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This presentation discussed about how to construct a researchable topic.

This presentation discussed about how to construct a researchable topic.

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  • 1. Part 1: The structure of the research paper. Presentation made by: Pamela M. Veroy RN, MAN Source: Manlapaz, Edna Z. & Francisco, Ma. Eloisa. (2005). The new Anvil Guide to research paper writing . Pasig City, Philippines: Anvil Publishing Inc.
  • 2. The structure of research paper
    • There is no difference between an ordinary expository composition and a research paper in that both are composed of an;
    • -Introduction
    • - Body
    • - Conclusion
  • 3. Introductory paragraph
    • It runs approximately one-tenth the length of the entire paper
    • Provide the context and overview of the topic
    • Discusses how you like to deal the issues or subject whether you are;
    • exploring
    • arguing
    • presenting facts and theories
    • synthesizing the ideas of others
  • 4. Continuation….
    • Providing, proving or disproving a point
    • Providing insights on the matter
    • Or any other combination of ways
    • Note:
    • Argumentative paper: the introduction usually culminates in a statement of your paper’s main idea or thesis
    • Analytical paper’s introduction- usually tapers off by giving the general direction that the paper will take.
  • 5. The body
    • The longest section of the paper
    • The meat of the paper
    • It can run for several pages and provides ample space for you to make your case, either to analyze or defend an issue
  • 6. The concluding paragraphs
    • Usually summarize the main points in the paper
    • Reiterate the thesis statement using different words.
    • It also contains some implications and a discussion of consequence.
  • 7. What is a research paper? - Uses documentation - Piece of exploratory writing
    • Acquaints you with a cross
    • section of materials
    - Personal essay
    • analyzes, discusses, and
    • debates ideas
    - Reflection paper
    • engage you in a critical, not
    • creative reading and writing
    • Mere reporting of facts and/or opinions
    - Review of academic literature - Library information hunt A research paper A research paper is not a
  • 8. The research process
    • Step 1 – choose a topic and gather background information
    • Step 2 – narrow down the topic
    • Step 3 – develop a research strategy
    • Step 4 - evaluate and compile a preliminary bibliography
    • Step 5 - take down notes
    • Step 6 - create a preliminary thesis statement/outline
  • 9. Continuation – the research process
    • Step 7 - Write the first draft
    • Step 8- revise the paper
    • Step 9- submit the paper
    • Writing a research paper is a process involving the 3 R’s
    • Reviewing
    • Revising
    • Rewriting
  • 10. The research writing process diagram no yes no yes yes no yes yes no
  • 11. Choosing a topic
    • Factual & exploratory questions
    • This section , you saw the distinction between an analytical paper and an argumentative paper
    • Examine a concept by breaking it up into parts and exploring it critically in order to come up with an informed personal opinion about it.
  • 12. Continuation……(choosing a topic)
    • When writing argumentative paper, start off with an opinion about an issue or a concept
    • Present both sides of the issue , you eventually build up an argument favoring one side , using evidence to back it up.
    • Make sure that the topic you will choose can be verified or supported by research.
  • 13. Example topic
    • What stereotype of women abound in the telenovelas shown on primetime television today?
    • Seeks an answer than can be provided by the techniques of the research and documentation
    • You need to do the survey of telenovelas & the role of women play in each of these
    • Research on existing stereotypes of women play in each of these
    • Draw your conclusion after examining each pieces of information
  • 14. Another example of topic
    • You will write an argumentative paper that argues for the lack of laws to solve for problems of software piracy in the Philippines
    • You may need to gather information about existing laws
    • Describe the unbridled practice of software piracy, etc., to support your stand
  • 15. Example topics
    • 1. Seeking answers to factual questions
    • Ex. How were the Tasadays discovered?
    • 2. Exploratory question
    • Ex. Is the Philippines a matriarchal society?
    • 3. Advocating a particular position
    • Ex. Grade 7 should be restored to the elementary curriculum in the Philippines?
    • - Note: you need to back these up by research data and information
  • 16. Which of these list of questions can be verified by research?
    • Are leaders born or made?
    • Was Andres Bonifacio murdered?
    • Do women make better president?
    • Do black hole really exist in space
    • Why are Filipinos hooked on telenovelas?
    • Who is the most beautiful woman in the world?
    • What is the intent of influence of the so-called
    • Civil society groups on political affairs in the country?
    • Is euthanasia moral?
    • Why does God allow bad things to happen to good people?
    • Is there life in another planets?
  • 17. Points to consider in choosing a research topic
    • 1. The topic should be of importance, otherwise, it will not be worth the time & effort you put into your research paper.
    • 2. The topic should be of personal interest to you, otherwise, you may not be able to sustain your interest in it long enough to even complete the paper.
    • 3. The topic should be interesting & intelligible to the general reader
  • 18. Continuation…
    • 4. The topic should acquaint you with a cross-section of source materials (How can you formulate a fair or logical argument if you only know 1 side of it).
    • 5. The topic should be relatively new and recent.
    • 6. The topic should be manageable scale, i.e. it can be satisfactorily completed under the conditions & constraints prescribed by the syllabus
  • 19. Brainstorming…
    • Begin making a list of what you know & what you are interested of in the following categories
    • people,
    • places,
    • events,
    • trends,
    • controversies,
    • developments)
  • 20. No. 1 Brainstorming… People Places Events Trends Controversies Develppments
    • -Gloria Arroyo
    • Efren “Bata” Reyes
    • George W. Bush
    • MILF
    • - Al Queda
    • Afghanistan
    • North Korea
    • Maguinda-nao
    • Iraq
    • Manila
    • Outbreak of SARS
    • Rising Case of AIDS in Davao City
    • F4 and other Boy Band
    • Manga “Anime”
    • Reality Television
    • -Pinoy Big Brother
    • Pinoy Survivor
    • North Korea’s nuclear arsenal
    • MMDA drive to solve the traffic problem
    • Maguinda-nao Massacre
    • Visconde Massacre
    • Genetic engineering
    • Robotics
    • Cloning
    • Herbal supplements
  • 21. No. 2 Brainstorming …
    • Choose an entry for each category and identify interesting angles.
    Topic Interesting angle -Efren “Bata” Reyes Technique in playing billiards - Afghanistan After the fall of Taliban - Call centers The proliferation of call centers in the country - Reality television shows What makes them sell - MMDA drive to solve the traffic problem Legal or not?
  • 22. No. 3 Brainstorming…
    • - Check if the angle you have
    • chosen is researchable.
    • Asking W-H questions
    • Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? Are important tools to find a focus or angle to explore more thoroughly in your research.
    Topic Important to general reader? Interesting to you? Interesting to general reader Verifiable by a variety of sources? Relatively new? Manage-able?
  • 23. Now you have chosen a research title…
    • We can move forward to Part 2: Narrowing down the research topic.