50M W So lar The r mal Po we r Projec t Repor t P a g e |3 NON DISCLOSUREThis Detailed Project Report (referred to as “the DPR”) has been prepared by Pan Exergy Pvt Ltd (PEPL) for Gammon InfrastructurePrivate Limited (GIPL) and remains the property of GIPL & PEPL.This report is produced for the purpose of securing various government approvals and clearances for GIPL and its potential investors and isdistributed only to a limited number of persons identified with the prior consent of PEPL, and is distributed on the understanding that itmust not be further distributed to any person.The DPR is henceforth made available and is received specifically on the implied understanding that the recipient will hold the informationcontained therein confidential and will not copy, reproduce, distribute or disclose the information or any part of it to any other person. Therecipient agrees, on request to return promptly, or destroy, all information received from PEPL and its consultants without r etaining anycopies and undertakes that any persons to whom a copy or copies have been passed will do likewise.There has been no independent third party verification of the information in the report. While the information in the plan has been preparedin good faith and is believed to be accurate in all material respects, PEPL, GIPL, its Directors, officers and employees, nor any of them giveany representation or warranty, expressed or implied as to the completeness or accuracy of any information in the report or otherwise madeavailable (whether orally or in writing), or that any such information remains unchanged after the date of its receipt. PEPL, its Directors,officers and employees will not be liable or responsible in any way whatsoever in respect of any statement, opinion, or other informationcontained in this report or howsoever made available, in relation to it, nor for any omission from it.Each party in receipt of this report must make its own independent assessment of the project after making such investigations and taking itsown independent advice, as it may deem necessary. In particular, any estimates, forecasts, projections or opinions contained in the plannecessarily involve significant elements of subjective judgement and analysis and each recipient must satisfy itself in relat ion to suchmatters.The report is not a prospectus and does not form part of a contract or an offer of sale. It does not constitute an offer capable of acceptance,nor an invitation for the sale or purchase of any securities.ISSUED BY:Director, Pan Exergy Pvt LtdD-32, Sector #7, Noida – 201301, INDIA.W: www.exergy.in E: firstname.lastname@example.orgTel: 0120-4243211 Fax: 011-22719964DATE: 18th October 2010 Project Consultants Project Promoters Pan Exergy Private Ltd. Gammon Infrastructure Projects Ltd .
50M W So lar The r mal Po we r Projec t Repor t P a g e |4 BACKGROUNDThe ClientGammon Infrastructure Projects Limited ("GIPL") is an infrastructure project development company promoted by Gammon IndiaLimited, to participate in the development of infrastructure projects on a public private partnership ("PPP") basis. GIPL leads Gammonsforays into development of infrastructure projects on PPP basis across sectors such as Roads & Expressways, Ports, Hydro Power, Urbaninfrastructure, Airports, Special Economic Zones, Water and Wastewater management, Railways, Power Transmission lines, andAgricultural Infrastructure. GIPL has also started undertaking projects in renewable energy sector. It has taken up biomass power projectsin Punjab and Haryana and Hydro Power Projects in the states of Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim. It now wants to enter into the area of solarpower and has assigned the job of preparing a project report on a 50 MW Solar Thermal Power Plant for suitable site in the country to theconsultants.The ConsultantsPan Exergy Pvt. Ltd. (PEPL) is a leading Solar Technology Consultant and Turnkey Executor of upto 100kW Solar Projects. It has had asignificant expertise in Indian Solar Markets based on an experience of offering services to more than 600MW of Solar Projects in India.Out of these 250MW are already under advanced stages of execution. For more details visit our website (www.exergy.in) of email us at(email@example.com).GIPL awarded PEPL the job for preparing a Project Report on a 50 MW Solar Thermal Power Project at a suitable site in the country.PEPL hereby submits this report on 50 MW Solar Thermal Power Plant at Village Malar, Tehsil Phalodi, District Jodhpur in Rajasthan. Project Consultants Project Promoters Pan Exergy Private Ltd. Gammon Infrastructure Projects Ltd .
50M W So lar The r mal Po we r Projec t Repor t P a g e |5 TABLE OF CONTENTSNON DISCLOSURE 3BACKGROUND 41 ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT 81.1 Change control 8 1.1.1 Current status and anticipated changes 8 1.1.2 Change history 82 TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS 92.1 Definitions 103 SOLAR IN INDIA: AN INTRODUCTION 113.1 Energy Scenario in Rajasthan 123.2 Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission 123.3 Benefits of Grid Connect Solar Energy 133.4 Socio Economic Benefits of Grid Connect Solar Power Plants 133.5 Approach to this Study 143.6 Key Study Assumptions 15 3.6.1 General 3.6.2 Project Size 3.6.3 Project Location3.7 Assumptions in Financial Modelling 164 PHOTOVOLTAICS OR SOLAR CST POWER PLANTS ? 174.1 Principle 174.2 Photovoltaics 174.3 Solar Thermal Power Plants 174.4 Reference Systems 194.5 Areas of Operations 204.6 Future Perspectives 234.7 Conclusions 235 POTENTIAL, FEASIBILITY & PATH TO CST REALITY IN INDIA 245.1 Solar Thermal Electric Systems – Concentrating Solar Thermal (CST) 245.2 Types of CST Systems 265.3 Comparison of CST Systems 29 Project Consultants Project Promoters Pan Exergy Private Ltd. Gammon Infrastructure Projects Ltd .
50M W So lar The r mal Po we r Projec t Repor t P a g e |65.4 Potential for CST in India 32 5.4.1 Solar Resource Assessment 5.4.2 Land Assessment 5.4.3 Power Grid Assessment 5.4.4 Fossil Fuel & Water Requirement 5.4.5 Previous Assessment of CST in India 5.4.6 Improvements to Previous Assessments of CST in India 5.4.7 Framework for Comprehensive Assessment5.5 CST Projects & Activities in India 425.6 Levelized Electricity Cost (LEC) 43 5.6.1 Drivers of CST Economics 5.6.2 Predicting CST’s Future with Experience Curve5.7 The Path to CST Commercialization in India 486 SITE SELECTION FOR 50MW CST PLANT 496.1 Nature & Use of Solar Radiation 496.2 Land Assessment Criteria for CST Plant at Phalodi 526.3 Solar Resource in Phalodi (Jodhpur), Rajasthan 546.4 Reliability & Measurement of Solar Radiation in Rajasthan 597 TECHNOLOGY SELECTION & SYSTEM DESCRIPTION 607.1 Technology Selection 607.2 Size of the Plant 627.3 Energy Storage & Auxiliary Fuel 63 7.3.1 Heat Storage for Solar Thermal 7.3.2 Plant Performance7.4 Staged Development Planning 647.5 Development Schedule 657.6 Environmental Concerns 668 POWER EVACUATION STRATEGY 678.1 Network connection 678.2 Grid Synchronization Scheme 688.3 Interface Scheme Proposed 688.4 Single Line Diagram for Power Evacuation 708.5 Metering Requirements 719 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS 729.1 O&M Lessons for Running CST Plants 729.2 Basic Structure of the O&M Team 75 Project Consultants Project Promoters Pan Exergy Private Ltd. Gammon Infrastructure Projects Ltd .
50M W So lar The r mal Po we r Projec t Repor t P a g e |7 9.2.1 Operation 9.2.2 Maintenance 9.2.3 Administration 9.2.4 Facilities to Be Extended to the Employees9.3 Station Operations Philosophy 769.4 Station Maintenance Philosophy 76 9.4.1 Ordinary Maintenance 9.4.2 Emergency Maintenance 9.4.3 Maintenance Plan and Scheduled Maintenance9.5 Maintenance Management System 779.6 Spare Parts Management System 779.7 Availability of O&M Manual 779.8 Special Tools & Tackles 779.9 Checklist & Protocol 789.10 Safety & Protection 789.11 Organization Structure 799.12 Training 8010 PROJECT FINANCIALS 8110.1 Project Cost 8110.2 Assumptions 8210.3 Cash Flow 8311 CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS 8411.1 Conclusions 8411.2 Recommendations 8611.3 Risk Assessment 87APPENDIX – I SOLAR IRRADIATION IN PHALODI, JODHPUR 88APPENDIX – II LEC-CALCULATION BASED ON BILL OF MATERIALS FOR LS-3LATEST SEGS CALIFORNIA PLANT 90APPENDIX – III TECHNO-COMMERCIAL SURVEY OF CST PLANT INSTALLATIONS 92APPENDIX – IV CST PLANTS WORLDWIDE 98 Project Consultants Project Promoters Pan Exergy Private Ltd. Gammon Infrastructure Projects Ltd .
50M W So lar The r mal Po we r Projec t Repor t P a g e |8Requests for any specific section of the report can be made directlyemailed to firstname.lastname@example.org or Rajat@Exergy.in. The entire report isavailable at a cost of Rs. 35,000. For any queries please feel free tocall our consultants at 00-91-9999676750 or 00-91-9654436886. Forany updates please visit our website: www.exergy.in. Project Consultants Project Promoters Pan Exergy Private Ltd. Gammon Infrastructure Projects Ltd .