Intel_Embedded Intel Core Processors Do More Now and in the Future


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  • Key points:Intel AVX is a collection of CPU instructions that increase floating point performance by doubling the length of the FP registers to 256-bits and reducing the number of operations required to execute large FP tasksApplications include: Science/Engineering, Data Mining, Visual Processing, HPCStory:Another avenue that Intel has taken advantage to add more flexible performance is to add in instructions that make the processor do more work every clock cycle. Intel Advanced Vector Extensions can offer up to double the floating point operations per clock cycle by doubling the length of registers. Where this is used is when you need to address very complex problems or deal with large-number calculations, integral to many technical, financial and scientific computing problems. Workloads that can see improvements from AVX range from manufacturing optimizations, to the analysis of competing options to content creation and engineering simulations. Intel AVX is the newest in a long line of instruction innovations going back to the mid 90’s with MMX and SSE1 which are all now standard software practices. Intel AVX is supported by Intel and 3rd party compilers that take advantage of the latest instructions to optimize code to significantly reduce compute time enabling faster time to results. With the Xeon processor E5-2600 family you can be confident that you’ll benefit from those optimizations as new applications are introduced and updates to existing software packages are released.Legal Info:(AVX Performance) Source: Performance comparison using Linpack benchmark. Baseline score of 159.4 based on Intel internal measurements as of 5 December 2011 using a Supermicro* X8DTN+ system with two Intel® Xeon® processor X5690, Turbo Enabled, EIST Enabled, Hyper-Threading Enabled, 48 GB RAM, Red Hat* Enterprise Linux Server 6.1. New score of 347.7 based on Intel internal measurements as of 5 December 2011 using an Intel® Rose City platform with two Intel® Xeon® processor E5-2690, Turbo Enabled or Disabled, EIST Enabled, Hyper-Threading Enabled, 64 GB RAM, Red Hat* Enterprise Linux Server 6.1. Intel does not control or audit the design or implementation of third party benchmark data or Web sites referenced in this document. Intel encourages all of its customers to visit the referenced Web sites or others where similar performance benchmark data are reported and confirm whether the referenced benchmark data are accurate and reflect performance of systems available for purchase.
  • 64 bit: extended mem addressing with 64bit pointer and registersFlat virtual address spaceNew registersDouble precision integer support32/64bit OS, 32/64bit APP when 64bit OS used
  • Key points:Significant performance gains delivered by featuressuch as new Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions and improved Intel® Turbo Boost Technology 2.0To improve flexibility and operational efficiency significant improvements in I/O with new Intel® Integrated I/O which reduces latency ~30% will adding more lanes and higher bandwidth with support for PCI Express 3.0Story:To meet the growing demands of IT such as readiness for cloud computing, the growth in users and the ability to tackle the most complex technical problems, Intel has focused on increasing the capabilities of the processor that lies at the heart of a next generation data center. The Intel Xeon processor E5-2600 product family is the next generation Xeon processor that replaces Platforms based on the Intel Xeon processor 5600 & 5500 series. Continuing to build on the success of the Xeon 5600, the E5-2600 product family has increased core count and cache size in addition to supporting more efficient instructions with Intel® Advance Vector Extensions, to deliver up to an average of 80% more performance across a range of workloads. These processors will offer better than ever performance no matter what your constraint is – floor space, power or budget – and on workloads that range from the most complicated scientific exploration to simple, yet crucial, web serving and infrastructure applications. In addition to the raw performance gains, we’ve invested in improved I/O with Intel Integrated I/O which reduces latency ~30% will adding more lanes and higher bandwidth with support for PCIe 3.0. This helps to reduce network and storage bottlenecks to unleash the performance capabilities of the latest Xeon processor. The Intel® Xeon® processor E5-2600 product family – versatile processers at the heart of today’s data center. Let’s look at just what kind of performance that these products are capable of…Legal Info:Configuration for 80% claim:Source: Performance comparison using best submitted/published 2-socket server results on the SPECfp*_rate_base2006 benchmark as of 6 March 2012. Baseline score of 271 published by Itautec on the ServidorItautec MX203* and ServidorItautec MX223* platforms based on the prior generation Intel® Xeon® processor X5690. New score of 492 submitted for publication by Dell on the PowerEdge T620 platform and Fujitsu on the PRIMERGY RX300 S7* platform based on the Intel® Xeon® processor E5-2690. For additional details, please visit does not control or audit the design or implementation of third party benchmark data or Web sites referenced in this document. Intel encourages all of its customers to visit the referenced Web sites or others where similar performance benchmark data are reported and confirm whether the referenced benchmark data are accurate and reflect performance of systems available for purchase.Configuration for latency reduction: Source: Intel internal measurements of average time for an I/O device read to local system memory under idle conditions comparing the Intel® Xeon® processor E5-2600 product family (230 ns) vs. the Intel® Xeon® processor 5500 series (340 ns). Baseline Configuration: Green City system with two Intel® Xeon® processor E5520 (2.26GHz, 4C), 12GB memory @ 1333, C-States Disabled, Turbo Disabled, SMT Disabled. New Configuration: Meridian system with two Intel® Xeon® processor E5-2665 (2.4GHz, 8C), 32GB memory @1600 MHz, C-States Enabled, Turbo Enabled. The measurements were taken with a LeCroy* PCIe* protocol analyzer using Intel internal Rubicon (PCIe* 2.0) and Florin (PCIe* 3.0) test cards running under Windows* 2008 R2 w/SP1.
  • The 2nd Generation Intel Core Processor family is one of the biggest leaps in product technology that Intel has ever achievedBuilt with Intel’s leadership 32nm process technology with 2nd generation high-K metal gateDedicated hardware for media processing gives laptops and desktops incredible performance and media capabilities Unprecedented feature integration, all in one chipBuilt-in processor graphicsImproved Turbo BoostImproved Hyper-ThreadingEnhanced power managementEnhanced media performance These processors have approximately 1 billion transistors. As a comparison:There are 10M bricks in empire state bldgThe Pentium III (circa 2000) had about 10M transistorsThere are 100B neurons in the brain Launched at CES (Jan 5, 2011)
  • Intel_Embedded Intel Core Processors Do More Now and in the Future

    1. 1. 2nd GENERATION INTEL® CORE™ PROCESSOR FAMILY Michael Vierheilig
    2. 2. 2nd GENERATION INTEL® CORE™ PROCESSOR FAMILYIntel® Core™ Intel® Microarchitecture Intel® Microarchitecture Intel® MicroarchitectureMicroarchitecture Codename Nehalem Codename Sandy Codename Haswell Bridge Sandy Ivy Haswell Future Merom Penryn Nehalem Westmere Bridge Bridge 65nm 45nm 45nm 32nm 32nm 22nm 22nm New New New New New New New New Micro- Process Micro- Process Micro- Process Micro- Process architecture Technology architecture Technology architecture Technology architecture Technology TOCK TICK TOCK TICK TOCK TICK TOCK TICK 2011/12 New Intel® Microarchitecture for 2011/2012
    3. 3. 2nd Generation Intel® Core™ i7/i5/i3 Processor Family “Sandy increase ArchitectureOptimized Turbo Bridge” in performance • Single die with CPU, Graphics, and IMC Processor, • CPU & Processor Graphics on 32nm Graphics, and IMC process on one die! • Intel® HD Graphics 2000/3000 graphics within the same TDP envelope Performance • More instructions per cycle • Shared cache between CPU and Lower Processor Graphics average power Security • IMC improves memory bandwidth and workload performance, HT, Turbo boost Power Efficiency Graphics & IMC • Improved average power targets • Hardware controlled power sharing Processor between CPU and Processor Graphics
    4. 4. 2nd Generation Intel® Core™ i7/i5/i3 Processor-based Platforms for Embedded Computing
    5. 5. Sandy Bridge Low Power Platform OverviewProcessor PCI Express* Huron River+ECC x16 Graphics eDP• Quad/Dual Core Processor with Processor Graphics and Integrated Memory Controller (Embedded Display Port (eDP)** Processors** Or PCIe Graphics x16 Huron River• Integration of Processor Graphics w/ 2 independent displays Or 2x8 I/O (2.5GT/s) 2/4 Core 1or2CH DDR3: 1066/1333/1600• Support for DDR3 1600/1333/1066** 4/8 Threads• Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)** Intel® Flex Display Processor or Discrete Graphics• ECC memory support** Interface DMI VGA & LVDS SATAPlatform Controller Hub (PCH) Display Interfaces 3 Ports – Can Mix: Mobile Intel® QM67, HM65 PCI Bus Masters DisplayPort*/DVI/HDMI/SVDO Express• Two Display Streams supported in any Chipsets USB 2.0 Ports PCH combination of DisplayPort*, HDMI, DVI and Intel® High Definition Audio VGA PCI Express, 8x1 Lanes 2.5 SPI• Additional USB, PCIe*, and SATA ports GT/s• Enhanced Manageability features: BIOS GbE LAN PHY Support • Intel® Active Management Technology 7.0 • Intel® Trusted Execution Technology Huron River Platform • Enhanced Security features rPGA: Intel® Core™ i7-2710QE, Intel® Core™ i5-2510E, Intel® Celeron® B810 BGA: Intel® Core™ i7-2715QE, Intel® Core™ i7-2655LE, CPU Intel® Core™ i7-2610UE, Intel® Core™ i5-2515E, Intel® Core™ i7-2310E, Intel® Celeron® B810E, Intel® Celeron® 847E, Intel® Celeron® 827E, Intel® Celeron® 807UE rPGA: SV (45W/35W) TDP BGA : SV (35W), LV(25W), ULV (17W), ULV(10W) ECC Yes (BGA Pkg Only) CPU I/O Port Bifurcation PCI-Express** 1x16, 2x8, 1x8+2x4 PCH Intel® QM67/HM65 Express Chipsets *Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. ** Certain features are available on select SKUs only. See configuration tables for details
    6. 6. 2nd Generation Intel® Core™ i7/i5/i3 ProcessorOverview First Monolithic die that integrates CPU, New Intel® AVX Gfx, and PCU 6 or 12 Graphics EUs Instructions (1 or 2 graphics cores) on a monolithic die PCIe I/O DMI Display Ports Up to 8MB of Intel® Next Generation Smart Cache x16 Intel® HD Graphics System Agent IMC PEG Display Core LLC Optimized Intel® IMC supporting up Turbo Boost Core LLC to 2ch DDR3-1333 Technology 2ch Core LLC DDR3 Core LLC Advanced Encryption Intel® Hyper- GT Standard (AES-NI) Threading Technology Instructions EDP PECI De-Muxed EDP provides PECI 3.0 integrated into concurrency with discrete GFx SNB with direct routingfor reduced power consumption to the EC 2nd Generation Intel® Core™ i7/i5/i3 Processors introduce Intel’s first monolithic CPU & Graphics solution for maximum performance!
    7. 7. “Cougar Point” Mobile Chipset Overview Sandy Bridge-Mbl and Dual Ch. DDR3 PCI Express Gen2 at Ivy Bridge-Mbl 5GT/s CPU Support Sandy Bridge 2.0AMT 7 Manageability and Security Features Storage Power Savings FDI DMISATA 6Gb/s for Next Gen 10/100/1000 SSD/HDDs LAN PHY Digital Display Support Cougar Point 2.0 Intel® Rapid Storage 3.0 PAVP 2.0 HiDef Content Technology Protection Enhancements SM Bus DP 1.1 Full Clock Integration Audio LPC SPICertain features may not be available on all SKUs.
    8. 8. Platform Block Diagram Discrete Graphics PCI Express x16 0 Sandy Bridge-CPU (configurable) DDR3 (w/ ECC) eDP Panel 1067 or 1333 MHz 4-Core or LVDS Embedded (or 2-Core) DDR3 DisplayPort and Cache 2-Ch DDR3 (w/ ECC) 1067 or 1333 MHz LVDS PCU and Graphics USB Ports USB Ports Sys Agent and USB Ports USB Ports Media PECI Flexible Display Express Card 2.0 DMI Interface (FDI) PCI Cougar Point-Mbl Express CRT 14 USB2 ports Analog VGA Display Clock DisplayPort/HDMI PCIe CardBus DisplayPort DisplayPort/HDMI ME/VE 8x1 PCI Express Gen2External Monitor/HDMI (configurable) SDVO/DP/HDMI Lewisville GbE LAN SMBus DisplayPort External Monitor/HDMI LPC Super I/O 2x SATA 6G SMBus HD Audio 4x SATA 3G Embedded Controller Audio Codec SPI SATA Drives TPM 2 x Flash
    9. 9. Intel® Turbo Boost Technology 2.0 “Dynamic” Range @ Turbo Frequency limits2 Turbo bins Base Frequencies Four-Core Turbo Dual-Core Turbo Single-Core Turbo Idle mode Efficient. Dynamic. Intelligent. Adapts by varying turbo Power averaging algorithm frequency to conserve energy Boosts power level to achieve performance gains for high intensity manages power and thermal depending upon the type of headroom to optimize performance instructions “dynamic” workloads Intel® Turbo Boost Technology 2.0 delivers intelligentNote1: See Intel® Turbo Boost Technology disclaimer in the back-upNote2: Dynamic Range does not represent additional Turbo bins and energy efficient performance on demandNote3: The number of Turbo bins shown is only for illustrative purposes and is not representative of the actual number of turbo bins available.
    10. 10. Graphics Dynamic Frequency and PowerSharing Power Sharing between CPU and Intel® HD Graphics with Dynamic Graphics Cores Frequency delivers graphics performance boost to graphics CPU Turbo bins & intensive applications Gfx Core Graphics DynamicCPU Cores Frequency (with Dynamic Range) Base Frequencies Power sharing algorithm works in concert with Intel® Turbo Boost Technology 2.0 to deliver Idle mode performance when and where needed Performance boost to graphics intensive applications when power and thermal headroom exist
    11. 11. Intel® Hyper-Threading Technology Without Intel® Hyper-Threading Technology What is it? • Intel® Hyper-Threading Technology enables each processor core to run two tasks at the same time • Two thread engines per core, enabling 4- way processing in dual core systems and 8-way processing in quad core systems • Available with the new Intel® Core™ family of processors Benefits for consumers With Intel® Hyper-Threading • More threads and smart multitasking Technology equals better performance • Faster response time = less waiting
    12. 12. Sandy Bridge Premium Graphics (GT2) Relative 3DMark06 Projections • Performance Boost – graphics future proofing Sandy Bridge 3 for more demanding 3D GT2: Performance BoostPremium 2.5 ~100% over Arrandale • Same (GT2) Socket, TDP, Average GT2 12 EU 2Graphics Power as GT1 – same design, chassis / motherboard and 1.5 battery life 1 0.5 Sandy Bridge 0Standard • Excellent Performance for (GT1) Mainstream Graphics and GT1 Media ExperiencesGraphics 6 EU Arrandale GT1 GT2 Double the Graphics Performance* with theSame Chassis, Socket, TDP, Average Power and Validation!
    13. 13. Built-in Visuals - “Visibly Smart”Intel® Quick Intel® Intel® Intel® Intel® HD Intel® Clear Intel®Advanced Sync Video Wireless InTru™ 3D Insider* Graphics 3000 Video HD Vector Display ExtensionsIncredibly PC Seamless 1080p HD Immersive Spectacular Tremendousfast edit/ content 1080p movies mainstrea HD visualshare on your Stereo3D delivered m gaming playback editingof content TV wire playback on your experienc performance free PC e hassle free 2nd Generation Intel® Core™ processors deliver visual experiences targeted to consumers
    14. 14. New Intel® Advanced Vector Extension (AVX) Instructions A set of new instructions that will unleash the power of the CPU and improve software performance Faster Performance Improves floating point intensive applications such as audio processing and audio codecs, image and video editing applications, financial services analysis and modeling software, and manufacturing and engineering software. Power Efficient Increased performance with minimal power gains Extensible Backward compatible with legacy IA. Designed for future ISA extension to get more info UbiquitousTools available for ISV enabling Available in notebooks to high end serversIntel® AVX improves floating point & vector computation for media and high performance computing applications up to 2x!
    15. 15. Intel® Advanced Vector ExtensionsNewest in a long line of processorinstruction innovations New 256-bit Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) Built on legacy 128-bit SIMD (SSEx) and 64-bit SIMD (MMX) ISA extensions Enhancements to 128-bit SIMD instructions Support for 3 and 4 -operand syntaxIncreases floatingpoint operations per clock up to 2X1 fortechnical, financial, scientific & contentcreation applicationsPerformance tosolve your most complex problems Military,Medical, Communications andIndustrial applications
    16. 16. Other Intel® Platform Technologies Intel® Multi-Core Technology Intel® Intel® Active Virtualization Management Technology Technology Intel® Embedded Platforms Intel® Intel® Trusted 64bit Execution Technology Technology Intel® QuickAssist Technology
    17. 17. The Heart of a Next-Generation Data Center Up to 80% performance boost vs. prior gen1 Dramatically reduce compute time with Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions Up to 4 channels DDR3 1600 Mhz memory Performance when you need it with Intel® Turbo Up to 8 cores Boost Technology 2.0 Up to 20 MB cache Integrated PCI Express* 3.0 Intel® Integrated I/O with Up to 40 Intel® Data Direct I/O lanes per socket cuts latency2 while adding capacity & bandwidth
    18. 18. More Capabilities for a Next-Generation DataCenter More Cores More Memory More Integration More Bandwidth 40 lanes PCIe* 3.0 = New On E5-2600* Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others
    19. 19. Select the Right Intel® Core™ Processor Industry- Leading Intel® Core™ Intel® Core™ Intel® Intel® Intel® Features i7 vPro™ i5 vPro™ Core™ i7 Core™ i5 Core™ i3 Intel® vPro™ Technology1 Intel® Turbo Boost Technology 2.02 Intel® AES New Instructions3 Built-in Visuals Multi-task 8-way 4-way 8-way 4-way 4-way Processing4 L3 Cache Up to Up to Up to Up to Up to 8MB 4MB 8MB 4MB 4MB 3
    20. 20. Leadership Across the Three Pillars Delivers Value to End Users Energy-Efficient Performance Connectivity Security• Best experiences • Always On, Malware protection• Superior battery life Always Connected Anti-theft• Leading graphics • Multi-comms support Identity & privacy and media • Faster access and protection performance transfer speeds New commerce models• Rich integration Password and data capabilities protectionBest transistors enable the most capable, All devices Protected efficient devices seamlessly inter- devices, activities connected and content
    21. 21. Winning = Great Silicon + Embedded MindsetPreserving Architecture Investment Long Life Cycle Support P C Embedded CPUs from PetaFlops to Milliwatts The ArchitecturePurpose Built Embedded Solutions World’s Best Enablement WorkloadAccelerators Opened Interfaces Re-Configurability
    22. 22. Coming Soon: 22nm 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 90 nm 65 nm 45 nm 32 nm 22 nm 22nm A Revolutionary Leap in Process Technology Invented 2nd Gen. Invented 2nd Gen. First to SiGeStrained Silicon SiGe Strained Silicon Gate-Last High-k Gate-Last High-k Implement Tri-Gate 37% Metal Gate Metal Gate Performance Gain at Low Voltage* STRAINED SILICON HIGH-k METAL GATE >50% TRI-GATE Active Power Reduction at Constant Performance* The foundation for all computing Source: Intel *Compared to Intel 32nm Technology
    23. 23. Thank you!
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