   How to prepare for exams   Exam strategies and tips   Exam language
The best way to deal with   exam stress is to…  …be well                                  …follow a prepared…         and...
Preparation / Revision                     How manyWhat topics will                    questions will                    H...
Preparation / RevisionWhat percentage of the total  marks is given for each                   What can you take        que...
The Day before the Exam     Check the date and time of the             examination.             Check where the examinatio...
On the Exam Day  Get to the room                          Make sure you   a bit early, not                            have...
Before you start                                                              What                       Do different     ...
Read the instructions carefully    Do you have to answer all the    questions or can you choose?         How much time do ...
Exam time managementConsider the weighting given to each section and allocatetime accordingly.You have 3 questions to answ...
Exam time managementWhat order do you answer them in?This depends on:   • whether your answers improve as you warm up or  ...
Plan your time(remember to take a watch)              SAC Guided Independent Learning
Plan   Note how much each question is       worth and set a time limit       accordingly.       * Allow some time to check...
Write an outline, draw a mindmap or have a simple list. Checkyou cover everything.As you write, refer back to the         ...
Read the questions carefullyAnswer question specifically. It’s not enough just to write about a topic     Underline the ke...
If you cannot answer a question                  • review the question carefully                  • identify the broader t...
Handwriting/Neatness• Write legibly.• Markers will not give credit if they cannot read your answer.• Writing on every seco...
Multiple choice questionsAnswers using absolute                              Look for grammaticalwords, such as “always”  ...
Multiple choice questions                             If two choices mean the“All of the above” is                        ...
Multiple choice questions                           Always answer ALLRead questions for         questions – if innegative ...
Multiple choice questionsCheck you havetransferred all youranswers to answersheet correctly andfilled in all theanswers.Ag...
Short answer questionsYou should…  • outline/summarise information  • or present brief explanations (backed up by  facts)Y...
Longer essay questionsFollow basic essay structure.Support your arguments withfacts, examples, reasons.Make sure you parap...
What do essay questions test?   Essay questions do not simply test how much    you ‘know’ or have memorized about a    su...
Essay questions test…    your understanding of key terms and concepts    your ability to analyse or evaluate specific   ...
Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Topic     The topic is what an essay is about in the most     general terms. For exa...
Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Topic     The topic is what an essay is about in the most     general terms. For exa...
Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Topic     The topic is what an essay is about in the most     general terms. For exa...
Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Focus     The focus in an essay question restricts or limits     the topic. For exam...
Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Focus     The focus in an essay question restricts or limits     the topic. For exam...
Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Focus     The focus in an essay question restricts or limits     the topic. For exam...
Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Task     The task directs you how to construct the answer.     There may be more tha...
Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Task     The task directs you how to construct the answer.     There may be more tha...
Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Task     The task directs you how to construct the answer.     There may be more tha...
Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Viewpoint Viewpoint refers to the requirement that the essay   be from a particular ...
Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Viewpoint     For example:    Show how over-population is a result of poverty     r...
Planning Your Answer It is generally recommended that you make a plan. If    you do plan, make sure it helps you. An effec...
Planning Your Answer     Remember:    Keep the plan brief. There is no need to write     ‘Introduction’, ‘Paragraph 1’, e...
Exam Essay StructureThe introduction should:    provide a brief background    clearly and concisely answer the question ...
Exam Essay StructureA thesis statement should indicate:    topic area and specific point(s) to be addressed    opinion (...
Exam Essay StructureThe main body should:    be structured roughly according to the order of     information in the thesi...
Exam Essay StructureThe conclusion should:    answer the question with a summary of the     main points you have made   ...
Exam Essay Structure    Check your division and module handbooks for     information about essay structure.    Some tuto...
Proofread your work.  Look for…- incomplete answers       - illogical sentence structure- irrelevant information   - misqu...
Instruction Words: GlossaryThis is a glossary of instruction words for shortanswer and essay questions.If you are unsure o...
Instruction Words: GlossaryNote: Your tutors’ definitions supersede any of thesedefinitions. Check division / module handb...
Instruction Words: Glossary                              SAC Guided Independent Learning
Instruction Words: Glossary                              SAC Guided Independent Learning
Instruction Words: Glossary                              The information in today’s                              workshop ...
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Exam preparation

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How to prepare for exams
Exam strategies and tips
Exam language

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Transcript of "Exam preparation"

  1. 1.  How to prepare for exams Exam strategies and tips Exam language
  2. 2. The best way to deal with exam stress is to… …be well …follow a prepared…  and strategy. Even if you are nervous, you will be able to function if you have a plan and follow it. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  3. 3. Preparation / Revision How manyWhat topics will questions will How long is thethe examination be in the examination? cover? examination?Is it necessary Are any of the Is there a choice to answer all questions of questions tothe questions? compulsory? answer? SAC Guided Independent Learning
  4. 4. Preparation / RevisionWhat percentage of the total marks is given for each What can you take question? to the exam? (pens, erasers, booLooked at the examination ks, notes, dictionar information in your ies, calculators -division/module handbook. what kind?, a Does the handbook list watch, etc.) marking criteria? SAC Guided Independent Learning
  5. 5. The Day before the Exam Check the date and time of the examination. Check where the examination room is. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  6. 6. On the Exam Day Get to the room Make sure you a bit early, not have your at the last student ID. minute. If you have lost your ID, have a note from the Student Affairs Office? (AB 145) SAC Guided Independent Learning
  7. 7. Before you start What Do different percentage ofIs there more the total marks sections have than one is given for specific section? each question? instructions?Allow time for Analyze the Plan youreach question. question(s) writtenRemember to carefully. answers.leave time forproofreading. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  8. 8. Read the instructions carefully Do you have to answer all the questions or can you choose? How much time do you have to answer each question? SAC Guided Independent Learning
  9. 9. Exam time managementConsider the weighting given to each section and allocatetime accordingly.You have 3 questions to answer, each worth equal marks:A = your best topic (easiest for you)B = middleC = hardestWhat order do you answer them in? SAC Guided Independent Learning
  10. 10. Exam time managementWhat order do you answer them in?This depends on: • whether your answers improve as you warm up or deteriorate as you become tired. • whether you feel more confident writing your best or worst answer first. • whether you are you good at keeping to time. If not, do you leave your best or worst question till last to do quickly? SAC Guided Independent Learning
  11. 11. Plan your time(remember to take a watch) SAC Guided Independent Learning
  12. 12. Plan Note how much each question is worth and set a time limit accordingly. * Allow some time to check your answers.your If you run out of time, don’t panic. * Leave space and go on. * Go back to it if you have time. * Markers generally give partial credittime for incomplete answers. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  13. 13. Write an outline, draw a mindmap or have a simple list. Checkyou cover everything.As you write, refer back to the Plan andquestion occasionally so you do stay onnot go off topic. trackWhen you finish writing youranswer, draw a line through youroutline. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  14. 14. Read the questions carefullyAnswer question specifically. It’s not enough just to write about a topic Underline the keywords in questions Read each question several times to make sure you understand clearly SAC Guided Independent Learning
  15. 15. If you cannot answer a question • review the question carefully • identify the broader topicDo not skip it. • write about what you do know You may get partial credit for some relevant information. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  16. 16. Handwriting/Neatness• Write legibly.• Markers will not give credit if they cannot read your answer.• Writing on every second line is clearer and allows you to correct / add information later. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  17. 17. Multiple choice questionsAnswers using absolute Look for grammaticalwords, such as “always” clues.or “never” are less likely If the question ends into be correct. “an”, for example, thenIn the social sciences the correct responseabsolutes are rare. probably begins with aConditional words like vowel.“usually”, “often”, “seldo Also watch for singular /m” or “may” are more plural and subjects -likely to be correct. verbagreement SAC Guided Independent Learning
  18. 18. Multiple choice questions If two choices mean the“All of the above” is same thing, you canoften a correct response. often eliminate both ofIf you can verify several them.responses are probablycorrect, it is the likely If two choices areanswer. “None of the opposites, the correctabove” is seldom a response is often one ofcorrect response. those choices. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  19. 19. Multiple choice questions Always answer ALLRead questions for questions – if innegative verbs. doubt, GUESS.If the question asks No answer = no mark.“which of the followingare NOT applicable” be With a choice of 4sure to answer answers, even a guessaccordingly. has 25% chance of being right. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  20. 20. Multiple choice questionsCheck you havetransferred all youranswers to answersheet correctly andfilled in all theanswers.Again, no answer = nomark. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  21. 21. Short answer questionsYou should… • outline/summarise information • or present brief explanations (backed up by facts)You do not need introductions and conclusions. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  22. 22. Longer essay questionsFollow basic essay structure.Support your arguments withfacts, examples, reasons.Make sure you paraphrase and cite sources.Memorized, unattributed (un-cited) excerpts maybe considered plagiarism. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  23. 23. What do essay questions test? Essay questions do not simply test how much you ‘know’ or have memorized about a subject. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  24. 24. Essay questions test…  your understanding of key terms and concepts  your ability to analyse or evaluate specific situations, concepts, principles, or theories  your ability to recognize and articulate relationships  your ability to support arguments and opinions logically with evidence, examples, and citation of expert opinion  your ability to make comparisons and to synthesise information to support an argument  your ability to think critically and apply knowledge SAC Guided Independent Learning
  25. 25. Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Topic The topic is what an essay is about in the most general terms. For example:  To what extent is pollution man’s greatest enemy?  Discuss the principal methods of controlling noise at work. Provide examples of each method. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  26. 26. Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Topic The topic is what an essay is about in the most general terms. For example:  To what extent is pollution man’s greatest enemy?  Discuss the principal methods of controlling noise at work. Provide examples of each method. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  27. 27. Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Topic The topic is what an essay is about in the most general terms. For example:  To what extent is pollution man’s greatest enemy?  Discuss the principal methods of controlling noise at work. Provide examples of each method. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  28. 28. Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Focus The focus in an essay question restricts or limits the topic. For example:  To what extent is pollutionman’s greatest enemy?  Discuss the principal methods of controlling noise at work. Provide examples of each method. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  29. 29. Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Focus The focus in an essay question restricts or limits the topic. For example:  To what extent is pollutionman’s greatest enemy?  Discuss the principal methods of controlling noise at work. Provide examples of each method. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  30. 30. Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Focus The focus in an essay question restricts or limits the topic. For example:  To what extent is pollutionman’s greatest enemy?  Discuss the principal methods of controllingnoise at work. Provide examples of each method. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  31. 31. Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Task The task directs you how to construct the answer. There may be more than one task. For example:  To what extent is pollutionman’s greatest enemy?  Discuss the principal methods of controlling noise at work. Provide examples of each method. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  32. 32. Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Task The task directs you how to construct the answer. There may be more than one task. For example:  To what extent ispollutionman’s greatest enemy?  Discussthe principal methods of controlling noise at work. Provide examples of each method. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  33. 33. Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Task The task directs you how to construct the answer. There may be more than one task. For example:  To what extent ispollutionman’s greatest enemy?  Discussthe principal methods of controlling noise at work. Provide examples ofeach method. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  34. 34. Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Viewpoint Viewpoint refers to the requirement that the essay be from a particular point of view. It determines the argument, pro or con. If the viewpoint is not specified, you are free to choose. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  35. 35. Analysing Essay QuestionsIdentify the Viewpoint For example:  Show how over-population is a result of poverty rather than a cause.  ‘Violence on television and in films has encouraged violence among today’s young people.’ Give reasons why the above statement is not true. Note: ‘Nuclear war is man’s greatest enemy. Discuss.’ A question like this does not have an imposed viewpoint. You can argue either way. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  36. 36. Planning Your Answer It is generally recommended that you make a plan. If you do plan, make sure it helps you. An effective plan will:  save you time.  help you focus on the question.  help you organise arguments logically before you write.  provide a safety blanket - if time is running out or your mind goes blank, you still have a guide. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  37. 37. Planning Your Answer Remember:  Keep the plan brief. There is no need to write ‘Introduction’, ‘Paragraph 1’, etc.  Choose a style that suits you – a list, a mind map, topic blocks  Don’t worry about being tidy – only you will read it.  Cross out your plan once your answer is finished. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  38. 38. Exam Essay StructureThe introduction should:  provide a brief background  clearly and concisely answer the question  conform to the question (Do not alter the approach required by the question)  be limited to a few sentences (because of time limits) SAC Guided Independent Learning
  39. 39. Exam Essay StructureA thesis statement should indicate:  topic area and specific point(s) to be addressed  opinion (this will be implied by your choice of information and later, by your conclusions)  supporting information, any criteria used  indicate in some way the essay’s organization (the thesis statement implies a structure for the main body) SAC Guided Independent Learning
  40. 40. Exam Essay StructureThe main body should:  be structured roughly according to the order of information in the thesis statement.  develop your argument/s in clear paragraphs or sections  provide evidence /examples / details and citations (if possible) to answer the question  provide links between each section SAC Guided Independent Learning
  41. 41. Exam Essay StructureThe conclusion should:  answer the question with a summary of the main points you have made  avoid detail  not include any new information  say something meaningful to finish, e.g. a prediction, a comment, an observation, etc SAC Guided Independent Learning
  42. 42. Exam Essay Structure  Check your division and module handbooks for information about essay structure.  Some tutors may prefer that you omit an introduction in exam essays and begin answering the question straight off. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  43. 43. Proofread your work. Look for…- incomplete answers - illogical sentence structure- irrelevant information - misquoted facts and figures- spelling & grammar - incorrect vocabulary errors SAC Guided Independent Learning
  44. 44. Instruction Words: GlossaryThis is a glossary of instruction words for shortanswer and essay questions.If you are unsure of the meaning of any of thewords, you should make sure you learn thembefore your exams. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  45. 45. Instruction Words: GlossaryNote: Your tutors’ definitions supersede any of thesedefinitions. Check division / module handbooks to see ifkey terms are provided and explained.And remember…Paraphrased not memorized information is required.Remember to back up your assertions with facts andexamples. Remember to cite expert opinion. SAC Guided Independent Learning
  46. 46. Instruction Words: Glossary SAC Guided Independent Learning
  47. 47. Instruction Words: Glossary SAC Guided Independent Learning
  48. 48. Instruction Words: Glossary The information in today’s workshop and the complete glossary are available on the u-drive: SAC Guided Independent Learning
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