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Goya
 

Goya

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    Goya Goya Presentation Transcript

    • FRANCISCO DE GOYA,BETWEEN CLASSICISM AND MODERNITY27 YEARS OLD 37 YEARS OLD 49 YEARS OLD 69 YEARS OLD
    • -Born in Fuendetodos (Zaragoza) in 1746-He studied to become a painter, travelled to Madrid and Italy and startedworking at Francisco Bayeu`s workshop in Zaragoza, who recommended him towork in Madrid The Birth of the Virgin, Aula Dei Cathusian Monastery in Zaragoza (oil on plaster)
    • In 1775 he moved to Madrid and started working for the Royal Tapestry Factory, designing tapestrycartoons.His style was luminous and colorist, with loose brush-strokes. The parasolDance on the banks of River Manzanares Crockery Vendor The kite
    • Grape harvest or Autumn Blind man’s buff The straw manikin He made four series of cartoons. The stilts
    • He started receiving orders from important figures of nobility and intellectuals andhe became court painter in 1775 The Duchess of Osuna The Dukes of Osuna Charles III huntingHe was also accepted as a member of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts (1780)
    • In 1792 he suffered from a serious illness and became deaf. This deafnesscompletely changed his personality: he became withdrawn and his paintingturned more critical and introspective and colours were darker. Imagination,freedom and critique became central He continued to be an extraordinary portrait painter, but many of his works completely broke up with the predominant style.Witches’ flight The Duchess of Alba and her duenna Witches’ Sabbath
    • Isabel de PorcelGaspar Melchor de Jovellanos
    • The Duchess of Alba
    • Controversial painting: it belonged to Manuel Godoy. The model may have been the Duchess of Alba or Pepita Tudó, Godoy´s mistress The Naked MajaThe Dressed Maja
    • Manuel Godoy, Prince of PeaceThe countess of Chinchón
    • CHARLES IV´S FAMILY
    • Charles IV on horseback Ferdinand VII
    • SERIES OF ETHCHINGSFantasies (1797-1799 and 1826-1828): satirical view of the Spanish society, criticism ofnobility , the clergy, foolishness, ignorance, irrationality, superstitions , the Inquisition… The Dream of Reason produces monsters Criticism to convenience marriages
    • Bullfighting (1814-1816)
    • The Peninsular War (1808-1814) caused a great impression on Goya. He was aFrancophile, but he refused violence. His painting became sadder and darker.War disasters(1810-1814): criticism of violence and war craziness during the Peninsular War
    • In 1814 when Ferdinand VII came back, Goya painted The Charge of the Mamelukes and TheThird of May 1808
    • THE THIRD OF MAY OF 1808
    • His enlightened and liberalideas and his work for Joseph Iput him into trouble .Goya lost his job in the courtand became completelyisolated.He retired to a house on thebanks of the riverManzanares, called Quinta delSordo (House of the DeafMan).On the walls of this house hepainted the Black Paintings,where he reflectedmythological themes, witches’scenes, his fears and Saturn devouring his sonobsessions The dog
    • Two old men eating soupFight with cudgels Women laughing
    • Fantastic vision Witches’ Sabbath
    • Procession of the Holy Office A pilgrimage to San Isidro
    • Follies (1815-1819): in this series he reflected his outlook on humanity and his fear ofinsanity. Many of them are difficult to understand and they are supposed to be relatedto dream scenes, criticism to the Ancien Régime and power. A way of flying Matrimonial folly
    • In 1823 Goya exiled in France, where he painted his last paintings The Milkmaid of Bordeaux, 1826 Goya died in France in 1828I’m still learning
    • PRECURSOR OF MANY STYLES ROMANTICISM REALISM EXPRESSIONISM SURREALISM