Effectivesearching

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Effectivesearching

  1. 1. Effective Search Practices Going Beyond Google
  2. 2. Effective Search Practices <ul><li>Develop a search plan </li></ul><ul><li>Teach students to use advanced search techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Teach students to use more advanced and specialized search engines </li></ul>
  3. 3. Define the research problem <ul><li>Is it a relatively simple question? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it a fact finding mission? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the research question complex with a series of questions or relationships I need to explore </li></ul>
  4. 4. Know what sort of information you are trying to find <ul><li>Am I looking for text, video or pictures? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I need biographical information? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the information I need historic or current in content? </li></ul><ul><li>Should I be asking an expert in the field? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Start with keywords <ul><li>What keywords MUST be included in the search? </li></ul><ul><li>What keywords MIGHT be included in the search? </li></ul><ul><li>What keywords SHOULD NOT be included in the search? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Create a chart Should Not Might Must
  7. 7. The plus (+) sign <ul><li>Using the + sign in a search means that all the words in the search will be contained in the website </li></ul><ul><li>For example: birds + eagle </li></ul><ul><li>Greatly reduces hits </li></ul>
  8. 8. The minus (-) sign <ul><li>Using the – sign tells the search engine not to include the word </li></ul><ul><li>For example: birds – eagle </li></ul><ul><li>Will result in a search on birds without any information on eagles </li></ul>
  9. 9. Quotation Marks <ul><li>Using quotation marks around the words in the search mean that phrase is included in the website </li></ul><ul><li>For example: birds + “North America” – eagle </li></ul><ul><li>Will result in search of North American birds but nothing about eagles </li></ul>
  10. 10. Boolean Operators <ul><li>Use Capital Letters </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>NOT </li></ul>
  11. 11. The host command <ul><li>Again use AltaVista </li></ul><ul><li>host:gov (only government) </li></ul><ul><li>host:k12.ma.us (only K-12 schools in MA) </li></ul><ul><li>host:uk (for country searching us country abbreviation) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Country Codes <ul><li>Every country has a code Country Codes </li></ul><ul><li>http://goes.gsfc.nasa.gov/text/web_country_codes.html </li></ul>

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