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Digital Literacy among University Students: a pilot study

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This pdf file contains the 2011 data set from our Web 2.0 and digital literacy research project at Leicester. Please email pe27@le.ac.uk if you would like to receive a copy of the questionnaire used …

This pdf file contains the 2011 data set from our Web 2.0 and digital literacy research project at Leicester. Please email pe27@le.ac.uk if you would like to receive a copy of the questionnaire used for this research.

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  • 1. Digital literacy among university students: a pilot study Results from questionnaire data N = 49 Palitha Edirisingha, Tracy Simmons and Dimitrinka Atanasova University of LeicesterWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 2. Objectives To identify HE students’ access to and the use of digital technologies and web 2.0 tools for their formal and informal learning in HE To identify their level of web literacy, awareness, and skills in the use of online information for learning To develop strategies for addressing skill gaps in web literacy To make recommendations for supporting students to further develop their competencies with online information.Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 3. Methodology Questionnaire surveys of 100 undergraduate and postgraduate students to identify their ownership of and use of digital devices and web 2.0 tools Focus groups (4) with students (3 – 4 in each group) to gain a deeper insight into their use of web 2.0 tools in a learning context Workshops with students to develop and validate appropriate online activities and learning tools to improve their level of web awareness and literacy.Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 4. Initial perspectives Students use a range of digital devices to access and organise information and plan their studies - laptops, iPhones, MP3 players, e-readers. Students’ familiarity and preference for the use of web 2.0 tools and digital devices is diverse, reflecting the international and other aspects of their demographic profile. Students engage in a ‘participatory culture’ (Jenkins et al, 2006) - reading and contributing to book recommendation sites.Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 5. Initial perspectives Web 2.0 tools and digital devices enable students to plan their study activities, seamlessly, both in virtual and physical spaces, involving input from their teachers and non-formal study groups. Students maintain their established virtual structures and ‘online affinity groups’ (Francis, 2010) from their geographical area of origin (national and overseas). These serve as informal sources of support for studies. University teachers and books are no longer the ‘gate keepers’ of what is deemed ‘expert’ information.Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 6. Ownership of computer and other digital devices (% reporting) Chart 1 Desktop computer 25 Laptop/netbook computer 98 Smartphone 76Phone w’out internet capability 37 Digital camera (separate) 86 MP3 player 88 Tablet computer, e.g. iPad 8 e-readers (Amazon Kindle) 4 Gaming device 16 Other 18 0 20 40 60 80 100Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 7. Three most important devices for your studies / study-realted activities Chart 3 Lapotop 80 Smartphone 43 MP3 player 20 0 20 40 60 80Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 8. Daily computer use Daily computer use Less than one hour 2% 1-3 hours 10% More than 8 hours 20% 6-8 hours 22% 3-6 hours 45% Less than one hour 1-3 hours 3-6 hours 6-8 hours More than 8 hoursWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 9. How many e-mail accounts (non university) do you have? Chart 9 20 19 15 No reporting 10 10 8 5 4 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 No of email accountsWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 10. Chart 4 University computers 82 Own computer (laptop) 100 Mobile phone 55 iPod Touch 16 0 25 50 75 100 Locations and the devices used to access internet during term-timeWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 11. Locations where you use computers during term-time Term-time accommodation 94 University library 96 Lecture / seminar rooms 20 Computer rooms in the university 65 Office, workplace 10 Cafes at the University 29 Cafes elsewhere 12 At friends, relatives 29 On the move (trains) 18 Other places 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 12. Top three locations for computer use during term time 65% Term-time accommodation 57% 27% University library University computer roomsWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 13. Loss of digital files / data in the past year due to the following reasons Chart 33 80 70 14 60 35 50 40 61 63 30 57 20 35 10 8 6 0 Hard drive failed Computer stolen Storage device lost OtherWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 14. Methods and tools used for studiesWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 15. Frequency of using different resources Borrow books from the library 4 18 78 Photocopy journal articles 39 43 18 Download and print web-based journals 12 55 33 Download online journals to the computer 6 33 61 Browse web pages for information 0 20 80 Purchase books from bookshops 63 35 2 Purchase books online 47 49 4 0 20 40 60 80 100 Rarely/never Sometimes Always/nearly alwaysWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 16. When you search for books and articles, how often do you use the following methods? When you search for books and articles, how often do you use the following methods? Ask a librarian 59 29 10 Ask friends and peers 43 45 12 Examine bibliographies of publications 18 49 31 Search databases from the library website 2 8 90 Search using other bibliographic search tools 53 22 20 Use search engines (e.g. Google) 0 22 78 Search using keywords on Google Scholar 4 31 63 Search using Amazon 49 35 14 Find references from special interest websites 53 35 6 0 25 50 75 100 rarely/never Sometimes Always/nearly alwaysWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 17. Chart 21 Update my social network site(s) (e.g. Facebook) 8 29 25 37 Watch Television programmes (e.g. BBC iPlayer) 20 35 31 14 Listen to radio programmes on the computer/mobile phone 31 47 16 6 Contribute to blogs 47 27 18 6 Use social bookmarking sites (e.g. Delicious) 69 20 4 Frequency of doing these activities Contribute to wikis 65 25 8 Play video games 59 33 4 4 Download/share music 8 37 33 22 Use 3-D virtual worlds (e.g. Second Life) 0 78 18 2 Chat using instant relay text (e.g. MSN) 16 22 20 39 Make voice calls using Internet (e.g. Skype) 16 20 39 22 Share digital photographs (e.g. Flickr) 33 25 27 14 Share videos (e.g. YouTube) 39 33 18 10 Reord own music (e.g. play an instrument and recording it) 78 18 2 Mix music 0 88 12 Make graphic art 69 22 6 Contribute to online discussion forums/bulletin boards 49 31 18 Micro blogging (e.g., Twitter) 45 22 18 12 Subscribe to RSS feeds 69 16 10 2 Programming 69 25 6 Ebay trading 51 37 8 2 Online shopping 2 47 35 14 Online banking 8 22 47 20 Use apps 6 2 4 0 25 50 75 100 never sometimes often alwaysWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 18. Chart 21 Update my social network site(s) (e.g. Facebook) 8 29 25 37 Watch Television programmes (e.g. BBC iPlayer) 20 35 31 14 Listen to radio programmes on the computer/mobile phone 31 47 16 6 Contribute to blogs 47 27 18 6 Use social bookmarking sites (e.g. Delicious) 69 20 4 Frequency of doing these activities Contribute to wikis 65 25 8 Play video games 59 33 4 4 Download/share music 8 37 33 22 Use 3-D virtual worlds (e.g. Second Life) 0 78 18 2 Chat using instant relay text (e.g. MSN) 16 22 20 39 Make voice calls using Internet (e.g. Skype) 16 20 39 22 Share digital photographs (e.g. Flickr) 33 25 27 14 Share videos (e.g. YouTube) 39 33 18 10 Reord own music (e.g. play an instrument and recording it) 78 18 2 Mix music 0 88 12 Make graphic art 69 22 6 Contribute to online discussion forums/bulletin boards 49 31 18 Micro blogging (e.g., Twitter) 45 22 18 12 Subscribe to RSS feeds 69 16 10 2 Programming 69 25 6 Ebay trading 51 37 8 2 Online shopping 2 47 35 14 Online banking 8 22 47 20 Use apps 6 2 4 0 25 50 75 100 never sometimes often alwaysWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 19. Mostly used web-based tools and resources - for learning 4oD Amazon movie (download) websites Baidu MSN BBC iPlayer NYT News BBC News online banking BBC Sport online dictionaries BBC Weather perezhilton.com blogs QQ eBay Renren email RunKeeper eMule Sina Facebook Skype Google Tudou Google Books Twitter Google Scholar UoL blackboard Guardian UoL library website Hotmail WhatsApp iTunes Wikipedia Jefit Xiao Nei LION Yahoo! MatLab YouTube Microsoft package MLAWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 20. 4oD Amazon movie (download) websites Baidu MSN BBC iPlayer NYT News BBC News online banking BBC Sport online dictionaries BBC Weather perezhilton.com blogs QQ eBay Renren email RunKeeper Ask eMule Sina Baidu Baike Facebook Skype Google Calendar Google Tudou online journals Google Books Twitter Project Gutenberg Google Scholar UoL blackboard Sueddeutsche Zeitung Guardian UoL library website Hotmail WhatsApp iTunes Wikipedia Jefit Xiao Nei LION Yahoo! MatLab YouTube Microsoft package MLAWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 21. Mostly used web-based tools and resources - for learningWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 22. Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 23. Tutors Peer groups Face to face Face to face Telephone Telephone Email Email IRC IRC VLE discussion forum VLE discussion forum Other discussion forum Other discussion forum Social Network Tools Social Network Tools SMS SMS 0 25 50 75 100 0 25 50 75 100 Experts Course mates Face to face Face to face Telephone Telephone Email Email IRC IRC VLE discussion forum VLE discussion forum Other discussion forum Other discussion forum Social Network Tools Social Network Tools SMS SMS 0 25 50 75 100 0 25 50 75 100Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 24. Functions and purpose of the online groups / forums where you are a member of that support a hobby or particular interest •! E)",2)*@7"*-)*&%()-)0()3.*("*1)),*(7)#* •! !"##$%&!()*)+,)-&)%!).*&#,-"/)* &%3$28)*F*!6/)*AC*1)),*"%*!7%8&%8G 01&220*%3*#1)*4-&)%30 &%(-"3$!&%8*%)@*H)-*0"#)*6#)> •! 5"##$%&!()*&%4"-#6"%0.*)+!7%8)* •! E7C0&0*4"-$#.*9*$0)*&(*("*%0@)-*I$)06"%0* $0)4$2*3"!$#)%(0*&%*-)2()*("*9:;<=* (7(*9*7/)*A"$(*#C*@"-1*"-*J$0(*01* ()0(> %C"%)*&%*(7)*!"##$%&(C*(7(*#C*A)*A2)* •! 3&0!$00&%8*(7)*!"0#)6!0.*07-)* ("*7)2,> )+,)-&)%!) •! 07-)*(7)&-*&%4"-#6"%*%3*22"@*,)",2)* •! 8-,7&!*3)0&8%*?*8)(*&%0,&-6"%*%3* ("*!"%0$2(*"-*("*!7&)/)*0"2$6"%0*"4* ,-6!&,()*&%*8-"$,*@"-1 I$)06"%0 •! 9*$0)3*"%2&%)*4"-$#*2"(*@7&2)*9*@0** •! 07-)*(-/)2*&%4"-#6"%.*#1)*%)@*4-&)%30 7&87*0!7""2*0($3)%(>*<7)*(",&!*&0* •! 07-&%8*)+,)-&)%!).*!"##"%*&%()-)0(0.* A"$(*0&%8)-0*%3*#$0&!> 8)K%8*#"-)*&3)0.*&%0,&-6"% •! 9B#*"%)*#)#A)-*"4*3"$A%>!"#* •! 07-&%8*&%4"-#6"%.*#1&%8*4-&)%30 @)A0&()*@7&!7*00)#A2)0*,)",2)*7/)* •! <"*3&0!$00*"-*)+!7%8)*"$-*",&%&"%0*%3* 0#)*/&)@*"-*7"AAC*"%*2&()-($-).* 07-)*"$-*(7"$87(0> D2#.*#$0&!*%3*-(> •! ("*1%"@*%)@*,-"3$!6"%*"4*0"#)*A-%3.* •! #1)*(7)*,)",2)*@7"*7/)*(7)*0#)* 0"#)*3&0!"$%(*&%*7"2&3C*#CA) 7"AAC*8)(*("8)(7)-*%3*07-)*(7)*%)@* •! (-/)2.*07-)*(7)*(-/)2*&%4"-#6"% &%4"-#6"% •! /&3)"?#))6%8Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 25. If you read or make use of any blogs or wikis on a regular basis, please cite which blogs or wikis you make use of in the box L M2"8*M$0=&% L=&% L N)%)-22C*4"-*D2#*!"##)%(0>* L A2"88)->!"# O7&2)*9B#*@(!7&%8**%)@*D2#>* 9B3*2&1)*("*0)-!7*0"#)* L X)%-)% &%()-)06%8*!"##)%(0*A"$(* L O&1&,)3& (7&0*D2#> L C7"">A2"8 L (7)*A2"8*AC**4-&)%3*"4*#&%)Y* L #J"-&(C*(7)*A2"80*"4*#C*4-&)%30 (7)*A2"8*AC**Z,%)0)* L P=Q*A2"8 $(7"-&(C*"4*[-8%&!*:2)!(-"* L #C*0$AJ)!(B0*O&1&B0.*A"$(* ;$#&%)0!)%!)Y*(7)*A2"8*AC** $%&/)-0)*%3*%($-).*%)@* 4#"$0*Z,%)0)*!"!7*"4* ()!7%"2"8C.*7"@*(7&%80*0(-()3* 0@&##&%8 R&%/)%6"%0*%*22S L O)&A" L ,)-)T7&2("%>!"# L O&1&J"A0 LUU*A2"8*R/)-C*0&#&2-*("* L A2"80*(7(*%0@)-*#C*I$)06"%0* V!)A""1S A"$(*0,)!&D!*(",&!0> L=&%*#&!-"A2"8 L &%2%8 LWA&3)Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 26. The purposes of the social networking sites that you use •! MC*$0&%8*A2"8*"-*V!)A""1*9*!%*%"(*"%2C* X)%-)% 07-)*#C*,&!($-)*%3*,)-0"%2*#""3*("* •! R57&%)0)*V!)A""1S*?*!"%%)!(*@&(7* #C*4-&)%30*A$(*20"*!%*1%"@*@7(*&0* !200#() 7,,)%&%8*-"$%3*(7)#> *%)(@"-1*,-6!$2-2C*,",$2-*&%*!"22)8)* •! !"%%)!(*(7)*@)1*6)0 0($3)%(0*R"%2C*&%*57&%SY*07-)*-)!)%(* •! 1)),*&%*("$!7*@&(7*4-&)%30 &%4"-#6"%0*@&(7*!200#()0*4-"#*7&87* •! 1)),*&%*("$!7*@&(7*4-&)%30*%3*1%"@*%)@* 0!7""2*"-*)/)%*,-&#-C*0!7""2> 8$C0.*07-)*(7&%80*"%2&%) •! 9*$0)*&(*("*2""1*4"-*4-&)%30*%3*1)),* •! UU !"%(!6%8*@&(7*(7)#> •! <"*!"%(!(*@&(7*#C*4-&)%30*R!7K%8G •! ("*!7)!1*2()0(*2&%18)0*("*0"#)*/&3)"0* )#&2&%8G@-&6%8*"%*(7)&-*@220S.*<"*$,3()* %3*%)@0*%3*("*!7)!1*7"@*&0*)/)-C* ,7"("0.*("*8)(*,7"("0*4-"#*8-"$,0.*("*,2C* 4-&)%3> 8#)0 •! ("*1%"@*(7)*2()0(*%)@0*"4*#C*4-&)%30*%3* ()22*(7)#*#&%) •! $%3)-0(%3&%8*(7)*!6/&6)0*"4*#C*4-&)%30 •! $0)*&(*0**,2]"-#*("*!"##$%&!()*@&(7* In fact I dont like social networking sites. I #C*57&%)0)*4-&)%30 have an account but rarely using. •! <"*!"%(!(*@&(7*#C*4-&)%30*R!7K%8G )#&2&%8G@-&6%8*"%*(7)&-*@220S.*<"*$,3()* I rarely use them. ,7"("0.*("*8)(*,7"("0*4-"#*8-"$,0.*("*,2C* 8#)0Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 27. The purposes of the social networking sites that you use •! 07-&%8*,7"("0.*!7(.*,-"D2)0 •! ("*!7(*@&(7*4-&)%30.*2""1*(*,&!($-)0* •! 07-&%8*0"#)*%)@0G0("-&)0 %3*!"##)%(0.*@(!7*4"-*&%()-)06%8* •! 0"!&2*!"##$%&!6"%*@&(7*4-&)%30 /&3)"0*$,2"3)3*AC*"(7)-0 •! ("**!"#$%&!()*@&(7*4-&)%30.*07-)*%3* •! (21&%8*("*4-&)%30.*07-&%8* 2""1*(*,7"("0.*$0&%8*(7)*!7( ,7"("8-,70.*"-8%&0&%8*)/)%(0 •! ("*!"##$%&!()*@&(7*4-&)%30.*07"@* •! (21&%8*@&(7*4-&)%30 ,&!($-)0.*07-)*)+,)-&)%!) •! ("*!"##$%&!()*%3*1)),*&%*!"%(!(* •! 4"-*!"##$%&!6%8*%3*!"%%)!6%8* @&(7*#C*4-&)%30.*07-&%8*,7"("0 Facebook •! @&(7*4-&)%30 ("*!"%%)!(*@&(7*4-&)%30*07-&%8*%)@* •! ("*!"%%)!(*@&(7*4-&)%30 ,&!($-)0 •! ("*4"22"@*&%4"-#6"%0*"4*4-&)%30*%3* •! ("*8)(*&%*("$!7*@&(7*4-&)%30.*#&%2C* @(!7*&%()-)06%8*/&3)"0 ,-6)0.*8(7)-&%8.*)/)%(0.*0"#)6#)0* !3)#&!22C*-)2()3*)/)%(0.*20"*("* •! ("*1)),*!"%(!(*@&(7*4-&)%30 $,2"3*%3*2""1*(*,&!($-)0> •! ("*1)),*&%*("$!7*@&(7*4-&)%30.*;&%1)39%* •! ("*&%*("$!7*@&(7*4-&)%30.*%"@*4#&2C* ?*%)(@"-1*@&(7*)#,2"C)-0 0*@)22*0*9*#*@C*4-"#*7"#).* •! #&%2C*4"-*!"##$%&!6%8*@&(7*4-&)%30* N""82)*M$TT*?*$,36%8*@7(0*&%*#&%3* %3*07-&%8*&%4"-#6"%*@&(7*(7)# F*("*A)*&%*("$!7 •! #&%2C*("*07-)*(7)*&%4"-#6"%*(*(7)* •! ("*1%"@*@7(*#C*4-&)%30*3"*%"@*%3* $%&/)-0&(C @7(*7,,)%*&%*(7)&-*3&2C*2&4) •! %"(7&%8*&%*,-6!$2- •! ("*0"!&2&0).*,$(*"%*,7"("0.*!"%(!(* 4-&)%30Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 28. Facebook and Renren •!Facebook 4"-*!"##$%&!6%8* @&(7*(7)*4-&)%30*"$(*"4*57&%.* X)%-)%*?*("*!"##$%&!()*@&(7* "23*4-&)%30*&%*57&% ! V!)A""1.*X)%-)%*?*!"%%)!(*("* 4-&)%30 •! V!)A""1.*X)%-)%*?*^("_*#1)* 4-&)%30Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 29. Subscriptions to RSS feeds Yes = 6 out of 49 BBC BBC News BBC News, Google Reader Blogspot Tom News, MSN News,QQ NewsWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 30. The percentage of time on online communications (including on mobile phone) on .. Chart 7 15 13 11 10 On study 8 6 4 4 4 3 3 3 1 0 0% of time 20% of time 40% of time 60% of time 80% of time0 0 100% of time Chart 8 15.00 13 11.25 10 On socialising 7.50 5 5 3.75 4 4 3 1 1 0 0% of time 0 20% of time 40% of time 60% of time 80% of time 100% 0 time ofWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 31. Have digital communication tools (such as e-mail, text messages, instant messaging, and social network sites): Decreased the amount of time you Decreased the amount of time you Allowed a higher quality of spend in face-to-face discussion spend in face-to-face discussion and discussion than is possible with your tutors on the phone with course-mates face-to-face? Chart 1 Chart 2 Chart 3 4% 4% 8% 39% 20% 43% 53% 57% 71% No Yes No responseWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 32. Have digital communication tools (such as e-mail, text messages, instant messaging, and social network sites): Allowed a higher quality of Tended to distract you from Led to confusion and discussion than is possible on your work? misunderstandings? the telephone? Chart 4 Chart 5 Chart 6 4% 6% 8% 39% 45% 37% 55% 51% 55% email Facebook Phone email Weibo sms Online game Instant messaging Social networking toolsWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 33. Have digital communication tools (such as e-mail, text messages, instant messaging, and social network sites): Made you more inclined to/comfortable with contacting someone in a position of authority Chart 7 No response No 6% 16% Yes 78%Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 34. 4oD Amazon Baidu BBC iPlayer BBC News BBC Sport Software and web 2.0 tools used for studies BBC Weather Software and web 2.0 tools used in daily life blogs eBay Amazon email Ask eMule Baidu Facebook Baidu Baike Google BBC News Google Books Email Google Scholar Facebook Guardian Google Hotmail Google Books iTunes Google Calendar Jefit Microsoft package LION Microsoft package MatLab MSN Microsoft package NYT News MLA online dictionaries movie (download) websites online journals MSN Project Gutenberg NYT News QQ online banking Renren online dictionaries Sueddeutsche Zeitung perezhilton.com UoL blackboard QQ UoL library website Renren Wikipedia RunKeeper Yahoo! Sina YouTube Skype Tudou Twitter UoL blackboard UoL library website WhatsApp Wikipedia Xiao Nei Yahoo! YouTubeWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 35. 4oD Amazon Baidu BBC iPlayer BBC News BBC Sport BBC Weather blogs eBay email eMule Facebook Google Google Books Google Scholar Guardian Hotmail iTunes Jefit LION MatLab Microsoft package MLA movie (download) websites MSN NYT News online banking online dictionaries perezhilton.com QQ Renren RunKeeper Sina Skype Tudou Twitter UoL blackboard UoL library website WhatsApp Wikipedia Xiao Nei Yahoo! YouTubeWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 36. 4oD Amazon Baidu BBC iPlayer BBC News BBC Sport BBC Weather blogs eBay email eMule Facebook Google Ask Google Books Baidu Baike Google Scholar Google Calendar Guardian online journals Hotmail Project Gutenberg iTunes Sueddeutsche Zeitung Jefit LION MatLab Microsoft package MLA movie (download) websites MSN NYT News online banking online dictionaries perezhilton.com QQ Renren RunKeeper Sina Skype Tudou Twitter UoL blackboard UoL library website WhatsApp Wikipedia Xiao Nei Yahoo! YouTubeWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 37. 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th MatLab 1 4oD 1 Microsoft package 1 2 1 Amazon 1 1 1 MLA 1 Baidu 2 movie (download) websites 1 2 BBC iPlayer 2 2 1 MSN 3 1 1 1 1 BBC News 2 2 2 2 2 NYT News 1 BBC Sport 1 1 1 online banking 1 BBC Weather 1 1 online dictionaries 1 2 1 perezhilton.com 1 blogs 1 1 2 1 QQ 3 1 3 2 eBay 1 Renren 3 email 4 8 1 2 RunKeeper App 1 eMule 1 Sina 1 1 2 1 Facebook 10 7 4 3 2 Skype 2 Google 4 8 3 3 1 Tudou 1 Google Books 1 Twitter 2 1 1 UoL blackboard 4 2 3 2 2 Google Scholar 2 2 1 1 UoL library website 4 1 2 2 2 Guardian 1 WhatsApp 1 Hotmail 1 1 2 Wikipedia 1 1 iTunes 1 Xiao Nei 1 Jefit 1 Yahoo! 1 LION 1 YouTube 1 2 1 1Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 38. 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Amazon 1 Ask 1 Baidu 1 Baidu Baike 1 BBC News 1 1 1 Email 1 4 1 2 Facebook 1 1 Google 11 3 5 3 1 Google Books 2 3 3 Google Calendar 1 Google Scholar 9 9 3 Microsoft package 1 1 MSN 1 1 1 NYT News 1 online dictionaries 1 1 2 online journals 4 1 Project Gutenberg 1 QQ 1 1 Renren 1 Sueddeutsche Zeitung 1 University VLE 6 3 1 1 University library website 8 4 3 1 Wikipedia 4 13 7 5 2 Yahoo! 2 YouTube 1 2Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 39. Do you think the software tools cited above have: Chart 3 Improved the quality of the work you produce 4 92 4 Enabled you to perform tasks that you couldnt do before 14 78 8 Improved the speed with which you can perform tasks 4 90 6 Increased the amount of time on your study related activities 41 51 8 Increased your motivation to work and study 37 57 6 Helped you acquire new skills 14 80 6 Resulted in a loss of a skill that you previously had 65 27 8 No Yes No responseWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 40. Skills lost due to digital tools L 7%3*@-&6%8*R+`S L*@-&6%8*@"-30*@&(7*,)%0 L 4"-8)(*0"#)*0,)22&%8*)/)%*&%*Z,%)0)*@"-30 L &%()-,)-0"%2*01&220 L*2&1)3*("*2&0()%*("*,-"4)00"-0*%3*3&3*#C*Qab*"%* 2&0()%&%8*("*2)!($-)0*"%2C*RcdeS*?*-)0(*fde*4-"#* A""10*%3*"(7)-0 L -)0,)!(*"(7)-0*@7)%*!"##$%&!()*@&(7*)!7* "(7)- L 0,)22&%8*!"--)!(2C L $0&%8*3&!6"%-&)0Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 41. Do you find some difference between the Do you think you would be able to grades you receive for coursework (e.g., produce work of comparable standard if essays) when you can use the digital tools such digital tools you have mentioned compared to the grades received for above were not available? course work written in timed examinations? Chart 2 Chart 1 No response No response 10% 12% No 24% Yes 31% No 59% Yes 63% No Yes No responseWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 42. !"#$%&()*$%*$"(+$,-$.,/0$1*/+%#1 •! 2@C0*!",C*(7)*&#,"-(%(*D2)0*("*(7)* •!9*73*("*-)@-&()*#C*00&8%#)%(>*M$(* )+()-%2*3-&/).*&>)>*#)#"-C*06!1>*M$(*&(* (7)*#"0(*(7&%8*9*#*4-&3*"4*&0*(7)* -)0$2(0*&%*0,)%3&%8*#"-)*#"%)C*("*A$C* 00&8%#)%(*&%*(7)*2"00*"4*0("-8)* *%)@*"%).*("*-)!"/)-.*("*D+*&( 3)/&!)*@"$23*A)*!",&)3*AC*"(7)-0> •! W%%"C&%8*A$(*73*(7)#*A!1)3*$,*(* •!9*2"0(**2"(*"4*,-)0)%(6"%*,,)-0* 7"#) %3*-)0)-!7*-),"-(0.*7"@)/)-.*(7)* •! [had to] 3"*^(7)*@"-1_*8&% •! 73*("*-)@-&()*4-"#*(7)*0(-(*%3*2"0(* #"0(*3#8)3*(7&%8*@0*2"0&%8** 2"(0*"4*&%4"-#6"% 2-8)*#"$%(*"4*!"%(!(*33-)00)0> •! 9*73*("*@"-1*3C*%3*%&87(*("*,-"3$!)* •!9*2"0(*(7)*-)!"-3*9*73*(1)%*%3*&(* (7)*@"-1*2"0(*%3*@0*0(-)00)3*"%*(7&0* @0**3&00()-*("*#)> ,)-&"3*"4*6#)> •!9*%))3*("*0,)%3*#$!7*6#)*"%*)00C* •! 9*7/)*2"0(*22*(7)*EbV*D2)0*9*7/)*0("-)3* @7)%*#C*!"#,$()-*70*,-"A2)#> &%*#C*#)#"-C*06!1.*0"*9*73*("*0(-(* )/)-C(7&%8*4-"#*g)-"hhhWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 43. !"#$%&()*$%*$"(+$,-$.,/0$1*/+%#1 •! 9*%))3*("*0,)%3*#$!7*6#)*"%*)00C* •! -)@-&()*&(*8&% @7)%*#C*!"#,$()-*70*,-"A2)#> •! 0)(*#)*A!1*AC**4)@*3C0 •! 9(*j)!()3*#)**2"(>*9*73*2"(*"4* •! 0&%!)*9*73**A!1$,*5b.*&(*@0%B(*0* 0"H@-).*#C*!"22)!6"%*"4*3(.* A3*0*&(*!"$23*7/)*A))% ,-"8-#0.*)(!>*=622*3"%B(*1%"@*@7(* •! =&%!)*(7)*D2)0*3"%B(*7/)*0("!1*&%* 9*#*8"&%8*("*3"> !"#,$()-.*&(*,)-7,0*2"0)*(7)*/2$)* •! 9(*#1)0*#)*("*3"*&(*8&%.*%3* @"-1,&)!)> @0()3*#C*6#)> •! 0"#)*@"-10*!"$23*%"(*A)*!"%6%$)3.* •! &(*02"@)3*3"@%*#C*@"-1*%3* 0"#)*&#,"-(%(*3(*2"0( 2)-%&%8*A$(*7)2,)3*#)*2)-%*("* •! 0(-)00 2@C0*7/)*(@"*!",&)0 •! i0)*"4*3&8&(2*0("-8)*3)/&!)*#1)* •! ;"0(*#%C*$0)4$2*3"!$#)%(0.*%3* #)*4))2*%"(*04) ,&!($-)0> •! O"-1*70*("*A)*-)0(-()3>*9(B0* •! 2$!1&2C*&(*3&3*%"(*7/)*#C*$%&/)-0&(C* ()--&A2)h*b&00()-h @"-1*"%.*A$(*9*73*("*,C*("*-)(-&)/)* (7)#Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 44. 2*"#0$),&&#-*1333 •! )M""1*&0*&#,"-(%( •! V"-($%()2C*9*%)/)-*2"0(*#C* 0($3C*3&8&(2*D2)0> •! 9*!",&)3*22*(7)*3(*"4*#C* 0($3&)0*("*%"(7)-*#)#"-C*=b* !-3> •! 9*7/)*!",&)0*"4*(7"0)*3&8&(2* D2)0> •! 9(*&0*D%)>*9#,"-(%(*D2)0*7/)* A))%*!",&)3*A)4"-)*&%*#C*)#&2> •! %"*&#,!(*A)!$0)*(7)-)*@)-)* #C*,)-0"%2*!"22)!6"%0*R/&3)"0.* ,&!($-)0.*#$0&!SWednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 45. Applications that might be helpful with aspects of study (that I do not use currently) L -(*,-"4)00&"%20*(""20 L )?X)3)- L&?M""1*&%*&E7"%) L )3&6%8*(""2.*8-##-*!7)!1&%8*(""2 L :%3Q"() L V2&!1)-*?*("*8)(*/&0$2*0($j0 L N""82)*=!7"2-*&0*#"0(*7)2,4$2*(""2>*M)!$0)*&(*!"%(&%0*#%C* &%4"-#6"%*(7(*(7)*$%&/)-0&(C*2&A--C*3")0*%"( L k&%32)*?*&(*&0*2&87()-*(7%*A""10.*&(*&0*)0C*("*!--C.*!"%/)%&)%( L PCA)*)?-)3)-0.*!$0)*&(*&0*/)-C*!"%/)%&)%(*4"-*#)*("*-)3*-6!2)0*@7)%* 9*!%B(*$0)*2,(",0> L "%2&%)*!"22A"-6"%*0"H@-)l*)>8>*N""82)*b"!$#)%(0.*22"@*,)",2)*("* @"-1*("8)(7)-*@7)%*%"(*,7C0&!22C*!2"0) L E)-7,0*2&!)%0)3*,-"8-#0*%"(*/&2A2)*("*$0> L X&87(*%"@*9*#*%"(*@-)*A"$(*E-6!$2-*W,,2&!6"%0>*M$(*9*#*0$-)* &E3*@"$23*7)2,*("*#1)*%"()0*I$&!12C.*)0&2C*%3*)m!&)%(2C>*9%!-)0)3* #C*0($3C&%8*",6"%0>Wednesday, 27 April 2011
  • 46. Hobbies or interests that require the use of online digital tools and / or digital hardware •! "%2&%)*07",,&%8 •! 5=n*E7"("07",*8-,7&!*0"H@-)*(""20 •! ,7"("8-,7C •! 3"@%2"3&%8*D2#0.*@(!7&%8*D2#0.*-)!)&/&%8* •! ,7"("8-,7C*?*0"H@-)*("*@"-1*"%*,7"("0 &%4"-#6"%*4-"#*0"#)*0"!&2*%)(@"-10.* •! ,-"3$!&%8*/&3)"*!2&,0*@&(7*&?#"/&) #"0(2C*$0)*57&%)0)*@)A0&()0*0$!7*0* •! E("E*4&20*3"@%2"3 3"$A%>!"# •! -)3*0"#)*"-&8&%2*%"/)20 •! )M""1 •! -)3&%8 •! D2#0*?*22"@*("*@(!7*"%2&%)*0"#)*(7(*9* •! i0)*NE=*"%*#C*,7"%)*("*-)!"-3*#C*-$%0>* @"$23*%"(*A)*A2)*("*8)(*7"23*"4 E2%*8C#*0)00&"%0*"%*,7"%)*@&(7*Z)D(*B,,B> •! 9*2"/)*,7"("8-,7C>*W0**-)0$2(.*(7)*3&8&(2* •! O&1&.*N""82) !#)-*&0*%))3)3*%3*22*-)2)/%(*0"H@-)* •! o)0.*9*2"/)0*("*0($3C*A"$(*i%&/)-0)*%3* %3*,,2&!6"%0*4"-*)3&6%8.*07-&%8*%3* Q($-)>*PC*0$AJ)!(0*0*@)22*?* ,-&%6%8*,7"("0*-)*)00)%62 5"##$%&!6"%0*R",6!2*F*0&#,2)S.*b&8&(2.* •! 9*,-)4)-*(7)*!"2"$-4$2*@)A*,8)0 :2)!(-"%&!0> •! 2&0()%&%8*("*#$0&! •! C)0.*0"#)*(""20*4"-*2&0()%&%8*("*#$0&!.*@(!7* •! #$0&!.*,7"("8-,7C #"/&)*%3*#"3&4C*,&!($-)0 •! "%2&%)*8#&%8Wednesday, 27 April 2011

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