Topic, focus and thesis

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Explanation and activities to teach what the topic and focus are in academic essay questions, and to use these to think of some paragraph ideas.

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  • Sir...U hav created an excellent organization of content throughout the slides, it made me understand the complicated features of academic essay in smooth flow of brain storming process, thanks a lot once again
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Topic, focus and thesis

  1. 1. ACADEMIC ESSAY WRITINGStarting the essay writing process.
  2. 2. What is a topic?
  3. 3. What is a topic? Topics are the big things in life.
  4. 4. What is a topic? Topics are the big things in life. Economy Culture Entertainment Environment Technology Politics Education Science Sport and many, many, many more…
  5. 5. Let’s look at one of these topics… Education
  6. 6. Let’s look at one of these topics… Each topic can be looked at or written about in many, many different ways. Education
  7. 7. Let’s look at one of these topics… Each topic can be looked at or written about in many, many different ways. We could write about… Education
  8. 8. Let’s look at one of these topics… Each topic can be looked at or written about in many, many different ways. We could write about… Primary education Trade educationMedia in education Education Exams Effects of education Secondary education Classroom interaction Tertiary education
  9. 9. Each different idea about education is a focus. Primary education Trade educationMedia in education Education Exams Effects of education Secondary education Classroom interaction Tertiary education
  10. 10. What are some focuses forsome of the other topics? •Environment •Entertainment •Technology •Science •Sport
  11. 11. What are some focuses forsome of the other topics? •Environment •Pollution •Extinctions •Entertainment •Global warming •Rainforests •Technology •Marine •Protection •Science •Urban areas •Desertification •Sport
  12. 12. What are some focuses forsome of the other topics? •Environment •Movies •Piracy •Entertainment •Internet •Live •Technology •Comedy •Television •Science •Drama •Magazines •Sport
  13. 13. What are some focuses forsome of the other topics? •Environment •21st Century •Nanotechnology •Entertainment •Steam •Renewable energy •Technology •Computer •Design •Science •Housing •Primitive •Sport
  14. 14. What are some focuses forsome of the other topics? •Environment •Innovation •Chemistry •Entertainment •Physics •Experiments •Technology •Elements •Space •Science •Microbiology •Medicine •Sport
  15. 15. What are some focuses forsome of the other topics? •Environment •Rugby •Injury •Entertainment •Olympic Games •Medicine •Technology •Professional •Couch potatoes •Science •School •Basketball •Sport
  16. 16. Sometimes what is a focus inone essay is the topic inanother.
  17. 17. Sometimes what is a focus inone essay is the topic inanother. One focus we identified earlier for the topic “education” was “media in education”.
  18. 18. Sometimes what is a focus inone essay is the topic inanother. One focus we identified earlier for the topic “education” was “media in education”. Media in education could also be a topic
  19. 19. Sometimes what is a focus inone essay is the topic inanother. Media in education could also be a topic
  20. 20. Sometimes what is a focus inone essay is the topic inanother. What are some focuses for the topic “media in education”?
  21. 21. Sometimes what is a focus inone essay is the topic inanother. What are some focuses for the topic “media in education”? •In primary school •Amongst disadvantaged children •At university •Cost •Effects of
  22. 22. Look at this essay question…Describe the effect of using media ineducation in developing countries.
  23. 23. Look at this essay question…Describe the effect of using media ineducation in developing countries.What are the topic and focus in thisessay question?
  24. 24. Look at this essay question…Describe the effect of using media ineducation in developing countries.What are the topic and focus in thisessay question?
  25. 25. Look at this essay question…Describe the effect of using media ineducation in developing countries.What are the topic and focus in thisessay question?
  26. 26. Look at this essay question…Describe the effect of using media ineducationin developing countries.What are the topic and focus in thisessay question?
  27. 27. Look at this essay question… Describe the effect of using media in educationin developing countries.What are some thesis or paragraph ideasfor this essay question?
  28. 28. Look at this essay question… Describe the effect of using media in educationin developing countries. What are some thesis or paragraph ideas for this essay question?•More students in schools •Better outcomes•Lower teacher to pupil ratio •Increased costs
  29. 29. Look at this essay question… Describe the effect of using media in educationin developing countries.It could be argued that the topic and focuscould be reversed.
  30. 30. Look at this essay question… Describe the effect of using media in education indeveloping countries.It could be argued that the topic and focuscould be reversed.
  31. 31. Look at this essay question… Describe the effect of using media in education indeveloping countries.It could be argued that the topic and focuscould be reversed.You need to identify which is the topic andwhich is the focus, but…
  32. 32. Look at this essay question… Describe the effect of using media in education indeveloping countries.What is most important is that you clearlyintroduce the topic, focus and thesis in yourintroduction.
  33. 33. Look at this essayquestion… Describe the benefits of computer technology in education? Decide what the task, the topic and the focus are.
  34. 34. Look at this essayquestion… Describe the benefits of computer technology in education? Decide what the task, the topic and the focus are.
  35. 35. Look at this essayquestion… Describe the benefits of computer technology in education? Decide what the task, the topic and the focus are.
  36. 36. Look at this essayquestion… Describe the benefits of computer technology in education? Decide what the task, the topic and the focus are.
  37. 37. Look at this essayquestion… Describe the benefits of computer technology in education? Decide what the task, the topic and the focus are.
  38. 38. What are some thesis orparagraph ideas for this essay? Describe the benefits of computer technology in education?
  39. 39. What are some thesis orparagraph ideas for this essay? Describe the benefits of computer technology in education?•More engaged students•Greater variety in classes•Interaction across cultures•Better preparation for work
  40. 40. What are the task, topic and focus inthese questions?What are some thesis ideas forthem?What are the advantages and disadvantages of nuclearpower as a fuel source to replace fossil fuels in the generationof electricity?Assess the potential of renewable energy technology.Evaluate the potential of bio-fuels to provide a completealternative to fossil fuels.In what ways can the alarming levels of noise pollution inmany industrialized countries be overcome?
  41. 41. What are the task, topic and focus inthese questions?What are some thesis ideas forthem?What are the advantages and disadvantages of nuclearpower as a fuel source to replace fossil fuels in the generationof electricity?Assess the potential of renewable energy technology.Evaluate the potential of bio-fuels to provide a completealternative to fossil fuels.In what ways can the alarming levels of noise pollution inmany industrialized countries be overcome?
  42. 42. What are the task, topic and focus inthese questions?What are some thesis ideas forthem?What are the advantages and disadvantages of nuclearpower as a fuel source to replace fossil fuels in the generationof electricity?Assessthe potential of renewable energy technology.Evaluate the potential of bio-fuels to provide a completealternative to fossil fuels.In what ways can the alarming levels of noise pollution inmany industrialized countries be overcome?
  43. 43. What are the task, topic and focus inthese questions?What are some thesis ideas forthem?What are the advantages and disadvantages of nuclearpower as a fuel source to replace fossil fuels in the generationof electricity?Assessthe potential of renewable energy technology.Evaluatethe potential of bio-fuels to provide a completealternative to fossil fuels.In what ways can the alarming levels of noise pollution inmany industrialized countries be overcome?
  44. 44. What are the task, topic and focus inthese questions?What are some thesis ideas forthem?What are the advantages and disadvantages of nuclearpower as a fuel source to replace fossil fuels in the generationof electricity?Assessthe potential of renewable energy technology.Evaluatethe potential of bio-fuels to provide a completealternative to fossil fuels.In what ways canthe alarming levels of noise pollution inmany industrialized countriesbe overcome?
  45. 45. What are the task, topic and focus inthese questions?What are some thesis ideas forthem?What are the advantages and disadvantages of nuclearpower as a fuel source to replace fossil fuels in the generationof electricity? •No CO2 pollution •Developed technology •Radiation very dangerous •Waste products very difficult to handle and dispose of
  46. 46. What are the task, topic and focus inthese questions?What are some thesis ideas forthem?Assessthe potential of renewable energy technology. •Wind and solar aren’t base-load power providers •Geothermal can provide base-load electricity •Cost of renewables isn’t competitive with fossil fuels •Renewable technology is developing rapidly
  47. 47. What are the task, topic and focus inthese questions?What are some thesis ideas forthem?Evaluatethe potential of bio-fuels to provide a completealternative to fossil fuels. •Bio-fuels are less polluting than fossil fuels •Bio-fuels from waste and algae produced in small amounts •Growing crops for bio-fuels uses lots of land •True cost of bio-fuels is much higher then fossil fuels
  48. 48. What are the task, topic and focus inthese questions?What are some thesis ideas forthem?In what ways canthe alarming levels of noise pollution inmany industrialized countriesbe overcome? •Noisy industries need to be located away from residential areas •Greater use of electric vehicles •More education •More and better legislation

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