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Posthumanism

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    Posthumanism Posthumanism Presentation Transcript

    • Posthumanism
    • Traditional Humanism
      • Emphasizes the power of individual (hu)man mind.
      • Privileges “rational” thought over embodied emotion.
      • Values individual autonomy / agency
      • Draws strong binary distinctions between humans/technologies and humans/animals.
      • Positions white male as the archetypal “human”
    • “Consciousness” and Humanism
      • “ I think therefore I am” –Descartes
    • The Rise of the Cyborg
      • “ Electronic media is
      • an extension of the
      • central nervous
      • system” (McLuhan)
      • “ A cyborg is a
      • cybernetic
      • organism, a hybrid of
      • machine and
      • organism, a creature of
      • social reality as well as
      • a creature of
      • fiction.” (Haraway)
    • Posthumanism
      • The body is a technological prosthesis (we are always already machines)
      • “Consciousness” and “embodiment” are not necessary for intelligent action / thought.
      • Increasing automation and internetworking challenges the notion of individual agency.
    • Living in a Posthuman Age
      • Humans come to understand our bodies and our identities through digital / computer-based metaphors.
      • People attribute conventionally human emotions and motivations to technological tools (anthropomorphism)
      • How we imagine our technological future influences how we think and act in the present.
    • 20 th century artificial intelligence
      • Attempt to create computers that can think like humans.
      • Emphasizes disembodied “rational” thought.
    • Turing Test
      • Can you distinguish between a (typed)
      • conversation with a computer vs. a
      • human?
    • Changing Theories of Mind
      • Embodied Cognition (emphasis on the role of bodily movement and emotion in complex thought)
      • Distributed Cognition (emphasis on how intelligent action is collectively accomplished by assemblages/groups of humans and machines)
    • 21 st Century Artificial Intelligence
      • Attempts to develop machines that sense, think, feel, and act like humans.
    • Key Posthumanist Questions
      • How does this text represent the relationship between humans and technologies?
      • How does this text imagine future and thus influence the present?
      • What does this text argue about how technologies are transforming our understanding of our identities, our bodies, and our social relationships?