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Art of the Hispanic Monarchy During the Modern Era
 

Art of the Hispanic Monarchy During the Modern Era

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Renaissance and Baroque in the Hispanic Monarchy

Renaissance and Baroque in the Hispanic Monarchy

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    Art of the Hispanic Monarchy During the Modern Era Art of the Hispanic Monarchy During the Modern Era Presentation Transcript

    • RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE IN THE HISPANIC MONARCHY
    • RENAISSANCE (15th- 16th centuries)
    • ARCHITECTURE PLATERESQUE THREE STYLES CLASSICISM HERRERIAN
    • PLATERESQUE -Architects imitated the work of silversmiths to decorate the facades of the buildings FACADE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF SALAMANCA
    • CLASSICISM Use of classical elements: columns, pediments, rounded arches… PALACE OF CHARLES V IN GRANADA, PEDRO MACHUCA RUSTICATION
    • COURTYARD OF THE PALACE OF CHARLES V IN GRANADA PEDRO MACHUCA
    • HERRERIAN STYLE Sober, austere, proportioned Buildings, without decoration MONASTERY OF SAN LORENZO DEL ESCORIAL, JUAN DE HERRERA Built to commemorate the victory in the Battle of Saint Quentin, it was both Philip II’s residence, monastery and royal pantheon (most of the kings of the Hispanic Monarchy and later Spain are buried there). It also hosts a library.
    • MONASTERY OF SAN LORENZO DEL ESCORIAL, JUAN DE HERRERA
    • SCULPTURE -Influence by Michelangelo -Religious themes -Use of different materials: marble, bronze, polychromed wood THE BURIAL OF CHRIST, JUAN DE JUNI
    • THE SACRIFICE OF ISAAC, ALONSO DE BERRUGUETE
    • PAINTING El Greco was the most important artist. Paintings were mainly religious (no mythological paintings nor naked figures). THE BURIAL OF COUNT ORGAZ
    • THE ADORATION OF THE SHEPHERDS, EL GRECO THE KNIGHT WITH HIS HAND ON HIS BREAST, EL GRECO
    • THE DESPOILING, EL GRECO MARTYRDOM OF SAINT MAURICE, EL GRECO
    • BAROQUE (17TH CENTURY) PHILIP III PHILIP IV CHARLES II
    • ARCHITECTURE -Decorative exuberance in buildings -Main works of art: churches and squares The overelaborated style created by José de Churriguera was called “churrigueresque” ALTARPIECE OF SAN ESTEBAN CONVENT, JOSÉ DE CHURRIGUERA SALAMANCA
    • SALAMANCA´S MAIN SQUARE ALBERTO CHURRIGUERA OLD HOSPICE OF MADRID, PEDRO DE RIBERA
    • MURCIA CATHEDRAL OBRADOIRO FACADE, SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA CATHEDRAL ANTONIO CASAS NOVOA
    • SCULPTURE Religious themes for altarpieces or processional thrones made with polychromed wood. Realistic and dramatic images (wounds, blood, expressions of pain and suffering) PENITENT MAGDALEN PEDRO DE MENA SAINT HIERONYMUS PENITENT JUAN MARTÍNEZ MONTAÑÉS
    • PIETÀ , GREGORIO FERNÁNDEZ LYING CHRIST, GREGORIO FERNÁNDEZ
    • PAINTING - Exceptional painters in the 17th century: Golden century of painting. - Realism and religiosity - Main commissioners: kings and the Church - Oil on canvas, contrasts of light and shadow, foreshortened figures, complex compositions - JOSÉ DE RIBERA - JOSÉ RIBALTA - BARTOLOMÉ ESTEBAN MURILLO MAIN PAINTERS - FRANCISCO ZURBARÁN - JUAN CARREÑO MIRANDA - CLAUDIO COELLO - DIEGO DE SILVA Y VELÁZQUEZ
    • JOSÉ DE RIBERA MARTYRDOM OF SAINT PHILIP
    • CLUBFOOTED BOY ARCHIMEDES
    • FRANCISCO DE RIBALTA CHRIST WITH THE CROSS CHRIST EMBRACING SAINT BERNARD
    • FRANCISCO DE ZURBARÁN SAINT SERAPION SAINT HUGO OF GRENOBLE IN THE CARTHUSIAN REFECTORY
    • STILL-LIFE WITH LEMONS, ORANGES AND ROSE STILL LIFE WITH POTTERY JARS
    • BARTOLOMÉ ESTEBAN MURILLO THE HOLY FAMILY WITH A BIRD
    • BOYS EATING GRAPES AND MELON IMMACULATE CONCEPTION
    • JUAN CARREÑO DE MIRANDA CHARLES II CHARLES AS GRANDMASTER OF THE GOLDEN FLEECE
    • DIEGO DE SILVA Y VELÁZQUEZ -The best painter of his generation in the Hispanic Monarchy -Beginnings in Seville. -Recommended by the Count Duke of Olivares, he moved to the court and started painting for the royal family -He met Rubens and could observe the royal collections (paintings bought by the monarchs). -He travelled twice to Italy, where he drew inspiration from the Renaissance masters and Caravaggio. -During his whole life, he fought to be recognized as an artist and not as a simple craftsman. SELF PORTRAIT
    • CHRIST IN THE HOUSE OF MARY AND MARTHA
    • THE WATERSELLER OF SEVILLE
    • OLD WOMAN COOKING EGGS
    • LUIS DE GÓNGORA
    • THE COUNT DUKE OF OLIVARES PHILIP IV
    • THE TRIUMPH OF BACCHUS OR THE DRUNKS
    • APOLLO IN THE FORGE OF VULCAN
    • JOSEPH´S TUNIC
    • CHRIST ON THE CROSS
    • JESTERS
    • THE SURRENDER OF BREDA (1634-35)
    • EQUESTRIAN PORTRAIT OF THE COUNT-DUKE OF OLIVARES (1634)
    • PHILIP IV AS HUNTER (1638)
    • EQUESTRIAN PORTRAITS OF PHILIP III AND MARGARET OF AUSTRIA(16291635)
    • PRINCE BALTASAR CARLOS ON HORSEBACK (1635)
    • VENUS AT HER MIRROR OR THE TOILET OF VENUS(1650)
    • POPE INNOCENT X (1650)
    • VILLA MEDICI (1650)
    • PHILIP IV´S FAMILY OR THE MENINAS (1656)
    • THE FABLE OF ARACHNE OR THE SPINNERS (1657)
    • PORTRAITS OF INFANTA MARGARITA IN A BLUE DRESS IN A PINK DRESS