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Prepositions

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Spooky teaches my 8th graders about prepositions, prepositonal phrases, adverb & adjective clauses, and subject-verb agreement in sentences with prepositional phrases

Spooky teaches my 8th graders about prepositions, prepositonal phrases, adverb & adjective clauses, and subject-verb agreement in sentences with prepositional phrases

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  • 1. Prepositions We’d be lost without them!
  • 2. Hi, I’m Spooky, Miss Santerre’s cat. I told my Mom that she needed to stop boring you with that boring notes-on-grammar stuff. So today I’m going to help her teach you about prepositions. This stuff is important, though, so anytime you see this symbol  make sure that piece of info goes down in your notes.
  • 3. What is a Preposition?
  • 4. Spooky is sleeping on the bed .
  • 5. Spooky is wrapped in a towel.
  • 6. Spooky is hiding under the staircase.
  • 7. Have you figured it out yet?
    •  A preposition is a word that relates a noun or pronoun to another word.
  • 8.  T he ant on the floor captured Spooky’s attention.
    • The preposition on connects floor with ant and shows the relationship between them.
  • 9.  Most common prepositions
    • Aboard
    • Above
    • Across
    • After
    • Against
    • Along
    • Among
    • Around
    • At
    Before Behind Below Beneath Beside Between Beyond By Concerning Down During Except For From In Inside Into Like Near Of Off On Out Outside Over Past Since Through Throughout To Toward Under Underneath Until Up Upon With Within Without
  • 10.
    •  A phrase is a group of words.
    • A prepositional phrase is one that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun as its object..
    Spooky went out on the porch. “ Out on the porch” is the prepositional phrase. “ Out on” is the preposition. (sometimes prepositions consist of more than one word.) Porch is the object of the preposition.
  • 11.
    •  A prepositional phrase can NEVER be the subject of a sentence.
  • 12.  So when you have trouble finding subjects, just get rid of the prepositional phrases. That will narrow your search to what's left.
    • During the football game , I snuck into the kitchen.
    • The scraps from dinner were in the garbage.
    • Except for the dog , no one was at home.
    • With one nudge , I pushed the can on its side .
    • Until the end of the game , I could snack on the
    • scraps with no fear of interruption
  • 13.  Prepositional Phrases Role of a prepositional phrase is to describe a word or group of words that appear in the same sentence
  • 14.  Adjective Phrase
    • Adjective Phrase: a prepositional phrase that modifies, or describes a noun or pronoun (just like a regular adjective would)
  • 15.
    • Spooky attacked the fly on the wall.
    • “On the wall” describing the fly (noun) (names which fly it is), so it’s an adjective.
    • Spooky drank the milk from the saucer.
    •  “ from the saucer” describes the milk (noun) and tells the reader where the milk is, so it is an adjective.
  • 16.  Adverb Phrase
    • A prepositional phrase that may modify, or describe, a verb.
    • It’s a phrase, beginning with a preposition, that acts like an adverb.
  • 17. Examples
    • At night, Spooky sleeps in bed with me .
      • The prepositional phrases “At night,” “in bed,” and “with me” describe when and where Spooky is “sleeping”.
  • 18. Spooky often hides in the sink
    • “In the sink” and “often” describe where and when Spooky “sleeps” (verb).
    “ Often” is a regular adverb & “On his back” is an adverbial prepositional phrase.
  • 19.  You know that a verb must agree in number with its subject. A singular subject (“the mouse,” “she,” “the ball” must have a singular verb (“tastes,” “pets” “rolls”) Otherwise, the sentence sounds off, right? For example, “the mouse taste good” is grammatically wrong. She pet me,” doesn’t work either. But “The mouse tastes good” and “She pets me” works!
  • 20.  Agreement is easy when the subject and the verb appear side by side. Sometimes, however, the prepositional phrase comes between the subject and the verb. Remember how I said a prepositional phrase cannot be the subject of the sentence?  A prepositional phrase is there to act as an adverb or an adjective. An adverb or an adjective cannot be the subject of a sentence either!
  • 21.  So, you need to make sure the verb agrees with the subject of the sentence and not the noun in the prepositional phrase.  The other cats in my house respect that I am Miss Santerre’s favorite. “ In my house” is a prepositional phrase. The verb “respect” agrees with the subject “cats,” not with the noun “house” which is in the prepositional phrase.
  • 22. When figuring out the subject of a sentence, cross out the prepositional phrases, and determine the subject and verb from the words that are left!
  • 23.
    • Macmillan English
    • p. 119 #1-10
    • p. 121 #1-10
    • p. 123 #1-12
    For Extra Practice for Homework PS: Sorry about the homework. She promised me extra cat treats if I assigned homework.
  • 24. For More Practice
  • 25. This has been a Spooky, Karma, & Shadow Production.