06 age of exploration

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06 age of exploration

  1. 1. <ul><li>AIM What drives Europeans to want to explore India? </li></ul><ul><li>Versus </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOW: Pretend you are an explorer in the 1400’s. You are asked to explore a completely UNKNOWN island. You do not know what lives there, how to get there (exactly) or how long you will be there. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What will you do? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What rewards (besides jewels) might come from exploring the sea? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What risks might you entail by embarking on such an unknown journey? </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. FOR GOLD , GOD , and GLORY ! <ul><li>GOLD! (WEALTH! ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New spices in Europe (introduced during the Crusades ) = demand for the spices. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeans wanted to cut out the middle man ! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeans try to find new trade routes because they want new sources of wealth. </li></ul></ul>Italians sell it to Europe for MORE $$$ Europe buys it for a higher price Muslims sold Spices to Italians for lots of $
  3. 3. GOD (Spread of Christianity) <ul><li>The Crusades pushed Christians to feel it was their duty to spread their religion and convert people to Christianity ( and not to be Muslim) </li></ul><ul><li>Bartolomeu Dias – “ To serve God and His Majesty, to give light to those who were in darkness, and to grow rich as all men desire to do.”: </li></ul>
  4. 4. GLORY ! <ul><li>BEING “The FIRST!” </li></ul><ul><li>First to: Find an spice? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Find a area? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Create a trading port? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Control a COUNTRY!? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. TECHNOLOGY HELPS ! <ul><li>The introduction of the Caravel made travel easier ! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>65 feet long = more space for food/ppl. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Able to explore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>close to shore. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Larger sails for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>easier movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and power! </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. New Maritime Technologies <ul><ul><li>Hartman Astrolabe (1532) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better Maps [Portulan] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sextant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mariner’s Compass </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. New Weapons Technology
  8. 8. Christopher Columbus [1451-1506]
  9. 9. Columbus’ Four Voyages
  10. 10. Other Voyages of Exploration
  11. 11. Ferdinand Magellan & the First Circumnavigation of the World: Early 16 c
  12. 12. Atlantic Explorations Looking for “El Dorado”
  13. 13. Home Work

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