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  • 1. Disability Studies and Video Jason Palmeri / Eng/IMS 171
  • 2. Disability : A Central Concern
    • Over 10% of the world has a disability.
    • Many disabilities are not visible.
    • “ Able-bodiedness” is a temporary state.
    • Many people with disabilities are excluded from participation in workplaces as consumers and workers.
  • 3. Defining Disability I
    • Individual Model:
    • Disability is a personal problem (to be overcome)
    • or a medical problem (to be fixed)
  • 4. Defining Disability II
    • Social Model:
    • Disability is constructed by social views of “normalcy.” Environments--rather than medical conditions-- are “disabling.”
  • 5. Critiquing Biased Language
    • Biased / out-dated terms :
    • Cripple
    • Afflicted with…
    • Confined to a wheelchair
    • Special
    • Negative Metaphors :
    • Deaf ears
    • Blind to the issue
    • Dumb / idiot
  • 6. Ableism
    • Bias and discrimination against people with disabilities.
  • 7. Overcoming Narratives
    • People often talk of “overcoming” a disability, but:
    • --overcoming narratives assume that is unusual that people with disabilities would be successful.
    • --overcoming narratives place all the focus on the individual and not on ableism.
  • 8. Four Gazes of Disability
    • Wondrous
    • Sentimental
    • Exotic
    • Realistic
    • (Rosemarie Garland-Thompson)
  • 9. Wondrous Gaze
    • Oldest mode of representation
    • Viewer occupies “ordinary position, looking up in awe at “difference” (figurative pedestal)
    • Admiration drives the gaze
  • 10. Sentimental Gaze
      • Places disabled figure below the viewer; diminishes
      • “ sympathetic victim or helpless sufferer needing protection or succor”
      • Pity drives the gaze
  • 11. Exotic Gaze
      • Gaze not necessarily up or down but one of distance
      • Subject viewed as alien, sensational, erotic, entertaining
      • Viewed for amusement, amazement, PROFIT
  • 12. Realistic Gaze
      • Minimizes distance; creates relation of contiguity
      • Normalizes and minimizes the “mark” of difference/disability
      • Often commercial or journalistic , urging political or social action