Transportation Before the Railroad Wagon TrailsShips
Early Talk of ItPacific Railroad proposed to grant lands, subsidies, and even as much as 90 million dollars towards the construction of this railroad had been periodically introduced in Congress since the early 1840sGold Rush of 1849 Discovery of gold in California led to a large amount of people to move to the West By 1850, only 57% of the population livened east of the Alleghenies and on he Atlantic Seaboard Due to this there was a need for Congress to start construction
Different RoutesNorthern Route Southern Route Trade to the Trade from the agricultural manufacturing North South Did not want slavery to Jefferson Davis become an active A southern route would be practice in the New West cost-effective, but had vested Southern interests After the Southern Congressmen left Congress, because of the southern states seceding 1861, the Congressmen left voted for a Northern Route.
Companies Union Pafcific Central Pacific December 2nd, 1863 January 8th, 1863 Omaha, Nebraska Sacramento, California Ex- Chinese immigrants soldiers, Mormons, and Irish immigrants
Pacific Railroad ActsEach railroad company, after completion of an initial 40 mi of track, was to be granted 6,400 acres of public lands and a loan of from $16,000 to $48,000 for each mile of track laid.In 1864, Congress doubled the land grant, considerably eased the terms of government loans, and allowed the two railroad companies to borrow private capital
The workerswere mainlymade up ofIrish andChineseImmigrants
Union Pacific WorkersIrish Immigrants Potato Famine of 1845 brought immigrants over Railroad offered several jobs to unskilled immigrants The railroad workers, labored under extremely dangerous conditions, and for as little as a dollar per day. Hundreds died on the job from avalanches, heat, accidents, and Native American attacks. They were not glorified for all of their scarifies that they made to make this dream a reality In this time frame, the Irish were seen as a step above African Americas and a step below other white citizens and immigrants.
Central Pacific WorkersChinese Immigrants Overpopulation and proverty in China led to an influx of Chinese immigants to the West Coast People in charge of the constuction of the railroad, had adverstising sent over to China to draw immigrants to America to work on the railroad Thousands of men signed prepaid labor contracts that included free transoceanic passage to the West Coast of the United States When the foreman was forced to hire some Chinese workers he was very surpirsed to see that they had an amazing work effort Animosity towards the Chinese culminated in the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, although they were one of the main factors the Transconitental Railroad was completed
Effects on Native Americans Migration to the west, the Native American way of live was already compromised. Their culture became more decimated with the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad The workers had to kill off whole herds of buffalo to guarantee the route that was decided on Buffalo hunters worked for railroad companies, changing the lives and cultures of Native Americans forever. Native Americans started to attack the workers because they were fed up with the mistreatment of their people
Race to Promontory Point, UtahReward April 30 Central Pacific The railroads would Reaches Promontory get loans and the Point land for all the track they built May 10Central Pacific Drove last spike into railroad, finally joining 690 track-mile from the East and West SacramentoUnion Pacific Travel Time Reduced 6 Months to 6 Days 1,086 from Omaha
Impact on the World Now people could travel from one side of the country in about a weeks time Thee culture and way of life for the Native Americans also changed “It was an irrevocable marker of encroaching white society, that unstoppable force which would force Indians onto reservations within decades.” The amount and rate of trade skyrocketed after the completion of the railroad The ability to ship across country made it easier for people all over the country to experience the same thing as their counterparts in other parts in the country The amount and rate of trade skyrocketed after the completetion of the railroad.
Significance TodayIn 1971, Congress created Amtrak, a federally subsidized corporation to take over most long-distance passenger rail.Showed the world the importance of quick trade and the importance of innovated ways to ship goods
Transcontiental Railroad The Good The Bad Quick travel Mistreatment of Importance of new ways Immigrants to trade Discrimination of Connected the country Immigrants The World grew smaller Destruction of the Other countries had to Native American way of compete with America, life because of trade