European Languages

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  • 1. European Languages: German, English, Italian, French and Russian
  • 2. How do the languages of Europe contribute to diversity?
  • 3.
    • Sharing a language is one of the strongest unifying forces for a culture.
  • 4. European Languages
    • People who speak the same
    • language share the same or
    • similar culture are usually
    • in the the same:
      • Social group
      • Ethnic group
      • Religious group
  • 5. Language and Culture
    • When people move they bring
    • their language, customs, and
    • traditions with them
    • Cultural diversity- when a nation
    • or region has many differing
    • races, ethnic groups, languages,
    • and/or religions
  • 6. German
    • Official language of both Germany and Austria
    • Many dialects of German are spoken in Germany and other nations in Europe
    • Two basic groups formed because of geography
      • Low German in the north
      • High German in the south
  • 7. Greek
    • Greek was the major language
    • of the ancient world and evolved
    • into the language spoken today
    • Greek has a history that is
    • the longest of any of the
    • European languages
  • 8. The Greek Alphabet
    • Alpha 2. Beta 3. Gamma 4. Delta 5. Epsilon 6 . Zeta 7. Eta 8. Theta 9. Iota 10. Kappa 11. Lambda 12 . Mu 13. Nu 14. Xi 15. Omicron 16. Pi 17. Rho 18. Sigma 19. Tau 20. Upsilon 21. Phi 22. Chi 23. Psi 24. Omega
  • 9. Slavonic Languages
    • Slavic people speak three different Slavonic languages depending on where they live.
    • Eastern Slavonic languages are the basis of three modern languages:
        • Ukrainian
        • Belarusian
        • Russian
      • Other Slavonic language people could speak to one another, but they did not have a written language
  • 10.  
  • 11. French and Italian Languages
    • French and Italian both trace their roots to Latin
    • “ Romanica Loqui” – “ means to speak in Roman fashion”
    • This is why
    • French and Italian
    • are referred to
    • as Romance
    • languages
  • 12. French and Italian Languages cont.
    • Today:
        • French is the official language of France
          • Also spoken widely in Belgium and Switzerland
        • Italian is the official language of Italy
          • Spoken in Switzerland, too