The Basque SocietyCulture, Conﬂict, and Conspiracy
The Basics of the Basques✤ Basque Country: areas of Spain and France.✤ Two main religions.✤ Shipbuilders and small-plot farmers.✤ Fiercely independent and extremely original.
A (Very) Brief History Lesson✤ First city was founded by the Romans.✤ Spanish Civil War: General Francisco Franco takes over Spain’s government.✤ Basque individuals affected: unable to use native language.✤ Always been known for being genetically original.
Facts on the Basques✤ Crew to America and Captain around the world.✤ Nafaroa, Gipuzkoa, Bizkaia, Araba, Lapurdi, Benafaroa, and Zuberoa: Seven Wonders of the Bay of Biscay.✤ Iowa has a community with 30,000 Basque individuals, which is the most densely populated group outside of Basque Country.
Pictures of Basque Country✤ http://t2.gstatic.com/images? q=tbn:ANd9GcTZoC6hhEARcLvUpHERquRWoxKTqiBOUyFKNDYT PjzWl9QwFqKZqg✤ http://www.indigoguide.co.uk/france/basquecountry.jpg
Understanding the BasqueStruggle✤ Imagine American culture (hot dogs, Monday night football, etc).✤ Consider it took 400 years to develop this culture.✤ Basque Country has been here since the beginning of time and is still struggling.✤ What would you do if America’s culture started to decline?
Culture Focus: Music✤ “Folksy” music.✤ Original instruments: Alboka✤ Can be found singing in the streets.✤ Dances: Can you do the Fandango?✤ Berri Txarrak.
Here’s Some Berri Txarrak Music!✤ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cciUbKjX_Sw&feature=related
Euskara: The Language of theBasques✤ Native tongue of those in Basque Country.✤ Considered to be one of the ﬁrst languages in the world.✤ Spoken in tribes (according to Roman records).✤ Not linked to any other Indo-European language.✤ Almost eradicated.
Euskara vs. English Euskara EnglishEmakumeak Ladies/WomenBazkaria LunchJatetxea Restaurant
The ETA: Political Strife inBasque Country✤ Fight over independence.✤ Extreme individuals founded the ETA organization.✤ Violent measures taken.✤ International terrorist group.✤ Four cease-ﬁres.✤ Memberships decreasing: police take notice.
Conspiracies about the Basques✤ The Rhesus factor.✤ Blood types.✤ Considered by some to be the “missing link” between modern-day humans and Neanderthals.✤ Some think the Rh factor means the Basques are extraterrestrial creatures.
Preserving Their Culture✤ Re-painting boats.✤ “Improvised poetry.”✤ Euskara used on television, radio programs, and in newspapers.✤ Staying independent.
Picture Citations:✤ Basque Country. N.d. Photograph. Indigo GuideWeb. 14 May 2012. <http://www.indigoguide.co.uk/france/ basque-country.htm>.✤ La Tranquilidad de Zumania. 2008. Photograph. TripAdvisorWeb. 14 May 2012.