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A Summary of Annual report ('09-'10) - Patent Office/ Intellectual Property Office of India


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The presentation provides a summary of the Annual Report ('09-'10) of Indian Patent Office/ Intellectual Property Office. The annual report's summary provides details and trends related to patents, …

The presentation provides a summary of the Annual Report ('09-'10) of Indian Patent Office/ Intellectual Property Office. The annual report's summary provides details and trends related to patents, trademarks, geographical indication, industrial designs.

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  • 1.
    ANNUAL REPORT (2009-10)
    – closer2patents ANALYSIS
  • 2. Landscape Of Annual Report, 2009-10 Of Intellectual Property Office
    Key Features of the Annual Report :
    A phenomenal drop in patents filed, examined and granted which broke the positive trend of last 7 years.
    A growth of 14% in applications filed by Indians, compared to last year but still constitutes only 20% of total applications.
    A 9% growth in trademark filing but examination and grants reduced.
    A decrease in applications in designs and geographical indications.
    Total Revenue earned decreases by 5%.
    Modernization and streamlining of the Intellectual Property Office.
    Decrease in PCT as well as Convention applications, Top filing nation- USA.
    Working of patents under section 83- Only 4189 patents were shown to be commercially working out of 30,553 patents which were in force in the year 2009-2010 i.e. only 13.7% of all patents granted are actually being worked.
  • 3. Trends In Patent And Trademarks From 2003 To 2010
  • 4. Trends In Design Applications And Geographical Indications From 2005 To 2010
  • 5. Reasons For The Downward Trend In Patents
    One of the probable reasons mentioned in the report is the fact that the world economy has faced meltdown.
    Crunch of Patent Examiners- 55 examiners left the organization during 2004-09 and no new recruitment took place and 47 examiners were promoted as Assistant Controllers in January 2009, thus not available for examination.
    Closer2patents observation- Earlier annual reports showed a trend of more patents been granted despite shrinking number of examiners, (in 2006-07 7539 patents were granted with a workforce of 133 examiners and 33 assistant controllers, while in 2008-09 16061 patents were granted with a much lesser staff of 75 examiners and 70 assistant controllers.)
    Total electronic processing of patent applications introduced. Initial 5 months of 2009 spent on streamlining the process.
    During the 11th plan, the Government of India has sanctioned further 414 posts for the Patents and Trademarks office for strengthening of human resources to achieve the enhanced targets.
    The Patent Office have facilitated the general public to have web based interactive guidance for information and procedure for filing the patent applications from August 2008.
    Modernization and streamlining measures taken may show a positive result eventually.
    Measures To Reverse The Trend
  • 6. Patent Application Filing Trend In Different Domains
    The comparative bar chart beside shows a positive trend in domains of chemical, electrical, mechanical and computer/electronics.
    Percentage of patent applications filed in 2009-10 in various fields of inventions
    Maximum patent applications in field of Mechanical followed by Chemical. The applications of other fields constitute 17% of total applications of which maximum were in Physics.
    Out of total granted patents 1024 were granted on applications relating to Mechanical, 1420 to chemicals, 530 to Drug or Medicines, 404 to Electrical and 72 to Food.
  • 7. Modernization Of Intellectual Property Offices
    Modernization of Infrastructure, Human Resource Development.
    Digitization of Records, Computerization and Automation of office procedure, Electronic filing of IP applications, Full electronic processing of design applications.
    Dissemination of information regarding processing and content of application through official website.
    Patent Office Procedure (POP) established, clearly demarcating the function and responsibilities of various sections and formation of 4 groups of examiners and controllers with broad specialization of subjects.
    Patent agent examination board introduced, to give more credibility to the exam.
    The principle of ‘first come first served’ introduced for the first time in Trademark Registry.
    Achievements According To The IPO
    Online availability of register of patents, application status and patent information.
    Improved quality of examination of patent applications.
    Elimination of the need to visit the IPO for obtaining information.
    Online publication of Journal of Patents, Trademarks Journal, Journal of Geographical Indications.
    Real time updating of information, removal of arbitrariness, reduction in complaints from stakeholders.
  • 8. Money Talk
    The office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks –
    Total revenue earned - Rs.215.25 crores, showing 5% decrease from previous year.
    Total non-plan expenditure- Rs.33.03 crores.
    Revenue surplus- Rs.182.22 crores.
    Patent office – Revenue- Rs. 142.61 crores. Expenditure- Rs.21.87 crores.
    Trademark registry – Revenue- Rs.71.6 crores Expenditure- Rs.8.94 crores.
    Patent offices in respect of Design Patents – Revenue- Rs.0.91 crores.
    Geographical Indications- Revenue- Rs. 0.048 crores.
    PIS & NIIPM- Revenue- Rs. 0.059 crores.
    1 Indian Rupee = 0.02226 US Dollar
    1 US Dollar(USD) = 44.92140 Indian Rupee (INR)
    Date : Mon, 11 Jul 2011 13:49:24 GMT
    1 crore = 10 million i.e. 10,000,000 (107)
  • 9. Patent Trend- Asia Overview
  • 10. Domestic v/s Foreign Patent Trend
    Domestic patent applications have shown a steady increase but the foreign patent applications have reduced in 2009-10.
    The number of patents granted both foreign and domestic have reduced in 2009-10, granted foreign patents have fallen by 66%.
    However, India has only 20% domestic applications and majority 80% are foreign contradictory to other Asian countries- domestic applications constitute -75% of the total in China, 85% in Japan, 78% in Korea and 48% in Taiwan.
    This reflects poorly on the innovative strength of India which is quite shocking especially as India boosts of the second largest pool of scientists and engineers of the world. A 2009 study by Ernst & Young also reveals that India beats China, Japan, US and Europe in number of graduates with maximum graduating in maths and science.
    The positive statistics in education sadly don’t reflect on the innovation index and some plausible measures can be: 1) more awareness 2)expenditure towards research and development to encourage innovation.
  • 11. Top Applicants & Patentees
    Top Ten Foreign Resident Applicants
    Top Ten Foreign Patentees
  • 12. Foreign Applications
    Convention applications filed- 2986, decrease of 29.83% from last year.
    PCT applications- 23431, decrease of 8.85% from last year.
    Maximum applications by USA(8087), followed by Germany(2582), Japan(2386) and so on as the following pie chart shows.
    International applications filed by Indian applicants through PCT- 752, decrease of 15%.
    Major contributors for PCT international applications- CSIR, Hetero Research, Matrix Laboratories Ltd., Lupin Ltd., Tata Steel Ltd, Pnacea Biotech Ltd, Reliance Life Sciences Ltd. etc.
  • 13. State-wise breakup of ordinary patent applications filed in India in 2009-10
  • 14. P.H. Kurian- A Brief but Revolutionary Tenure at the IPO
    P.H. Kurian was appointed as the Controller- General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks in January, 2009 and had the distinction of been the first officer from Indian Administrative Service (IAS) cadre to be appointed as CGPDTM.
    Mr. Kurian used his administrative experience of 20 years to the hilt and bought pioneering changes in the office of CGPDTM.
    His efforts were focused on achieving transparency in the office which he bought forth by steps like: digitisation of the CGPDTM office, streamlining of the procedures, revamped the patent agent exam, allowing only authorised agents with valid ID cards (issued by the IPTO) entry to the IPTO offices. etc.
    He took some bold policy decisions like: pre-grant decisions ought to be issued within a month of final hearing by Controller, post grant decisions within 3 months of final hearing, immediate publication of applications that had matured for publication under section 11A, subject-wise division of examiners and controllers along with the necessary transfers for the same.
    Though the number of granted patents have decreased, his tenure projected a much healthy ratio of patent examiners to the number of patents granted thus showing his emphasis on the quality rather than the total number of patents granted. It was his efforts in dealing with the manpower crisis at the CGPDTM office that led to Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) hiring over 200 new examiners.
    Recently, in 2011 he requested the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) to conduct a criminal investigation into allegations of corruption against certain officials of the trademark registry.
    Unfortunately, he resigned from the post of CGPDTM on completion of only half of his 5 year term. Nonetheless he has achieved much in his short tenure and left an ineffaceable mark of quality on the office of CGPTDM. It can only be hoped that his successors take the torch ahead…..
    Mr. P.H. Kurian
    Date of Birth :20/01/1959
    IAS officer of 1986 batch.
    Master Degree in Chemistry, 3 years research experience in Institute of Science, Bangalore.
    Former Secretary to Government of Kerala.
    Former Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks.
  • 15. About Controller General of Patents, Designs, Trademarks and Geographical Indications
    The Annual report of the office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs, Trademarks and Geographical Indications (CGPDTM), encapsulates the detailed activities of the various offices under CGPTDM.
    CGPDTM office also known as Intellectual Property Office (IPO) comes under the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion under, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
    IPO is responsible for administration of Patents Act 1970, Designs Act 2000, Trademarks Act 1999, and Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 through its offices located at Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai And Ahmedabad.
    The Patent Information System (PIS) and National Institute Of Intellectual Property Management (NIIPM) located at Nagpur are also under superintendence of CGPTDM.
    PIS maintains a comprehensive collection of patent specification and patent related literature on a worldwide basis and NIIPM as a national centre of excellence for training, management, research, and education in the field of IPR related issues imparts training to Intellectual Property Examiners. It also facilitates research on IPR.
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    Sources used for the analysis :,,
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