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World War One Lecture PP

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A lecture on the First Wolrd War complete with audio of the lecture and youtube and bbc links.

A lecture on the First Wolrd War complete with audio of the lecture and youtube and bbc links.

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  • 1. World War I The War to End All Wars 1914 - 1918
  • 2. Causes of Impending War Web of Alliances  Triple Alliance  Germany – Austria / Hungary – Italy  Triple Entente  France – England – Russia  Problem – Borders not aligned geographically  Militarism  Arms Race  Large Standing Armies  Inferior view of opposing Countries  Detailed Battle Plans  Schlieffen Plan (Germany)  Plan 17 (France)  Imperialism  Competition for resources  Rise of Nationalism  Intense Rivalries  Competition for Resources  Territorial Disputes 
  • 3. The Spark! The Balkans  Austro/Hungarian Empire holds Bosnia-Herzegovina  Ethnically Slavic (As are Russians and Serbs)  Assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand of Austro-Hung  Black Hand Society (Serbs)  Austria gives Serbia an Ultimatum 
  • 4. A Disastrous Chain of Events June 28th – August 4th 1914  Assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand  Austro-Hung declares war on Serbia  Russia vows to Protect Serbia  Germany vows to protect Austro-Hung  Russia mobilizes to German/Polish Boarder  Germany fears attack and attacks Russia  France allies with Russia based on old treaty  Germany invades France through Belgium and  Luxemburg Britain declares war on Germany for invasion 
  • 5. Jolly Little War” “A Millions rush off to war expecting to be home for Christmas. Nations Take Sides  Allies  France-Great Britain-Russia-Italy-U.S.-Japan  Central Powers  Germany-Austria/Hungary-Ottoman Empire 
  • 6. Map of World War I Alliances
  • 7. The Battle Plans for Victory? Schlieffen Plan  Germany’s problem was a war on two fronts  Invade France by way of Luxemburg/Belgium defeat France quickly  Turn to the Eastern Front and defeat Russia  Plan 17  Frances plan to invade Germany across the open plain of Alsace-Lorraine  with bicycles and horses.
  • 8. When Battle Plans Fail Stalemate Plans Fail   Plans are based on false assumptions of enemy strength  Plan 17 fails, German defenses are much to strong  Schlieffen invasion starts well, ends bad Belgium and France do not have the infrastructure to  support German advance  Battle of the Marne  600 taxi cabs rush French & British forces to the battle  Hold line 40 miles from Paris  Stalemate on the Western Front
  • 9. Western Front Trench Warfare on French-German Boarder  500 miles of Trench from North Sea to the  Alps 1 – 10 miles across  Battles  Verdun, Marne, Somme Valley  German Hindenburg Line 
  • 10. Trench Warfare Trench Warfare  Forced by new weapons into the ground  3ft to 10 ft trenches 100 – 1000yds. apart  Land in Middle is called “No Mans Land”  System of attack – counter attack  Fortified by machine guns, gas, artillery and cement 
  • 11. World War I Weapons Tank  Armor protection, mobile gun, unreliable in WWI  Submarine  German U-Boat, Torpedoes, Shipping Blockades  Poison Gas  Mustard Gas & Chlorine, Choked-Blinded & Killed  Machine Gun  Caused Trench warfare, Two men could operate  Air Plane  Air recon., Bombing, Dog Fighting 
  • 12. Weapons Pictures Gas
  • 13. Weapons Pictures Continued Tanks & Machine Guns
  • 14. Weapons Pictures Continued 2 War in the Sky
  • 15. Truly Global War Imperial Interest  Countries need to protect Imperial Territory  Used subjects to fight to a European War  Establish new world dominance 
  • 16. Battle of Gallipoli Gallipoli Peninsula  April 25, 1915  Casualties  Turkish 250,000  Allied Forces  British – 205,000  French – 43,000  ANZAC – 36,000  Territory Gained  ZERO!!!!! 
  • 17. Asian Conflicts Japan  Take German land in  China Take German South  Pacific Is. India  1.3 Million Indians  Fight for Great Britain, their Imperial Rulers.
  • 18. Armistice! November 11th 1918 European Tragedy The Lost Generation  37% of European Males  between 18-24 Died Deaths  Germany 2.1 Million  France 2 Million  Russia 1.7 Million  Austro-Hung. 1.5 Million  Italy 500,000  38 Billion in Economic  Losses
  • 19. A Flawed Peace Treaty of Versailles  France and Britain impose harsh penalties on Germany  Must take full responsibility for war  Pay 33 Billion to allies  Restrictions on German Army and Navy - 100,000 Soldiers  Took traditional German Lands  Wilson’s Fourteen Point Plan  Rejected as to forgiving to Germans  Point 14 a League of Nations accepted by Europe  US Congress refuses to accept the League of Nations 
  • 20. Europe after WWI
  • 21. World War I Legacy “The War to End All Wars” ? 10 Million Killed  338 Billion in Economic Lose  Europe  War torn economies and Cities  Lost generation  German hostilities to European Powers  German Economic Depression  Leads to Hitler’s Rise and WWII  Italians feel slighted by concessions  Russian Collapses Leads to Revolution  Rise of Communism – Lenin - Stalin  World  U.S. Industrial Boom  Europe lost many industrial centers  Red Scare / Fear of Socialism  Changing borders in Asia and Africa  Japan feels slighted as Europe takes territory 
  • 22. Credits / Works Cited BBC. World War One: The western front 1914-1918 animation. Retrieved April 20, 2009  fromhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/launch_ani_western_front.shtml Ilvlian Romania (Producer). (2008, July 7) WW1 Chemical Attack. Retrieved April 20, 2  009 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R31m6hEctIw&NR=1 HAFU Video (Producer). (2008, October 17). Classic World War One Fighters.  Retrieved April 21, 2009 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b2ARkEiaSJk Killtron (Producer). (2006, July 28) World War One – Tanks. Retrieved April 21, 2009  from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iHIp-hyXKWc New Vicaar (Producer). (2009, Jan 16) Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of  Austria. Retrieved April 20, 2009 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ed- i7zWgqZo&feature=PlayList&p=78EA397BCFA3F76F&index=0&playnext=1 Sonic Bomb (Producer). (2008, June 5) WW1 in Colour HD. Retrieved April 20, 2009 f  from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FsBUXTgt-YE&feature=related

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