Part 1: The structure of
the research paper. Presentation made by: Pamela M. Veroy RN, MAN Source: Manlapaz, Edna Z. & Francisco, Ma. Eloisa. (2005). The new Anvil Guide to research paper writing. Pasig City, Philippines: Anvil Publishing Inc.
The structure of research paper
• There is no difference between an ordinary expository composition and a research paper in that both are composed of an; • -Introduction • - Body • - Conclusion
Introductory paragraph • It runs
approximately one-tenth the length of the entire paper • Provide the context and overview of the topic • Discusses how you like to deal the issues or subject whether you are; • exploring • arguing • presenting facts and theories • synthesizing the ideas of others
Continuation…. • Providing, proving or
disproving a point • Providing insights on the matter • Or any other combination of ways Note: - Argumentative paper: the introduction usually culminates in a statement of your paper’s main idea or thesis - Analytical paper’s introduction- usually tapers off by giving the general direction that the paper will take.
The body • The longest
section of the paper • The meat of the paper • It can run for several pages and provides ample space for you to make your case, either to analyze or defend an issue
The concluding paragraphs • Usually
summarize the main points in the paper • Reiterate the thesis statement using different words. • It also contains some implications and a discussion of consequence.
What is a research paper?
A research paper A research paper is not a - Uses documentation - Piece of exploratory writing -Acquaints you with a cross section of materials - Personal essay -analyzes, discusses, and debates ideas - Reflection paper -engage you in a critical, not creative reading and writing -Mere reporting of facts and/or opinions - Review of academic literature -Library information hunt
The research process • Step
1 – choose a topic and gather background information • Step 2 – narrow down the topic • Step 3 – develop a research strategy • Step 4- evaluate and compile a preliminary bibliography • Step 5- take down notes • Step 6- create a preliminary thesis statement/outline
Continuation – the research process
• Step 7- Write the first draft • Step 8- revise the paper • Step 9- submit the paper • Writing a research paper is a process involving the 3 R’s • Reviewing • Revising • Rewriting
Choosing a topic • Factual
& exploratory questions - This section, you saw the distinction between an analytical paper and an argumentative paper - Examine a concept by breaking it up into parts and exploring it critically in order to come up with an informed personal opinion about it.
Continuation……(choosing a topic) - When
writing argumentative paper, start off with an opinion about an issue or a concept - Present both sides of the issue, you eventually build up an argument favoring one side, using evidence to back it up. • Make sure that the topic you will choose can be verified or supported by research.
Example topic • What stereotype
of women abound in the telenovelas shown on primetime television today? • Seeks an answer than can be provided by the techniques of the research and documentation • You need to do the survey of telenovelas & the role of women play in each of these • Research on existing stereotypes of women play in each of these • Draw your conclusion after examining each pieces of information
Another example of topic •
You will write an argumentative paper that argues for the lack of laws to solve for problems of software piracy in the Philippines • You may need to gather information about existing laws • Describe the unbridled practice of software piracy, etc., to support your stand
Example topics • 1. Seeking
answers to factual questions • Ex. How were the Tasadays discovered? • 2. Exploratory question • Ex. Is the Philippines a matriarchal society? • 3. Advocating a particular position • Ex. Grade 7 should be restored to the elementary curriculum in the Philippines? - Note: you need to back these up by research data and information
Which of these list of
questions can be verified by research? • Are leaders born or made? • Was Andres Bonifacio murdered? • Do women make better president? • Do black hole really exist in space • Why are Filipinos hooked on telenovelas? • Who is the most beautiful woman in the world? • What is the intent of influence of the so-called Civil society groups on political affairs in the country? • Is euthanasia moral? • Why does God allow bad things to happen to good people? • Is there life in another planets?
Points to consider in choosing
a research topic • 1. The topic should be of importance, otherwise, it will not be worth the time & effort you put into your research paper. • 2. The topic should be of personal interest to you, otherwise, you may not be able to sustain your interest in it long enough to even complete the paper. • 3. The topic should be interesting & intelligible to the general reader
Continuation… • 4. The topic
should acquaint you with a cross- section of source materials (How can you formulate a fair or logical argument if you only know 1 side of it). • 5. The topic should be relatively new and recent. • 6. The topic should be manageable scale, i.e. it can be satisfactorily completed under the conditions & constraints prescribed by the syllabus
Brainstorming… • Begin making a
list of what you know & what you are interested of in the following categories • people, • places, • events, • trends, • controversies, • developments)
No. 1 Brainstorming… People Places
Events Trends Controversies Develppments -Gloria Arroyo -Efren “Bata” Reyes -George W. Bush - MILF -- Al Queda -Afghanistan - North Korea -Maguinda- nao -Iraq - Manila -Outbreak of SARS -Rising Case of AIDS in Davao City -F4 and other Boy Band -Manga “Anime” -Reality Television --Pinoy Big Brother -Pinoy Survivor - North Korea’s nuclear arsenal -MMDA drive to solve the traffic problem - Maguinda- nao Massacre - Visconde Massacre -Genetic engineering -Robotics -Cloning -Herbal supplements
No. 2 Brainstorming … •
Choose an entry for each category and identify interesting angles. Topic Interesting angle -Efren “Bata” Reyes Technique in playing billiards - Afghanistan After the fall of Taliban - Call centers The proliferation of call centers in the country - Reality television shows What makes them sell - MMDA drive to solve the traffic problem Legal or not?
No. 3 Brainstorming… • -
Check if the angle you have chosen is researchable. • Asking W-H questions • Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? Are important tools to find a focus or angle to explore more thoroughly in your research. Topic Important to general reader? Interesting to you? Interesting to general reader Verifiable by a variety of sources? Relatively new? Manage- able?
Now you have chosen a
research title… • We can move forward to Part 2: Narrowing down the research topic.