I choose Sydney as a location for the assignment. So here is some introduction about the
Sydney is the largest and most populous city in Australia and the state capital of New South
Wales. Sydney is located on Australia's south-east coast of the Tasman Sea. With an approximate
population of 4.5 million in the Sydney metropolitan area the city is the largest in Oceania.
Inhabitants of Sydney are called Sydneysiders, comprising
acosmopolitan and international population of people from many places around the world
The site of the first British colony in Australia, Sydney was established in 1788 at Sydney
Cove by Arthur Phillip, commodore of the First Fleet as a penal colony. The city is built on hills
surrounding Port Jackson which is commonly known as Sydney Harbour, where the
iconic Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge are featured prominently. The hinterland of
the metropolitan area is surrounded by national parks, and the coastal regions feature many bays,
rivers, inlets and beachesincluding the famous Bondi Beach. Within the city are many notable
parks, including Hyde Park and Royal Botanical Gardens.
In 2010, Sydney was ranked 10th worldwide by consulting firm Mercer on quality of living. In
2009, Sydney was ranked 3rd in Asia, and 22nd in the world on social and economic innovation,
across 31 sectors in the Innovation Cities Index by innovation agency 2thinknow. Sydney
regularly appears in a variety of global city rankings of liveability and commerce, competing
withMelbourne, Wellington and Auckland for top rankings in Australia and New Zealand.
1. Flight reservation:- I reserved the flight through online booking from the official website of
Malaysia Airlines under the link
From there I had save my money of travelling to airport or the commission given to the travel
2. Lowest fares:- . I choose Malaysia Airlines because it was most economical. I take economy
class seat which cost around Rs.45,352 for round trip.
3. Advance booking:- I had done the advance booking online from the official website of
Malaysia Airlines in September. So that the airlines charged less . I saved around Rs750.
4. Frequent flier mileage:- Frequent flier means if we are using the same airlines again and
again. Then the airlines will give some discount for us for this. But in my case I can use this
because it’s the first time I travel through plane.
5. Map of airport:- Map of two airports are First is Delhi Airport and Second is Johannesburg.
per adult, incl. of taxes & fees(Total:Rs.45,382)
Malaysia Airlines New Delhi(DEL) Sydney(SYD) Duration: 15hr 20min
MH173/MH123 12:45, Wed 24 Nov' 10 09:35, Thu 25 Nov' 10 [+] Flight Details
Connect in Kuala Lumpur(KUL)
New Delhi - Sydney 24 Nov' 10
[-] Flight Details
New Delhi (DEL)
IGI Airport, Terminal -3
12:45, Wed 24 Nov' 10
Kuala Lumpur (KUL)
Kuala Lum Intl., Terminal -M
20:35, Wed 24 Nov' 10
Equipment: Boeing 737-800 | Class: Economy | Refundable
Change planes at Kuala Lumpur Time between flights:2hr 05min
Kuala Lumpur (KUL)
Kuala Lum Intl., Terminal -M
22:40, Wed 24 Nov' 10
Kingsford Smith, Terminal -1
09:35, Thu 25 Nov' 10
Equipment: Boeing 747-400 | Class: Economy | Refundable
Total Duration:15hr 20min
Malaysia Airlines Sydney(SYD) New Delhi(DEL) Duration: 19hr
MH140/MH172 21:55, Tue 30 Nov' 10 12:00, Wed 01 Dec' 10 35min
[+] Flight Details
Connect in Kuala Lumpur(KUL)
Sydney - New Delhi 30 Nov' 10
[-] Flight Details
Kingsford Smith, Terminal -1
21:55, Tue 30 Nov' 10
Kuala Lumpur (KUL)
Kuala Lum Intl., Terminal -M
03:20, Wed 01 Dec' 10
Equipment: Boeing 777-200/200Er | Class: Economy | Refundable
Change planes at Kuala Lumpur Time between flights:5hr 20min
Kuala Lumpur (KUL)
Kuala Lum Intl., Terminal -M
08:40, Wed 01 Dec' 10
New Delhi (DEL)
IGI Airport, Terminal -3
12:00, Wed 01 Dec' 10
Equipment: Boeing 737-800 | Class: Economy | Refundable
Total Duration:19hr 35min
Trains and Buses
1. Travel times :- From Ludhiana Railway station to Delhi ISBT the total time taken is 5
hours. Then I took bus from Delhi Railway Station to international airport Delhi and the time
taken is 45 min approx.
Train Date Source Destination
Number (DD-MM-YYYY) Station Station
4034 JAMMU MAIL 23-11-2010 DELHI
Train Type Distance (kms)
Fare/Charges Class -- Sleeper
Base Fare 138
Reservation Charges 20
Superfast Charges 0
Other Charges 0
Total Amount 158
From Railway station I took bus to International airport Delhi. It will cost me around Rs. 20.
3. Booking tickets :- From Ludhiana Railway station, I reserved my ticket from the Ludhiana
station one week prior to avoid any inconvenience to me.
Yes we can reserve the car on website under the link
The following are 7-day car hire specials for customers renting a car from our Sydney office.
These rates and charges are current to 15 December 2010.
• 5 door
• Air conditioned
• 7 day special
• E-Tag fitted
• 5 door
• Air conditioned
• ABS brakes
• Dual airbags
• Power windows
• MP3 CD player
• 7 day special
• E-Tag fitted
• 4 door, medium size
• Large boot
• Air conditioned
• ABS brakes
• Dual airbags
• Power windows
• MP3 CD player
• 7 Day Special
• E-Tag fitted
Includes GST, E-Tag fitted
Damage responsibility $3,000
• Standard Cover @ $10 day reduces damage responsibility to
• Top Cover @ $15 day reduces damage responsibility to $50
Drivers aged must be 21-24 or over 80
Aus, UK, NZ licence, (other licence; add $5 day).
Area Of Use
• Within NSW and ACT.
• A $100 once-off fee extends usage to Brisbane and
• For an Area of Use map see the Areas of Use page.
Area of Use If Renting a Car From Sydney
NSW and ACT.
A $100 once-off fee extends usage to Brisbane, Melbourne.
The travel maps of all the places which I visit are:-
Sydney has a temperate climate with warm summers and mild winters. Rainfall is spread
throughout the year. The weather is moderated by proximity to the ocean, and more extreme
temperatures are recorded in the inland western suburbs. The warmest month is January, with an
average air temperature range at Observatory Hill of 18.6–25.8 °C (65–78 °F). An average of
14.6 days a year have temperatures of more than 30 °C (86.0 °F). The maximum recorded
temperature was 45.3 °C (113.5 °F) on 14 January 1939 at the end of a four-day heatwave across
In winter, temperatures rarely drop below 5 °C (41 °F) in coastal areas. The coldest month is
July, with an average range of 8.0–16.2 °C (46–61 °F). The lowest recorded minimum at
Observatory Hill was 2.1 °C (35.8 °F).
Rainfall is fairly evenly spread through the year, but is slightly higher during the first half of the
year, when easterly winds dominate. The average annual rainfall, with moderate to low
variability, is 1,217 mm (48 in), falling on an average 138 days a year. Snowfall was last
reported in the Sydney City area in 1836. However, a July 2008 fall ofgraupel, or soft hail,
mistaken by many for snow, has raised the possibility that the 1836 event was not snow, either.
Partially cloudy with periodic sunshine during the Spring season, looking out towards
Sydney's Dover Heights .
The city is not affected by cyclones. The El Niño Southern Oscillation plays an important role in
determining Sydney's weather patterns: drought and bushfire on the one hand, and storms and
flooding on the other, associated with the opposite phases of the oscillation. Many areas of the
city bordering bushland have experienced bushfires, notably in 1994 and 2001–02 — these tend
to occur during the spring and summer. The city is also prone to severe hail storms and wind
storms. One such storm was the 1999 hailstorm, which severely damaged Sydney's eastern and
city suburbs. The storm produced massive hailstones of at least 9 cm (3.5 in) in diameter and
resulting in insurance losses of around A$1.7 billion in less than five hours.
The city is prone to flash flooding from rain caused by East Coast Lows (a low pressure
depression which can bring significant damage by heavy rain, cyclonic winds and huge swells).
The most notable event was the great Sydney flood which occurred on 6 August 1986 and
dumped a record 327.6 mm (12.9 in) on the city in 24 hours. This caused major traffic problems
and damage in many parts of the metropolitan area.
The Bureau of Meteorology has reported that 2002 through 2005 were the warmest summers in
Sydney since records began in 1859. 2004 saw an average daily maximum temperature of
23.39 °C, 2005 of 23.35 °C, 2002 of 22.91 °C, and 2003 of 22.65 °C. The average daily
maximum between 1859 and 2004 was 21.6 °C (70.9 °F). For the first nine months of 2006 the
mean temperature was 18.41 °C (65.1 °F); the warmest year previously was 2004 with 18.51 °C
(65.32 °F). Since November 2003, there have been only two months in which the average daily
maximum was below average: March 2005 (about 1 °C below average) and June 2006 (0.7 °C
The summer of 2007–08 proved to be one of the coolest on record. The Bureau of Meteorology
reported that it was the coolest summer in 11 years, the wettest summer in six years, and one of
only three summers in recorded history to lack a maximum temperature above 31 °C (88 °F).
During 2009, Sydney experienced warm winter days, dry gusty winds and the most notable
phenomena was the dust storm in September, which blew in from the Australian outback and
blanketed Sydney in a layer of orange dust. It was the worst dust storm in 70 years. The average
annual daytime temperature at Observatory Hill was 22.9 °C (73.2 °F), which was 0.9 °C above
the historical annual average. This ranks as 7th highest annual average maximum temperature
since records commenced in 1859. During the year, average night-time temperatures at Sydney
Observatory Hill were at 15.1 °C (59.2 °F), which was 1.2 °C above the historical average.
In the first weeks of February 2010, Sydney received some of the highest rainfalls in years,
which caused flash flooding and traffic chaos. On 4 February, some suburbs in the North
Shore region recorded their heaviest rain in 20 years. On 12 and 13 February, some suburbs were
hit by thunderstorms which brought heavy rain and gusty winds which cut out power and
damaged homes. On 13 February, Sydney experienced one of the highest rainfall of the last
decade with 65 millimetres (2.6 in) of rain falling in one night at Observatory Hill. The heavy
rain was caused by remnants of ex-tropical Cyclone Olga and humid north-easterly winds
feeding into the low pressure trough.
Visiting the Sydney Opera House Sydney Opera House is one of Sydney’s most popular
tourist attractions. You can walk around the opera house and enjoy the truly unique design of
what has to be one of the most amazing buildings ever built.
Take a picnic lunch and enjoy the views by sitting on the grass alongside the Opera House or for
those who are feeling a wee bit healthy – why not climb all of those stairs out the front.
You can also enjoy a drink with family and friends at the Sydney Opera Bar located just
underneath the Sydney Opera House – though beware of the inflated prices, so just stick to one
or two. There is no charge for entry and there is an outside sitting area where you can enjoy the
beautiful harbour and see the harbour bridge.
The views are incredible and it has a vibe unto itself come dusk.
Visiting the Royal Botanical Gardens :Entry is free and you can take a nice picnic lunch and
enjoy all the different varieties of beautiful flowers planted in this amazing garden. It has over 30
hectares of garden to visit. Ranging from herbs to Australia’s natural horticulture, you will
definitely get a taste of Australian wildlife and plants
Darling Harbour : Venture down to Darling Harbour and enjoy the great views it has to offer.
Take a packed lunch and go for a long walk – there is countless things to do and see. Enjoy the
free entertainment of buskers entertaining the many passers by or enjoy the views the city lights
from your choice of Harbour restaurants.
.Visit Star City Casino – Entry is free but you will need photo id to get in. You don’t need to
spend money to go to Star City Casino. You can simply take a walk through the casino and feel
like you are in Las Vegas! Watch the hustle and bustle of people on the pokies or enjoying a
game of blackjack. Observing is free and sometimes more enjoyable. There is also a few bars
situated in star city casino that has no cover charge to get in. If you wanted an excuse to dress up
this would be the reason and can be an interesting way to spend your time before dinner, just
remember to never gamble – casino odds are not made to help you win!
Sydney’s famous China Town: China Town offers a great cultural look at one of Australia’s
most thriving inner city areas. You can visit Paddy’s Markets which is notorious for a bargain
during the late to mid week and weekend. Bargains a plenty!
Ye old Rocks: The Rocks is a great place to visit because its absoultey free. Check out the rocks
market stalls where people setup stores and sell anything from clothes to handmade jewellery.
There are some great english pubs in the rocks offering some great live bands.
To save money, just enjoy the wandering streets and take in one of Sydney’s oldest inner city
areas. The cobble streets and guttering were first made by convicts who arrived in Sydney from
Centrepoint Tower You can dine in one of the world’s most amazing restuarants from as little
as $25 per child for lunch or adults from $49.50 (prices are subject to times and days). Check out
Centrepoint Tower for more details. You can simply go up to the observation deck and see
sydney via a 360% angle through their amazing telescopes. Its a breathtaking experience that you
will never forget!
Targonga Zoo Entry is $39.00 for adults and children are $19.00. Infants are free. There are
always family passes available and specials available during certain times of the year.
Sydney Museums: There are numerous museums to go and visit in Sydney – ranging from the
Australian National Maritime Museum, Museum of Contemporary Art, Art Gallery of NSW and
more.Entry is very reasonable and you will learn a lot about Australia art and culture.
Luna Park: The entry is free but you do have to pay for rides whilst in the park. The great
attraction about luna park though is that you pay a set fee for unlimited rides. Adults cost $37.95
and children $27.95. There is also family packages available.
Sydney Aquarium: Sydney Aquarium is one of the most exciting visitor attractions in Sydney.
Cost of entrance is for adults – $31.90 and children are $17.95. There are packages available for
family and groups that will also help you save money.
IMAX Theatre: If you have ever wanted to see a movie in 3D on one of the worlds biggest
screens, look no further! It is the worlds largest IMAX theatre and prices for entry range from
$19.50 upwards for adults and $14.50 for children depending on what movie is seen.
The amazing thing about the IMAX theatre is that the movie screen is around ten times larger
than a normal movie threatre screen and it is either 2D or 3D depending on the movie! Its an
experience you wont forget!
Start and Stop Sites
From Airport I went to my hotel Westend Backpackers (details given afterwards). There I took
rest for sometime and started visiting different places.
Chinese Garden of Friendship - 0.4 km / 0.3 mi
Sydney Town Hall - 0.6 km / 0.4 mi
Australian Museum - 0.7 km / 0.4 mi
Powerhouse Museum - 0.7 km / 0.4 mi
Darling Harbour - 0.8 km / 0.5 mi
Sydney Tower - 0.9 km / 0.6 mi
St Mary's Cathedral - 1 km / 0.6 mi
Circular Quay - 2.3 km / 1.4 mi
Bondi Beach - 6.5 km / 4 mi
Sydney Showground - 13.3 km / 8.2 mi
Sydney’s Hotels on Map
A. Shangri-La Hotel, Sydney
B. Grace Hotel
C. Four Points by Sheraton, Darling Harbour, Sydney
D. Star City Hotel and Serviced Apartments
E. Ibis Sydney Darling Harbour
F. Medina Classic Martin Place
G. The Westin Sydney
Sydney’s Restaurants on Map
A. Sydney Centre Point Tower
B. Aria Restaurant
C. Star City
D. Tetsuya's Restaurant
E. Quay Restaurant
F. Waterfront Restaurant
G. Sydney Cove Oyster Bar
A : Westend Backpackers
This Haymarket hotel is close to Chinese Garden of Friendship and Sydney Town Hall. Also
nearby are Australian Museum and Darling Harbour.
In addition to laundry facilities and a pool table, Westend Backpackers features an elevator (lift)
and tour assistance. The front desk is open 24 hours a day.
Westend Backpackers has 90 guestrooms. Bathrooms offer showers and makeup/shaving
mirrors. Additional amenities include climate control and air conditioning. In addition,
amenities available on request include irons/ironing boards.
• 24 Hour Reception
• 24 Hour Internet
• Nightly Activities
• Job Board
• Commercial grade kitchen
• Laundry Facilities
• TV lounge
• Pay phones and vending machines
• Luggage lockers and safes available
• Linen & Quilts supplied
• Night security
• Air Conditioning
• Iron Board
• Climate Control
• Make up mirror
I booked Double/Single Combi Bunk Room which cost me Rs 4082.70 (inclusive of food).
Room 1 - Adults: 1, Children: 0
Bedding Preference Bunk Bed
Smoking Preference Non-Smoking
Confirm Email Address
We understand that sometimes plans fall through. We do not charge a change or cancel fee.
However, this property (Westend Backpackers) imposes the following penalty to its customers
that we are required to pass on: Cancellations or changes made after 12:00 AM (AUS Eastern
Daylight Time) on Nov 23, 2010 are subject to a 1 Night Room & Tax penalty. The property
makes no refunds for no shows or early checkouts.
Next > , continue to Step Two.
Credit Card Information
Your charge card will be charged for the full payment upon submitting your reservation request.
See User Agreement
We protect your credit card information. We support 3D Secure to verify your transaction. What
is 3D Secure? View the Privacy Statement.
Card Security Code ?
Cardholder First Name
Cardholder Last Name
The billing address provided must match the credit card that is used to reserve your room.
City or Town
Postal / Zip Code
Terms & Conditions
I agree to the www.yatra.com Terms & Conditions and understand the cancellation policy.
( in Australian Dollar)
OYSTERS - NATURAL: with side eschalot & red wine vinegar, 1/2 doz/ 1 doz
OYSTERS - ROMA: with avocado & spanish onion salsa, 1/2 doz/ 1 doz
OYSTERS - KILPATRICK: with bacon & worcestershire, 1/2 doz/ 1 doz
OR MIX THEM 4 x 4 x 4: 1 doz
These native oysters are known as Sydney rock oysters (saccostrea commercialis). Wine
FRESH HERB AND PARMESAN CRUSTED BRIE: topped with grilled asparagus spears. Wine
FLAME GRILLED SPANISH CHORIZO SAUSAGE: topped with watercress & lime. Wine
Suggestion: Grenache Shiraz
SALT & PEPPER CALAMARI: pan fried in olive oil with a lemon & garlic aioli. Wine Suggestion:
Semillon Sauvignon Blanc
JAPANESE SCALLOPS: wrapped in roasted red capsicum topped with wild rocket a blue cheese
dressing. Wine Suggestion: Light Chardonnay
PRAWN ROAST ROMA & SESAME HALOUMI STACK: grilled med prawns with roma salad
topped with goats milk cheese. Wine Suggestion: Semillon Sauvignon Blanc
BBQ MEDIUM OCTOPUS: tossed with olive oil and lime dressing topped with rocket & julianne
pepper salad. Wine Suggestion: Riesling
STEAKOUT BEEF SALAD: with mixed salad fresh herbs capsicum cucumber tears drops tossed in a
mild spiced dressing. Wine Suggestion: Light Shiraz
PAN ROASTED WILD BARRAMUNDI FILLET: served on a champagne caramelised onion &
asparagus ris otto. Wine Suggestion: Semillon or Sauvignon Blanc
CINNAMON SCENTED TEMPURA FLATHEAD FILLETS : with honey & dill mayo, hand cut chips
& mixed salad. Wine Suggestion: Semillon Sauvignon Blanc
GRILLED ATLANTIC SALMON FILLET: on a rocket, grape roma and orange segment salad. Wine
PRAWN RISOTTO: with zucchini semi dried roma’s and fresh herbs tossed with Arborio rice. Wine
CHICKEN & WILD MUSHROOM RISOTTO: tossed with fresh herbs in a creamy base. Wine
Suggestion: Sauvignon Blanc
PERSIAN BBQ CRISPY SKIN CHICKEN: Hand cut chips and mescaline salad. Wine Suggestion:
GRILLED CHICKEN BREAST BURGER: 150g breast served on crusty bread with lettuc e, tomato
and chef’s se cret mayo with and hand cut chips. Wine Suggestion: Chardonnay
THE STEAKOUT BURGER: 150g grilled beef fillet served on crusty bread with lettuce, tomato,
caramelised onion and chef’s secret mustard with hand cut chips. Wine Suggestion: Pinot Noir or Shiraz
MIXED KEBAB PLATE: Juicy lamb, chicken and pork skewers chargrilled served with side salad,
minted yoghurt and crusty bread. Wine Suggestion: Pinot Noir or Shiraz
GRAIN FED BEEF
SMALL RUMP MURRAY GREY MSA (TM) : Great flavour, 10.6oz 300g
LARGE RUMP MURRAY GREY MSA (TM) : Great flavour and juicy, 14.1oz 400g
MAMMOTH RUMP MURRAY GREY MSA (TM) : Mammoth flavour and very juicy, 26.4oz 750g
STRIPLOIN (NEW YORK CUT) ANGUS: flavour and tenderness, 10.6oz 300g
MED RIB-EYE ANGUS : Ultimate flavour and great tenderness, 10.6oz 300g
LARGE RIB-EYE ANGUS: Ultimate flavour and great tenderness, 14.1oz 400g
T-BONE HEREFORD MSA (TM) : two of the best, striploin and fillet, 14.1oz 400g
MAMMOTH T–BONE HEREFORD MSA (TM) : two of the best, striploin and fillet, 21.2oz 650g
FILLET MIGNON ANGUS : Ultimate tenderness and great flavour wrapped in bacon with garlic
butter, 8.8oz 250g
FILLET TENDERLOIN ANGUS : Ultimate tenderness, 8.8oz 250g
Create your own meal with your choice of individual steaks, listed below, and additional sides
for a custom-made meal served the way you like it.
SAUCES: Mushroom and marsala jus/ Dianne (creamy base)/ Bernaise/ Green peppercorn/ Red wine jus
SIDES : meal side/ table side
LAMB CUTLETS (x 2)
SIZZLING CHATEAUBRIAND ANGUS : Grain fed to share NEW YORK cut. Served on a sizzling
grill plate with all the trimmings, 26.4oz 750g
CARPET BAG FILLET MSA (TM): Tail stuffed with oysters & worcestershire, 8.8oz 250g
OCEAN & EARTH RIB EYE STEAK ANGUS: West Australian jumbo king prawns & fresh herb
butter, 10.6oz 300g
JUMBO RACK OF USA RIBS: with our own smoky BBQ sauce. Comes with BBQ sauce and potato
HERB CRUSTED, TWICE-COOKED BABY LAMB RUMP : with creamy mash topped with
vegetables cabernet jus
PEPPERED PORTERHOUSE ANGUS : Gra in fed 300g striploin on smashed potato topped with
English spinach and a peppercorn brandy glaze
BBQ LAMB CUTLETS: served with watercress and spinach onion salad with side of mint yoghurt
BLUE: Sealed outside while steak is at room temperature. Wine Suggestions: Elegant Cool Climate Shiraz
RARE: Cooked for approximately two minutes on each side, still very bloody. Wine Suggestions: Med body
MEDIUM RARE : Maintains a medium red strip in the centre with grey edges. Wine Suggestions: Cabernet
MEDIUM : Predominantly grey with a light bloody centre. Wine Suggestions: Rich Cabernet
MEDIUM WELL: Grey from edge to edge with little blood. Wine Suggestions: Solid Shiraz or Cab Sav
WELL DONE: Very firm with little juice. Wine Suggestions: Big Red
Chef’s Specialty steak dishes are served with seasonal vegetables and a choice of sauce and
CAESAR SALAD*/ OR WITH WARM CHICKEN STRIPS*: Baby cos tossed with crispy bacon herb
croutons grana & my own renowned caesar dressing
VILLAGE MEDITERRANEAN SALAD: roma cucumbers capsicum onion olives & fetta
WILD ROCKET GRANA & PISTACHIO SALATA: balsamic & olive oil reduction
THE STEAKOUT GARDEN SALAD: shredded cos onions, tomato and cucumber in a light balsamic
BABY RUMP STEAK AND CHIPS
CHICKEN BREAST AND CHIPS
PENNE PASTA OF THE DAY
CALAMARI AND CHIPS
PORK RIBS AND CHIPS
BATTERED FISH AND CHIPS
Kids of age up to 12 yrs.
BREADS & SIDES
TOMATO, ONION BASIL BRUSCHETTA
HOME MADE MOUTH WATERING TIRAMISU: An Italian specialty made the Maltese way,
Expresso liqueur infused finger biscuits topped with sweet mascarpone & shredded chocolate
CHOCOLATE INDULGENCE TASTING PLATE: A selection of sorbets ganache
CRÈME BRULEE OF THE DAY: A variety of brulees to choose from
MARS BAR CHEESECAKE: Vanilla and caramel layered cheesecake topped with actual slices of mars
FRESH STRAWBERRIES & ICECREAM: Fresh strawberries infused with frangelico served over
SPANISH CHURROS: Long finger pastries cooked to order & finished with cinnamon sugar served
with a side of connoisseur dipping chocolate
Address: 412 Pitt Street, Central Sydney NSW 2000
Freecall: 1800 013 186
Tel: (02) 9211 4588
International Tel: + 61 2 9211 4588
Fax: (02) 9211 5312
International Fax: + 61 2 9211 5312
Sydney culture is diverse in nature. It is a blend of various individual cultures that have
emigrated from other nations. The cultural diversity of Sydney can be analyzed by dividing the
population of this Australian city on the basis of their religion, ethnicity and language.
The distinct cultures of Sydney people reflect their passion for performing arts. Sydney is one of
the most active performing art hubs in Australia. People of this city are mainly engaged in
theater, music and other artistic forms.
The cultural diversity in Sydney is evident in its music. Musicians play everything from classical
to contemporary music. They use a combination of ancient and modern instruments. Sydney
Opera House is one such place that witnesses the different culture in Sydney in the form of
various forms of art such as theaters, dance, music, etc.
Nightlife culture at Sydney is gaining prominence day by day. Many clubs, pubs and lounges
have been started in various parts of this Australian city. Apart from these, people here also like
to spend their nightlife attending rock concerts.
Sydney culture is a mix of the individual cultures of various ethnic groups. Some of them are
• Serbs in Liverpool
• Jewish in Bondi
• Russians in Waverley
• Filipino in Blacktown
• Polish in Mount Kuring-gai
• Italians in Leichhardt
• Turkish in Auburn
• Vietnamese in Bankstown
Sydney art and literature gives an insight into the rich Australian culture. Sydney has been the
hub of both performing and fine arts. The city is proud to have produced some of the noted
authors in the world of literature.
The Australians absorbed the skill of arts and crafts from England. They used to read English
journals on arts and crafts in Sydney and practiced it here. Though till the early 19th century,
Australians were not good at fine arts, but today they have also made their mark in this field. One
of the very famous fine art artists at Sydney was Thomas Sydney Moran who was known for his
great artistic skills.
Sydney literary works are popular throughout the globe. The city has produced great authors
including the likes of Nobel Laureate Patrick White who authored ‘The Vivisector’, Booker
Prize winner Peter Carey who wrote ‘Oscar and Lucinda’, David Williamson who wrote
‘Emerald City’, Gabrielle Carey and Kathy Lette who penned down ‘Puberty Blues’, John
Birmingham who wrote ‘Leviathan’ and many others.
In the present era, Sydney art and literature is going through reformation. Earlier it was just
books and theaters that defined the art forms of Sydney but today various other art forms
including crafts work have also gained prominence.
Numerous dance festivals in Sydney are organized every year. All these festivals are worth
watching for they showcase the dancing skills of the Australians. Moreover, one also get a
chance to explore the different dance forms. Some of the very renowned Sydney dance festivals
are listed below :
• Australian Youth Dance Festival
• Sydney Middle Eastern Dance Festival
• Earth Dance Festival
• Stamping Ground Dance Festival
• Sydney Festival
The spoken language in Australia is English and approximately 80% of Australians speak
English at home. Being a multicultural environment, many Australians speak other languages as
well including Chinese, Greek, Lebanese, Turkish and Vietnamese
The English spoken in Australia though is very different from that of other english speaking
countries. Australian "slang" has become a part of Australian culture and many expressions
exude the typical laid back nature of Australian lifestyle such as "G'day mate" and "she'll be
Cuisine In Australia
Food and drink are some of the great pleasures of being in Australia. Due to its location and
ethnic mix, you can expect to enjoy a great variety of excellent fresh cuisine.
The migrant mix to be found in Australia’s population has brought with it fine culinary
specialties from many parts of Asia, Italy, Lebanon, Greece and even Scotland. Australia boasts
an abundance of freshly grown produce, from a rich choice of tropical fruits to cold climate
vegetables and it is even a major producer of rice. Its seafood, beef and lamb are well known to
be among the best in the world and Australia’s location on the Indian Ocean means that seafood
is well known to be fantastic.
Australians are food lovers and a proliferation of outlets sells food, from supermarkets and
specialist delicatessens to every conceivable type of restaurant. Numerous cafes and bistros line
the main streets in most towns and cities.
Although there is little authentic Australian cuisine, some typically Australian food such as the
famous Australian meat pie is sold everywhere. Other authentic foods enjoyed in Australia are
kangaroo, crocodile, emu and shark, while regional dishes include Sydney oysters, Tasmanian
salmon and milk - fed lamb.
Australia is famous for its fine wines. Well known varieties include those from the Hunter Valley
in New South Wales, Barossa Valley in SA or Coonawarra Valley in Victoria. The Swan Valley
is Western Australia’s oldest wine growing region and grape varieties grown here include chenin
blanc, verdelho, shiraz and chardonnay, all of which benefit from the region’s hot and dry
Australian beer is the same consistency as lager and brands vary from state to state. Fosters is
probably the most well known brand internationally while brands such as VB, Carlton, Tooheys
and XXXX (Four X) are more often seen.
Food in Australia today is influenced by the large numbers of immigrants from Mediterranean,
Asian and other countries and Australian cuisine now reflects its multicultural society. Once
traditional dishes have been spiced up with new flavours to create new dishes. However, there
are a few classic ones that have stood the test of time:
Australian word - Equivalent
anzac biscuits - traditional biscuit/cookie dating back to World War I
bangers and mash - sausages and mashed potato
billy tea - bush tea boiled in a tin container
booze - alcohol
bundy - Bundaberg rum, eg 'bundy and coke'
champers - champagne
chook - chicken
cuppa - cup of tea or coffee
damper - bush bread
grog - alcohol
lamington - traditional small sponge cake squares covered in chocolate icing and sprinkled with
lollies - candy, sweets
middy - medium sized glass of beer
sanga - sandwich
schooner - large glass of beer
snag - sausage
stubby - small bottle of beer
tinny - can of beer
tomato sauce - ketchup
tucker - food
VB - Victoria Bitter, brand of beer
Vegemite - spread for toast or sandwiches, made from yeast extract
XXXX - 'four ex', Queensland brand of beer
Maharaja's Lakeside Indian Restaurant
This stylish Indian restaurant that offers traditional northern Indian food and delicious clay-oven
baked naan breads. Set in a large, stylish dining room, Maharaja Palace features crisp white
tablecloths and sparkling wine glasses against a backdrop of hand-painted Indian murals
The Peasants Feast Organic Restaurant
The Peasants Feast started life as a restaurant devoted to country style food (provincial European
and modern Australian), its tapestry and farm decorations emphasizing its rustic home away
from home atmosphere. Over the years it has developed an established reputation renown for its
superb tastes, varied and creative original dishes and friendly service with its own distinctive
Newtown character. For the loyal regulars who know and love it well, its their secret country
retreat located in the heart of Australia's busiest city, serving te greatest tasting food in all of
Sydney. Then along came a new owner, Dr. Robert Warlow, a Clinical Immunologist, Allergist,
Immunopathologist and Medical Researcher, who knew and loved the restaurant well. From his
many years in medical research, he had concluded that "What you put in your mouth determines
whether you stay healthy or become ill and how long you live. You can't change your genes but
you can change your eating habits to avoid diseases
The Steakout offers a selection of the freshest and finest beef, chicken, seafood and vegetables
available. The beef we serve you is MSA™ (Meat Standards Australia™) Heritage Premium and
selected Angus grain fed beef the best Australia has to offer. We have something for our
vegetarian customers too.
ARIA Restaurant is situated on the very edge of Sydney Harbour. It is co-owned and operated by
Matt Moran and Peter Sullivan. ARIA provides a dining experience that encapsulates Sydney
lifestyle, offering panoramic views of Sydney Harbour, the freshest Australian produce in an
innovative and contemporary menu, an extensive award-winning wine list with seamless,
friendly and highly efficient service.
Tetsuya Wakuda has refurbished a heritage-listed site in the city to create his dream restaurant.
The restaurant offers sophisticated and intimate private dining rooms for group bookings, and
two larger main dining rooms overlooking a Japanese garden.
At Quay, passion is to deliver a truly unique dining experience, one which is completely
removed from the everyday.Whether it be Peter Gilmore’s incredible food, with its exploration
of the harmonies of flavours and contrasts in textures, with its rare ingredients and its incredible
beauty on the plate.Or wines, which we source from all over the world and invest great energy
into creating extraordinary
One of Sydney’s oldest and most unique restaurant venues, the grandeur and character of historic
colonial sandstone provides instant impact when you catch a glimpse of the absolute waterfront
location of Waterfront restaurant. Specialising in fresh Australian seafood and only 10 minutes
walk from city hotels, this venue is easily accessible
The Rockpool Restaurant
The Rockpool Restaurant, Sydney is one of the fine restaurants in the city and is located at 107
George Street, Sydney. Rockpool Restaurant, Sydney was the first restaurant, which opened its
branch in the Rocks area and is owned by Neil Perry and Trish Richards. The Rockpool
Restaurant was previously known as Rock Push Restaurant
Famous Spa Centres:
Private, secluded and exquisitely beautiful, the multi award winning Spa Sublime is the
ultimate Day Spa experience. Situated within the grounds of The Mountain Heritage Hotel,
we are only a short stroll from the centre of Katoomba. Our fully restored Federation home is
the perfect setting for relaxation and rejuvenation. With high ornate ceilings, polished
hardwood floors and a large wrap around verandah, Spa Sublime has a old world charm that
is sure to spoil your senses.
The ultimate cottage retreats...Lavender Cottage sleeps a romantic 2 to a fun filled 6 and has
aromatherapy massage available in the studio on site, Lavender Manor sleeps up to 12 guests
and has its very own Day Spa facility available exclusively to manor guests offering facials,
hot stone massage, body wraps, aromatherapy massage etc pad out the back to bliss !
Yindi Day Spa
Yindi Day Spa is located within the grand old lady, The Carrington Hotel in Katoomba and is the
Blue Mountains LARGEST DAY SPA. In 2007 Yindi was AWARDED AHA NSW DAY SPA
OF THE YEAR. We offer hydrotherapy, a luxurious couples room and other beautiful treatment
rooms. Yindi is now the perfect place to hold a pamper get together, corporate initiatives or a
place to share with a loved one. Open 7 days until 7/8pm Closed Xmas Day.
In Sanskrit, "amrita" refers to the magical elixir of eternal youth. This mythical assurance of
renewal is a promise that Raffles Hotels & Resorts delivers to every guest at its spas in all its
hotels and resorts. Raffles Hotels & Resorts's Amrita Spas and RafflesAmrita Spas around the
world have long welcomed weary travellers in search of fitness, serenity and rejuvenation. This
exclusive luxury wellness concept focuses on providing a haven of relaxation and nurturing to
members and guests, while providing complete care of the skin, body and soul – all supported by
a team of highly skilled therapists.
Dargan Springs Mountain Lodge
Come up for some fresh air and pure relaxation at Dargan Springs Mountain Lodge and The
Blue Mountains Wellness Retreat. Surrounded by native bush with spectacular views, the we
offer warm comformable accommodation and award-winning personal hospitality. We offer
Bed & breakfast options or Healthy Escape all-meals packages with gourmet healthy cuisine. A
range of massages, natural therapies, hot spa and wellness retreat packages are available at the
Blue Mountains Wellness Retreat.
Shows and Events
• 23 & 24 November 2010 - Kreutzer Sonata - Presented by the Australian Chamber
Orchestra. Beethoven’s sonata is based on Leo Tolstoy’s novella The Kreutzer Sonata,
about a man who kills his adulterous wife. Performing at City Recital Hall, Angel Place,
• 24 to 28 November 2010 - Huntington Estate Music Festival The Huntington Estate
Music Festival is held each year in the Barrel Room of Huntington Estate in Mudgee, a
fantastic space with wonderful acoustics and unique atmosphere. All concerts include
generous interval refreshments and are followed by gourmet meals and a selection of the
best Huntington wines. All evening concerts are preceded by a choice of aperitifs, with
the full service of Huntington wines continuing throughout the concert interval.
• 24 to 26 November 2010 - 4th Australasian Orientation and Mobility Conference
will be hosted by Guide Dogs NSW/ACT at The Women's College within the University
of Sydney, Australia. This is a conference for the professional development of
Orientation and Mobility specialists, including Guide Dog specialists and those with a
professional interest in vision impairment.
• 25 November (Thursday) 2010 - Thank You Day - Say thank you to the health and
medical researchers who dedicate their lives to saving ours.
• 25 November (Thursday) 2010 - White Ribbon Day - The United Nations International
Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women
• 25 to 28 November 2010 - Mullumbimby Music Festival - Live music in various
venues on Dalley St, Mullumbimby.
• 27 November (Saturday) 2010 - Bondi Short Film Festival - The annual short film
festival aims to showcase Australian films including animations, dramas, comedies, and
documentaries. Screening in the Bondi Pavilion, Bondi Beach
• 27 & 28 November 2010 - Lifeline Book Fair Northern Beaches - Entry by gold coin
donation. Open Saturday 27 November from 9.00 am to 5.00 pm and Sunday 28
November from 9.00 am to 2.00 pm at the Ted Blackwood Hall, Cnr Jacksons &
Boondah Rd, Warriewood
• 27 & 28 November 2010 - Wagga Stamp & Coin Fair at Sturt Primary School. White
Avenue (off Lake Road), Kootingal (Wagga Wagga). Sat. 9am-5pm. Sunday 9am-4pm.
Free Admission. Six visiting interstate dealers buying & selling stamps, coins, banknotes,
postal history, postcards & other collectables. Free valuations. Bring that old collection
along & find out what it's worth. (BCL: Wagga Wagga)
• 28 November (Sunday) 2010 - Pacific Festival Caring For Our Oceans Celebrate the
incredible diversity of the Pacific and learn about our local marine environment at the
Bondi Pavilion at this fun, free afternoon festival.
Sport and outdoor activities
Sydney is well-endowed with open spaces and access to waterways, and has many natural areas,
even in the city centre. Within the CBD are the Chinese Garden of Friendship, Hyde Park, The
Domain and the Royal Botanic Gardens. The metropolitan area contains several national parks,
including the Royal National Park, the second oldest national park in the world and several parks
in Sydney's far west which are part of the World Heritage listed Greater Blue Mountains Area
Sport is an important part of Sydney's culture. The most popular sport in Sydney is rugby
league. The NSWRFL (today known as the NRL) began in Sydney in the 1908 season and is the
largest and most prestigious domestic rugby league competition in the Southern Hemisphere.
The city is home to nine of the sixteen teams currently in the National Rugby League
competition: the Canterbury Bulldogs, Cronulla Sharks, Manly Sea Eagles, Penrith Panthers,
Parramatta Eels, South Sydney Rabbitohs, St George Illawarra Dragons, Sydney Roosters and
Cricket is the most popular summer sport in Sydney. The Ashes Series between Australia and
England is widely popular among the people. As the state capital, Sydney is also the home of the
NSW Blues cricket team in the Sheffield Shield cricket competition. Sydney Cricket Ground and
ANZ Stadium here host cricket matches. This city has also hosted 1992 Cricket World Cup and
will also host the 2015 Cricket World Cup. Sydney Cricket Ground is at present the only test
venue in the city. Plans are going on to accommodate ANZ Stadium as an international cricket
venue for Australia.
Sydney is the only city other than Brisbane to have an elite presence in the 4 major football
codes of Australia - rugby league, football (soccer), rugby union and AFL. Association Football
is represented by Sydney FC and Sydney Rovers FC in the A-League, whilst the second tier
competitions NSWPL and NSW Super League provide many players to the A-League. Sydney
also hosts major association football events of the national team, the Socceroos, most notably the
World Cup Qualifier against Uruguay in 2005. Rugby Union is represented by the NSW
Waratahs in the elite Southern Hemisphere Super 14 competition. The Suburban rugby
competition is the Shute Shield which provides many Super 14 players. High profile Wallabies
games are held in Sydney such as the Bledisloe Cup, Tri Nations matches, British and Irish Lions
games, and most notably the final of the 2003 Rugby World Cup against England.
Sydney also has an Australian Football League (AFL) team called the Sydney Swans; with a
second team - GWS (Greater Western Sydney) forming to enter the main AFL league in 2012, a
woman's netball team (Swifts), a baseball team (Patriots), a field hockey team (Waratahs), two
ice hockey teams (Penrith Bears & Sydney Ice Dogs) and a WNBL team (Sydney Uni Flames).
The Sydney Kings will be re-entering the NBL competition at the end of 2010..
Other events in Sydney include the start of the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race, the Golden
Slipper horse race, and the City to Surf race. Prominent sporting venues in Sydney include
the Sydney Cricket Ground or SCG, ANZ Stadium, The Sydney Football Stadium, Eastern Creek
Raceway, Royal Randwick and Rosehill Gardens Racecourse.
Museums of Sydney
The Art Gallery NSW is surrounded by parklands on the eastern edge of the CBD. The mission
of the Gallery is simple: to acquire and present to the public the finest works of art available,
with emphasis on the artistic traditions of Australia; to explore and inspire through its collection
and exhibitions, the emotional and intellectual resources of its audiences; and, in fulfilling this
mission, the role of the Gallery is as a custodian of works of art, as a presenter of such works, as
an education and research resource.
The Australian Museum has occupied the current site since it opened to the public in 1857. The
extended and enlarged complex of sandstone buildings now provide its principal exhibition,
administrative and research accommodation.
Australian National Maritime Museum
The Australian National Maritime Museum has thousands of exhibits depicting Australia's
history - from ancient times when Aboriginal people trapped fish and traded with Asian
neighbours, right up to the present. Visitors can see what life was like on the convict ships; how
Australia "rode on the whale's back"; how its first submarine fought bravely (and lost) in World
World I at Gallipoli; what people packed when they sailed to a new life on these shores; why
surfboards have become shorter; and more. There are displays, hands-on exhibits, a cinema and
the latest museum computer games. Guided tours at no cost.
The Macleay Museum is a small museum situated amongst the sandstone buildings of Sydney
University. The Museum is tucked away on top floor of the MacLeay Building (A12). Although
most of the Macleay collection is in storage a proportion is on display and includes selections
from the universities Scientific Instrument Collection, Invertebrate Collection (which is regarded
as one of the oldest and historically most significant insect collections in Australia), Historic
Photograph Collection with images from the 1840's to the 1960's, the Vertebrate Collection and
Museum of Australian Currency Notes
The Museum of Australian Currency Notes presents the history of Australian currency since the
first settlement was established in 1788 through to the current day. The notes are described in
context with the social, economical, cultural and political history of the times.
The history is presented from the displays of the notes and coins through to archival film and
photographs. Learn about those faces on the notes, who they were and why they were chosen.
Also discover how techology and art work has evolved to prevent conterfeit notes being printed
Museum of Sydney
The Museum of Sydney is built on the ruins of the house of Australia's first governor-general,
Governor Phillip. The original house, which was Australia's first Government House, was built
in 1788 and exposed by archaeologists in the 1980s. The Museum of Sydney explores colonial
and contemporary Sydney through objects, pictures and new digital media techniques.
Panoramic views of Sydney - from 1788 until today - stretch across walls and video screens.
Convict Sydney is explored in a giant showcase of goods and chattels recovered from more than
25 archaeology digs.
The Powerhouse Museum is a science-and-technology museum that promotes interactive
learning experiences through computer games, videos, demonstrations, lectures and activities.
There are more than 25 exhibitions that explore science and technology, human achievement and
the decorative arts, and how they relate to our everyday lives.
The museum itself is built from the shell of an old power station constructed in 1899-1902 to
provide power for Sydney's electric tram system. It was a working power station right up until
1963 and suffered a decade and more of neglect before the Wran Government named it as the
site for a new museum in 1979, the museum eventually opening in 1988.
Shopping In Sydney
Pitt Street Mall and The Strand
Pitt Street in the city centre has a great collection of stores and shopping arcades, including the
Strand, Skygarden and the Glasshouse.
The Strand Arcade, originally built in 1892, is a beautiful old arcade with ornate wrought iron
lace balconies and was the last of the Victorian age arcades built in Sydney. There was a fire in
1976 that had almost destroyed the whole building, but the shopkeepers got together and had it
fully restored to its original design. You’ll find clothing, jewellry and accessories and gourmet
food speciality shops.
Both Skygarden and the Glasshouse have upmarket shops, temporarily closed for the for the
Westfield Sydney redevelopment, will re-open later in the year 2010 with an excellent range of
up to 250 fashion, food and lifestyle stores.
Grace Brothers, at the corner of Market and George Streets, and David Jones at Market and
Castlereagh Streets have excellent department stores with select products from Australia and the
Darling Harbour - Harbourside
Offers not only a great shopping experience, but entertainment, food, things to do for the whole
family and national attractions. Shopping includes well known and select Australian and world
wide brands. Just the place to look for that special Australian gift.
The Rocks Market
The Rocks Market, located in the Rocks Historical District, has a wide selection of antiques, art,
fashion and souvenirs and indigenous arts and crafts. There is also a collection of bookstores that
cater to almost every taste and an even wider range of speciality shops. Entertainment and events
are often held there and is only a short walk away from the Sydney Opera House.
Sydney Chinatown, at the south end of the CBD and centered around Dixon St. offers not only
excellent Chinese and Asian foods, but has all kinds of Asian speciality shops.
Elizabeth and Castlereagh
Here you will find many of the international designer stores, including Bvlgari, Cartiers, Percy
Marks, and Chanel for jewellry and Emporio Armani, Gucci, Hermes and R.M. Williams,
amongst others, for clothes.
Queen Victoria Building QVB
Recognised as a Grand Old Dame of Sydney, the Queen Victoria Building was built in the late
1800s with a majestic Romansque dome covered with copper and four levels of shops. Restored
to its original former glory in 1986, it now has contemporary fashion, art, antiques, jewellry,
accesories, shoes, duty-free and plenty of eateries and cafe’s on six levels. There is even a
historical tour available from the information desk, twice daily. Located on the corner of George
and Druitt streets.
Chifley Plaza, located at 2 Chifley Square. Has stylish Australian and overseas fashion
boutiques, gift stores, gift and beauty stores, food court and other eateries.
The Galeries Victoria
The latest addition to Sydney’s shopping scene, The Galeries Victoria is an enclosed street scene
with some very interesting architecture and the latest local and overseas street fashion. Mooks,
Messini disimor and MNG, as well as Polo Jeans and Mecca Cosmetica have stores here,
amongst others. Within a restored heritage listed building is the Arthouse Hotel. Opposite the
Queen Victoria Building at 500 George St.
No. 1 Martin Place
Located in the beautifully restored Sydney GPO Building on the corner of George Street and
Martin, below the GPO Clock Tower. Has numerous fashion boutiques as well as restaurants,
cafes and bars. There is a post office (of course) and an interesting collection of historical
colonial artifacts at the Tank Stream Exhibit.
Located in the old Grace Bros department store building on Broadway is the Broadway Shopping
Centre, now with 12 Hoyts cinemas and over 120 specialty stores. Lots of cafe’s and eateries
including an international food court.
Sydney Tour Guide – Stephen Arnerich
He had spent 4 years living and travelling overseas and have visited over 40 countries. He had
worked as a white water rafting guide in Colorado and as a cocktail barman at the Langham
Hilton in London. Favourite places are Bolivia, Peru, Norway, Vietnam and Laos.
He started work within the Sydney tourism industry in November 1996, cutting my teeth on
three-day camping adventures and day trips to the amazing Blue Mountains, just west of
He has also introduced many tourists to the scenic dolphin/whale watching cruises in Port
Stephens and lead informed tours through the beautiful wine country of the Hunter Valley.
Like most tour guides, he loves dealing with international visitors and can speak some very basic
Japanese, German, Spanish, and a smattering of Dutch. I have extensive knowledge of Australian
history, Aboriginal culture (The photo is of me playng the didgeridoo, an Aboriginal musical
instrument), Sydney city, Australian wildlife, (just ask me for my kookaburra impersonation!)
the Hunter Valley, and the Blue Mountains.
City of Residence: Sydney
Primary Language: English
• Preferred Currency:
Base Rates Per Person:
35.18 Per Hour
( in Australian Dollar)
Min Tour Length: 2 hours
Max Tour Length: 8 hours
Travel Expense from Ldh to Rs 158 + 20= Rs178
Round Trip (Flight Charges) Rs 45382
Stay at Hotel Rs 24496.2
Rental Car Charges Rs5193.6
Travel Guide Charges( for 4 Rs 43866.6
Shopping Rs 15000
Breakfast at restaurant(6 days Rs 9038.95
not given at Hotel )
Travel Expenses from Delhi Rs 178
Total Rs 143333.37