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The IncaCivilization
INCA CIVILIZATION
INCA CIVILIZATION
A Little HistoryAt first, the Incas were simply a smalltribe that lived in the city of  Cuzco.They worshiped gods of natur...
GEOGRAPHY
GEOGRAPHY       ANDES        MOUNTAINS        * North to south were the          Andes Mountains - home          of the In...
GEOGRAPHY       * The Andes created a         natural barrier between         the coastal desert on         one side and t...
GEOGRAPHY       * The Inca built bridges         across the gorges so         they could reach all         parts of their ...
GEOGRAPHY       AMAZON JUNGLE       * On one side of the Andes         was the Amazon jungle.       * The Incas must have ...
GEOGRAPHY       * But they never established         settlements there. They         had no desire to live in the         ...
GEOGRAPHY       COASTAL        DESERT       * Between the mountains         and the Pacific Ocean is a         coastal des...
GEOGRAPHY       * The desert provided a         wonderful natural barrier.       * There are fertile strips         where ...
CULTURE
RELIGION* Practiced several  polytheistic religions* Viracocha was the  creator of the Sun, the  Moon and the Stars.
GOVERNMENTSapa Inca*Inca     : means emperor*Sapa     :means the only emperor- The Sapa Inca ruled everything and owned  e...
ARCHITECTURE* The Incas built the best planned cities in the  ancient Americas.* Most Incan cities did not have walls arou...
ARCHITECTUREMachu Picchu :The Forgotten City
CONTRIBUTIONSCalendar* Each calendar month  hosted a different religious  festival.* The Incan calendar was  divided into ...
CONTRIBUTIONSMusical Instruments* They invented many wind  and percussion  instruments.* Drums and flutes were  very popul...
CONTRIBUTIONSSystems of Measurements:Quipus* Using a base of ten, the  quipus had a main string  about two feet long.* The...
ACHIEVEMENTSImportant to the success of the Inca  Empire:* Communication            : roads, runners* Specialized Professi...
ACHIEVEMENTS* Service Tax :huge free labor force* Technology : terrace farming, surplus             crops, irrigation syst...
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Inca Civilization

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Inca Civilization PPT made on our 3rd year History class. There are videos in the PPT and they will just automatically play (download file for best viewing)

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  1. 1. The IncaCivilization
  2. 2. INCA CIVILIZATION
  3. 3. INCA CIVILIZATION
  4. 4. A Little HistoryAt first, the Incas were simply a smalltribe that lived in the city of  Cuzco.They worshiped gods of nature. Theybelieved in omens and dreams. Around1430 C.E, a neighboring tribeattacked the Incas.The Incas won! That was thebeginning of the Inca Empire.
  5. 5. GEOGRAPHY
  6. 6. GEOGRAPHY ANDES MOUNTAINS * North to south were the Andes Mountains - home of the Inca civilization. * The mountains dominated Incan society. * The mountain peaks were worshiped as gods.
  7. 7. GEOGRAPHY * The Andes created a natural barrier between the coastal desert on one side and the jungle on the other. * The snow-capped mountains were full of deep gorges.
  8. 8. GEOGRAPHY * The Inca built bridges across the gorges so they could reach all parts of their empire quickly and easily. * These mountain gorges were natural barriers. If an enemy approached, the Incas could simply burn the bridges.
  9. 9. GEOGRAPHY AMAZON JUNGLE * On one side of the Andes was the Amazon jungle. * The Incas must have entered the jungle occasionally, as they did know about the many valuable things that could be found in the Amazon, like wood and fruit and natural medicines.
  10. 10. GEOGRAPHY * But they never established settlements there. They had no desire to live in the jungle. * The Incas expanded north and south instead.
  11. 11. GEOGRAPHY COASTAL DESERT * Between the mountains and the Pacific Ocean is a coastal desert 2000 miles long and between 30-100 miles wide.
  12. 12. GEOGRAPHY * The desert provided a wonderful natural barrier. * There are fertile strips where small rivers and streams run from the Andes mountaintops to the sea.
  13. 13. CULTURE
  14. 14. RELIGION* Practiced several polytheistic religions* Viracocha was the creator of the Sun, the Moon and the Stars.
  15. 15. GOVERNMENTSapa Inca*Inca : means emperor*Sapa :means the only emperor- The Sapa Inca ruled everything and owned everything. The Inca was not just a ruler. The Inca was believed to be a direct descendant of the sun god, Inti.
  16. 16. ARCHITECTURE* The Incas built the best planned cities in the ancient Americas.* Most Incan cities did not have walls around them.* The Incas build beautiful cities.* The architecture was formal yet simple.
  17. 17. ARCHITECTUREMachu Picchu :The Forgotten City
  18. 18. CONTRIBUTIONSCalendar* Each calendar month hosted a different religious festival.* The Incan calendar was divided into 12 months. Each month was divided into 3 weeks. Each week had 10 days.
  19. 19. CONTRIBUTIONSMusical Instruments* They invented many wind and percussion instruments.* Drums and flutes were very popular.* The panpipe was the most popular.
  20. 20. CONTRIBUTIONSSystems of Measurements:Quipus* Using a base of ten, the quipus had a main string about two feet long.* The quipus allowed messages to be carried by the Inca runners from one end of the empire to the other.
  21. 21. ACHIEVEMENTSImportant to the success of the Inca Empire:* Communication : roads, runners* Specialized Professions :engineers,metal workers, stone masons, other artisans
  22. 22. ACHIEVEMENTS* Service Tax :huge free labor force* Technology : terrace farming, surplus crops, irrigation systems* Strong Central Government: all powerful Inca, strict laws, basic needs satisfied
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