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When arguing values, one is not just expressing personal opinion, but he/she is trying to shape others’ responses to something by making them see the same qualities or dimensions as the writer does. Job:
Understand the topic itself
Detect what readers value in relation to the topic
Change what readers value so they see the topic differently
The thesis is usually the last sentence in the introduction
Add details early in the argument can create a foundation for the readers
Counterarguments can go nearly anywhere and may be used in developing paragraphs
Dismissing opposing positions too easily can shortchange one’s argument—good arguers carefully examine others’ positions, and even try to imagine contrary points. This helps them draw clear boundaries between their positions and others’.