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Jonjic tamara puzzled_by_policy_three_tiered_approach_to_e_partPuzzled by Policy: A Three-tiered Approach to e-Participation

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  • 1. “Puzzled  by  Policy:    A  Three-­‐4ered  Approach     to  e-­‐Par4cipa4on”     IIeP  Workshop,  Helsinki   2.11.2011   Tamara  Jonjic   European  University  Ins4tute,  Florence  Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)  Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  
  • 2. Puzzled  by  Policy?   Council Directive 2005/71/EC Council Recommendation 2005/762/EC Council Directive 2009/50/EC Council Directive 2004/114/EC Council Directive 2003/86/EC Council Directive 2003/109/EC . . . Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)   Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  
  • 3. Disengagement  from  policy  making   Citizen   Decision  Maker  •  The  legal  jargon  is  difficult  to   •  How  can  we  involve  ciGzens?   understand.   •  How  can  we  help  them  understand  •  What  are  the  ‘hot’  topics?   policy  making?  •  Who  is  involved  in  policy  making?   •  But  they  show  liUle  interest…  •  How  can  I  make  my  voice  heard?   •  What  do  the  people  want/need?  •  Can  I  parGcipate  from  home/my   office?   Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)   Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  
  • 4. Barriers  to  Par4cipa4on  Source:  “OECD:  Focus  on  Ci.zens:  Public  Engagement  for  Be;er  Policy  and  Services:  OECD  Studies  on  Public  Engagement  (2009)”   Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)   Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  
  • 5. Inform-­‐Consult-­‐Empower   e-­‐enabling   Inform    supporGng  those  who  would  not  typically  take   advantage  of  the  large  amount  of  public  data   available,   e-­‐engaging   Consult    consulGng  a  wider  audience  to  enable  deeper   contribuGons  and  support  deliberaGve  debate  on   policy  issues  and     e-­‐empowering    Empower    supporGng  acGve  parGcipaGon  and  facilitaGng   boUom-­‐up  ideas  to  influence  the  poliGcal  agenda.    Source:  “Macintosh,  A.:  Characterizing  E-­‐Par.cipa.on  in  Policy-­‐Making.  in  37th  Annual  Hawaii  Interna.onal  Conference  on  System  Sciences  (HICSS).  Hawaii,  US.  (2004).”   Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)   Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  
  • 6. Benefits  of  Inform-­‐Consult-­‐Empower   •  No  previous  knowledge  or  skill  required  to   parGcipate   •  Involvement  of  policy-­‐makers  possible,  but  not   required  for  success  of  parGcipaGon   •  Self-­‐coordinaGon  of  parGcipants  facilitated   •  RealisGc  and  feasible  goals  at  each  level  of   parGcipaGon   •  LimitaGons  of  parGcipaGon  are  clear   •  Inline  with  current  policy-­‐modelling  processes   Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)   Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  
  • 7. Puzzled  by  Policy  PlaSorm   Policy  Profiler   Inform    Learn  how  your  views  on  immigraGon  compare   to  naGonal  &  European  policies  and  to  other   stakeholders   Consult   u-­‐debate    Deliberate  with  other  users  on  naGonal  and   European  immigraGon  policy  issues   Community  Empower    Topics  of  interest,  groups  of  interested  users   and  policy  entrepreneurs  emerge     Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)   Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  
  • 8. Policy  Profiler   Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)   Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  
  • 9. Puzzled  by  Policy  Project  •  Funded:  EU  CIP  ICT-­‐  PSP  •  Start  Date:    1st  October  2010  •  Dura4on:    36  months  •  Consor4um:    12  partners  •  Countries:    Ireland,  Greece,  Slovenia,  Italy,  UK,      Portugal,  Netherlands,  Spain,  Hungary   Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)   Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  
  • 10. Pilot  Partners   Budapest,  Hungary  Torino,  Italy  Tenerife,  Spain   Athens,  Greece   Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)   Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  
  • 11. Immigra4on  Policy   “MigraGon  is  a  hot  topic  and  a  top  priority  on  the  poliGcal  agendas   of  the  EU  Member  States.  It  is  growing  in  scope  and  complexity   and  is  having  a  serious  impact  –  posiGvely  and  negaGvely  –  on  the   European  Union  and  its  Member  States.”   European  Ins4tute  of  Public  Administra4on,  2009,  Maastricht.    Topic  became    At  2009  Euro   A  common  EU    ImmigraGon  is  a   hotly  contested   ElecGons  over   migraGon  policy   daily  challenge   aher   30%  of   has  been   for  many   establishment  of   Europeans  rated   pursued  for   Member  States   the  2008  Return   immigraGon  as  a   years   DirecGve   top  priority   Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)   Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  
  • 12. PbP  and  immigrants’  inclusion  How  can  the  project  s4mulate  beYer  immigrants’  inclusion?  -­‐   PbP  is  both  an  e-­‐parGcipaGon  project  and  a  project  about  immigraGon  policy  and  immigrants’  inclusion  The  PbP  plaSorm  will  give  immigrants:  -­‐   easy-­‐to-­‐use  knowledge  about  immigraGon  policies  at  the  EU  level  and  at  the  level  of  their  host  countries  -­‐   informaGon  on  policy  posiGons  of  relevant  stakeholders,  such  as  poliGcal  parGes,  NGOs,  trade  unions,  employers’  organizaGons,  etc.    -­‐   informaGon  on  the  views  of  other  ciGzens  -­‐   the  possibility  to  debate  and  interact  with  other  immigrants/ciGzens  -­‐   informaGon  on  what  is  being  done  at  their  local  level  -­‐   feedback  from  naGonal  and  EU  stakeholders   Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)   Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  
  • 13. Immigrants’  Integra4on  Policies  Rinus  Penninx  (2003)  -­‐   Immigrants’  integraGon  is  the  process  by  which  immigrants  become  accepted,  both  as  individuals  and  as  groups  -­‐   The  interacGon  between  immigrants  and  the  receiving  society  determines  the  ulGmate  outcome  of  the  integraGon  process  -­‐   Some  key  elements  that  appear  in  successful  integraGon  policies  are  those  that:     -­‐ offer  a  vision  for  both  immigrants  and  receiving  socieGes   -­‐ coordinate  with  immigraGon  policies     -­‐ promote  integraGon  policies  that  acknowledge  diversity       -­‐ provide  for  naGonal  realiGes     -­‐ understand  the  importance  of  urban  areas     -­‐ recognize  the  local  context     -­‐ involve  non-­‐governmental  organizaGons     Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)   Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  
  • 14. Conclusion  •  “Puzzled  by  Policy”  can  contribute  to  beUer  immigrants’   integraGon  policies,  by  offering  relevant  knowledge  to   immigrants,  ciGzens  and  policy-­‐makers  and  by  providing  a   “meeGng  point”  where  they  can  compare  and  discuss   their  posiGons  •  However,  there  are  potenGal  risks  that  are  being  taken   into  account  in  order  to  minimize/miGgate  their   occurrence,  such  as  difficulGes  in  using  the  plamorm  for   certain  end-­‐users,  lack  of  interest  of  general  public  in  the   PbP  plamorm  and  lack  of  interest  of  decision  makers  in   the  plamorm  and  in  the  feedback  collected     Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)   Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  
  • 15. www.puzzledbypolicy.eu   Thank  You!   QuesGons?   Tamara.Jonjic@eui.eu   Puzzled  by  Policy:  Helping  you  to  be  part  of  the  EU  (CIP-­‐ICT-­‐PSP-­‐2009-­‐3bis)   Funded  by  CompeGGveness  and  InnovaGon  Framework  Programme  –  ICT  Policy  Support  Programme  (ICT  PSP)  

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