Common Eating Disorders Presentation

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In this presentation you'll read about the 3 most common types of eating disorders- Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge Eating.

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Common Eating Disorders Presentation

  1. 1. Statistics, Types,Consequences, PresentatiTreatment, and on byPrevention Kaitlyn Campbell
  2. 2. • 20% of people suffering from anorexia will prematurely die from complications related to their eating disorder, including suicide and heart problems.• 50% of people with eating disorders meet the criteria for depression.• Eating disorders have the highest death rate of any mental illness.• Over 1/2 of teenage girls and nearly 1/3 of teenage boys use unhealthy weight control behaviors such as skipping meals, fasting, smoking cigarettes, vomiting, and taking laxatives.
  3. 3. • The mortality rate of anorexia nervosa is 12 times higher than the death rate of all causes of death for females 15-24 years old.• Women are much more likely than men to develop an eating disorder. Only an estimated 5 to 15 percent of people with anorexia or bulimia are male.
  4. 4. • Anorexia Nervosa• Bulimia Nervosa• Binge Eating
  5. 5. • Anorexia means "without appetite” Nervosa is the Nervous System.• Anorexia is one of the three most common types of teen eating disorders.• Anorexics consistently deprive their bodies of needed nutrition in the form of calories, vitamins, electrolytes, and other nutrients for long periods of time.• It is a mental disorder. One simply cannot just ‘stop.’• People with anorexia see themselves as overweight, even when they are starved or are clearly malnourished.• People with anorexia lose weight by dieting and exercising excessively; others lose weight by self-induced vomiting, or misusing laxatives, diuretics or enemas.
  6. 6. • A person with anorexia typically weighs herself or himself repeatedly, portions food carefully, and eats only very small quantities of only certain foods.• When a person with anorexia looks into a mirror he/she does not often see an accurate reflection. A person with anorexia sees him/herself as fat, even if he/she is dangerously thin. This is a very frightening experience and feels very real – driving the person to diet.
  7. 7. • Restricting Type- • Anorexics severely restrict their calories sometimes taking in only a few hundred calories a day or just water. • The individual with anorexia has an appetite; they just try to control it.• Binge/Purging Type- • Individuals that lose control, they eat, or eat something they feel they should not have eaten, they vomit or over exercise.
  8. 8. Anorexia andBulimia aregetting to bemore common inyounger kids.
  9. 9. • Abnormally slow heart rate• Low blood pressure• Changes in the heart muscle and risk of heart failure• Electrolyte imbalance• Anemia• Changes in your bones. Density loss called osteoporosis. Bones can break more easily.• Dental problems including erosion of your enamel• Loss of muscle tone throughout your body• Weakness and Fainting• Severe dehydration, which can result in kidney failure• Hair loss
  10. 10. 1) Ask for help- family, and friends2) Find a doctor3) Address your problems4) Make long-term treatment plan • The plan could include  Eating Disorder Therapy  Nutritional Counseling  Eating Disorder Support Groups
  11. 11. • People with Bulimia binge on food and then vomit (purge) in a cycle of binging and purging.• Binge eating refers to quickly eating large amounts of food over short periods of time.• Purging involves forced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diet pills, or other medications.• It might also involve excessive exercise, dieting, or fasting in an attempt to lose weight that might be gained from eating food or binging.• The bulimia sufferer might induce vomiting by putting their finger down their throat or by consuming a substance that causes vomiting.
  12. 12. Phrases likethe one tothe right gothrough abulimics’mind daily.
  13. 13. • Anorexia Symptoms plus the following.• Repeatedly eating large amounts of food in a short period of time (less than 2 hours).• Frequently getting rid of the calories eaten (purging) by making yourself vomit, fasting, exercising too much, etc.• Scab or callouses on knuckle (from sticking fingers down throat)• Trips to the bathroom after every meal• Substantial tooth decay due to increased contact with stomach acids• Large consumption of food at meal times
  14. 14. • People with eating disorders are treated by doctors and psychologists without being admitted to the hospital unless a serious physical complication requires it.• Early treatment is important, because over time this behavior pattern becomes more deeply ingrained and harder to change.• Bulimia Treatments are usually therapy and support groups.
  15. 15. • Binge eating is compulsive overeating in which people consume huge amounts of food while feeling out of control and powerless to stop.• A Binge Eating episode typically lasts around two hours, but some people binge on and off all day long.• Binge eaters often eat even when they’re not hungry and continue eating long after they’re full.• They may also gorge themselves as fast as they can while barely registering what they’re eating or tasting.
  16. 16. • Eating unusually large amounts of food.• Eating when youre full or not hungry.• Frequently eating alone.• Feeling that your eating behavior is out of control.• Feeling disgusted, ashamed, guilty or upset about your eating• Experiencing depression and anxiety.• Feeling isolated and having difficulty talking about your feelings.• Frequently dieting, possibly without weight loss.• Losing and gaining weight repeatedly, also called yo-yo dieting.
  17. 17. • Similar to Bulimia Consequences• Stressed• Insomnia• Suicidal• Hypertension• Hypercholesterolemia• Diabetes• Diseases of Gall Bladder, Liver and Kidney.
  18. 18. 1) Ask for help- family, and friends2) Find a doctor3) Address your problems4) Make long-term treatment plan5) The plan could include  Eating Disorder Therapy  Nutritional Counseling  Therapy Support Groups
  19. 19. • Learning to accept a broad range of body sizes.• Adolescent girls are at a high risk for developing eating problems, schools should provide prevention programs.• Become educated about the causes and perpetuating factors of eating disorders, especially those who are in contact with high-risk groups.• Teachers should also educate students about accepting a wide range of weights and the dangers of dieting.• Students can be engaged in discussions about social pressures on women to be thin, pressure to achieve, as well as prejudice against fat.
  20. 20. • Adolescent Suicide Hotline- 1-800-621-4000• Eating Disorders Center- 1-888-236-1188• Teen Helpline- 1-800-400-0900• Suicide & Crisis Hotline- 1-800-999-9999• National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI)- 1-800-950-6264
  21. 21. • Anad.org• Teenhelp.com/eating-disorders• library.adoption.com/articles/health-consequences-of-anorexia• helpguide.org/mental/eating_disorder_treatment• emedicinehealth.com/bulimia/• mayoclinic.com/health/binge- eatingdisorder/ds00608/dsection=symptoms• medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/bingeeating_complication• nedic.ca/knowthefacts/documents/Preventionofeatingdisorders.• healthyplace.com/other-info/resources/mental-health-hotline- numbers-and-referral-resources/

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