Smart Cities - Macrotrends


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This presentation offers a brief overview on the Smart Cities topic, providing some data and some useful insights about why new kind of cities are needed and at the same time presenting some trends that boost the emergence of new urban paradigms.

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Smart Cities - Macrotrends

  1. 1. Smart Cities Introduction Trento, 22 February 2013 Smart Cities ! Macrotrends Andrea Paraboschi
  2. 2. “The 19th century was a century of empires, the 20th century was a century of nation states, the 21st century will be a century of cities”. Wellington E. Webb, former mayor of Denver D'una città non godi le sette o le settantasette meraviglie, ma la risposta che dà a una tua domanda. Italo Calvino, Le città invisibili (1972).
  3. 3. Problem setting / Macro - I By 2050, world population will be 9 billion people (+30%) By 2050, 70% of the world’s population will be urban (+20%) 1,25 million people moving from rural villages to cities each week Result: +3 billion people will live in cities. Two times more than now. data: Unicef, UN, ICSNC image source:
  4. 4. Problem setting / Macro - II Demographic decline + Dramatic increase of very old people Cultural diversity Growing social polarisation and segregation Loss of manufactury jobs (mono-sectorial cities under threat) Environment-related issues
  5. 5. Problem setting / Micro -1 Can we still talk about cities? ! Administrative unit MUA (Morphological Urban Area): built-up space FUA (Functional Urban Area): mobility patterns
  6. 6. Problem setting / Micro - II Can we still talk about cities? Urban and rural are melting - Rurban / Urban sprawl Cities are entities in constant evolution Problems can have local symptoms but require a wider territorial solution
  7. 7. Challenges Europe 2020 Smart growth Green growth Inclusive growth
  8. 8. Megatrends Digital Transformation Technology will connect and enrich lives Open Innovation Innovation Networks Mass Collaboration City as a platform Data fusion Smart Grids Sustainability Automation Substitution De-materialisation
  9. 9. Scenario setting Global Internet traffic growth By the end of 2014 40.000 PByte/month Average growth: +47% YoY
  10. 10. Instrumented world 1 : 500 2 billion people on the Internet (2011) More than 1 trillion connected devices in the world Source: IBM
  11. 11. Always-on world
  12. 12. ICT Macrotrends Instrumented world Internet of things Cloud computing Moore’s law Open source & standards Social media Big data Open data Ubiquitous hi-speed connectivity
  13. 13. Industrial Internet Revolution Industrial Revolution Intelligent Networks + Internet Revolution Industrial Internet Intelligent Decisioning Intelligent Devices
  14. 14. New cities vs existing cities needs proper design needs proper upgrade Common goal Create productive districts at human speed inside a hyper-connected and zero-emissions city ! Techno-city different from Smart City images: Masdar City, Florence
  15. 15. How to reach human speed? parking 50m Data Action Information Knowledge Real world Digital world 3 parkings available in Vicolo Stretto Parking management system
  16. 16. The role of a TELCO in a Smart Community •Data gathering through mobile sensors •Key elements: Network coverage, App co-design H •Data transmission to final user •Key elements: Network coverage, App co-design S Data H Information •Data transmission •Key element: Data network speed H focus on hardware S focus on software Action Knowledge H S H S •Data processing •Key element: Cloud processing
  17. 17. Smart Community as a platform City outcomes and aspirations City processes and services Solution Areas ICT Infrastructure Need of a Distributed intelligence + Integrated management
  18. 18. The need of STANDARDS NO Silos, let’s make Bricks! City Management scalability modularity cross-city systems Private Companies Universities Standardization process Custom system Middleware solutions open APIs
  19. 19. The contribution of IT to global CO2 emissions IT CO2 emissions account for 2% ! IT can significantly contribute to reduce the 98% of emissions caused by other activities or industries IT Other data: Gartner
  20. 20. TELCO priorities for Smart Communities Ubiquitous hi-speed network Digital Transformation Wired or wireless according to speed needs and urbanisation level Mass Collaboration Standards creation support Smart Apps co-design Boost hi-speed internet demand Sustainability Reducing negative esternalities
  21. 21. Technology itself is not enough... Urban performance currently depends not only on the city’ s endowment of hard infrastructure (‘physical capital’), but also, and increasingly so, on the availability and quality of knowledge communication and social infrastructure (‘human and social capital’). The latter form of capital is decisive for urban competitiveness. 1 Utilization of ICT 2 Business Led Urban Development 3 Social Inclusion 4 Focus on hi-tech and creative industries 5 Attention to social and relational capital 6 Social and environmental sustainability Caragliu A., Del Bo C., Nijkamp P., Smart Cities in Europe. 3rd Central European Conference in Regional Science – CERS, 2009
  22. 22. What has to be Smart? Smart Economy Smart Mobility Smart Environment Smart Living Smart Governance Smart People
  23. 23. What is a Smart City? We believe a city to be smart when investments in human and social capital and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication infrastructure fuel sustainable economic growth and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory governance. Caragliu A., Del Bo C., Nijkamp P., Smart Cities in Europe. 3rd Central European Conference in Regional Science – CERS, 2009 The evolution of Smart City definition 2000 Smart City as a Digital City Hardware 2005 2010 Smart City as an Socially Inclusive City Smart City as a city with a higher quality of life Software Hardware and Software
  24. 24. Smart Cities Introduction Trento, 22 February 2013 Smart Cities ! Macrotrends Andrea Paraboschi
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