Architecture in the 19th century

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Historicism, iron and steel architecture and Art Nouvea

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Architecture in the 19th century

  1. 1. ARCHITECTURE IN THE 19TH CENTURY
  2. 2. HISTORICISMIn the first half of the 19th century architects drew inspiration from styles of thepast. Some buildings continued to be built in New Classicist style, but there was arevival of styles of the past: Neo-Byzantine, Neo- Romanesque, Neo-Gothic,Neo-Mudéjar, Neo-Baroque…SANTA MARÍA DE COVADONGA,NEO-ROMANESQUE BARCELONA CATHEDRAL, NEO-GOTHIC
  3. 3. NEO- GOTHIC HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT, LONDON
  4. 4. NEO-MUDÉJAR BULLFIGHTING ARENA OF LAS VENTAS, MADRID
  5. 5. ZARAGOZA POST OFFICE
  6. 6. NEO-BAROQUE GARNIER’S OPERA HOUSE, PARIS
  7. 7. IRON AND STEEL ARCHITECTURE-New materials: iron, steel, concrete, glass…- New necessities of industry and cities which created a boom of construction of infrastructures,facilities for transport, communications and trade : train stations, bridges, viaducts, storehouses,department stores, factories… CHRYSTAL PALACE OF LONDON, JOSEPH PAXTON
  8. 8. EIFFEL TOWER, GUSTAVE EIFFEL
  9. 9. INTERNATIONAL BRIDGE OVER MIÑO RIVER, TUY (PONTEVEDRA) GUSTAVE EIFFEL
  10. 10. SKYSCRAPERS IN CHICAGO CARSON, PIRIE, SCOTT AND COMPANY BUILDINGHOME INSURANCE BUILDING, LOUIS SULLIVAN WILLIAN LE BARON JENNEY
  11. 11. ART NOUVEAU-It appeared in Europe at the end of the 19thcentury and broke up with the predominanthistoricist currents.- Inspiration from nature: curved lines,organic motifs (flowers, plants), exuberantdecoration.-Works of art understood as a whole,including all arts and crafts (architecture,sculpture, painting, furniture, ceramics,wrought ironwork, stained glasses…).-Main centres : Brussels, Paris and Barcelona. BATLLÓ HOUSE, (BARCELONA) ANTONI GAUDÍ,
  12. 12. PARIS HECTOR GUIMARDHe designed several metro station entrances in Paris METRO STATION, PARIS
  13. 13. CASTEL BÉRANGER
  14. 14. HÔTEL GUIMARD
  15. 15. FURNITURE DESIGNED BY GUIMARD
  16. 16. BRUSSELSVICTOR HORTA HÔTEL TASSEL
  17. 17. HÔTEL SOLVAY
  18. 18. VICTOR HORTA’S HOUSE ANS WORKSHOP
  19. 19. SPAIN -Main artists: Lluís Domènech i Montaner, Josep Puig I Cadafalch and Antoni Gaudí -Main centre: Barcelona CATALAN MUSIC PALACE, LLUÍS DOMÈNECH I MONTANER
  20. 20. LLUÍS DOMÈNECH I MONTANER CATALAN MUSIC PALACE
  21. 21. JOSEP PUIG I CADAFALCH AMATLLER HOUSE
  22. 22. TERRADES HOUSE (CASA DE LES PUNXES) BARÓN DE QUADRAS PALACE
  23. 23. ANTONI GAUDÍ-He was very influencedby Gothic art and orientalstyles.-He drew inspirationfrom different naturallandscapes (MonsterratMountain, caves ofMallorca…) and foundoriginal solutions for thebuildings he designed:hyperboloid vaults,helicoidal columns,trencadís (ceramicmosaics made of wastepieces).- Many of his workswere commissioned bythe Güell family. EPISCOPAL PALACE IN ASTORGA (LEÓN)
  24. 24. CAPRICHO, COMILLAS (CANTABRIA)
  25. 25. BATLLÓ HOUSE (BARCELONA)
  26. 26. VICENS HOUSE (BARCELONA)
  27. 27. MILÀ HOUSE (LA PEDRERA)
  28. 28. SAGRADA FAMILIA SCHOOLCALVET HOUSE
  29. 29. GÜELL PARK
  30. 30. GÜELL PAVILIONS
  31. 31. BASILICA AND EXPIATORY CHURCH OF THE HOLY FAMILY
  32. 32. http://www.sagradafamilia.cat/sf-eng/docs_instit/vvi

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