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  1. 1. Judiciary Group Members: Farah Masood Fatima Waleed Aqsa Aftab Kiyani Sidra Butt
  2. 2. Judiciary: • The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. • The Judiciary has the constitutional jurisdiction to :  Resolve conflicts arising between the state & citizens over basic liberties;  Ruling whether specific laws are constitutional  Resolving conflicts between different institutions or levels of government
  3. 3. Judiciary system of Pakistan is made up of many Courts differing in levels of legal superiority and separated by jurisdiction. Some of the courts are Federal in nature while others are provincial
  4. 4. • Pakistan's judicial system stems directly from the system that was used in British India as on independence in 1947, the Government of India Act 1935 was retained as a provisional Constitution. • Pakistan is an Islamic republic. Islam is the state religion, and the Constitution requires that laws be consistent with Islam .
  5. 5. Hierarchy Of Courts in Pakistan  Supreme Court Of Pakistan.  Federal Shariat court of Pakistan  High court  District and session court  Special Tribunals and Boards
  6. 6. Supreme Court Of Pakistan Structure 1 Chief justice + 16 permanent judges+2 ad-hoc judges
  7. 7. APPONTMENT OF SUPREME COURT JUDGES • Appointment of Judges • Eligibility • Age limit
  8. 8. Functions Of supreme court • Ultimate appeal • Explicit power • Overturn presidential orders • Custodian Of citizen rights
  9. 9. Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan • Number Of judges • Appointment of judges • Eligibility • Duration of service
  10. 10. Function of Federal Shariyat court • Examine the provision Of law • Appeal against Its decision
  11. 11. Structure Appointment of judges Function Jurisdiction High Courts
  12. 12. High Courts of Pakistan • Lahore High Court • Sindh High Court • Peshawar High Court • Balochistan High Court • Islamabad High Court
  13. 13. Sindh High court Structure  1 chief Justice  27 Judges
  14. 14. Structure 1 chief Justice 49 Judges Punjab High court
  15. 15. Balochistan High court Structure 1 chief Justice 8 Judges
  16. 16. Khyber Pakhtoon khawa High court Structure 1 chief Justice 49 judges
  17. 17. Subordinate Judiciary • CIVIL COURT: They are present all the district of a province. It deals civil material only. The civil courts consist of District Judge, Additional District Judge and Civil Judge Class I, II & III. • CRIMINAL COURT: This court is located in the district of each province. This court has power to change criminal to death punishment. , the criminal courts comprise of Session Judge, Additional Session Judge and Judicial Magistrate Class I, II & III.
  18. 18. Alternative Courts/Legal System • Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) • Jirga • Biradry System/Panchayat • Nizam e Adal Law (for Malakand and Sawat People)
  19. 19. Alternative Dispute Resolution • Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) includes dispute resolution processes and techniques that act as a means for disagreeing parties to come to an agreement short of litigation. • It includes Arbitration.
  20. 20. Nizam-e-Adl • The Nizam-e-Adl Regulation was a controversial act, passed on April 13, 2009, of Pakistan's central government that formally established Sharia law in the Malakand division.
  21. 21. Panchayat • The panchayati raj is a South Asian political  system mainly in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal.  It is the oldest system oflocal government in the Indian  subcontinent.  • The word "panchayat" literally means "assembly" (ayat)  of five (panch) wise and respected elders chosen and  accepted by the local community
  22. 22. Jirga • MEANING OF JIRGA • This can be found throughout Pakistan. Essentially, there are different appellations to this system but the ethics and the rulings are the same. • The reason the jigra system continues to survive is predominantly due to the strong feudal system present in Pakistan. • There were attempts to abolish this system but no political party has been able to break its strength since the main ruling class continues to be feudal. • In many areas, politicians are supporters of such a system.
  23. 23. Special Tribunals and Boards: There are numerous special tribunals such  as; •Banking Courts  •Services Tribunals  •Income Tax Tribunals  •Anti-Corruption Courts  •Anti-Narcotics Courts  •Anti-terrorist Courts 
  24. 24. • Anti-terrorist Courts  • Labor Relations Courts • Board of Revenue  • Special Magistrate courts • Consumer Courts  • Drug courts • Juvenile courts
  25. 25. ANY QUESTION?
  26. 26. THANK YOU!