Rio de Janeiro was explorer for first time on January 20, 1502 by the Portuguese explorer "Gaspar de Lemos" whose expedition saw for first time the "Guanabara" Bay.The legend says that the sailors mistook the entrance to the bay to the mouth of a river. Therefore, the city was named Rio de Janeiro (River of January).Experts believe, that time every body of water was named river. This explication is more logic than the popular story about Rio de Janeiro’s name.Before European explorers, the Guanabara Bay was inhabited by local natives (some had anthropophagic rituals); they started to trade with the Portuguese and other European like French and Germans.One of the first products that interested to the European was the “Pau- Brazil”, a native wood whose red wood was used to dye fabrics during XVI century.
Location of State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil Coordinates: 22°54′S 43°12′W
Rio de Janeiro,the capital city of the state of Rio de Janeiro.
Population (2010 census) Total 15,993,583 Rank 3rd Density 366/km2 (948/sq mi) Density rank 2nd
Exports & ImportsExports: Gold extracted from Minas GeraisImports: It imports most of the things that are exported but also added iron.
The occasion of the last five days leading up to Lent is annually cause for a great explosion of joy in Rio - a round-the-clock party uniting emotions, creativity, plasticity, colours, sounds and much fantasy. It is the greatest popular party in the world, a unique record of the rich cultural melting pot typical of Brazil. In Rio, it is celebrated in various ways, most famously through the elaborate competition of samba schools comprising thousands of dancers in each school, each of which has composed a new "enredo de samba" for the year that is released and popularized by the time Carnaval arrives. For others, Carnaval is a time of clubbing in costume in more exclusive locales in the Zona Sul. The film Black Orpheus is set in the context of Carnival in Rio.
In Rio de Janeiro, a globally uniqueNew Years Eve celebration involvesthe whole city population.Local inhabitants and visitors join inflocking to the ocean to celebrate thenight of the year when thanks aregiven and wishes are made to thegoddess of the sea, Iemanja.In honor of her traditional garb,celebrants dress in white and bear giftslike flowers, especially white, and evenblancmange. At midnight,beachgoers on the typically hotmidsummer night, walk into the surfand cast their flowers on the lappingwaves to be carried out to honor thegoddess.In recent years, campfires and the oraltradition of shared stories aroundstatues of Iemanja has modernizedinto massive fireworks displays and to amega-concert on the famous beachof Copacabana.
Discoteca Help Café Cultural de Plataforma Sacrilégio: Nightlife - Samba Clubs HardMelt in Lord Jim Arcos da Baronetti RockLeblon Cafe Pub Lapa
Languages Mostly Portuguese For Visitors A bit of: English, Spanish, even Italian and French
Airports A) Santos Dumont Airport. B) (GIG) Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport Departures / International Galeão airport
Getting ThereBetween the mountains and the sea, Rio is located on the western shore of Guanabara Bay. On a flat and narrow coastal plain adjacent to the foothills of the Brazilian Highlands, Rio is one of the most important transportation hubs in the country. Most international visitors arrive in Rio, one of the best-known international cities in the world.
HOTELS• Acapulco Copacabana Hotel• Rio 180Â° Suites & Cuisine• Windsor Barra Hotel• Best Western Plus Sol Ipanema Hotel• Hotel AtlÃ¢ntico Business Centro• Marina All Suites• Casa Amarelo• Royal Rio Palace Hotel
The traditional food of Brazil is Feijoada originally from Rio de Janeiro but now served nationally. Feijoada is a bean and smoked meat stew which uses black turtle beans if it is made in Rio de Janeiro, other regions make this traditional stew with white beans or red kidney beans. A lot of smoked pork and various other smoked meats, are used in this stew including sausages though pork and beef seem to be the most usual meats used. The ingredients for Feijoada are cooked together in one big stew pot and the end result is a delicious thick stew fragrant from the cumin and fresh parsley. Traditionally Feijoada does not contain vegetables but some recipes use tomatoes and greens. This dish is usually eaten at lunch time and it is served about twice a week. This dish was once considered a poor man’s stew but now it is eaten by everyone and served in the finest restaurants.
Rice is eaten regularly in Brazil and a popular food is fried balls of rice; this recipe is a delicious way to use up any leftover rice. Bread is made with cassava flour, a popular baked bread recipe is made using cassava flour and cheese. Restaurant dining in Brazil can be very inexpensive as a lot of restaurants have fixed priced rates where you can have all you can eat buffets or food by the kilo. In both types of dining everything on the menu is available.
Sights Corcovado - The funicular train up costs R$36 (students pay 50% - R$18 but are usually requested to prove showing some ID or document) for a round trip up to Cristo Redentor, and it is definitely worth the view. Pão de Açúcar - The Sugar Loaf mountains (one taller, the other shorter), Brazils top landmark, with a two-stage aerial tramway to the top; a definite must see. A ticket is R$52 (the way back is free after 7pm). There is also an unsigned trail leading to the second station where you can pay only R$22 to reach the top. Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas - A large lagoon in the middle of South Zone, with great views to Corcovado and Ipanema and Leblon beaches; you can jog or cycle all the way round; there are skating areas and you can hire little peddle-operated boats.
More… Streetcar of Santa Teresa - Ride for a few cents this scenic nighbourhood. Maracanã - The largest football stadium in South America and once the largest on Earth. Currently closed for renovations for the 2014 World Cup, scheduled for reopening in June 2013. Parque Lage - A small park, once a private mansion, where now a school of fine arts works. Contains some interesting plants and wildlife as well as strange concrete structures that will entertain the kids. Jardim Botanico - The Botanical Garden, planted in the 1800s. It is both a park and a scientific laboratory. It contains a huge collection of plants from all over the world, not only tropical ones.
Buildings… Paço Imperial (1743) - Old Imperial Palace (though impressively modest), colonial architecture (in downtown, next to Praça XV, Fifteen Square). Casa França Brasil (1820) - French cultural centre, with gallery and video hall (in downtown, next to CCBB). CCBB - Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil (1906) - A cultural centre with gallery, movie theater, video room, library and stages; usually hosts the main exhibitions in town. Candelária Church - Neoclassic cathedral (next to CCBB). Mosteiro de São Bento (1663) - Saint Benedicts Monastery, colonial architecture (in downtown). Ilha Fiscal Palace (1889) - Located in the Guanabara Bay, next to the Navy Museum Gloria Church (1739). Small but interesting church reached by a funicular. Palácio Gustavo Capanema - Former ministry of culture, designed by French architect Le Corbusier; though small, it is regarded as an important pioneering in modern architecture. Arcos da Lapa (1750) - Lapa Aqueduct, colonial structure that brought water from springs to downtown.
Catedral Metropolitana - a modern, cone-shaped cathedral, designed by Edgar de Oliveira da Fonseca (in Lapa). São Francisco da Penitência church (1773) - Colonial church. Teatro Municipal (1909) - City Theater, inspired by the Paris Opéra House (in Cinelândia square). Biblioteca Nacional (1910) - National Library (in Cinelândia square). Câmara Municipal - The City Hall, hosts the city council (in Cinelândia square). Palácio do Catete - The former presidential palace (1893-1960), now hosts a museum of recent history and nice gardens (in Catete). Itamaraty - Former presidential palace (1889-1893) and foreign office; now hosts a museum of South American diplomacy, a library and the UN information offices in Brazil Palácio Guanabara - Former palace of the Imperial Princess, now governors office; eclectic architecture; not open to public (in Laranjeiras). Art Deco. Rio is a major centre for the Art Deco style of architecture. There are numerous buildings in Copacabana and elsewhere that employ this style.
Museums There is no shortage of things to do on a rainy day. In addition to a wide range of museums, Rio has many cultural centres, which are run by banks and other organizations and usually host free exhibitions. Details of what is on can be found in the Segundo Caderno section of the daily O Globo newspaper, which provides more detail in a weekly Friday supplement. Also very useful is the Mapa das Artes Rio de Janeiro, which provides detailed bi-monthly listings as well as detailed maps of the city. This is free and can be picked up at most museums.