Effective study strategies

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Undergraduate workshop on improving study skills and strategies.

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  • 5 minute discussion: pair/group activity
  • Elicit a few ideas from students. Compare their view to the views on the slide (authentic comments from students having completed their first year (CELE) studies).
  • Stress that university is considered to be an holistic process of self-development, and is not restricted to academic study.
  • Activity/discussion: Ss to discuss he questions
  • Activity: Ss to write an aim for the year semester, week and day (one aim only – this is supposed to be an introduction/concept developing exercise)
  • Activity: Ss to write an aim for the year semester, week and day (one aim only – this is supposed to be an introduction/concept developing exercise)
  • Activity: Ss to write an aim for the year semester, week and day (one aim only – this is supposed to be an introduction/concept developing exercise)
  • Activity: Ss to write an aim for the year semester, week and day (one aim only – this is supposed to be an introduction/concept developing exercise)
  • Activity: Ss to write an aim for the year semester, week and day (one aim only – this is supposed to be an introduction/concept developing exercise)
  • Activity: Ss to write an aim for the year semester, week and day (one aim only – this is supposed to be an introduction/concept developing exercise)
  • Lead Tutor manages five Tutors
  • Effective study strategies

    1. 1. Understanding change, setting goals, managing your time, SAC resources.
    2. 2. During this workshop we will:Identify the differences between university and high schoolConsider what makes a good study aimLook at how to improve your language skillsHighlight some study resources SAC Guided Independent Learning
    3. 3. Discuss the differences between high school and university.Management Time with Use and typeof your time: teachers of resourceswho and how? Learning Types of activities Assessment SAC Guided Independent Learning
    4. 4. High school UniversityAll the day is taken up with Fewer taught hours/hours in atimetabled classes. class.The classes are teacher led. The classes are student centred. The students have to becomeThe students are told exactly autonomous and manage theirwhat to do by the teacher. time.The teacher allows the students The teacher tries to make theto be dependent on the teacher. students less teacher dependent. SAC Guided Independent Learning
    5. 5. At school your teacher was at the centre of everything andmanaged your time and studies. Do this Do that for exercise. homework. Read that part of the Study this book. for the test. A good student does what the teacher tells them to do. SAC Guided Independent Learning
    6. 6. At university YOU are responsible for how you spend your time. Completes all work on time Explores ideas Understands how to learn Good learner Identifies own Plans own strengths and time weaknesses effectively Asks questions in class and to their tutor SAC Guided Independent Learning
    7. 7. Your university experience is made up of more than yourstudies and your grades.A successful universitylife is a result of the Personalcombination of yourstudies, activities andthe relationships youmake. Social Academic SAC Guided Independent Learning
    8. 8. Study groups have many advantages. You practice You get different You get, and give,teamwork and perspectives on a supportcommunication topic You form relationships You practise skills you that are useful for will need in your university and beyond working life SAC Guided Independent Learning
    9. 9. A comfort zone is a situation in which your ability anddetermination are not being tested.This is true for study as well. When someone suggests We have ways we like trying something new, to do things. we resist it… …and But if you …and decide to sometimes consider it… try it… get angry. …you might realise the new way of doing things can work for you even better than your original way. SAC Guided Independent Learning
    10. 10. What time of What aspect of What is your preferredday can you your studies are study style? (groups /work at your you most alone / quiet / music) best? interested in? What aspect ofWhat do you What aspect of your your language find difficult language learning do learning do you about time you feel you are feel you aremanagement? strong in? weak in? Which aspects of language are most important for your degree? SAC Guided Independent Learning
    11. 11. Is has been said that the most successful students are the ones who setlong-term aims for themselves (Byram 2004).You also need to set short-term achievable goals. SAC Guided Independent Learning
    12. 12. Is has been said that the most successful students are the ones who setlong-term aims for themselves (Byram 2004).You also need to set short-term achievable goals. Aims for the year SAC Guided Independent Learning
    13. 13. Is has been said that the most successful students are the ones who setlong-term aims for themselves (Byram 2004).You also need to set short-term achievable goals. Aims for the year Aims for the semester SAC Guided Independent Learning
    14. 14. Is has been said that the most successful students are the ones who setlong-term aims for themselves (Byram 2004).You also need to set short-term achievable goals. Aims for the year Aims for the semester Aims for the week SAC Guided Independent Learning
    15. 15. Is has been said that the most successful students are the ones who setlong-term aims for themselves (Byram 2004).You also need to set short-term achievable goals. Aims for the year Aims for the semester Aims for the week Aims for the day SAC Guided Independent Learning
    16. 16. Is has been said that the most successful students are the ones who setlong-term aims for themselves (Byram 2004).You also need to set short-term achievable goals. Aims for the year How does what you are Aims for the semester doing today lead towards your future? the week Aims for Aims for the day SAC Guided Independent Learning
    17. 17. When you are writing a learning aim, make sure it is useful. SAC Guided Independent Learning
    18. 18. When you are writing a learning aim, make sure it is useful.Aims should be:SMART SAC Guided Independent Learning
    19. 19. When you are writing a learning aim, make sure it is useful.Aims should be:S pecific Is it clearM exactly what you want toA do?RT SAC Guided Independent Learning
    20. 20. When you are writing a learning aim, make sure it is useful.Aims should be:S pecific How will youM easurable know you haveA finished?RT SAC Guided Independent Learning
    21. 21. When you are writing a learning aim, make sure it is useful.Aims should be:S pecific Are you ableM easurable to do what you want toAchievable do?RT SAC Guided Independent Learning
    22. 22. When you are writing a learning aim, make sure it is useful.Aims should be:S pecific Is it directlyM easurable related to your learningAchievable goal?R elevantT SAC Guided Independent Learning
    23. 23. When you are writing a learning aim, make sure it is useful.Aims should be:S pecificM easurable Is there a time limit?AchievableR elevantT imebound SAC Guided Independent Learning
    24. 24. What are the problems with these aims?S pecificM easurable “I want to learn 30Achievable new words a day.”R elevantT imebound SAC Guided Independent Learning
    25. 25. What are the problems with these aims?Is it… S pecific M easurable “I want to learn 30 Achievable new words a day.” R elevant T imebound SAC Guided Independent Learning
    26. 26. What are the problems with these aims?S pecificM easurable “I want to improveAchievable my listening.”R elevantT imebound SAC Guided Independent Learning
    27. 27. What are the problems with these aims?Is it… S pecific M easurable “I want to improve Achievable my listening.” R elevant T imebound SAC Guided Independent Learning
    28. 28. Write study aims for some aspects of your studies.Example: “Practice note taking from lectures during the 4 weeks until the listening exam.”Prioritize your study tasks according to your personalgoals.They could be by the day, week, semester or year.What is most important for you?When do you need to finish things? Are your study aims SMART? SAC Guided Independent Learning
    29. 29. An evaluation of essay writing abilityUse the self-evaluation table to help determine howwell you you are able to plan, research, write and editan essay.Decide how weak (1) or strong (5) you are at each ofthe Features of writing academic essays.Then think of different strategies that you could use toimprove your weak areas SAC Guided Independent Learning
    30. 30. SAC Guided Independent Learning
    31. 31. Follow the same procedure for all your language and studyskills. Use your course notes and tutors’ advice to help. Make sure that your study strategies are SMART! SAC Guided Independent Learning
    32. 32. How much time do you think a university student spends InIn lectures Reading seminarsIt can sometimes be difficult to find the time to do things.But you may actually have more time than you think. http://www.ucc.vt.edu/stdysk/TMInteractive.htmlIf you use your time effectively you will be able to do allthe things you need to do to be successful in your studies. SAC Guided Independent Learning
    33. 33. Passive Active knowledge knowledge (e.g. ability to use a word) is (e.g. word comparativelyrecognition) smallis very large SAC Guided Independent Learning
    34. 34. There are numerous self study sites on the internet,resources in the SAC, on WebCT, etc which you could use forlistening practice.No matter which resources you choose to use, it is importantto remember to be an active listener:• have a purpose when you are listening• stop thinking about outside distractions• having a listening plan that addresses the problems withlistening that you have previously identified SAC Guided Independent Learning
    35. 35. In addition to the reading you do for your degree, you shouldbe reading something every day.What you read mostly depends on you. Try to select readingmaterial that you are interested in, or could becomeinterested in. If you like computer games, read a magazineabout the latest developments in the gaming world, or if youlike fashion, find websites or magazines that look at differentfashion houses, etc. SAC Guided Independent Learning
    36. 36. At UNNC there are numerous reading resources in thelibrary, SAC, on webCT, etc.* Graded readers * The Internet - SAC* Magazines * Novels - National Geographic - SAC* Newspapers - China Daily - library collection SAC Guided Independent Learning
    37. 37. Although some studies show that good writers do morewriting than poor writers, increasing the amount of writingthat students do does not increase their writing proficiency.Language acquisition comes from input, not output, fromcomprehension, not production.Thus, if you write a page a day, your writing style or yourcommand of mechanics will not improve. However, othergood things may result from your writing, such as improvedcommunication and improved clarity of and stimulation ofthinking. SAC Guided Independent Learning
    38. 38. It is very likely that increasing the amount of reading you dowill lead to you have a better understanding and experienceof different styles of writing and will eventually help youimprove your writing. For example, reading novels willprovide at least some of the features of essay style, andreading lots of essays will develop essay-type style.Furthermore, you need to identify your weaknesses inwriting (if you have any) and concentrate on improving yourwriting in those areas.For example, if your problem is grammar accuracy, get agood grammar practice book and work your way through itas well as doing the exercises on WebCT. SAC Guided Independent Learning
    39. 39. Improving your speaking is not difficult.It does involve work from you, but the results of targetedpractice should become apparent within a fairly short period.What you have to do first is identify the areas where youhave difficulty and concentrate on improving them.Working with a partner or a small group outside class to havediscussions and to present information about books read,tasks completed, lectures attended, etc and receivingfeedback from your peers will help.Also, speaking English in all situations, academic and socialwill help improve your English. SAC Guided Independent Learning
    40. 40. What else? Passport to Autonomy in Collaboration with Tutors SAC Guided Independent Learning
    41. 41.  Improve your English. Develop your independent study skills. Get guidance from a senior student. Meet people & make friends. Develop social, organisational and time management skills.Why not become a Mentor next year? SAC Guided Independent Learning
    42. 42. TutorMentor Mentor Mentor MentorMemberMemberMemberMemberMemberMember SAC Guided Independent Learning
    43. 43. Academic Support Self Access Centre Clinic – SSB118 – AB308 Drop in Language Advisory Resource Consultation Library SAC Guided Independent Learning
    44. 44. Academic Support Self Access Centre Clinic – SSB118 – AB308 Academic Language advice advice 10:00-12:00 Mon to Thu 10:00-12:00 Mon to Thu 3:00-5:00 Mon & Thu 3:00-5:00 Mon & Thu SAC Guided Independent Learning
    45. 45. AV Suite EASE GILSUse DVDs and The Use EASE toCDs to improve workshops practice your listening help develop a listening to and start range of skills lectures discussions SAC Guided Independent Learning
    46. 46. Study Skills Pronunciation Speaking Presentations ListeningReading Writing Reading and Writing Listening and Speaking Fiction Non-fiction Graded readers Dictionaries Grammar Vocabulary General English Careers Scientific English Engineering English and more… SAC Guided Independent Learning
    47. 47. HOW TO STUDY AT UNIVERSITY BLOG www.eapworld.net Practical advice on how to study – what to do next Get an email for each new post or subscribe by reader Search for past posts Ask questions and get replies Created and maintained by a UNNC Tutor SAC Guided Independent Learning
    48. 48.  Cottrell, S (2008) The study skills handbook. Palgrave Macmillan Ltd Byram, M (2004) Routledge encyclopedia of language teaching and learning. London: RoutledgeSelf study http://elc.polyu.edu.hk/CILL/errordetector.htm#egessay Use the British National Corpus to discover how words collocate and if they are appropriate for academic writing http://corpus.byu.edu/bnc/ SAC Guided Independent Learning

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