An introduction to the arts
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An introduction to the arts

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An introduction to the arts An introduction to the arts Presentation Transcript

  • An Introduction to the Arts Created By: Pamela Butler
  • Introduction
    • Visual arts
    • Music
    • Dance
    • Theatre/Drama
    • Pre-Renaissance
    • It is important that we become literate in the languages of the arts. WHY?
  • What artists use to express “Reality”
    • Part 1
      • We will meet the traditional art disciplines of drawing, painting, printmaking, photography, sculpture, music, theatre, cinema, dance, architecture, and literature.
      • Each of the disciplines have their own language---terms and definitions
  • Part I Outline
    • Pictures: drawings, painting, printmaking, and photography
    • Sculpture
    • Music
    • Theatre
    • Cinema
    • Dance
    • Architecture
    • Literature
  • Pictures: drawings, painting, printmaking, and photography
    • What are They?
    • Let’s find out…draw me a picture.
  • Drawing
    • the foundation of two-dimensional art
    • Involves a wide variety of materials--- dry media and wet media
    • Wash & brush
  • Dry Media
    • chalk
    • charcoal
    • graphite
    • pastel
  • Wet Media
    • pen & ink
    • wash & brush
  • Painting
    • Oils
    • Watercolor
    • Tempera
    • Acrylics
    • Fresco
    • Gouache
    Starry Night By Vincent van Gogh
  • Printmaking
    • relief printing – woodcut, wood engraving, & linoleum cut
    • intaglio (in-TAH-lyoh) – etching, aquatint, & drypoint
    • planographic process – lithography, silkscreen, & stenciling
    Albrecht Durer's Lamentation
  • Photography
    • A matter of personal record.
    • The photographer has the choice of size, texture, and value contrast .
    • Bring in three photographs that you have taken.
  • Pictures: drawings, painting, printmaking, and photography
    • How are they put together?
      • Media – drawing, painting, printmaking, &photography
      • Composition – elements & principles
        • Profile: Pablo Picasso
      • Other factors – perspective, chiaroscuro, & content
        • Painting and Human Reality: Géricault's Raft of the “Medusa”
  • Pablo Picasso “Old Guitarist” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zXLi9QKaPU4 Part 1 of 9
  • Pablo Picasso “Guernica” http://employees.oneonta.edu/farberas/arth/arth200/guernica.html
  • Theodore Géricault “Raft of Medusa” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K8KGft79MaU
  • Composition Elements
    • Line – the basic building block of a visual design
      • A linear form in which length dominates ever width
      • A color edge
      • An implication of continued direction
    Picasso’s ‘Girl before a Mirror’
  • Composition Elements Cont…
    • Form – the shape of an object within a composition
    • The spaced described by the line
  • Composition Elements Cont…
    • Color – hue, value, & intensity
      • Hue – denotes the measurable wavelength of a specific color (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet)
      • Value – key, relationship of blacks to whites to grays
      • Intensity – chroma or saturation, degree of purity of a hue
  • Composition Elements Cont…
    • Mass – the physical volume and density of an object
    • the use of light and shade, texture, and perspective
    • Texture – roughness or smoothness ( impasto, applied with a palette knife )
    Giovanni Vanni’s “Holy Family with St. John”
  • Composition Elements Cont…
    • Principles
      • Repetition – rhythm, harmony, & variation
      • Balance – equilibrium in a work (symmetrical, formal & asymmetrical, informal)
      • Unity – means by which it achieves unity
      • Focal area – the focal point
    Leonardo da Vinci, Last Supper
  • Composition Elements Cont…
    • Perspective – indicates spatial relationships
    • Chiaroscuro – light & shade, gives the picture its character
    • Content – ranging from naturalism to stylization
  • How Do They Simulate the Senses?
    • Contrasts
      • A personal Journey: Picasso, Guernica
    • Dynamics
    • Trompe L’oeil (tromp-LUH-yuh)
    • Juxtaposition
    • Focus
    • Objectivity
  • Important Terms: QUICK REVIEW
    • Intaglio
    • Lithography
    • Composition
    • Line
    • Form
    • Hue
    • Value
    • Intensity
    • Variation
    • Symmetry
    • Perspective
    • Chiaroscuro
  • Intaglio (in-TAL-ee-oh )
    • The printmaking process in which ink is transferred from the grooves of a metal plate to paper by extreme pressure
  • Lithography
    • A printmaking technique, based on the principle that oil and water do not mix, in which ink is applied to a piece of paper from a specially prepared stone.
  • Composition
    • The arrangement of line, form, mass, color, and so forth in a work of art.
  • Line
    • The basic building block of visual design: for example, a thin mark, a color edge, or implied.
  • Form
    • The shape of an object within a composition.
  • Hue
    • The spectrum notation of color.
  • Value
    • The relationships of lights to darks in a visual composition.
  • Intensity
    • The degree of purity of a color.
  • Variation
    • The relationship of repeated items in a composition to each other.
  • Symmetry
    • The balancing of like forms and colors on opposite sides of the vertical axis of a composition.
  • Perspective
    • The creation of the illusion of distance in a picture through the use of line, atmosphere, and so on.
  • Chiaroscuro
    • Light and shade; the balance of light and shade across the whole picture.