THE PAST SIMPLE Miss Paulina Moya
2 types of verbs <ul><li>REGULAR </li></ul><ul><li>IRREGULAR </li></ul>
Regular verbs form <ul><li>-ed   for all persons   </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Play    play ed </li></ul></ul></ul>...
Spelling <ul><li>1) Double the consonant if the consonant is stressed stop – sto pped swap - swa pped </li></ul><ul><li>2)...
Irregular verbs form <ul><li>The form  CHANGES  from infinitives, usually with a vowel change.  </li></ul><ul><li>Can be g...
Certain change patterns <ul><li>speak    spoke </li></ul><ul><li>eat    ate </li></ul><ul><li>see    saw  </li></ul><ul...
Verb TO BE <ul><ul><li>I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>he </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>she  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it </li>...
Past Simple Use <ul><li>Actions that started and finished in the past </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I  went  to the beach last Sun...
Past Simple Use <ul><li>Actions that happened one after the other in the past (like in a story) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He  ...
Negative Sentences <ul><li>DID NOT + VERB  (base form) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example:  I  did not work  yesterday </li></u...
More examples: <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- I  didn’t go  on holiday last year </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>...
Negative Sentences verb   TO BE <ul><li>WAS / WERE + NOT </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>I  was not  at scho...
Yes /No Questions <ul><li>DID  +  subject  +  main verb  +  rest of sentence +  ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul...
Yes /No Questions verb TO BE <ul><li>WAS / WERE  + subject + rest of sentence + ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul...
REMEMBER!! <ul><li>Positive sentences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I  play ed  football yesterday </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I  ...
REMEMBER!! Verb TO BE <ul><li>Positive sentences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I  was  in London last year </li></ul></ul><ul><li...
WELL DONE!!
Rewrite these sentences into past. <ul><li>1) YOU ARE MY BEST FRIEND </li></ul><ul><li>2) PABLO GOES TO THE BEACH EVERYDAY...
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The past-simple-ppt

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APRENDERSE LOS VERBOS IRREGULARES!!

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The past-simple-ppt

  1. 1. THE PAST SIMPLE Miss Paulina Moya
  2. 2. 2 types of verbs <ul><li>REGULAR </li></ul><ul><li>IRREGULAR </li></ul>
  3. 3. Regular verbs form <ul><li>-ed for all persons </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Play  play ed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Work  work ed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stay  stay ed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Listen  listen ed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Spelling <ul><li>1) Double the consonant if the consonant is stressed stop – sto pped swap - swa pped </li></ul><ul><li>2)Add only –d, when the verb ends with –e </li></ul><ul><li>lov e – lov ed sav e – sav ed </li></ul><ul><li>3)Verbs ending in 'y' preceded by a consonant: </li></ul><ul><li>Change 'y' to 'i' Then add -ed. </li></ul><ul><li>hur r y - he hur ried (watch out! play – played) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Irregular verbs form <ul><li>The form CHANGES from infinitives, usually with a vowel change. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be grouped according to certain change patterns, which helps to memorize them. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Certain change patterns <ul><li>speak  spoke </li></ul><ul><li>eat  ate </li></ul><ul><li>see  saw </li></ul><ul><li>fly  flew </li></ul><ul><li>think  thought </li></ul>
  7. 7. Verb TO BE <ul><ul><li>I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>he </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>she </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>you </li></ul><ul><li>we </li></ul><ul><li>they </li></ul>was were
  8. 8. Past Simple Use <ul><li>Actions that started and finished in the past </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I went to the beach last Sunday </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I bought a new car yesterday. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Past Simple Use <ul><li>Actions that happened one after the other in the past (like in a story) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He came in , took off his coat and sat down . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I went into the disco and I saw my favourite girl, then I asked her to dance,... </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Negative Sentences <ul><li>DID NOT + VERB (base form) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: I did not work yesterday </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> I didn’t work yesterday </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>INCORRECT: I didn’t worked </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. More examples: <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- I didn’t go on holiday last year </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- I didn’t went on holiday last year </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Negative Sentences verb TO BE <ul><li>WAS / WERE + NOT </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>I was not at school yesterday afternoon </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>or </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> I wasn’t at school yesterday afternoon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They were not at home last weekend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They weren’t at home last weekend </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Yes /No Questions <ul><li>DID + subject + main verb + rest of sentence + ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did you work yesterday? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Yes, I did. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- No, I didn’t . </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Yes /No Questions verb TO BE <ul><li>WAS / WERE + subject + rest of sentence + ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Were you at home last weekend? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Yes, I was. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- No, I wasn’t . </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. REMEMBER!! <ul><li>Positive sentences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I play ed football yesterday </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I went home early on Saturday </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Negative sentences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I didn’t play football yesterday </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I didn’t go home early on Saturday </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Yes/No questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did you play football yesterday? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did you go home early on Saturday? </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. REMEMBER!! Verb TO BE <ul><li>Positive sentences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I was in London last year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Negative sentences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- They weren’t at home last weekend </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Yes/No questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Were you ill yesterday? </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. WELL DONE!!
  18. 18. Rewrite these sentences into past. <ul><li>1) YOU ARE MY BEST FRIEND </li></ul><ul><li>2) PABLO GOES TO THE BEACH EVERYDAY </li></ul><ul><li>3) MIRELLA IS IN CHILE NOW </li></ul><ul><li>4) THEY WATCH TV EVERY SATURDAY </li></ul><ul><li>5) YOU PLAY FOOTBALL IN THAT SQUARE </li></ul><ul><li>6) CONSTANZA AND MARIA ARE IN THE SCHOOL </li></ul><ul><li>7) MY DOG SEES A THIEF </li></ul><ul><li>8) MY CAT AND MY BIRD ARE NOT FRIENDS </li></ul><ul><li>9) THEY DON’T LIKE EACH OTHER </li></ul><ul><li>10) SHE DOESN’T WORK TODAY </li></ul><ul><li>11) ARE YOU A STUDENT ? </li></ul><ul><li>12) DO YOU UNDERSTAND? </li></ul><ul><li>13) DOES HE WALK TO WORK ON MONDAYS? </li></ul>
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