Disability Studies and Video Jason Palmeri / Eng/IMS 171
Disability :  A Central Concern <ul><li>Over 10% of the world has a disability. </li></ul><ul><li>Many disabilities are no...
Defining   Disability I <ul><li>Individual Model: </li></ul><ul><li>Disability is a personal problem (to be overcome) </li...
Defining   Disability II <ul><li>Social Model: </li></ul><ul><li>Disability is constructed by social views of “normalcy.” ...
Critiquing  Biased Language <ul><li>Biased / out-dated terms : </li></ul><ul><li>Cripple </li></ul><ul><li>Afflicted with…...
Ableism <ul><li>Bias and discrimination against people with disabilities. </li></ul>
Overcoming Narratives <ul><li>People often talk of “overcoming” a disability, but: </li></ul><ul><li>--overcoming narrativ...
Four Gazes of Disability <ul><li>Wondrous </li></ul><ul><li>Sentimental </li></ul><ul><li>Exotic </li></ul><ul><li>Realist...
Wondrous Gaze <ul><li>Oldest mode of representation </li></ul><ul><li>Viewer occupies “ordinary position,  looking up  in ...
Sentimental Gaze <ul><ul><li>Places disabled figure  below  the viewer; diminishes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ sympatheti...
Exotic Gaze <ul><ul><li>Gaze not necessarily up or down but one of  distance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject viewed as ...
Realistic Gaze <ul><ul><li>Minimizes distance; creates relation of  contiguity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Normalizes and m...
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Disability Studies and Video

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Disability Studies and Video

  1. 1. Disability Studies and Video Jason Palmeri / Eng/IMS 171
  2. 2. Disability : A Central Concern <ul><li>Over 10% of the world has a disability. </li></ul><ul><li>Many disabilities are not visible. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Able-bodiedness” is a temporary state. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people with disabilities are excluded from participation in workplaces as consumers and workers. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Defining Disability I <ul><li>Individual Model: </li></ul><ul><li>Disability is a personal problem (to be overcome) </li></ul><ul><li>or a medical problem (to be fixed) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Defining Disability II <ul><li>Social Model: </li></ul><ul><li>Disability is constructed by social views of “normalcy.” Environments--rather than medical conditions-- are “disabling.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Critiquing Biased Language <ul><li>Biased / out-dated terms : </li></ul><ul><li>Cripple </li></ul><ul><li>Afflicted with… </li></ul><ul><li>Confined to a wheelchair </li></ul><ul><li>Special </li></ul><ul><li>Negative Metaphors : </li></ul><ul><li> Deaf ears </li></ul><ul><li> Blind to the issue </li></ul><ul><li>Dumb / idiot </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ableism <ul><li>Bias and discrimination against people with disabilities. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Overcoming Narratives <ul><li>People often talk of “overcoming” a disability, but: </li></ul><ul><li>--overcoming narratives assume that is unusual that people with disabilities would be successful. </li></ul><ul><li>--overcoming narratives place all the focus on the individual and not on ableism. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Four Gazes of Disability <ul><li>Wondrous </li></ul><ul><li>Sentimental </li></ul><ul><li>Exotic </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic </li></ul><ul><li>(Rosemarie Garland-Thompson) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Wondrous Gaze <ul><li>Oldest mode of representation </li></ul><ul><li>Viewer occupies “ordinary position, looking up in awe at “difference” (figurative pedestal) </li></ul><ul><li>Admiration drives the gaze </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sentimental Gaze <ul><ul><li>Places disabled figure below the viewer; diminishes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ sympathetic victim or helpless sufferer needing protection or succor” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pity drives the gaze </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Exotic Gaze <ul><ul><li>Gaze not necessarily up or down but one of distance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject viewed as alien, sensational, erotic, entertaining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Viewed for amusement, amazement, PROFIT </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Realistic Gaze <ul><ul><li>Minimizes distance; creates relation of contiguity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Normalizes and minimizes the “mark” of difference/disability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often commercial or journalistic , urging political or social action </li></ul></ul>

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