Editing tips

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Editing tips

  1. 1. Editing Tips
  2. 2. Independent Clause <ul><li>An independent clause has a subject and </li></ul><ul><li>a verb (could stand alone as a sentence). </li></ul><ul><li>“Deeply afraid, the man frantically ran </li></ul><ul><li>across the street.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Connecting Independent Clauses <ul><li>Two independent clauses can be </li></ul><ul><li>separated by a period or semicolon. </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Joined by a connector word (such as and </li></ul><ul><li>or but). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Fixing Comma Splices <ul><li>No: He hated the icy cold rain, he </li></ul><ul><li>despised the dark, frigid sky </li></ul><ul><li>Yes: He hated the icy cold rain ; he </li></ul><ul><li>despised the dark, frigid sky. </li></ul><ul><li>Yes: He hated the icy cold rain . He </li></ul><ul><li>despised the dark, frigid sky. </li></ul><ul><li>Yes: He hated the icy cold rain , and he </li></ul><ul><li>despised the dark, frigid sky. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Active vs. Passive Voice <ul><li>Active: the subject does the action (The </li></ul><ul><li>boy threw the ball; the wind thundered </li></ul><ul><li>across the plains.) </li></ul><ul><li>Passive: the subject is acted upon (The </li></ul><ul><li>ball was thrown by the boy; it was windy) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reducing passive voice <ul><li>Rewrite sentences to avoid the use of to-be verbs (get rid of sentences that use “is,” “are,” or “was”) </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding using “it,” “there,” or “this” as the subject of a sentence. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Strengthening Voice <ul><li>Read aloud (if it is hard to say, it is probably hard to read too) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Proofreading <ul><li>Read over once just looking for errors that spell check won’t catch. </li></ul><ul><li>Try printing out. </li></ul><ul><li>Try reading backwards line by line. </li></ul><ul><li>Read over once just looking for one kind of error you perpetually make (or one phrase you overuse) </li></ul>

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