<ul><li>Philippines as province of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Equal right of the Spaniards & the Filipinos </li></ul><ul><li>...
 
Jose Rizal: Great Thinker “ Noli Me Tangere” & “El Filibusterismo Marcelo H. Del Pilar: Great Political Analyst & Journali...
The newspaper of the Propaganda Movement Features the conditions of the Philippines
The newspaper of the Propaganda Movement 1st edition: February 15 1889 Last edition:  November 15 1895
<ul><li>Members outside the country </li></ul><ul><li>Filipinos mostly in Spain had enjoy the    freedom of the said count...
<ul><li>Members inside the country </li></ul><ul><li>Secretly supporting the   propaganda movement in Spain </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Penname </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jose Rizal: Dimasalang at Laon-Laan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marcelo H. del Pilar:...
Circulo Hispano - Filipino
<ul><li>Headed by Miguel Morayta </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching of Spanish compulsory </li></ul><ul><li>Abolition of the tobac...
<ul><li>Advocated good government </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Church </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in lodges </li></ul>Freemasonry
La Liga Filipina A Civic Society  proposed by Dr. Jose Rizal   in his return to the Philippines.  Founded in the house of ...
Aims La Liga Filipina To unite the whole archipelago  into a compact, vigorous and homogenous body 1
Aims La Liga Filipina To give mutual protection against all cases of pressing necessity 2
Aims La Liga Filipina To encourage  agriculture, commerce and education 3
Aims La Liga Filipina To defend the members against any kind of violence & injustice 4
Aims La Liga Filipina To study  and apply reforms 5
Aims La Liga Filipina The society was to be governed by a supreme council, a provincial council  and popular council The m...
Use of money To support the son of the member of the society 1
Use of money To support the poor against the rich and the powerfully 2
Use of money To give financial help to any member who suffered losses 3
Use of money To open stores &shops which with sell goods to members  at a low price 4
Use of money To introduce machines in order to promote industries 5
After 3 day  (July 6) Rizal was arrested.  La Liga Filipina First meeting in July 3, 1892, The government saw as an organi...
Why the reform movement failed Spain is too busy on their own problems Financial difficulties Reformist are not united
The failure of the Propaganda movement led others to believe the  ineffectiveness of continuing a peaceful movement Andres...
Teodora Plata, Valentin Diaz, Deodato Arellano and Andres Bonifacio who belonged to lower class of society gathered  and o...
 
They performed the ancient Filipino custom  of sealing friendship and that SANDUGUAN
Triangle system: Jose will recruit Pedro & Juan The new members knew Jose but did not knew each others Recruitment of memb...
New system was use:  To speed up the process of enlisting members Recruitment of members All members also agree to pay a m...
Principle of self-help  and the defence of the weak and poor  civic Aims of the Katipunan
Separation of the  Philippines from Spain Political Aims of the Katipunan
Teaching of good manners hygiene and good moral character Moral Aims of the Katipunan
1st  grade or lowest  pass word: “Anak ng Bayan” 2nd grade Password:  “GomBurZa” 3rd grade Password: “Rizal” Membership Ka...
Supremo of Katipunan <ul><li>Deodato Arellano </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Basa </li></ul><ul><li>Andres Bonifacio </li></ul>
Ten commandments of  Katipunan Andres Bonifacio Leading thinker of the Revolution of 1896 Katungkulan Gagawin ng mga Anak ...
 
Love God  with all your heart 1 Duties of the Sons of People
Bear always in mind that  love of God is also love of country  & this too, is love  of one’s fellowmen Duties of the Sons ...
Engrave in your heart that the true measure of  honor & happiness is to die  for the freedom of your country Duties of the...
All your good wishes will be crowned  with success if you have serenity, constancy, reason & faith in your acts & endeavou...
Guard the mandates & aims  of the K.K.K as you guard your honor Duties of the Sons of People 5 It is the duty of all to de...
Our responsibility to ourselves  & the  performance of our duties will be the examples set for our fellowmen to follow Dut...
Diligence in the work that  gives sustenance to you is the true basis of love- love for  your  own self, for your wife & c...
Consisted of 13 teaching that members  are expected to take this teaching by heart Ang Kartilya ng Katipunan
Ang Kartilya ng Katipunan
Kamara Negra Emilio Jacinto Andres Bonifacio Dr. Pio Valenzuela
Official newspaper of the Katipunan Kalayaan <ul><li>Penname   </li></ul><ul><li>Andres Bonifacio- Agapito Bagumbayan </li...
The Revolution
Spanish authorities were already suspecting a brewing unrest related to an underground society whose purpose was to end Sp...
Friars informed the governor-general about their suspicions but the governor- general did not believe them. Conditions bef...
Secret gathering in Batangas where rifles & other weaponry were being smuggled occasionally along the coast of the provinc...
The Governor-General in order to pacify the friars, ordered the banishment of some prominent citizens of Batngas & Bulacan...
Money was difficult to get, very few Filipinos are employed  There was no starvation but the life of Filipino was far from...
They suffered from heavy taxation, from abusive friars & civil authorities and lack of economic opportunities  Conditions ...
The government was spending millions of pesos for the army & navy, the amount should have spent for public improvement is ...
Of all the causes of people dissatisfaction were the abuses of the Spaniard  - friars & civil authorities. Natives experie...
<ul><li>Rizal is against the revolution because they lacked able leadership and arms. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Must undergo  a ...
Teodoro Patiño Sister Madre Portera Padre Mariano Gil Discovery of Katipunan
Bonifacio asked his men whether they were prepared for freedom & independence. Everyone shouted they were prepared to die
Tearing of Cedula Personal in Pugad Lawin “ Bring out your cedulas & tear them to pieces to show that we are prepared to t...
<ul><li>Attack the polvorin (powder magazine) in San Juan del Monte and general uprising in Manila after the extinguishing...
Gob. Hen. Ramon Blanco August 30 Martial Law in the 8 province which rose an arm against the Spaniards
Rizal Bulacan Cavite Laguna Tarlac Pampanga Batangas Nueva Ecija
Those who would surrender within 48 hours after the publication of decree would not be subjected to military court Blanco’...
Intended to win over the Filipinos to the side of the government and thus end the rebellion Dr. Pio Valenzuela and his com...
When Katipunan was discovered on Aug. 19 Bonifacio was in  Caloocan he  decided to move to  Balintawak.  He ordered to inf...
Rizal’s Trial & Execution
Emilio Aguinaldo  led the rebels against the Spaniard in  Kawit . He won victory after victory and people admired his qual...
Led by  Baldomero Aguinaldo  counsin of  Emilio Aguinaldon. (Kawit) Led by Mariano Alvarez.  (Naic) 2 factions of Katipuna...
The rivalry between the two factions the led to several defeats of the revolutions. Accompanied by his wife and Bonifacio ...
Favored the retention of Katipunan Favored the change in the Katipunan structure  Nothing was resulted form this meeting 2...
Katipunan Names <ul><li>Noveleta-Magdiwang </li></ul><ul><li>San Francisco de Malabon – Mapagtiis </li></ul><ul><li>Rosari...
On March 22, 1897  a convention was held  at the estate house in Tejeros (now General Trias) led by  Jacinto Lumbreras  a ...
Present members agreed to form a new government, official will be elected by the those present in the convention The Tejer...
<ul><li>President – Emilio Aguinaldo </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President – Mariano Trias </li></ul><ul><li>Captain General – ...
When Bonifacio was being proclaimed Daniel Tirona (Magdalo) stood up & said that Jose del Rosario an attorney from Cavite ...
Hurt by the protest,  Bonifacio demanded Tirona took back what he said but the latter refused. Bonifacio took out his pist...
The angry Bonifacio being the incumbent Supremo of the Katipunan, declared the result of the election as null & void.  The...
<ul><li>Bonifacio and co. enumerated their reasons for not accepting the results of the election </li></ul>The Tejeros Res...
<ul><li>Bonifacio and his supporters formed a new army under Pio del Pilar. </li></ul><ul><li>Artemio Ricarte and Del Pila...
The Bonifacio brothers was sentenced to be shot to death Mayo 10, 1897.  Execution of Bonifacio brothers
Biak na Bato in San Miguel, Bulacan Katipuneros in Biak na Bato Aguinaldo eastbalished a republic government at Biak-na-Ba...
Aguinaldo ordered the preparation for a constitution for the republic Felix Ferrer & Isabelo Artacho copied  word for word...
A Filipino of Chinese ancestry offered himself as mediator and approached Govenor Primo Rivera
Aguinaldo &  his men would  go to voluntary exile 1 Truce in Biak na Bato The Agreement provided the following:
Primo de Rivera  would pay Aguinaldo the sum 800,000 in 3 instalment 2 Truce in Biak na Bato The Agreement provided the fo...
<ul><li>400,000 upon his departure from the    Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>200,000 when arms surrendered to the    Spani...
Primo de Rivera  pay an additional 900,000 to families of non-combatant Filipino who suffered  during the revolution 3 Tru...
<ul><li>Felipe Agoncillo proposed that US provide the Filipinos with weapons in exchange for two provinces of the Philippi...
<ul><li>Artacho wanted the the second and third installment of the money be divided among the leaders. </li></ul><ul><li>H...
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Propaganda kkk rev

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Propaganda kkk rev

  1. 2. <ul><li>Philippines as province of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Equal right of the Spaniards & the Filipinos </li></ul><ul><li>Representative in Spanish Cortes </li></ul><ul><li>Secularization & Pilipinisasyon </li></ul><ul><li>Human Rights </li></ul>Aim of the Propaganda Movement
  2. 4. Jose Rizal: Great Thinker “ Noli Me Tangere” & “El Filibusterismo Marcelo H. Del Pilar: Great Political Analyst & Journalist “ Caiigat Cayo”. “Dasalan at Toksohon” and “10 Kautusan ng mga Prayle”, Graciano Lopez Jaena: Great Orator “ Fray Botod”, “Esperanza” & “La Hija del Fraile”
  3. 5. The newspaper of the Propaganda Movement Features the conditions of the Philippines
  4. 6. The newspaper of the Propaganda Movement 1st edition: February 15 1889 Last edition: November 15 1895
  5. 7. <ul><li>Members outside the country </li></ul><ul><li>Filipinos mostly in Spain had enjoy the freedom of the said country </li></ul><ul><li>but still used a different name (penname)to protect their family in the Philippines </li></ul>Members of the Propaganda movement
  6. 8. <ul><li>Members inside the country </li></ul><ul><li>Secretly supporting the propaganda movement in Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Give financial assistant in the publication of La Solidaridad as well as information regarding the country </li></ul><ul><li>responsible for the distribution of La Solidaridad </li></ul>Members of the Propaganda movement
  7. 9. <ul><li>Penname </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jose Rizal: Dimasalang at Laon-Laan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marcelo H. del Pilar: Plaridel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mariano Ponce: Naning, Tikbalang at Kalipulako </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jose Ma. Panganiban : Jomapa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antonio Luna : Taga-ilog </li></ul></ul>Members of the Propaganda movement
  8. 10. Circulo Hispano - Filipino
  9. 11. <ul><li>Headed by Miguel Morayta </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching of Spanish compulsory </li></ul><ul><li>Abolition of the tobacco monopoly </li></ul><ul><li>Maura Law (autonomy to municipal governments) </li></ul>Assosascion Hispano-Filipino
  10. 12. <ul><li>Advocated good government </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Church </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in lodges </li></ul>Freemasonry
  11. 13. La Liga Filipina A Civic Society proposed by Dr. Jose Rizal in his return to the Philippines. Founded in the house of Doroteo Ongjungco Unus Instar Omnium (One Like All) Joined by other patriotic Filipino like: Ambrosio Salvador (President), Agustin dela Rosa(fiscal), Bonifacio Arevalo (treasurer), Deodato Arellano (secretary) & members like Andres Bonifacio
  12. 14. Aims La Liga Filipina To unite the whole archipelago into a compact, vigorous and homogenous body 1
  13. 15. Aims La Liga Filipina To give mutual protection against all cases of pressing necessity 2
  14. 16. Aims La Liga Filipina To encourage agriculture, commerce and education 3
  15. 17. Aims La Liga Filipina To defend the members against any kind of violence & injustice 4
  16. 18. Aims La Liga Filipina To study and apply reforms 5
  17. 19. Aims La Liga Filipina The society was to be governed by a supreme council, a provincial council and popular council The members of the society were to pay a monthly due of ten centavos
  18. 20. Use of money To support the son of the member of the society 1
  19. 21. Use of money To support the poor against the rich and the powerfully 2
  20. 22. Use of money To give financial help to any member who suffered losses 3
  21. 23. Use of money To open stores &shops which with sell goods to members at a low price 4
  22. 24. Use of money To introduce machines in order to promote industries 5
  23. 25. After 3 day (July 6) Rizal was arrested. La Liga Filipina First meeting in July 3, 1892, The government saw as an organization capable of uniting the Filipinos for self-reliance and defence. They view the civic organization to be dangerous. Reorganized as Cuerpo de Compromisarios (Body of the Committed)
  24. 26. Why the reform movement failed Spain is too busy on their own problems Financial difficulties Reformist are not united
  25. 27. The failure of the Propaganda movement led others to believe the ineffectiveness of continuing a peaceful movement Andres Bonifacio had a different idea he would teach the people to defend themselves. He establish a society that would not anymore clamour for reforms but one that was ready for revolution
  26. 28. Teodora Plata, Valentin Diaz, Deodato Arellano and Andres Bonifacio who belonged to lower class of society gathered and organized a society called: Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan
  27. 30. They performed the ancient Filipino custom of sealing friendship and that SANDUGUAN
  28. 31. Triangle system: Jose will recruit Pedro & Juan The new members knew Jose but did not knew each others Recruitment of members
  29. 32. New system was use: To speed up the process of enlisting members Recruitment of members All members also agree to pay a membership & monthly dues
  30. 33. Principle of self-help and the defence of the weak and poor civic Aims of the Katipunan
  31. 34. Separation of the Philippines from Spain Political Aims of the Katipunan
  32. 35. Teaching of good manners hygiene and good moral character Moral Aims of the Katipunan
  33. 36. 1st grade or lowest pass word: “Anak ng Bayan” 2nd grade Password: “GomBurZa” 3rd grade Password: “Rizal” Membership Kawal Katipon Bayani
  34. 37. Supremo of Katipunan <ul><li>Deodato Arellano </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Basa </li></ul><ul><li>Andres Bonifacio </li></ul>
  35. 38. Ten commandments of Katipunan Andres Bonifacio Leading thinker of the Revolution of 1896 Katungkulan Gagawin ng mga Anak ng Bayan Duties of the Sons of People
  36. 40. Love God with all your heart 1 Duties of the Sons of People
  37. 41. Bear always in mind that love of God is also love of country & this too, is love of one’s fellowmen Duties of the Sons of People 2
  38. 42. Engrave in your heart that the true measure of honor & happiness is to die for the freedom of your country Duties of the Sons of People 3
  39. 43. All your good wishes will be crowned with success if you have serenity, constancy, reason & faith in your acts & endeavour Duties of the Sons of People 4
  40. 44. Guard the mandates & aims of the K.K.K as you guard your honor Duties of the Sons of People 5 It is the duty of all to defend at the risk of their own lives & wealth, anyone who runs great risk in the performance of his duty 6
  41. 45. Our responsibility to ourselves & the performance of our duties will be the examples set for our fellowmen to follow Duties of the Sons of People 7 In so far as it is within your power share your means with the Poor & the unfortunate 8
  42. 46. Diligence in the work that gives sustenance to you is the true basis of love- love for your own self, for your wife & children, for your brothers & countrymen Duties of the Sons of People 9 Punish any scoundrel & traitor & praise all your good works. Believe, likewise, that the aims for the K.K.K are God-given, for the will of the people is also the will of God. 10
  43. 47. Consisted of 13 teaching that members are expected to take this teaching by heart Ang Kartilya ng Katipunan
  44. 48. Ang Kartilya ng Katipunan
  45. 49. Kamara Negra Emilio Jacinto Andres Bonifacio Dr. Pio Valenzuela
  46. 50. Official newspaper of the Katipunan Kalayaan <ul><li>Penname </li></ul><ul><li>Andres Bonifacio- Agapito Bagumbayan </li></ul><ul><li>Emilio Jacinto – Dimas Ilaw </li></ul><ul><li>Pio Valenzuela – Madlang Away </li></ul>
  47. 51. The Revolution
  48. 52. Spanish authorities were already suspecting a brewing unrest related to an underground society whose purpose was to end Spanish rule -Cuerpo de Vigilancia Conditions before the revolution
  49. 53. Friars informed the governor-general about their suspicions but the governor- general did not believe them. Conditions before the revolution
  50. 54. Secret gathering in Batangas where rifles & other weaponry were being smuggled occasionally along the coast of the province. Conditions before the revolution
  51. 55. The Governor-General in order to pacify the friars, ordered the banishment of some prominent citizens of Batngas & Bulacan. Conditions before the revolution
  52. 56. Money was difficult to get, very few Filipinos are employed There was no starvation but the life of Filipino was far from prosperous Conditions before the revolution
  53. 57. They suffered from heavy taxation, from abusive friars & civil authorities and lack of economic opportunities Conditions before the revolution
  54. 58. The government was spending millions of pesos for the army & navy, the amount should have spent for public improvement is small Very little was spent for improvements in public works which would benefit the people Conditions before the revolution
  55. 59. Of all the causes of people dissatisfaction were the abuses of the Spaniard - friars & civil authorities. Natives experienced physical maltreatment in public places and unjustly ordered to be executed or banished to faraway places like Guam, Jolo and Palawan. Conditions before the revolution
  56. 60. <ul><li>Rizal is against the revolution because they lacked able leadership and arms. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Must undergo a long process of preparation called education” </li></ul>
  57. 61. Teodoro Patiño Sister Madre Portera Padre Mariano Gil Discovery of Katipunan
  58. 62. Bonifacio asked his men whether they were prepared for freedom & independence. Everyone shouted they were prepared to die
  59. 63. Tearing of Cedula Personal in Pugad Lawin “ Bring out your cedulas & tear them to pieces to show that we are prepared to take up arms!” -Andres Bonifacio Long live the Philippines! Long live Katipunan -Katipuneros
  60. 64. <ul><li>Attack the polvorin (powder magazine) in San Juan del Monte and general uprising in Manila after the extinguishing of lights in Bagumbayan </li></ul><ul><li>Bonifacio overslept; waked at 4am </li></ul><ul><li>KKK Cavite seized the townhalls from the Spaniards. </li></ul>
  61. 65. Gob. Hen. Ramon Blanco August 30 Martial Law in the 8 province which rose an arm against the Spaniards
  62. 66. Rizal Bulacan Cavite Laguna Tarlac Pampanga Batangas Nueva Ecija
  63. 67. Those who would surrender within 48 hours after the publication of decree would not be subjected to military court Blanco’s Policy of Attraction
  64. 68. Intended to win over the Filipinos to the side of the government and thus end the rebellion Dr. Pio Valenzuela and his companions took advantage of this provision and surrender to the government Blanco’s Policy of Attraction
  65. 69. When Katipunan was discovered on Aug. 19 Bonifacio was in Caloocan he decided to move to Balintawak. He ordered to inform the Katipuneros that there would be meeting in Balintawak in Aug. 24. Bonifacio reached Balintawak in the afternoon and arrived the following day at the next sitio called Pugad Lawin
  66. 70. Rizal’s Trial & Execution
  67. 71. Emilio Aguinaldo led the rebels against the Spaniard in Kawit . He won victory after victory and people admired his qualities as a military leader called him Heneral Miong
  68. 72. Led by Baldomero Aguinaldo counsin of Emilio Aguinaldon. (Kawit) Led by Mariano Alvarez. (Naic) 2 factions of Katipunan in Cavite Magdalo Magdiwang
  69. 73. The rivalry between the two factions the led to several defeats of the revolutions. Accompanied by his wife and Bonifacio brothers arrived in Cavite toward the end of Dec. 1896, he was asked to mediate between the factions. An assembly was held in Imus Dec. 31 1896 to determine whether Katipunan should be transformed into another body of government
  70. 74. Favored the retention of Katipunan Favored the change in the Katipunan structure Nothing was resulted form this meeting 2 factions of Katipunan in Cavite Magdalo Magdiwang
  71. 75. Katipunan Names <ul><li>Noveleta-Magdiwang </li></ul><ul><li>San Francisco de Malabon – Mapagtiis </li></ul><ul><li>Rosario- Salinas </li></ul><ul><li>Sta Cruz de Malabon –Pangwagni </li></ul><ul><li>Naik – Magwagni </li></ul><ul><li>Maragondon –Matagumpay </li></ul><ul><li>Ternate-Katatua/Moloucas </li></ul><ul><li>Indang – Walangtinag </li></ul><ul><li>Alfonso –Naghapay kay Alfonso </li></ul><ul><li>Cavite Viejo – Magdalo </li></ul><ul><li>Imus – Haligne </li></ul><ul><li>Bacoor – Gargano </li></ul><ul><li>Perez Dasmarianas – Magpuri </li></ul><ul><li>Silang – Bagongsinag </li></ul><ul><li>Amadeo - Magpaibig </li></ul>
  72. 76. On March 22, 1897 a convention was held at the estate house in Tejeros (now General Trias) led by Jacinto Lumbreras a Magdiwang The 1st part did not went well, on 2 nd part Bonifacio with Artemio Ricarte presided the convention The Tejeros Convention
  73. 77. Present members agreed to form a new government, official will be elected by the those present in the convention The Tejeros Convention They agree to respect the outcome of the election.
  74. 78. <ul><li>President – Emilio Aguinaldo </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President – Mariano Trias </li></ul><ul><li>Captain General – Artemio Ricarte </li></ul><ul><li>Director of War – Emiliano Riego de Dios </li></ul><ul><li>Director of the Interior – Andres Bonifacio </li></ul>The Tejeros Convention The result of the election placed the following Katipuneros into office:
  75. 79. When Bonifacio was being proclaimed Daniel Tirona (Magdalo) stood up & said that Jose del Rosario an attorney from Cavite was more qualified for the position and should be elected The Tejeros Convention
  76. 80. Hurt by the protest, Bonifacio demanded Tirona took back what he said but the latter refused. Bonifacio took out his pistol & aimed at Tirona, Ricarte was able to quickly held his hands.
  77. 81. The angry Bonifacio being the incumbent Supremo of the Katipunan, declared the result of the election as null & void. Then he & his men hurriedly left the place The Tejeros Convention
  78. 82. <ul><li>Bonifacio and co. enumerated their reasons for not accepting the results of the election </li></ul>The Tejeros Resolution (Acta de Tejeros)
  79. 83. <ul><li>Bonifacio and his supporters formed a new army under Pio del Pilar. </li></ul><ul><li>Artemio Ricarte and Del Pilar joined back Aguinaldo’s group </li></ul><ul><li>Bonifacio brothers were arrested </li></ul>Naik Military Agreement
  80. 84. The Bonifacio brothers was sentenced to be shot to death Mayo 10, 1897. Execution of Bonifacio brothers
  81. 85. Biak na Bato in San Miguel, Bulacan Katipuneros in Biak na Bato Aguinaldo eastbalished a republic government at Biak-na-Bato called Biak-na-Bato Republic
  82. 86. Aguinaldo ordered the preparation for a constitution for the republic Felix Ferrer & Isabelo Artacho copied word for word the Cuban Constitution of Jimaguayun except for one article the Preamble declared the aim of the revolution for the separation of the Philippines from Spain
  83. 87. A Filipino of Chinese ancestry offered himself as mediator and approached Govenor Primo Rivera
  84. 88. Aguinaldo & his men would go to voluntary exile 1 Truce in Biak na Bato The Agreement provided the following:
  85. 89. Primo de Rivera would pay Aguinaldo the sum 800,000 in 3 instalment 2 Truce in Biak na Bato The Agreement provided the following:
  86. 90. <ul><li>400,000 upon his departure from the Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>200,000 when arms surrendered to the Spanish authorities </li></ul><ul><li>200,000 when general amnesty had been proclaimed </li></ul>
  87. 91. Primo de Rivera pay an additional 900,000 to families of non-combatant Filipino who suffered during the revolution 3 Truce in Biak na Bato The Agreement provided the following:
  88. 92. <ul><li>Felipe Agoncillo proposed that US provide the Filipinos with weapons in exchange for two provinces of the Philippines and Manila Customs house as security </li></ul>Aguinaldo in Hongkong
  89. 93. <ul><li>Artacho wanted the the second and third installment of the money be divided among the leaders. </li></ul><ul><li>He sued Aguinaldo before the HK Supreme Court but the latter left already for Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Artacho served as a double agent for the Spaniards </li></ul><ul><li>Aguinaldo ordered Artacho’s arrest upon his return to the Philippines. </li></ul>
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