Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Learning in the 21st century
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Learning in the 21st century

274
views

Published on

Presentation used with St Patrick's College, Gympie - 15 April 2011

Presentation used with St Patrick's College, Gympie - 15 April 2011

Published in: Education

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
274
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Learning in the 21st century: Going with the flow
  • 2. Learning
    = change through interaction with the environment
    Photo: Pikaluk CC (by) (nc) (nd)
  • 3. Interaction for learning
    Content(Materials)
    Teacher
    Content
    Teacher
    Peers
    Peers
  • 4. Teacher centred tradition
    Knowledge delivered by a teacher
  • 5. Information was scarce
    Held by teacher
    Gleaned from rare documents
    Photos: Ranabir Dasgupta & Thomas Hawk CC (by) (nc)
  • 6. Printing press
    Cheaper production of copies
    Controlled by publication system
    Information scarcity prevailed
  • 7. Information challenge
    Access
    Rendered in physical form
    Restricted location
    Photo: rosefirerising CC (by) (nc) (nd)
  • 8. Recent decades:4 waves of change
    Photo: Kanaka’s Paradise Life CC (by) (nc)
  • 9. Desktop publishing
    Affordance
    Anybody could produce quality copies
    Constraint
    Location limit persisted
  • 10. World Wide Web
    Affordance
    One copy simultaneously available globally
    Constraints
    Restricted to networked locations
    Required some technical skill
    Anybody could publish but few did
  • 11. Web 2.0 : blogs, wikis, RSS
    Affordances
    No technical skill required
    Publish direct to WWW
    End of publisher restrictions
    Constraints
    Limited access locations
  • 12. Mobile Internet : 3G & smartphones
    Affordances
    Publish from anywhere
    Access from anywhere
    Constraints
    Publication
    Access
    Network reach
    Cost?
  • 13. Information economy
    From scarcity to abundance
    = Attention economy
    Photo: Steve McFarland CC (by) (nc)
  • 14. Goldhaber, M. H. (1997). The Attention Economy and the Net. First Monday, 2(4). Retrieved from http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/519/440
  • 15. Evolving views of knowledge
  • 16. Objectivism
    Knowledge exists in the world
    Can be possessed
    Fits role of teacher as transmitter
  • 17. Constructivism
    Knowledge is constructed from experience
    Emphasis on building understanding & problem solving
    Fits learner-centred approaches
    Social constructivism emphasises collaborative knowledge building
    Constructing shared meaning
  • 18. Connectivism
    Knowledge exists in the network
    Fits with learning as making connections
    Networks of people and things
    Ties to social networking
  • 19. How does this affect educators?
  • 20. Pedagogical shift :Objectivism to Constructivism
    Followed epistemological shift
    Sage on the stage to guide on the side
    Challenges to professional identity
    Challenges to community acceptance
    What about Connectivism?
  • 21. Supplement not supplant
    Earlier modes are necessary but not sufficient
    New approaches add to core or foundation
    (Anderson & Dron, 2011)
    http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/890
  • 22. Information abundance & learning
    Education less about accumulating knowledge
    More about transforming and applying knowledge
    Processing information from network
  • 23. Foundation knowledge
    Locating, evaluating & applying knowledge
    Assumes knowledge as base
    Needs attention to foundations
    Supportsnew skills
  • 24. Additional challenges
    Knowledge as property
    Collaboration in networks
    Assessment of learning
  • 25. Knowledge as property
    Makes misappropriation possible
    Copyright breach & plagiarism
    Networked information is easier to access
    Questions around boundary issues
    Solution through education?
  • 26. Collaboration
    Working in networks requires skills
    Beyond “divide & conquer”
    Build skills for dialogue
  • 27. Assessment
    Is it valid to assess an individual separated from the network?
    Authentic assessment
  • 28. Strategies for educators
    Use the network
    Connect
    Share
    Photo: Jose Antonio GallosoCC (by)(nc)(sa)
  • 29. Manage information flow
    Photo: ckchanwebCC (by) (nc)
  • 30. Don’t hunt and gather information.
    Photos: CrowhandCC (by) (nc)
  • 31. Don’t hunt and gather information.Farm it.
    Photos: vredeseilandenCC (by) (nc)
  • 32. Search is good but subscription is better.Use RSS.
  • 33. Subscribe to trusted sources – newsletters
  • 34. Subscribe to trusted sources – newsletters and blogs
  • 35. Subscribe to services – searches & bookmarks
  • 36. Share ideas and questions with global teams
  • 37. Build digital networks using existing networks as a base
  • 38. Build digital bridges to professional learning networks
    Personal connections with global reach
    Personal/professional Learning Networks
    Extend searching beyond the WWW
  • 39. Conclusion
    We face a flood of information
    Our world is connected
    Use our networks to manage the flow
  • 40. Peter Albion
    Peter.Albion@usq.edu.au