Government:democraticrepublic</li></ul>(president: Laura Chinchilla) <br />
LOCATION & GEOGRAPHY<br /><ul><li> located in the Central America isthmus
Caribbean Sea on its east, Pacific Ocean on its west
bordered by Nicaragua to the North and Panama to the South
divided by a backbone of volcanoes and mountains (extension of the Andes-Sierre Madre chain)
part of the Pacific "Rim of Fire“: seven active volcanoes plus dozens of dormant or extinct cones, earth tremors and small quakes from time to time</li></li></ul><li>WEATHER<br /><ul><li> tropical country with several distinct climatic zones
most regions have a rainy season (May – November) and a dry season (December – April)
temperature: around 72 degrees in the Central Valley, 82 degrees on the Atlantic coast and 89 degrees on the Pacific coast</li></li></ul><li>FAUNA & FLORA<br /><ul><li> rich and abundant fauna, most admired territories on the planet when it comes to biodiversity.
more than 200 species of mammals, around 850 species of birds, almost 200 types of amphibians and 220 species of reptiles
extraordinary abundance of flora, including some 9000-plus species of "higher plants"
many more species of ferns in Costa Rica (about 800) than in the whole of North America. Of heliconias, members of the banana family more familiarly known as "birds of paradise," there are some 30 species. </li></li></ul><li>COSTA RICA’S COASTS<br />Pacific Coast (coastline of 780 miles, Osa Peninsula and Nicoya gulf)<br />Carribean Coast (coastline of 132 miles)<br />
PROVINCE OF GUANACASTE<br /><ul><li> most northwestern province of Costa Rica