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# Three dimensional design resources art elements

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### Transcript of "Three dimensional design resources art elements"

1. 1. ï»¿Three-Dimensional Design Resources: Art Elementsskip to main | skip tosidebarThree-Dimensional Design ResourcesThis Blog Linked From Here The Web This Blog Linked From Here The WebTuesday, January 12, 2010Art ElementsFORMAL ELEMENTS: The components of a basic visual language. The formal elementsfor 3-D design are point, line, plane, volume, mass, space, texture, color andtimeLINE: A point in motion. The element of form which is primarily understood interms of its lengthORIENTATION: Horizontal, vertical, curvilinear, or diagonal position of the lineLINEAR: Of or relating to a line or linesDIRECTION: Implied movementCONTINUITY: Linear flowREAL LINE: An existing line, matter aligned upon an axisIMPLIED LINE: A non-existent line activating empty space, implied by thedirectional interaction of other lines. Lines that are suggested by thepositions of shapes or objects within a designCONTOUR: The edge or line that defines or bounds the inner and outer edges of aform and suggests three-dimensionallyPRIMARY CONTOUR: Outer edgesSECONDARY CONTOUR: Created by internal edgesPLANE: The element of form which can be described in 2 dimensions, characterizedby surfacePLANAR: Of or relating to a plane or planes
2. 2. REAL PLANE: An existing plane, matter distributed upon a surfaceIMPLIED PLANE: A non-existent plane activating empty space, implied by thedirectional interaction of linesSURFACE: The planar areas of an object which are exposed to the viewerFORM/SHAPE: The total visual appearance of a 3-D object, or parts of itORGANIC/BIOMORPHIC: Irregular, uneven shapes that have structure withoutangularity that visually suggests nature or natural forcesGEOMETRIC: A 3-D form derived from or suggested of geometry (cubes, spheres,tetrahedron, etc.)FIGURATIVE/ANTHROPOMORPHIC: Shapes or forms representing the human figureSTATIC: Without movementDYNAMIC: Energetic, vigorous, forceful; creating or suggesting change or motionGESTURE: The underlying sense of movement or overall expressive qualities of anobjectKinetic SculptureKINETIC: A form that actually movesFUNCTION: An object that requires a specific purpose
3. 3. MASS: A solid 3-D form. The perceived weight or density of an object (affectedby visual density, value, material, surface characteristics, and spatialorientation)REAL MASS: The real weight of an object (e.g. a steel cube)IMPLIED MASS: The implied weight of an object (paper cube painted to look likesteel)SPATIAL ORIENTATION: Relationship of an object to the ground plane and otherobjectsVOLUME: Defined or coherent space that can be described in 3-Dimensions.Enclosed capacityof an empty formIMPLIED VOLUME: Space- not occupied by matter- sensed as coherent and resultingfrom the interaction of surrounding elements of form, usually planes. (can alsobe referred to as Negative Space)REAL VOLUME: Matter occupying space. (can also be referred to as Positive Shape)VOLUMETRIC: Of or relating to a volume or volumesSPACE: The 3-D field in which the artist works, an area within or around an areaof substanceNegative Space_____________________________ Positive SpaceNEGATIVE: A clearly defined area around a positive shape or formPOSITIVE: An area of physical substance in a 3-D DesignACTIVATED SPACE: The area controlled by a physical object, including itsphysicalvolume or mass and the surrounding or enclosed spaceTEXTURE: The tactile surface characteristics of a 3-D object that are eitherfelt or perceived visually
4. 4. REAL TEXTURE: Texture that is inherent to the material (e.g. the bark of a tree)APPLIED TEXTURE: Texture that is added to an existing object (e.g. tool marks ona piece of wood)This sculpture looks like the texture would feel like plastic, but it is made ofmarbleCOLOR: An aspect of surface which can obscure or reveal the nature of material.REAL COLOR: The natural, inherent color of a material (e.g. the rust color ofsteel)APPLIED COLOR: Color that is added to a surface artificially, concealing orchanging its original color (e.g. a painted steel sculpture).HUE: The name of the color (red or yellow) that distinguishes it from all theothers and assigns it a position in the visual spectrumVALUE: The relative lightness or darkness of a colorINTENSITY: The purity or saturation of a color (fire engine red-high, brickred-low)SATURATION: The purity, chroma, or intensity of a colorGRADATION: Any gradual transition from one color to another or one form toanotherVALUE: The relative lightness or darkness of a surfaceSCALE: Size relative to other elements within or outside of an object. It isalso a physical measurement, and a way of relating forms by comparison(hand-held, human scale, or monumental)TANGIBILITY: The substantiality of an object or the degree to which an object ora force canbe feltTIME: Movement, or change in an object over a period of timeTRANSITION: Process of changing from one state or form to another (smooth torough surface)Posted by Jessica Van Swol at 8:59 PMNo comments:Post a Comment
5. 5. Newer Post HomeSubscribe to: Post Comments (Atom) Blog ResourcesAll of the information on this blog is used for educational purposes only.Images are linked to their source page, unless they are originals.Blog Archive â¼ 2010 (12) âº April (1) âº March (2) âº February (2) â¼ January (7) Art Processes Moldmaking Art Principles Wire Sculpture Relief Tile Series Relief Art ElementsSearch This Blog powered by