During the American Civil War, the company won contracts to supply the Union Army with soap and candles.William Arnett Procter, William Procter's grandson, began a profit-sharing program for the company's workforce in 1887. By giving the workers a stake in the company, he correctly assumed that they would be less likely to go on strike.
In January 2005 P&G announced an acquisition of Gillette, forming the largest consumer goods company and placing Unilever into second place. This added brands such as Gillette razors, Duracell, Braun, and Oral-B to their stable. The acquisition was approved by the European Union and the Federal Trade Commission, with conditions to a spinoff of certain overlapping brands. P&G agreed to sell its SpinBrush battery-operated electric toothbrush business to Church & Dwight. It also divested Gillette's oral-care toothpaste line, Rembrandt. The deodorant brands Right Guard, Soft & Dri, and Dry Idea were sold to Dial Corporation. The companies officially merged on October 1, 2005. Liquid Paper, and Gillette's stationery division, Paper Mate were sold to Newell Rubbermaid. In 2008, P&G branched into the record business with its sponsorship of Tag Records, as an endorsement for TAG Body Spray.
http://www.pg.com/en_US/investors/investing_in_pg/gillette_shareholders.shtmlThe deal would be the largest U.S. merger since J.P. Morgan Chase & Co.’s $58 billion acquisition of Bank One Corp. last year, and marks the latest signs of vitality in the merger arena.
http://www.secinfo.com/dsVQx.zG3.htmSynergies can be analyzed through::Similar Brands Cutting in the Child toothpaste and in the Men’s deodorant sector. • Suppression of Similar jobs in the company• The worldwide brand Gillette’s knowledge
P&G is already the world's largest consumer products company, with sales of $51.4 billion last year. But the addition of Gillette, with estimated sales of $10.3 billion, gives it new clout with retailers, including the world's largest, Wal-Mart, says William S. Cody, managing director of the Jay H. Baker Retailing Initiative. "On the retail side you never want your supplier to be bigger than you and vice versa. The merger gives P&G a larger critical mass -- not only with Wal-Mart but any mass merchant.”
• On October 31, 1837, Procter & Gamble was born. (William Procter and James Gamble).• A multinational corporation headquartered in downtown Cincinnati, Ohio and manufactures a wide range of consumer goods.• P&G is a global manufacturer of consumer goods, including household care, beauty care, health, baby and family care products.• In 2011, P&G recorded $82.6 billion dollars in sales.• In 2011, Fortune magazine ranked P&G at fifth place of the "Worlds Most Admired Companies" list.• Procter and Gamble is a tier one sponsor of the Londons Olympic Games 2012 and sponsors 150 Athletes.Procter & Gamble http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Procter_%26_Gamble
• The original Gillette Company was founded by King Camp Gillette in 1901 as a safety razor manufacturer.• The Gillette brand is synonymous with shaving and personal care products.• King Gillette sought protection of his fledgling business for safety razors when he applied for the trademarks for razors and razor blades, soap, and shaving brushes on Wednesday, May 27, 1908.Gillette http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gillette_(brand)
$57 Billion DealProcter & Gamble employs a workforce of 110,000 worldwide and has a marketcapitalization of $141 billion. Gillette employs 29,400 employees worldwide and hasa market capitalization of $45 billion :-2005
• Merrill Lynch & Co. acted as financial advisor and Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft, LLP acted as legal counsel to P&G.• UBS and Goldman Sachs acted as financial advisor and Davis, Polk & Wardwell acted as legal counsel to Gillette.
• The transaction was valued at approximately $57 billion (USD) based on closing NYSE stock prices of Jan. 27, 2005.• “On 27 May 2005, the Commission received a notification of a proposed concentration pursuant to Article 4 of Council Regulation (EC) No 139/2004 by which the undertaking The Procter & Gamble Company (P&G, USA) acquires within the meaning of Article 3(1)(b) of the Council Regulation control of the whole of the undertaking The Gillette Company (Gillette, USA) by way of purchase of shares.”Commission of theEuropean communities http://ec.europa.eu/competition/mergers/cases/decisions/m3732_20050715_20212_en.pdf
• CEO- P&G: A.G. Lafley and Gillette: Jim Kilts.• The proposed concentration was effected through a merger between a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Procter & Gamble Company, Aquarium Acquisition Cooperation, formed for the purpose of the contemplated merger, with the Gillette Company. As a result, Gillette will continue as the surviving operating unit and will become a wholly owned subsidiary of P&G. The operation consist in the acquisition of sole control of Gillette.• EXCHANGE RATIO- Each Gillette common share was converted into the right to receive 0.975 shares of P&G common stock. Valuing the stock at $53.94 -- a premium of about 18 percent.The Concentration
• The offer valued Gillettes shares at about $54 a share.• Gillette shares held in the BuyDIRECT Plan, including dividend reinvestment shares, are being automatically converted into the P&G Shareholder Investment Program (“SIP”) at the 0.975 rate, with resulting fractional shares credited to P&G SIP accounts.• Gillette shares held in the Direct Registration System (“DRS”) are being automatically converted into whole shares of P&G common stock in DRS form.Exchange of GilletteShares
• Shareholders of both companies overwhelmingly approved P&Gs acquisition of Gillette that would form the worlds largest consumer products company, with such brands as P&Gs Pampers and Gillettes line of razors. In announcements at separate special meetings, the companies said 96 percent of the shares that were voted favored the merger.• News of the deal sent Gillette’s shares soaring $5.49, or 12 percent, to $51.17 in very heavy trading midday Friday on the New York Stock Exchange, while P&G’s fell $1.50, or 2.7 percent, to $53.82 also on the NYSE.• Skeptical Wal-Mart – Negotiation power with Procter.• P&G and Gillette would have 21 brands with more than $1 billion in annual sales each.
• On Wall Street, shares in Gillette closed up nearly 13% on Friday, while P&G slid 2.1%.• Involved 6,000 job cuts, 4% of the combined workforce of 140,000. Company expected to reap $14 Billion in cost savings.• Mr. Buffett owns about 33% of Berkshire Hathaway which in part owns 10% of Gillette. And at the end of the merger, he would be receiving 93million shares of the new company.• Regulatory Concerns: P&G’s focus on more valuable brands has led to it shedding a number of ailing lines. It has sold off Sunny Delight, Sure deodorant and several detergents, and there is speculation that Lafley will soon dispose of underperforming brands from the Gillette business.Adjustments
• Most of Gillettes senior managers (with the notable exception of current P&G Vice Chairman Ed Shirley) have left.• P&Gs stock has lagged behind key competitors, including Colgate- Palmolive Co. and Unilever.• The recession buffeted Gillettes core business -- pricey razors and blades.• P&Gs stock is up 12% since the day before the deal was announced in 2005. Thats better than the S&P 500, down 8% over the same period. But its worse than two of the three competitors most directly affected by the deal, including Colgate-Palmolive Co. (up 53%) and Unilever (up 36%).• Privately at least, some veteran P&Gers looked down on the marketing skill set of the incoming Gillette people. Some of the incoming Gillette people found the P&Gers remarkably resistant to new ideas.Did the deal pay off??
• XXL• P&G’s triumph- Gillette Fusion system razor.• Gillette is strong in countries such as Brazil and in India, where P&G has always been outperformed by Unilever. P&G has excellent penetration and distribution in China, the Philippines and fast-growing Eastern European markets such as Russia and Poland.However….