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Canadian  History
 

Canadian History

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    Canadian  History Canadian History Presentation Transcript

    • History of Canada European Colonization through Canadian Independence
    • Political Map of Canada Today
    • How the land was divided up back then
    • The First Europeans in Canada
      • Spanish
      • Interested in gold
      • Settled in SW USA, Mexico, Florida, and South America
    • The First Europeans in Canada (continued)
      • British
      • Interested in land
      • 1497 – John Cabot founded Newfoundland
      • Also settled along eastern coast of US – 13 colonies
    • The First Europeans in Canada (continued)
      • French
      • Interested in fur and fur trade
      • 1534 – Jacques Cartier – 1 st to St. Lawrence River and claimed it for France
      • 1608 – Samuel de Champlain – established first colony in Quebec
    • French/British Conflict-caused by fur trade
      • French – Catholic
      • Treaty of Utrecht gave them South of the Hudson Bay and the St. Lawrence region
      • British – Protestant
      • Treaty of Utrecht gave them Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Hudson Bay Territory
    • Canada’s Coat of Arms
    • Seven Years War – 1754 (French and Indian War)
      • British won because:
      • More colonies
      • Greater military help
      • Indians helped British (Iroquois – strongest tribe in east)
    • Important Dates
      • 1759 – Battle of Quebec – British took Quebec
      • 1763 – Treaty of Paris – Britain got complete control of Canada
      • As a result, some French left for France, some stayed but resisted British culture
      • At first, British wouldn’t let French vote of hold office
      • The first two British governors wanted French cooperation, so they gave in.
      • 1774 – Quebec Act – Quebec and Ontario – French allowed to keep their Catholic religion, French language, and French culture
    • Great Britain’s Problem
      • Around the same time, the Revolutionary War was going on in the US.
      • Some Americans remained loyal to the British and moved to Canada, but they didn’t like the French influence.
    • Great Britain’s Solution
      • Divided the land into two colonies:
      • 1. Upper – British – Ontario
      • 2. Lower – French – remained in Quebec
      • War of 1812 – French and British worked together against the US who tried to invade Canada
    • After the War of 1812
      • French Canadians and British Canadians hated British rule
      • They felt that Great Britain was too far away to understand their needs.
      • So…1837 – Louis Papineau organized a revolt to establish Quebec as a separate country
      • Result of revolt: British easily defeated Papineau
    • Road to Canadian Independence
      • Britain sends Earl of Durham
      • Canadians want:
      • 1. more control over government
      • 2. All Provinces to unite
      • G.B. only wanted Quebec and Ontario to unite. All provinces together could create a successful rebellion
    • British/North American Act
      • July 1, 1867
      • Results:
      • Canada was still subject to British rule
      • Canada had their own central government
      • Now they could solve their own problems
      • Happened without a war
    • Canada – A Nation
      • People moved west to the plains region and established successful farms
      • 1886 – Transcontinental Railroad
      • 1896 – found gold and minerals in Yukon Territory
      • Canada was on its way to wealth and importance
    • Canada’s Flag
    • 20 th Century Problems
      • WWII – built factories for war supplies (clothes, shoes, etc.)
      • Immigrants poured in from Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Caribbean
    • 20 th Century Problems
      • Industrialization brought old conflicts:
      • 1. British wanted factories in Quebec, French didn’t
      • 2. 1976 – French were tired of being part of Canada – wanted independence
      • 3. 1982 – new constitution – in response to French wanting a bilingual country – two official languages: French and English
      • 4. Canadian government modeled after British parliament – constitutional monarchy
    • Symbols of Canada
    • Bilingual Canada