We’d be lost without them!We’d be lost without them!
Hi, I’m Spooky, Miss
Santerre’s cat. I told my
Mom that she needed to stop
boring you with that boring
notes-on-grammar stuff. So
today I’m going to help her
teach you about prepositions.
This stuff is important, though, so
anytime you see this symbol
make sure that piece of info goes
down in your notes.
Spooky is sleepingSpooky is sleeping on the bedon the bed..
Spooky is wrappedSpooky is wrapped in a towel.in a towel.
Spooky is hidingSpooky is hiding under theunder the
Have you figured it out yet?Have you figured it out yet?
A preposition is a word that
relates a noun or pronoun to
The anthe ant on the flooron the floor capturedcaptured
Spooky’s attention.Spooky’s attention.
The prepositionThe preposition onon connectsconnects floorfloor withwith antant andand
shows the relationship between them.shows the relationship between them.
AA phrasephrase is a group of words.is a group of words.
AA prepositional phraseprepositional phrase is one that begins withis one that begins with
a preposition and ends with a noun or pronouna preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun
as its object..as its object..
““Out on the porch” is the prepositional phrase.Out on the porch” is the prepositional phrase.
““Out on” is the preposition. (sometimesOut on” is the preposition. (sometimes
prepositions consist of more than one word.)prepositions consist of more than one word.)
Porch is thePorch is the object of the preposition.object of the preposition.
A prepositional phrase canA prepositional phrase can
NEVER be the subject of aNEVER be the subject of a
So when you have trouble finding subjects,So when you have trouble finding subjects,
just get rid of the prepositional phrases. That willjust get rid of the prepositional phrases. That will
narrow your search to what's left.narrow your search to what's left.
1. During the football game
,, I snuckI snuck into the kitchen.into the kitchen.
2.2. TheThe scrapsscraps from dinnerfrom dinner
werewere in the garbage.in the garbage.
3.3. Except for the dogExcept for the dog
, no, no one wasone was at home.at home.
4.4. With one nudgeWith one nudge
,, I pushedI pushed the canthe can on its sideon its side
5.5. Until the end of the gameUntil the end of the game
,, I could snackI could snack on theon the
scraps with no fear of interruptionscraps with no fear of interruption
Prepositional PhrasesPrepositional Phrases
Role of a prepositional phraseRole of a prepositional phrase
is to describe a word or groupis to describe a word or group
of words that appear in theof words that appear in the
same sentencesame sentence
Adjective PhraseAdjective Phrase
Adjective Phrase: a prepositionalAdjective Phrase: a prepositional
phrase that modifies, orphrase that modifies, or
describes a noun or pronoun (justdescribes a noun or pronoun (just
like a regular adjective would)like a regular adjective would)
Spooky attacked the flySpooky attacked the fly on the wall.on the wall.
““On the wall” describing the fly (noun)On the wall” describing the fly (noun)
(names which fly it is), so it’s an(names which fly it is), so it’s an
Spooky drank the milkSpooky drank the milk from the saucer.
“from the saucer” describes the milk
(noun) and tells the reader where the
milk is, so it is an adjective.
Adverb PhraseAdverb Phrase
A prepositional phrase that mayA prepositional phrase that may
modify, or describe, a verb.modify, or describe, a verb.
It’s a phrase, beginning with aIt’s a phrase, beginning with a
preposition, that acts like anpreposition, that acts like an
• At night,At night, SpookySpooky
sleepssleeps in bed with mein bed with me..
• The prepositionalThe prepositional
phrases “At night,” “inphrases “At night,” “in
bed,” and “with me”bed,” and “with me”
describe when anddescribe when and
where Spooky iswhere Spooky is
Spooky often hidesSpooky often hides in the sinkin the sink
““In the sink”In the sink”
and “often”and “often”
where andwhere and
when Spookywhen Spooky
““Often” is a regular adverb & “On his back” isOften” is a regular adverb & “On his back” is
an adverbial prepositional phrase.an adverbial prepositional phrase.
You know that a verb must agree
in number with its subject. A
singular subject (“the mouse,”
“she,” “the ball” must have a
singular verb (“tastes,” “pets”
Otherwise, the sentence sounds off,
For example, “the mouse taste
good” is grammatically wrong. She
pet me,” doesn’t work either. But
“The mouse tastes good” and “She
pets me” works!
Agreement is easy when the subject
and the verb appear side by side.
Sometimes, however, the prepositional
phrase comes between the subject and the
Remember how I said a prepositional
phrase cannot be the subject of the
sentence? A prepositional phrase is
there to act as an adverb or an adjective.
An adverb or an adjective cannot be the
subject of a sentence either!
So, you need to make sure the
verb agrees with the subject of the
sentence and not the noun in the
The other cats in my house respect that I
am Miss Santerre’s favorite.
“In my house” is a prepositional phrase. The
verb “respect” agrees with the subject
“cats,” not with the noun “house” which is
in the prepositional phrase.
When figuring out the
subject of a sentence,
cross out the
and determine the
subject and verb from
the words that are left!
p. 119 #1-10
p. 121 #1-10
p. 123 #1-12
PS: Sorry about the
promised me extra
cat treats if I