 22. What has to be Smart? Smart Economy Smart Mobility Smart Environment Smart Living Smart Governance Smart People
  23. 23. What is a Smart City? We believe a city to be smart when investments in human and social capital and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication infrastructure fuel sustainable economic growth and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory governance. Caragliu A., Del Bo C., Nijkamp P., Smart Cities in Europe. 3rd Central European Conference in Regional Science – CERS, 2009 The evolution of Smart City definition 2000 Smart City as a Digital City Hardware 2005 2010 Smart City as an Socially Inclusive City Smart City as a city with a higher quality of life Software Hardware and Software
  24. 24. Smart Cities Introduction Trento, 22 February 2013 Smart Cities ! Macrotrends Andrea Paraboschi www.paraboschi.it
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