Kairos

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Kairos

  1. 1. Kairos and the Rhetorical Construction of Knowledge
  2. 2. Key definition of rhetoric <ul><li>“Art of discovering all the available means </li></ul><ul><li>of persuasion in a given situation” </li></ul><ul><li>–Aristotle </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rhetoric and Empirical Truth <ul><li>Many important questions can’t be settled with reference to “facts” alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Persuasive argument can help us arrive at “probable truth” where no clear consensus on the “facts” exists. </li></ul><ul><li>The language we use to name the world influences how we understand it. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Discourse Communities <ul><li>Groups of people who differ in </li></ul><ul><li>--the vocabulary they use to describe the world </li></ul><ul><li>--the linguistic style and genres they prefer </li></ul><ul><li>--the kinds of “evidence” they value </li></ul><ul><li>--the questions / issues they find relevant </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ideological Commonplaces <ul><li>A set of often unstated assumptions and beliefs that influences how we understand and behave in the world. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Kairos as Inventional Heuristic <ul><li>Key questions to help rhetors adapt </li></ul><ul><li>arguments to particular times, places, and </li></ul><ul><li>audiences. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Kairos and Urgency <ul><li>How have recent events made this issue </li></ul><ul><li>urgent right now? </li></ul><ul><li>Or, do I need to show its urgency to make it relevant to the present? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Analyzing Interested Communities <ul><li>What arguments are being made by what groups / communities about this issue at this time? </li></ul><ul><li>What interests or ideological agendas are being served by these arguments? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Power and Media Gatekeepers <ul><li>How do particular media outlets both highlight </li></ul><ul><li>and overlook the arguments of certain </li></ul><ul><li>groups (reinforcing an ideological point of view)? </li></ul><ul><li>Who has the most / least power to make their voices heard about this issue? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>How can a relatively powerless person gain an audience in this time? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Interconnections <ul><li>What other issues are bound up with discourse about this issue right now? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Should I connect more argument to these related issues or attempt to separate it? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Analyzing Audiences <ul><li>What values or assumptions does the audience hold about the world? </li></ul><ul><li>What motivates them? What are there interests in this issue? </li></ul><ul><li>What kinds of evidence and language does the audience value? </li></ul>

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