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Challenges to the Spanish Authority

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CREDITS TO UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS (Philippines) -PHIL HISTORY

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  • 1. PHISTPG Challenges to Spanish Authority
  • 2. Treaty of Zaragoza An imaginary line was drawn from north to south at 297 ½ leagues east of Moluccas. West : Spain East : Portugal
  • 3. Portuguese General Gonzalo Pereira in 1566 & 1568 asked Legazpi to leave.
  • 4. Dutch Holland send several expedition to the east and was able to reached Manila 1597 – 1647: battles between the Spaniards & the Dutch
  • 5. Early Revolts
  • 6. Lakandula Date 1574 Place Tondo, Navotas Cause Failure of Gov. Lavezares to fulfill Legazpis’ promise to Lakandula Result Failed (enter into an agreement)
  • 7. Tondo Date 1587 Place Tondo Cause Felling of hostility towards the colonizer Leader Magat Salamat, Agustin de Legazpi, Juan Banal & Pedro Balingit Result Failed (a spy reported to Spanish authorities about the their plan)
  • 8. Magalat Date 1596 Place Cagayan Cause Abuses of the Tribute Collectors Result Failed ( Hired assassins killed the Magalat. )
  • 9. Ladia Date 1 643 Place Malolos, Bulacan and Southern Luzon Cause Weariness from Spanish oppression Leader Pedro Ladia Result Failed (leader was captured)
  • 10. Pangasinan / Malong Date 1660- 1661 Place Binalatongan, Pangasinan Cause Quarrel between Fr. Gorospe and Malong Leader Andres Malong and Pedro Gumpaos Result Failed
  • 11. Visayan/ Sumuroy Date 1649- 1650 Place Eastern Visayas, Northern Mindanao, Zamboanga Cause Caused by Gov. Fajardo’s order to send Visayan laborers to Cavite for shipbuilding Leader Juan Ponce Sumoroy and Pedro Caamug Result Failed ( Leaders were captured and were beheaded. )
  • 12. Pampanga Date 1585 Place Pampanga Cause Abuses of Spanish Encomienderos Result Failed ( A woman betrayed the revolt. )
  • 13. Cagayan- Ilocos Date 1589 Place Cagayan, Ilocos Norte Cause Refusal to pay tributes, tyranny of tribute collectors Result Failed ( easily suppressed )
  • 14. Igorot Date 1601 Place Northern Luzon Cause Desire to maintain their old religion Result Failed
  • 15. Caraga Date 1629- 1631 Place Caraga, Northern Mindanao Cause Dissatisfaction of townspeople to Spanish rule Result Failed
  • 16. Silang Date 1762- 1763 Place Ilocos Cause Desire to expel the Spaniards from Ilocos Leader Diego silang and Gabriela Silang Result Failed ( Diego was assasinated )
  • 17. Hermano Pule Date 1840- 1841 Place Quezon Province Cause Being a native, Pule was denied to be admitted as a monk. He founded the religious brotherhood, Confradia De San Jose Leader Apolinario dela Cruz Result Failed
  • 18. Causes of Filipino Early Revolts
      • Desire to regain the lost freedom of their ancestors ( Political )
      • Religious intolerance of Spanish authorities ( Religious )
      • Abuses of the Spaniards ( Personal )
      • The hated tribute and oppressive forced labor
      • Loss of ancestral lands
  • 19. Why all these revolts failed? Absence of national leader Lukewarm spirit of nationalism among Filipinos Inadequate training and preparation for warfare
  • 20. Resistance in the interior and Mountainous parts Fierce resistance of by “people of the mountains” (taong bundok) Process: expensive & frustrating for the Spaniards but also dangerous.
  • 21. Moro Wars in the South Longest & bloodiest attempt by the Spaniards to colonize the Southern Islands of Mindanao It remained unconquered & unconverted until the end of Spanish rule.
  • 22. Chinese Presence Chinese is most constant & steady visitors of the country Sangleys: “traders who came and went”
  • 23. Chinese Presence “ Parian ” Chinese word palien meaning union or federation
  • 24. Chinese Presence All sorts of taxes were imposed on Chinese Abuses & oppression of the Chinese
  • 25. Chinese Presence Chinese rebel in 1603 Tondo and Quiapo It was easily suppressed Eng Kang (leader) was beheaded
  • 26. Chinese Presence Chinese had controlled the source of livelihood and daily needs of both Spaniards and Filipino
  • 27. PHISTPG Changes & Improvement
  • 28. Changes in Filipino Names
    • Pre colonial:
        • no surname
        • names was taken from physical appearance or natural event
    • “ Si” is not part of the name
  • 29. Changes in Filipino Names
        • Spanish:
            • Spanish names
            • names of saints
    • Govenor General Narciso Claveria (1849)
    • Allowed the change of Filipino names
  • 30. Intermarriage Generally is not allowed between a native & a spaniard
  • 31. Changes in clothes
  • 32. Geographical Identity
  • 33. Spanish Language Adoption of several Spanish language
  • 34. Material and Social Advancement
    • Rise of Banks
      • Obras Pias
      • – earliest banks in the Philippines which gave loan to merchants
      • Rodriguez Bank
      • – the first Filipino bank established in Manila by Francisco Rodriguez
      • Banco Español- Filipino
      • – first government bank in the Philippines founded by Antonio de Urbiztondo
  • 35. Material and Social Advancement Communication & Transportation Introduction and Inauguration of 1 st monthly mail service (1854) & 1 st telegraph (1873)
  • 36. Material and Social Advancement First railroad (1891): Manila-Dagupan Railway
  • 37. Religious and Educational Progress Franciscans 1577 Jesuits 1587 Dominicans 1587 Apostolic Missionaries
  • 38. First Schools in the Philippines Parochial Schools: the first school founded by the missionaries in the 16th century
  • 39. First Schools in the Philippines
    • Colleges for Boys
      • Founded by the Jesuits
      • – Colegio de San Ignacio (1589)
      • - Colegio de San Idelfonso (1595)
      • - Colegio de San Jose (1601)
  • 40. First Schools in the Philippines
    • Colleges for Boys
      • Founded by Dominicans
      • – Colegio de Santissimo Rosario (Santo Tomas) (1611)
      • - Colegio de San Juan de Letran (1620)
  • 41. First Schools in the Philippines
    • Colleges for Girls
      • Colegio de Santa Potenciana (1594)
      • Colegio de Santa Isabel
  • 42. Printing Press UST history Xylography : Woodblock printing Typography : Movable type

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