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Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook
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Bmw e39 - 5series owners handbook

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  • 1. Owners Handbook for the vehicle.With quick reference guide.ContentsA-ZOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 2. Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 3. Saloontouring520i523i528i535i540i525td525tds530dOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 4. Congratulations on your choice of a BMW.The better you are acquainted with your car, the easier you will discover driving it tobe. We would therefore like to offer you the following advice.This Owners Handbook contains important information on operating and lookingafter your BMW. Please read it carefully before setting out in your new car, so thatyou are fully familiar with the technical advantages of your BMW. It also containsuseful information on care and maintenance, to uphold both the cars operatingsafety and its full resale value.We wish you an enjoyable driving experience.BMW AGOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 5. © 1998 BMW AGMunich, GermanyNot to be reproduced wholly or in part withoutwritten permission from BMW AG, Munich.Order No. 01 41 9 791 301English VIII/98Printed in GermanyPrinted on environmentally friendly paper(bleached without chlorine, suitable for recycling).4nNotes on this Owners HandbookWe have tried to make all the informa-tion in this Owners Handbook easy tofind. The quickest access to a particulartopic or item is by consulting the de-tailed alphabetical index at the end.Consult the first chapter for an initialoverview of your car. The detailed list ofcontents immediately following the listof main headings is intended to arouseyour curiosity about your new BMW andencourage you to read this informationcarefully.When the time comes to sell your BMW,please remember to hand over thisOwners Handbook; it is regarded le-gally as part of the vehicle.If you have any queries, BMW Servicewill be glad to advise you.Symbols usedindicates instructions or precau-tions which you should definitelyread for your safety and that of others,and to prevent damage to the car.<is used to identify details of spe-cial features.<refers to recycling methods orprocedures.<< indicates the end of a particular in-struction or description.* identifies special equipment or itemsto a particular national-market specifi-cation, and also accessories.indicates vehicle componentswhere it is advisable to consultthis Owners Handbook.draws your attention to functionswhich BMW Service can adjust tosuit your own personal preferences("Car Memory", "Key Memory"). Seepage 57.<Your own carWhen you ordered your BMW, youchose various items of equipment. Thishandbook describes all models andequipment specifications which BMWoffers within this particular model line.This explains why the handbook mayalso contain details of items which youhave not ordered. The differences caneasily be identified by the asterisk *shown against optional extras.If your BMW contains equipment that isnot described in this Owners Hand-book (e.g. a car radio or telephone),supplementary operating instructionswill be supplied and you are requestedto study and comply with them.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 6. 5nPrint statusFuel consumption data are as deter-mined at the time of closing for print. Alldimensional, weight and performancefigures in the Owners Handbook referto the the German Standards Institute(DIN e.V.) and comply with these toler-ances. Deviations may occur withrespect to certain national-market ver-sions of the cars. In cars with right-hand drive, some controls will be lo-cated differently from those illustratedin this handbook.The high safety and quality standards ofBMW vehicles are maintained by un-ceasing development work on designs,equipment and accessories. Becauseof this, your car may differ from the in-formation supplied in the OwnersHandbook. Nor can errors and omis-sions be entirely ruled out. You aretherefore asked to appreciate that nolegal claims can be entertained on thebasis of the data, illustrations or de-scriptions in this handbook.For your own safetyUse only parts and accessoryproducts which BMW has ap-proved for your car.Parts and products which BMW has ap-proved for your car have been checkedfor safety, function and suitability. BMWaccepts product liability for them.BMW cannot accept liability for parts oraccessory products of any kind which ithas not approved.BMW is unable to assess each individ-ual product of outside origin as to itssuitability for use on BMW vehicleswithout safety risk. Nor can suitabilitybe assured, for example, even if an offi-cial inspection authority (such as theGerman TÜV) has approved the productor it has been granted a General Oper-ating Permit. These tests cannot alwaystake into account the full range of oper-ating conditions applicable to BMW ve-hicles and may therefore be inade-quate.In short, the functional efficiency orroad safety of your BMW, and also itsvalue, may be affected if its specifica-tion is altered by installing parts not ap-proved for it. Original BMW parts andaccessories, other BMW-approvedproducts and competent advice on allrelated matters are obtainable fromBMW Service.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 7. 6nOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 8. Initial overviewControls in detailOperation, maintenanceand general careMinor repairsTechnical dataIndexTechnical items of interest7nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 9. ContentsInitialoverviewControlsindetailDriving area 14Instrument panel 16Telltale and warning lamps 20Multifunctional steeringwheel 23Hazard warning flashers 24Warning triangle 24First aid box 24Refuelling 25Fuel grades 25Tyre pressures 27Opening and closing:Keys 34Electronic immobilizer 35Central locking system 36Doors – from outside 36Radio remote control 37Doors – from inside 39Luggage comparement lid 40Rear window 41Luggage compartment 43Alarm system 44Electric windows 46Sliding/tilt sunroof 47Adjusting:Seats 49Steering wheel 52Mirrors 53Seat, mirror and steering wheelposition memory 55Car Memory, Key Memory 57Safety systems:Seat belts 58Airbags 59Child restraint systems 61Childproof door locks 62Driving:Ignition switch 63Starting the engine 63Stopping the engine 65Handbrake 65Manual gearbox 66Automatic transmission 67Automatic transmission withSteptronic 69Turn indicators/headlampflasher 72Wipers/rain sensor 72Heated rear window 75Cruise control 75Everything under control:Trip distance recorder; outsidetemperature display 77Revolution counter 77Energy Control 78Fuel level indicator 78Coolant thermometer 79Service Interval indicator 79Check Control 80On-board computer 83Technical features for journeycomfort and safety:Park Distance Control (PDC) 85Automatic Stability Control plusTraction (ASC+T)/DynamicStability Control (DSC) 86Electronic Damping Control(EDC) 87Tyre Pressure Control (RDC) 88Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 10. 9nControlsindetailOperation,maintenanceandgeneralcareLights:Sidelights/low-beamheadlamps 90Instrument lighting 90Headlamp range control 91High-beam headlamps/parkinglights 91Fog lamps 92Interior light/load-area light 92Reading lights 93Controlled-temperature air for apleasant interior climate:Air conditioning 95Automatic air conditioning 100Seat heating 106Heated steering wheel 106Roller sun blind 106Auxiliary heater 107Auxiliary ventilation control 107Auxiliary heater remotecontrol 108Practical interior equipment:Glove box 109Storage compartments 109Drink can holders 110Ashtrays 111Cigarette lighter 111Loading and load-carrying:Through-loading system 113Ski bag 114touring:Luggage compartment 117Roller-blind cover 117Net in front of load area 117Compartments in luggagearea 118Removable floor in luggagearea 120Load 121Roof rack 122Towing a trailer 123Driving precautions:Running in 128Driving hints 128Catalytic converter 129Anti-lock brake system(ABS) 130Disc brakes 131Brakes 132Winter operation 133Power steering 135Self-levelling suspension 135Digital Diesel Electronics(DDE) 136Car telephone 136Radio reception 136Wheels and tyres:Tyre pressures 137Condition of tyres 137New tyres 138Changing wheels 138Wheel and tyrecombinations 139Winter tyres 140Snow chains 140Approved wheel and tyresizes 141Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 11. ContentsOperation,maintenanceandgeneralcareMinorrepairsTechnicalitemsofinterestIn the engine compartment:Engine hood 147Engine compartment 148Washer fluid 156Washer jets 156Engine oil 157Coolant 160Brake fluid 161Power steering oil 162Vehicle identificationnumber 162Type plate 162Maintenance and general care:The BMW maintenancesystem 163Care of the car 164Airbags 170Laying up out of use 170Legal requirements andregulations:Rule of the road 171Registration abroad 171Technical modifications 172OBD socket 172Recycling:Recycling in the Servicearea 173Returning the car 173Replacing parts:Toolkit 176Wiper blades 176Lights and bulbs 177Radio remote control 183Auxiliary heater remotecontrol 185Wheel-changing 186Lockable wheel studs 189Battery 190Fuses 192If an electrical fault occurs:Fuel filler flap 194Sliding/tilt sunroof 194touring: tailgate 195Mutual aid:BMW Emergency Service 196Starting with a flat battery 196Tow-starting, towing away 197Fire extinguisher 199Adaptive transmission control(AGS) 202Airbags 203Automatic Stability Control plusTraction (ASC+T)/Dynamic Sta-bility Control (DSC) 203Car radio 204Seat belt catch tensioner 204Hi-fi system (DSP) 205Interior mirror, automatic-dip 205Integral-link rearsuspension 206Latent heat store 206Self-levelling suspension 207Rain sensor 207Tyre pressure control (RDC) 208Xenon headlamps 208Water- and dirt-repellentwindscreen 209Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 12. 11nTechnicaldataIndexEngine data 212Fuel consumption, carbon diox-ide/O emissions 213Dimensions 215Weights 217Performance 221Filling capacities 223Electrical system 224V-belts 224From A to Z 228Minor repairs from A to Z 234Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 13. 12nOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 14. Initial overviewControls in detailOperation, maintenanceand general careMinor repairsTechnical dataIndexTechnical items of interest13nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataDriving area 14Instrument panel 16Telltale and warning lights 20Multi-functional steering wheel(MFL) 23Hazard warning flashers 24Warning triangle 24First aid kit 24Refuelling 25Fuel grade 25Tyre pressures 27Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 15. 14n390de001Driving areaOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 16. 15nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalData1 Sidelights/low beam (dipped)headlamps 902 d Flashing turn indicators 72> Parking lights 91> High-beam headlamps 91> Headlight flasher 72> Computer 833 Fog lights 924 Wipers/washer 725 Central locking system 366 Hazard warning flashers 247 Heated rear window 758 Horn, entire surface9 Electric steering wheeladjustment* 53Driving areaOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 17. 16nInstrument panel390de338Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 18. 17nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataInstrument panelThere are two versions, depending onyour cars equipment1 Fuel display with telltale to indicatewhen fuel is running out 782 Flashing turn indicator repeater 223 Speedometer4 High beam telltale 225 Revolution counter and EnergyControl 77, 786 Engine coolant thermometer withtelltale "Coolant temperature toohigh" 797 Telltale and warning lights (arrangedclockwise) for> Handbrake/brake hydraulics, Dy-namic Brake Control (DBC)* 22> Anti-lock brake system (ABS) 21> Brake pads 21> Tyre pressure control (RDC)* 22> Airbags 21> Automatic transmission* 21> Fasten seat belts 21> Cruise control* 228 Selector lever position and pro-gram displays for automatictransmission* 67Service Interval indicator 799 Computer display –For operation from turn indicatorlever, see page 83:> Outside temperature> Average fuel consumption,> Before refuelling> Average speed10 Telltale/warning lights for> Automatic Stability Control plusTraction (ASC+T)/Dynamic Stabil-ity Control (DSC)* 21> Self-levelling suspension* 2211 Distance recorder (odometer) andtrip distance recorder 7712 Display for Check Control 8013 Trip distance control zeroing 7714 Telltale and warning lights (arrangedclockwise) for> Fog lights* 22> Rear fog lights* 22> Battery charge 20> Engine oil level/pressure 20> Electronic engine output control(EML) 22> Diesel engine preheat/DigitalDiesel Electronics (DDE)* 22> Engine management 22You can also have outside tem-perature and the distance covereddisplayed in another unit of measure-ment.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 19. 18nInstrument panel*390de339Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 20. 19nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataInstrument panel*There are two versions, depending onyour cars equipment1 Fuel display with telltale to indicatewhen fuel is running out 782 Flashing turn indicator repeater 223 Speedometer4 High beam telltale 225 Revolution counter and EnergyControl 776 Coolant thermometer 797 Telltale and warning lights (arrangedclockwise) for> Handbrake 21> Brake hydraulics/Dynamic BrakeControl (DBC)* 22> Anti-lock brake system (ABS) 21> Airbags 21> Fasten seat belts 21> Cruise control* 228 Check Control button 799 Selector lever position and pro-gram displays for automatictransmission* 67, 6910 Otside temperature display 7711 Telltale for Automatic Stability Con-trol plus Traction (ASC+T)/DynamicStability Control (DSC)* 2112 Trip distance recorder 7713 Display for> Check Control 80> Computer: see radio operatinginstructionsand on version with multi-func-tional steering wheel (MFL), alsofor> Radio and telephone, see sepa-rate operating instructions14 Odometer (distance recorder) 7715 Service Interval indicator 7916 Trip distance control zeroing 7717 Telltale and warning lights (arrangedclockwise) for> Fog lights* 22> Rear fog lights* 22> Battery charge 20> Engine oil pressure 20> Engine management 22You can also have the outsidetemperature displayed in differentunits of measurement or the CheckControl messages and computer infor-mation displayed in a different lan-guage.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 21. 20nTelltale and warning lightsTechnical equipment thatmonitors itselfNumerous systems on your BMW areself-monitoring, both when starting andduring the journey. The function of tell-tale and warning lights marked "q" ischecked when the ignition is switchedon. They come on once for varying peri-ods.If a defect occurs in one of the systems,the corresponding light will remain onwhen the engine is started or will comeon again during the journey. The correctresponse on your part to this is de-scribed below.Red: stop as soon as possibleBattery charge qThe battery is not beingcharged. The alternator V-belt isdefective or there is a fault in the alter-nator charging circuit. Consult the near-est BMW Service.If the V-belt is defective, do notcontinue the journey, as there is arisk of the engine overheating and suf-fering damage. A defective V-belt alsoincreases the effort needed to turn thesteering wheel.<Engine oil pressure qThe message "STOP! ENGINEOIL PRESS" may also appear inthe Check Control*: Stop immediatelyand switch off the engine. Checkengine oil level and top up if necessary.If the oil level is correct: Consult thenearest BMW Service.Do not continue the journey, asthe engine may otherwise be dam-aged by inadequate lubrication.<Tyre Pressure Control (RDC)* qA gong signal is also heard: thetyre is punctured or otherwisedamaged. Immediately reduce speedand stop, avoiding violent braking andsudden steering wheel movements.Further details: page 88Brake hydraulics qIf light remains on after releasinghandbrake: have the brake fluidlevel checked. Before continuing onyour journey, read instructions onpages 132 and 161.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 22. 21nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataTelltale and warning lightsYellow: stop as soon as possibleEngine oil level*If light comes on during journey:stop immediately and switch offthe engine. The engine oil is at its abso-lute minimum permitted level.Do not continue the journey, asthe engine may otherwise be dam-aged by inadequate lubrication.<Red: important reminderHandbrake* qLights up when handbrake is ap-plied. Further details: page 65.Handbrake* qLights up when handbrake is ap-plied. Further details: page 65.Also lights up when the message"CHECK BRAKE LININGS" appears onthe Check Control.Fasten seat beltsqDepending on the version, a sig-nal sounds at the same time* ora message appears* in the Check Con-trol display. Comes on for several sec-onds or, depending on version, until theseat belts are fastened. Further details:page 58.Airbags qPlease arrange for the problemto be examined by BMW Serv-ice. Further details: page 59, 203.Yellow: have a check performedsoonAnti-lock brake system (ABS) qABS is switched off because afault has developed. Normalbrake action is not affected (no restric-tions). Please arrange for the problemto be examined by BMW Service. Fur-ther details: page 130.Engine oil level*If light comes on when engine isswitched off: check engine oillevel. Further details: page 157.Automatic transmission* qA fault has caused the auto-matic transmission to switch tothe emergency-run program. Pleaseconsult your nearest BMW Service.Further details: page 68.Brake pads* qCheck the condition of yourbrake pads. Further details:page 133.Automatic Stability Control plusTraction (ASC+T)/DynamicStability Control (DSC)* qASC+T/DSC has been switched off bypressing the control button, or due to afault. If there is a fault, please have itchecked by BMW Service. Further de-tails: page 86.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 23. 22nTelltale and warning lightsDynamic Brake Control (DBC)* qMalfunction in DBC system. Nor-mal brake action is not affected(no restrictions). Further details:page 132.Tyre Pressure Control (RDC)* qTo check tyre pressures, seepage 27, 88.Self-levelling suspension* qThe self-levelling suspension isout of action. Please consultyour nearest BMW Service. Further de-tails: page 135.Engine management system qEngine control system malfunc-tion. Please arrange for theproblem to be examined by BMW Serv-ice.Electronic engine output control(EML)* qEML malfunction. Higher pedalpressure and longer pedal travel maybe needed when braking. Please ar-range for the problem to be examinedby BMW Service.Digital Diesel Electronics(DDE)* qIf light comes on during journey:please arrange for the problem to beexamined by BMW Service. Further de-tails: page 136.Yellow: for your informationRear foglights*Lights up when the rear foglights are switched on. Furtherdetails: page 92.Diesel engine preheat* qDo not start the engine until thelight has gone out. Further de-tails: page 63.Green: for your informationFlashing turn indicatorsFlashes rhythmically when a turnis selected; also applies totrailer if one is being towed. Rapidflashing: system malfunction. Furtherdetails: page 72.Cruise control*Comes on when the system isswitched on: Ready to operateusing the multi-function steering wheel.Further details: page 75.Fog lights*Lights up when the foglights areswitched on. Further details:page 92.Blue: for your informationHigh-beam headlampsComes on when the high head-lamp beams are in use or theheadlamp flasher is used. Further de-tails: page 72, 91Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 24. 23nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataMultifunctional steering wheel (MFL)*Integrated into the multifunctionalsteering wheel (MFL) are buttons topermit the following functions to be per-formed quickly and without the driversattention being distracted from thetraffic:> Various radio functions> Recirculated-air mode for air condi-tioning or> Heated steering wheel> Cruise control> Some telephone functions.The systems in question must beswitched on before they can becontrolled from the multifunctionalsteering wheel.<The illustration shows a full set of con-trols. For further details, please refer tothe description of the item concerned.1 Telephone: accepting call, startingdialling or terminating call. Withvoice input*: switching on and off2 Radio/telephone: change overswitch3 Radio/telephone: search in reverseor station keys (or browse in list ofnames)4 Radio/telephone: volume control5 Radio/telephone: search forwardsor station keys (or browse in list ofnames)390de1106 Horn, entire surface7 Cruise control: recall8 Cruise control: memorise andaccelerate (+), decelerate andmemorise (–)9 Cruise control: activate/interrupt/de-activate10 Recirculated air and AUC or steer-ing wheel heating: switching on andoff.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 25. 24nHazard warning flashers Warning triangle* First aid box*The pushbutton lights up in a regularrhythm when the hazard warning flash-ers are operating.When the cars lights are in use, thepushbutton is also lit so that it can belocated more easily after dark.The turn signals have priority overthe hazard warning lights. For thisreason, from ignition key setting 1, youare able to operate the turn signals,even if the hazard warning lights areswitched on.<390de039The warning triangle is kept in the toolholder in the luggage compartment lidor tailgate, and easily reached whenneeded.To open the toolkit, unscrew the wingbolt(s).Please note that you may be re-quired by law to carry a warningtriangle in the car.<394de053Under the front passengers seat.To remove: lift up the pushbutton catchat the front (arrow) and pull the first aidkit forwards out of its holder.To replace in position: insert the first aidkit in its holder and push to the rear untilthe catch engages.Certain of the items in the first aidkit have a limited useful life. Thecontents should therefore be checkedregularly and life-expired items re-placed. Replacements can be obtainedfrom any pharmacy.Comply with legal requirements con-cerning the need to carry a first-aid boxin the car.<390de086Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 26. 25nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataRefuelling Fuel gradePress front edge of fuel filler flap toopen.To release the fuel filler flap if the cen-tral locking system has failed, seepage 194.When handling fuel, comply withthe safety regulations displayedby garages and filling stations.<394de011Place the screw cap in the holder onthe flap.When refuelling, insert the filler nozzlefully into the filler neck. If the fillernozzle is raised during refuelling,> the supply of fuel will be cut off pre-maturely> and on filler nozzles with fuel vapourrecovery, the recirculating functionwill be less effective.394de120Spark-ignition engine withcatalytic converterThe engine should be run exclusively onunleaded fuel. Since the engines have aknock control function, they can run ondifferent grades of fuel.Your BMWs engine is rated to run on:> Super Plus/premium plus fuel (octanenumber 98, Research Method).Fill up with petrol of this grade when-ever possible, so that the nominal per-formance and fuel consumption valuesare achieved.You can also run the engine on:> Premium-grade unleaded fuel (oc-tane number 95, Research Method).This fuel is also known as:DIN EN 228 or Euro-Super.The minimum permissible grade is:> Regular-grade unleaded fuel (octanenumber 91, Research Method).In view of the engine ratings, you arerecommended to use this fuel only inexceptional circumstances.Never use fuel containing lead ifthe car is equipped with a catalyticconverter, otherwise the lambda probeand the converter will be permanentlydamaged.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 27. 26nFuel gradeSpark-ignition engines withoutcatalytic converter*(the catalytic converter can be retro-fitted)The engine is designed to run on bothunleaded and leaded fuel. Since theengines have a knock control function,they can run on different grades of fuel.Your BMWs engine is rated to run on:> Super Plus/premium plus unleadedfuel (octane number 98, ResearchMethod) or> Super Plus/premium plus leaded fuel(octane number 98, ResearchMethod). Super (premium) grade pet-rol (gasoline) can be identified by itsconformity with German IndustrialStandard DIN 51 600.Fill up with petrol of this grade when-ever possible, so that the nominal per-formance and fuel consumption valuesare achieved.You can also run the engine on:> Premium-grade unleaded fuel (oc-tane number 95, Research Method).This fuel is also known as:DIN EN 228 or Euro-Super.The minimum permissible grade is:> Regular-grade unleaded or leadedfuel (octane number 91, ResearchMethod).In view of the engine ratings, you arerecommended to use this fuel only inexceptional circumstances.Diesel engines> Diesel oil to DIN EN 590 standard.For winter-grade diesel oil, seepage 133.Do not use rapeseed oil methylester (RME) or Biodiesel, or yourisk damaging the engine.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 28. 27nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataTyre pressuresTyre pressures are also shown on thedrivers door post (visible when thedoor is open).Checking tyre pressuresAll pressure values in the table (see alsothe following pages) are in bar (poundsper square inch in brackets) and arequoted for cold tyres (cold = no higherthan ambient temperature).When towing a trailer, always use thevalues for the higher load.Cars with Tyre Pressure Control(RDC)*:After correcting tyre pressures, re-acti-vate the system; see page 88.390de351Check tyre pressures regularly (atleast every two weeks and beforestarting a long journey). Incorrect tyrepressures can adversely affect the carsroadholding and cause tyre damage,which could result in an accident.Remember to check the spare wheeltyre pressure as well. It should be at thehighest pressure needed for any of yourcars tyres.<Make sure that only approvedtyres are fittedThese tyre pressures apply to makes oftyre approved by BMW and known toBMW Service. If other makes of tyre arefitted to the car, higher tyre pressuresmay be needed. Approved tyre sizesare shown on page 141 onwards.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 29. 28nTyre pressuresBMWsaloonTyre size525td205/65 R 15 94 H225/60 R 15 96 V225/55 R 16 95 V1.9(27.0)2.1(29.8)2.1(29.8)2.6(37.0)235/45 R 17 94 W/Y255/40 R 17 94 W/Y1.9(27.0)–2.1(29.8)2.1(29.8)2.1(29.8)–2.6(37.0)2.6(37.0)205/65 R 15 94 Q/T/H M+S225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M+S235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H M+S2.1(29.8)2.3(32.7)2.3(32.7)2.8(39.8)520i523i525tds205/65 R 15 94 V225/60 R 15 96 V225/55 R 16 95 V1.9(27.0)2.3(32.7)2.3(32.7)2.8(39.8)235/45 R 17 94 W/Y255/40 R 17 94 W/Y1.9(27.0)–2.3(32.7)2.3(32.7)2.3(32.7)–2.8(39.8)2.8(39.8)205/65 R 15 94 Q/T/H M+S225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M+S235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H M+S2.1(29.8)2.5(35.6)2.5(35.6)3.0(42.7)Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 30. 29nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataTyre pressures528i530d225/60 R 15 96 W225/55 R 16 95 W2.0(28.5)2.4(34.1)2.5(35.6)3.0(42.7)235/45 R 17 94 W/Y255/40 R 17 94 W/Y2.2(31.3)–2.6(37.0)2.6(37.0)2.7(38.4)–3.2(45.5)3.2(45.5)205/65 R 15 94 Q/T/H M+S225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M+S235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H M+S2.2(31.3)2.6(37.0)2.7(38.4)3.2(45.5)535i540i225/55 R 16 95 W 2.3(32.7)2.6(37.0)2.7(38.4)3.2(45.5)235/45 R 17 94 W/Y255/40 R 17 94 W/Y2.5(35.6)–2.8(39.8)2.8(39.8)2.9(41.2)–3.4(48.4)3.4(48.4)225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M+S235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H M+S2.5(35.6)2.8(39.8)2.9(41.2)3.4(48.4)BMWsaloonTyre sizeOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 31. 30nTyre pressuresTyre size 205/65 R 15 94 V is notapproved for the BMW 523i touring.<BMWtouringTyre size520i523i525tds205/65 R 15 94 V225/60 R 15 96 V225/55 R 16 95 V235/45 R 17 94 W/Y2.0(28.5)2.4(34.1)2.6(37.0)3.1(44.1)205/65 R 15 94 Q/T/H M+S225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M+S235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H M+S2.2(31.3)2.6(37.0)2.8(39.8)3.3(46.9)528i530d225/60 R 15 96 W225/55 R 16 95 W2.1(29.8)2.5(35.6)2.6(37.0)3.1(44.1)235/45 R 17 94 W/Y225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H M+S225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M+S235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H M+S2.3(32.7)2.7(38.4)2.8(39.8)3.3(46.9)540i225/55 R 16 95 W235/45 R 17 94 Y225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H M+S235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H M+S2.4(34.1)2.8(39.8)2.8(39.8)3.3(46.9)Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 32. 31nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 33. 32nOpening and closing:Keys 34Electronic immobiliser 35Central locking system 36Doors – from outside 36Radio remote control 37Doors – from inside 39Luggage compartment lid 40Rear window 41Load area 43Alarm system 44Electric windows 46Sliding/tilting sunroof 47Adjusting:Seats 49Steering wheel 52Mirrors 53Seat, mirror and steering wheelposition memory 55Safety systems:Seat belts 58Airbags 59Child restraint systems 61Childproof door locks 62Driving:Ignition switch 63Starting the engine 63Stopping the engine 65Handbrake 65Manual gearbox 66Automatic transmission 67Automatic transmission withSteptronic 69Turn indicators/headlampflasher 72Wipers/rain sensor 72Heated rear window 75Cruise control 75Everything under control:Trip distance recorder; outsidetemperature display 77Revolution counter 77Energy Control 78Fuel gauge 78Coolant thermometer 79Service Interval indicator 79Check Control 80On-board computer 83Technical features for journeycomfort and safety:Park Distance Control (PDC) 85Automatic Stability Control plusTraction (ASC+T)/DynamicStability Control (DSC) 86Electronic Damping Control(EDC) 87Tyre Pressure Control (RDC) 88Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 34. Initial overviewControls in detailOperation, maintenanceand general careMinor repairsTechnical dataIndex33nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataLights:Sidelights/low-beam (dipped)headlamps 90Instrument lighting 90Headlight beam angle control 91High-beam headlamps/parkinglights 91Fog lights 92Interior light/load-area light 92Reading lights 93Controlled-temperature air forpleasant interior conditions:Air conditioning 95Automatic air conditioning 100Seat heating 106Heated steering wheel 106Roller sun blind 106Auxiliary heater 107Auxiliary ventilation control 107Remote control for auxiliaryheater 108Practical interior equipment:Glove box 109Storage compartments 109Drink can holders 110Ashtrays 111Cigarette lighter 111Loading and load carrying:Through-loading system 113Ski bag 114touring:Load area 117Roller-blind cover 117Net in front of load area 117Compartments in luggagearea 118Pull-out load floor 120Load 121Roof rack 122Towing a trailer 123Technical items of interestOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 35. 34nKeysKey with radio remote control1 Master key with radio remote controltransmitter2 Spare key, to be kept in a safe place,for instance in a purse or wallet. Thisis a master key, but is not intendedfor regular use3 Key for doors and ignition.This key does not open the luggagecompartment/tailgate or the glovebox – this can be useful for instanceat a hotel or restaurant with car park-ing service.390de326Replacement keysA replacement key can only be ob-tained from BMW Service. Please notethat BMW Service is required to checkthat you are entitled to order sparekeys, since the keys are part of the carssecurity system (see Electronic immobi-lizer, page 35).Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 36. 35nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataElectronic immobiliserThe high-security keyThe electronic immobiliser is an addi-tional means of protecting your BMWagainst theft, and operates without youhaving to perform any selection or ad-justing processes yourself. It ensuresthat the engine will only start if an igni-tion key which the immobiliser recog-nises as belonging to the car is used.You can also ask BMW Service to inval-idate individual keys, for instance if theyare lost. If a key has been invalidated,it can no longer be used to start theengine.390de015What the electronics system candoA special electronic component is inte-grated into the key. The vehicles elec-tronics exchange constantly updatedsignals, which are individualized forevery vehicle, between the ignitionswitch and the electronic componentsin the key. The ignition, fuel supply andstarter motor are only released once thekey is identified as authorised.The electronics integrated into thekey are exposed to mechanicaldamage. This could prevent you fromstarting the engine.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 37. 36nCentral locking system Doors – from outsideThe principleThe central locking system cannot takeeffect until both front doors are closed.The following are unlocked and lockedtogether:> Doors> Trunk lid/tailgate and rear window*> Tank flap.The central locking system can beoperated> from outside using the door or tail-gate lock* and by the radio remotecontrol> from inside using a button.When operated from the outside, thedeadlocks are engaged at the sametime. It prevents the doors from beingunlocked either at the safety lock but-tons or door handles. The alarm sys-tem* is also activated or deactivated.In the event of a collision, the centrallocking system is released automati-cally, but only at doors which were notlocked separately by means of the in-side buttons; see page 39. The hazardwarning flashers and interior light arealso switched on.Locking and unlockingDo not lock the car when there isanyone inside it, as it cannot thenbe unlocked from the inside.<On certain national-market ver-sions, the alarm system can onlybe operated from the radio remote con-trol. On these cars, unlocking with a keytriggers off the alarm.To switch off the alarm: press button 1(unlock) or turn the ignition key to posi-tion 1.<For further details of the alarm system,see page 44.380de015Comfort operationYou can also operate windows and thesliding/tilting sunroof using the doorlock.> To open: when the door is closed,turn the key in the door lock to the re-lease position and hold it there.> To close: when the door is closed,turn the key to the locking positionand hold it there.Watch the closing movement toensure that no-one is trapped. Themovement is stopped when the key isreleased.<Manual operationif an electrical fault has occurredBy turning the key to the limit positionsin the door lock, you can lock and un-lock the drivers door.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 38. 37nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataRadio remote controlUnlockingPress button 1.At the same time the deadlocks are re-leased, the alarm system* de-activatedand the interior light switched on.On versions for certain markets,pressing the button once only un-locks the drivers door; it must bepressed a second time to release theremainder of the central locking sys-tem.<If you wish, you can have this spe-cial arrangement programmed foreach specific remote control.<394de013Convenient openingYou can also open the windows andsliding/tilting sunroof using the remotecontrol unit:Hold button 1 down. When you releasethe button, the opening process is in-terrupted immediately.Locking and thiefproofingPress button 2.The antitheft deadlock is simultane-ously engaged and the alarm systemactivated.Do not lock the car when there issomeone inside it, as it cannotthen be unlocked from the inside.<Convenient closureYou can also close the windows andsliding/tilting sunroof using the remotecontrol unit:Hold button 2 depressed. The closingprocedure is interrupted if the button isreleased.Watch the closing movement toensure that no-one is trapped. Theclosing procedure is interrupted if thebutton is released.<On cars with an alarm system (seepage 44): if the convenient closuremovement is interrupted, the car mustbe unlocked again with button 1 beforeconvenient closure is undertaken again.Failing this, the tilt alarm sensor and in-terior movement detector will be out ofaction.<Switching on the interior lightingIf the car is locked, press button 2.Subject to the remote controls range,this function can be used to locate yourcar on a large car park, for example.Switching off tilt alarm sensorBriefly press button 2 again after lock-ing the car.This also switches off the alarm sys-tems interior movement detectingfunction (see page 44).LED (light-emitting diode) 3 comeson briefly when any button ispressed. Certain symbols on the radioremote control may differ from those il-lustrated here.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 39. 38nRadio remote controlOpening luggage compartment/tailgatePress button 4.The boot lid/tailgate opens slightly,regardless of whether it was previouslylocked or unlocked.394de013Master keysKeys with a radio remote control trans-mitter are master keys.Apart from "Switch on interior light" and"Open boot lid/tailgate", all radio re-mote control functions can also be op-erated with the key in the drivers doorlock or the boot lid/tailgate lock.The front passengers door has no out-side lock, in order to reduce the risk oftheft.On certain national-market ver-sions, the alarm system can onlybe operated from the radio remote con-trol. On these cars, unlocking with a keytriggers off the alarm.To switch off the alarm: Press button 1(unlock) or turn the ignition key to posi-tion 1.<Note that children could lock thedoors from the inside if they arealone in the car. Always take the carkeys with you so that the car can beopened from the outside.<InterferenceThe radio remote control may be sus-ceptible to local interference from othersystems or equipment operating on thesame frequency.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 40. 39nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataDoors – from insideThis button is used to operate the cen-tral locking system when the front doorsare closed. This only unlocks or locksthe doors, luggage compartment lid/window and fuel filler flap – it does notactivate the burglar alarm for them.If you wish, the central lockingsystem can be set to engage assoon as the car is driven away. You canhave this setting programmed as part ofthe Key Memory facility.<390de016Unlocking and opening> Either use the central locking buttonto unlock all doors at once, then pullthe door handle above the armrest, or> Pull the door handle out twice at anydoor: the first pull will unlock thedoor, the second pull will open it.Locking> Either lock all doors at the centrallocking pushbutton, or> Press the door safety buttons down.To avoid being shut out of the car ac-cidentally, the drivers door cannot belocked with the safety button when itis open.Do not lock the doors with thesafety buttons during the journey,or else the central locking system willnot be released in the event of an acci-dent.Note that children could lock the doorsfrom the inside if they are alone in thecar. Always take the key with you, sothat the car can be opened from theoutside.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 41. 40nLuggage compartment lidLock – saloon onlyOnly the central keys (see page 34) fitthe boot lid lock.394de017Locking separatelyTurn the master key to the right past thepressure point and take it out when hor-izontal.This locks the luggage compartmentand disconnects it from the centrallocking system. If you then hand overonly door and ignition key 3 (seepage 34), the boot lid cannot beopened. This extra security can beuseful, for instance, when arriving at ahotel.394de064Opening from outsidePress the button (arrow): the boot lidopens slightly.The boot or luggage area is lit when youopen the boot lid/tailgate (also refer topage 92).Manual operationif an electrical fault has occurredSaloon:Insert a master key into the luggagecompartment lid lock and turn fully tothe left – the lid will open slightly.The luggage compartment is lockedagain as soon as its lid is closed.touring: See page 195.394de009Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 42. 41nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataLuggage compartment lidOpening from inside carWith this button, you can open the lug-gage compartment lid or tailgate whilethe vehicle is stationary, provided it isnot deadlocked.390de324Rear window – touringIt is quick and easy to load and unloadsmall items if the rear window can beopened separately.Press the button (arrow): the rear win-dow opens slightly. It can be swung up-wards.To close the window, press down onthe glass.Protect the window if it is likely tobe struck by sharp-pointed orsharp-edged objects on the load areaduring the journey; this is to preventdamage to the rear-window heating el-ements.<392de159Closing – saloonA recessed handle (arrow) next to thelock mechanism makes it easier to pullthe lid down.394de128Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 43. 42nLuggage compartment lidClosing – touringYou can pull the tailgate down with bothhands if required (arrows) at the re-cessed handles provided.To close the tailgate, press it down onlylightly. The actual closing action is au-tomatic.To avoid injuries, as with any clos-ing process, ensure that the clos-ing area of the boot lid/tailgate is unob-structed.<When the tailgate on the touring isopen, the tip of the tailgate ismore than two metres off the ground.Please note this if, for instance, you areopening the tailgate in a garage.<392de160If possible, drive only with the tail-gate and rear window fully closed,to prevent exhaust gases from enteringthe passenger compartment. If you areobliged to drive the car with the lid, tail-gate or rear window open:> Close all other windows and the sun-roof> Increase the volume of air in the heat-ing and ventilation system or the airconditioner, refer to page 94 or 100.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 44. 43nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataLoad areaTensioning strapsUse the tensioning straps on the floor ofthe load area to prevent small objectsfrom slipping.If you place objects on the lashingstraps, they form a non-slip base.There are lashing points at the cornersof the load area to which a load areanet* or retaining straps can be attachedwhen loads have to be secured.See also under "Loading", page 121.394de302Hanger*There is a hook on the left in the loadarea for hanging up carrier bags or sim-ilar.394de144Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 45. 44nAlarm system*The alarm system reacts if:> a door, the engine compartment, theload area or load area or the rear win-dow are opened> there is any movement inside the car(interior movement detector)> there is a change in the cars attitude,for instance if it is jacked up to re-move a wheel or if it is towed away> there is an interruption in the powersupply from the battery.Depending on the national-market ver-sion of the car, the alarm system indi-cates unauthorised entry or tamperingin different ways:> 30-second acoustic alarm> Switching on the hazard warningflashers for approx. 5 minutes*.Activating and de-activatingWhenever the car is locked or un-locked, whether at a lock or with the re-mote control, the alarm system is acti-vated or de-activated at the same time.The interior movement detector is acti-vated about 30 seconds after the lastlocking action.If the alarm system has been activatedcorrectly, the hazard warning flasherscome on once*.Even when the system has been acti-vated, you can open the lid/tailgate bypressing button 4 on the radio remotecontrol. As soon as the lid/tailgate isclosed again, it is locked.On certain national-market ver-sions, the alarm system can onlybe operated from the radio remote con-trol. On these cars, unlocking with a keytriggers off the alarm.To switch off the alarm: press button 1(unlock) or turn the ignition key to posi-tion 1.<Alarm system telltale> If the telltale lamp under the insidemirror flashes steadily: the system isactivated.> If the telltale flashes when the systemis being activated: not all doors, lidsor the rear window are properlyclosed. Even if an item is not closedfully, the remaining items are pro-tected and the telltale lamp begins toflash steadily after 10 seconds. How-ever, the interior movement detectoris not activated.> If the telltale goes out when the sys-tem is de-activated, no attempt wasmade to tamper with the car duringyour absence.390de020Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 46. 45nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAlarm system*> If the telltale flashes for 10 secondswhen the system is de-activated, anattempt was made to tamper with thecar.After the alarm has stopped, the telltaleonce again flashes intermittently.Tilt sensorThe tilt alarm sensor and the interiormovement detector can be switched offtogether. This prevents the alarm frombeing triggered off when not wanted,for instance in two-level garage parkingor when travelling on a car train or ferry:Perform the locking movement (acti-vate) twice, by pressing button 2 on theradio remote control twice in succes-sion, or repeating the locking move-ment with the key.The telltale comes on briefly, thenflashes continuously. The tilt alarm sen-sor and interior movement detector arethen switched off until the system is de-activated again.Interior movement detectorThe illustration shows the interior move-ment detectors transmitter and re-ceiver.Before the interior movement detectorcan operate correctly, the windows andsunroof must be closed.However, switch the interior movementdetector off (see under "Tilt alarm sen-sor" in previous column) if> children or animals remain in the car> a window or the sunroof is to remainopen.390de153The tilt alarm sensor and interiormovement detector will beswitched off inadvertently if the con-venient closure movement of the win-dows and sunroof is interrupted and re-started within the first 10 seconds. Inthis case the complete system must bede-activated and re-activated.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 47. 46nElectric windowsOpening and closing windowsFrom ignition key position 1:> Press the rocker switch in until thepressure point is felt:the window continues to move for aslong as the rocker switch is pressed.> Press the toggle switch over beyondthe pressure point:the window then continues to moveautomatically.Press the switch briefly again to haltthe movement.390de055After the ignition is switched off:> You can still operate the electric win-dows for up to 15 minutes, unless afront door was opened and closedagain. To open, press the rockerswitch beyond the normal detentpoint.When leaving the car, always takeout the ignition key and close thedoors, so that children cannot operatethe electric windows and possibly injurethemselves.<For details of comfort operation usingthe door lock and/or the radio remotecontrol unit, refer to page 36 or 37.Protective functionThere is a contact strip on the inside ofeach window surround, at the top. If it iscompressed as the window closes, theclosing action is interrupted immedi-ately and the window re-opens slightly.Despite this protective function,make sure that the window is notobstructed as it closes; if this precau-tion is not taken, the risk remains thatthin objects, for instance, may not actu-ate the contact strip correctly.The protective function is switched offby pressing the switch beyond its nor-mal pressure point and holding itthere.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 48. 47nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataElectric windows Sliding/tilting sunroof*Safety switchThis prevents the electric rear side win-dows from being opened and closed atthe switches on the rear doors, for in-stance by children.Always press the childproof safetyswitch when carrying children onthe rear seat. Careless closure of elec-tric windows can cause injury.<390de131Always close the sliding/tiltingsunroof carefully, so that injuriesare avoided.When leaving the car, always take outthe ignition key and close the doors, sothat children cannot operate the electricwindows and possibly injure them-selves.<Low air pressure or draughts inside thecar when the sunroof is slid back ortilted up can be avoided by keeping theventilation outlets on the fascia openand increasing the airflow if necessary.See page 96, 103.For details of comfort operation usingthe door lock and/or the radio remotecontrol unit, refer to page 36 or 37.Raising – opening – closingFrom ignition key setting 1, press downthe switch and/or slide in the desireddirection up to the pressure point.When being raised, the roof lining onlyretracts a few centimetres.You can operate the electric sunroof forup to 15 minutes after switching off theignition, provided that a front door hasnot been opened and closed again inthe meantime.Automatic* opening and closingPress the button and hold down beyondthe pressure point.Furthermore, the following movementsare automated:390de327Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 49. 48nSliding/tilting sunroof*> When the roof is open, press theswitch in the "Raise" direction: theroof moves to the limit position for"Raising".> When the roof is raised, press theswitch towards "Opening": the sun-roof panel moves to the fully openposition.Pressing the switch stops this move-ment.Protective functionIf the sliding/tilting sunroof encountersresistance when closing with the roofroughly half closed, the closing opera-tion is interrupted and the roof re-opensslightly.Despite this protective function,make sure that the roof is not ob-structed as it closes; if this precaution isnot taken, the risk remains that thin ob-jects, for instance, may not actuate theclosing-force limiter correctly.The protective function is switched offby pressing the switch beyond its nor-mal pressure point and holding itthere.<Sunroof with glass panel*Operation and function are as de-scribed above for the conventional slid-ing/tilting sunroof. To open the rooffrom the raised position, hold the switchin the opening direction until the roofhas reached the desired position.When the roof panel is raised, the slid-ing trim is pushed back slightly; whenthe roof is slid open, it moves with theroof panel. It remains in the open posi-tion and can be moved to a new posi-tion whenever required. Power supply failed or interruptedAfter the power supply has been inter-rupted (e.g. by disconnecting the bat-tery), it is only possible to tilt up thesunroof panel initially. To restore its fullrange of functions:1 Move the sliding/tilting roof to thefully raised position2 Hold the switch down for approx.20 seconds.If there is an electrical defect, the slid-ing/tilting sunroof can be operatedmanually, see page 194.390de328Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 50. 49nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataFor your own personal safety, pleasenote the following precautions whenadjusting the seat position:Do not reposition the drivers seatwhile the car is in motion. Other-wise an unexpected seat movementcould cause the driver to lose control ofthe car and lead to an accident.The seat belt should pass as closely aspossible over the wearers body. In theevent of a head-on collision, the lap beltcould otherwise slide over the hips andinjure the lower part of the body. In ad-dition, the restraining effect is reducedif the seat belt is slack against thewearers body.Do not recline the seat back too farwhen the car is being driven (this ap-plies in particular to the front passen-ger), or there will be a risk of "submarin-ing" under the seat belt, so that the beltloses its full protective effect.Do not slide the seats to the rear if thecar is inclined at an angle (for instance agarage ramp or a slope). This couldlead to the automatic seat belt heightadjuster becoming disconnected.<1 Forward/backPull the lever up and slide the seat tothe preferred position.After releasing the lever, slide theseat backwards or forwards veryslightly until engages correctly2 HeightPull up the lever and apply yourweight to the seat or allow it to rise380de0213 Seat backPull the lever and either apply yourweight to the seat back, or lean for-ward to relieve it of load4 Seat angle (drivers seat only)Pull the lever up and move the seat tothe desired angle.380de022Seats, adjusting Manual seat adjustmentOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 51. 50nManual seat adjustment BMW Sport seat*Correct seated positionTo relieve the load on the discs of thespine, sit well back in the seat with yourback resting firmly against the seatback.The ideal position is when the head isa straight-line extension of the spinalcolumn.On long journeys the seat back can bereclined rearwards to a slightly greaterangle, in order to reduce muscle strain.You should still be able to reach thehighest point on the steering wheel withthe arms slightly bent.Lumbar support*See BMW Comfort seat, next page.Head restraintsTo adjust height: pull out or push in.Adjusting front head restraint angle:swing forwards or back.Head restraints reduce the risk ofneck injuries in the event of an ac-cident.The head restraint should therefore bepositioned with its centre at approxi-mately the same height as the ears ofthe seats occupant.The centre rear head restraint shouldbe left fully retracted; if it is pulled outmore than a very short distance, it willnot function correctly.<390de065ManualOn this seat, the thigh support area canalso be adjusted:Pull the lever and move the thigh sec-tion until it provides the necessary sup-port.The angle of the passengers seat canalso be adjusted.390de137Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 52. 51nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataElectrically adjusted seat* BMW Comfort seat*1 Angle2 Forward/back3 Height4 Seat back5 Head restraint heightTilt the head restraint to alter its angle.Comply with the adjusting instruc-tions on page 49, or there may bea risk to your personal safety.<380de023This seat has additional lumbar andshoulder support settings.1 Lumbar support> Push the switch forward or back: thecurvature is increased or decreased.> Press the switch at top or bottom:curvature moves up or down.The seat back contour can be altered toprovide more support to the curved(lumbar) section of the spine.The upper edge of the pelvis and thespinal column are supported, to en-courage an upright but relaxed seatedposition.380de0242 Shoulder supportPress the switch: the angle of the upperpart of the seat back changes.The adjustable upper section of theseat back supports the shoulder area ofthe seat occupants body. It enables arelaxed seat position to be found andreduces the load on the shoulder mus-cles.To obtain the recommended optimumsettings:Drivers and front passengers side:1 Tilt the upper part of the seat backfully to the rear2 Adjust to the most suitable position,as described on page 503 Tilt the upper section of the seat backforwards until adequate shouldersupport is obtained.380de024Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 53. 52nBMW Comfort seat* BMW Sport seat* Adjusting steering wheelPassengers seat in rest position:1 Tilt the upper part of the seat backfully to the rear2 Set the seat angle to a slightly moreupright position3 Recline the seat back slightly more tothe rear4 Tilt the upper section of the seat backfurther forwards.Correct the forward/back positionof the seat if necessary to ensurethat the seat belt still passes closelyover the wearers body, otherwise thebelts protective action may be af-fected.<380de064ElectricThis seat has electric thigh supportadjustment.To operate it, press the switch.390de371Manual1 Swing out the clamp lever2 Move the steering wheel to the pre-ferred reach and angle to suit yourseated position3 Fold the lever back in to clamp thesteering column in the new position.Do not adjust the steering wheelposition while the vehicle is in mo-tion, otherwise an accident may resultfrom any unexpected movement.<390de027Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 54. 53nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAdjusting steering wheel MirrorsElectrical*The steering wheel can be repositionedin four directions, corresponding to thelever movements.Do not adjust the steering wheelposition while the vehicle is in mo-tion, otherwise an accident may resultfrom any unexpected movement.<To memorise steering wheel position,see "seat, mirror and steering wheelposition memory", page 55.390de028Automatic steering wheeladjustment(only in conjunction with seat, mirrorand steering wheel memory*)To make it easier to get in and out ofthe drivers seat, the steering wheel au-tomatically rises into its uppermost po-sition before returning to the driving po-sition (memory).This automatic system responds to theignition key setting and the driversdoor. Outside mirrors1 Switch for adjustment in all fourdirections2 Changeover switch for mirror onother side of car3 Button for folding the mirrors in andout (only with automatic-dip outsidemirrors* – see page 55).Press the button once to fold the mirrorsin, and again to fold them out. This can,for example, be useful in car washes,narrow streets or to reset a mirror to thecorrect position if it was previouslyfolded forwards.The mirrors can be folded in at aroad speed up to 10 km/h (approx.6 mph).<390de029Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 55. 54nMirrorsThe mirrors can also be adjusted manu-ally by pressing the edge of the glass.To memorise mirror positions, see"seat, mirror and steering wheel posi-tion memory", page 55.The outer, aspherically curved* sectionof the mirror displays a larger field ofview, though slightly distorted, than theinner, convex* section. In this way, theview to the rear is extended and theblind spot is reduced in size.The mirror on the passengersside is more convex than the mir-ror on the drivers side, and thereforereflected objects are closer than theyappear. It may be difficult to estimatethe precise distance at which anothervehicle is following your car. The sameapplies to the aspherical outer sectionof the mirrors.<Electric mirror heatingBoth mirrors are heated automatically inignition key position 2.Inside mirrorTo reduce glare from following vehiclesafter dark, tilt the mirror image by mov-ing the small lever.Illuminated make-up mirror*Fold the sun visor down and slide themirror cover (if fitted) sideways.The mirrors are illuminated from ignitionkey position 1 on.Sun visorsThe sun visors can also be pivoted tothe side, against the door windows.390de030Interor mirror, automaticanti-glare*This mirror dims automatically andsteplessly in accordance with the inten-sity of the light received (ambient lightand the effect of glare from headlamps).The mirror switches automatically to theclear, non-dimmed position when thedriver engages reverse gear or selectsR.To ensure that the mirror always func-tions correctly, keep the two photo-cells clean and unobstructed. Onephoto-cell (arrow) is in the mirror glass,the other is slightly offset on the back ofthe mirror.For details of the electrochromic mirrorprinciple, refer to page 205.390de031Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 56. 55nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataMirrors Seat, mirror and steering wheel position memory*Automatic-dip outside mirrors*These mirrors can be folded in or out atbutton 3 (see page 53). They have thesame automatic-dip action as the insidemirror.You can memorise and call up three dif-ferent drivers seat, outside mirror and(with an electrically adjustable steeringwheel) steering wheel positions. Thepicture shows the buttons on thedrivers door.The setting of the lumbar supportis not recorded in the memory.<Memorising1 Ignition key in position 1 or 22 Select the desired seat, outside mir-ror and steering wheel positions3 Press the MEMORY button: the tell-tale lamp in the switch comes on4 Press memory button 1, 2 or 3: thetelltale lamp goes out.390de032Calling upDrivers door open after being un-locked, or ignition key in position 1:> Press the appropriate memory button1, 2 or 3 briefly.The positioning movement is inter-rupted immediately if you operate aseat adjustment switch or one of thememory buttons.With the drivers door closed and theignition key either removed or in posi-tion 0 or 2:> Press memory button 1, 2 or 3 untilthe adjusting procedure has beencompleted.If the MEMORY button was pressedaccidentally: press it again; the telltalegoes out.Do not call up the memory whilethe car is in motion, otherwise anunexpected seat or steering wheelmovement may cause an accident.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 57. 56nSeat, mirror and steering wheel position memory*You can have your car pro-grammed so that when it is un-locked with your own personal remote-control key your preferred seat, mirrorand steering wheel positions are ob-tained automatically.<If you use this setting, make surebefore unlocking that the footwellbehind the drivers seat is unobstructed.Otherwise damage could be caused ifthe seat moves back automatically tothe previously selected position.< Passengers side mirror tilt-down(parking position)1 Move the mirror changeover switch(arrow) to the "Drivers mirror" posi-tion2 When reverse gear (or automatictransmission selector lever position R)is selected, The driver can then seethe ground close to the car (for in-stance, the edge of the kerb).This automatic function can be switchedoff if not required: move the mirrorchangeover switch to the passengersside mirror position.390de147Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 58. 57nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataCar Memory, Key MemoryHow it worksYou may often have wished that youcould modify the operation of certainfeatures of your car to suit your own in-dividual preferences. When developingthe car, BMW therefore "designed in" anumber of freely programmable optionsfor the car, which BMW Service willgladly adjust as you wish.There are "Car Memory" and "KeyMemory" settings, the former relating tothe car itself, the latter to your personalrequirements. You can have up to foursets of basic settings programmed fortwo different persons. This presup-poses that each person has his or herown remote control key. By means ofdata exchange with the key, the caridentifies the user when the car is un-locked and performs the necessary ad-justments.390de329Coloured adhesive labels are suppliedwith the keys so that they can be identi-fied by the users.What can be selectedBMW Service will gladly inform you ofthe facilities available with Car Memoryand Key Memory.At the appropriate points in thisOwners Handbook you will findthis symbol, as an indication that spe-cial settings as described above areavailable.<An example of Key Memory is the auto-matic repositioning of the electricallyadjusted drivers seat for the intendinguser each time the car is unlocked.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 59. 58nWear the seat belts whenever the car isdriven.To fasten: the seat belt buckle must beheard to engage.To open: press the red release buttonon the belt buckle and guide the beltback if necessary to reinforce the actionof the automatic reel.As the seat is moved forwards andback, the upper belt loop is automati-cally adjusted to the wearers size.The two seat belt buckles integratedinto the rear seat are intended for theleft and right seat occupants. Thebuckle marked "CENTER" is only to beused by a person occupying the centerrear seat.390de033Comply with the following instruc-tions concerning the wearing ofseat belts in order to avoid any adverseeffects on personal safety or reductionin the belts protective function. Theseinstructions also apply to passengers inthe car. Never restrain more than oneperson with each seat belt. Babies orsmall children must not travel on the lapof another occupant.The belts should not be twisted andmust run firmly across the pelvis andshoulder. They should not pass overhard or fragile objects in your pockets.It should not pass over any sharp, solidor breakable objects in pockets etc.The seat belt must not run across thewearers neck, nor should it be trappedor abraded by coming into contact withsharp edges or objects.The seat belt should always be worn asclose to the seat occupants body aspossible. If possible, avoid bulky cloth-ing and remember to tauten the belt fre-quently where it runs over the shoulder.In the event of a head-on collision, thelap belt could otherwise slide over thehips and injure the lower part of thebody. In addition, the restraining effectis reduced if the seat belt is slackagainst the wearers body. Pregnantwomen should also wear the seat belt,making sure that the lap strap is welldown on the hips and does not presson the abdominal region of the body.<For care of seat belts, see page 167.Saloon with through-load system*:please note the instructions for thecentre rear seat belt on page 113.touring: If the centre belt cannot bepulled out, the larger section of the rearseat back is not properly locked into po-sition; see page 117.<If exposed to severe loads in anaccident, or if the belt system in-cluding the buckle tensioner and anychild restraint systems* installed in thecar have been damaged, BMW Serviceshould renew them and check the beltanchorages.<Seat beltsOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 60. 59nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAirbags1 Front airbags for the driver and frontpassenger2 Head airbags (front)3 Side airbags (front and at rear*)Protective effectThe front airbags protect the occupantsof the front seats in the event of a head-on collision, where the restraining effectof the seat belts alone would no longerbe adequate. The head and side air-bags provide protection in the eventof a side-on collision. The side airbagwhich inflates has the effect of support-ing the upper body from the side.380de647The picture shows the main directionsof impact to which the airbags respond.390de142Telltale lightThe telltale lamp confirms thatthe airbag system is ready tooperate (from ignition key posi-tion 1 onwards).System operational:> The telltale lamp comes on brieflyand then goes out.System defective:> The telltale lamp does not come on,or> the telltale comes on briefly, goes outbriefly and then comes on again.If there is a system fault, there is a riskthat it will not be triggered off even if asufficiently severe accident occurswithin the airbag range.Please have it checked by BMW Serv-ice without delay.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 61. 60nAirbagsNote the following instructionsconcerning airbags, in order toensure that personal safety is not re-stricted or the airbagss protective func-tion adversely affected. These instruc-tions also apply to passengers in thecar.Always fasten your seat belt on everyjourney, despite the presence of an air-bag: the airbags are an additional safetyfeature, not a substitute. The airbagsare not triggered off in minor accidents,nor if the car rolls over or is struck fromthe rear. In such circumstances the seatbelt provides optimum protection.Choose a seated position that is com-fortable but also at the maximum possi-ble distance from the steering wheel orfascia and door.Always grip the steering wheel on therim otherwise you may suffer hand andarm injuries when the airbag is trig-gered. No objects should be held orallowed to rest between the airbag andseat occupant.The cover of the front passengers air-bag should not be used as a storagetray.Do not use adhesive on, cover over orotherwise modify the upholstered cov-ers on the steering wheel, the dash-board, the side panels on front and reardoors and the roof struts, nor the sidesof the roof liners.Never install child restraint systems onthe front passengers seat. Childrenunder 12 and those who are smallerthan 1.50 m (4 ft 11 in) should travel onthe rear seats and may be required todo so by law.When side airbags are fitted for backseat passengers, ensure that childseats are correctly mounted as far aspossible from the doors. Do not allowchildren to lean out of the seat towardsthe door, as this could result in consid-erable injury in the event of the airbagsbeing triggered.<Even if all these instructions are com-plied with, injury to the face, arms orhands as a result of the airbag inflatingcannot be entirely ruled out, dependingon the circumstances in which an acci-dent occurs. If the cars occupants areunduly sensitive to the ignition and in-flation noise generated by the airbagsystems, their hearing may be tempo-rarily affected.For further information on the airbagsystem, see pages 170 and 203.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 62. 61nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataChild restraint systems*For children up to 12 years of age andless than 150 cm (approx. 4 ft 11 in) tall,suitable approved restraint systemsmay have to be installed; comply withlocal regulations.Small children up to about 18 monthsold can be secured with a rear-facingrestraint system on the back seats,using standard seat belts.BMW Service can supply suitable childrestraint systems for every age group.Please comply with the notes in the in-stallation instructions when using theseproducts.Do not install child restraint sys-tems on the front seat, as injurycould be caused if the passengers air-bag is triggered off.In no circumstances are child restraintsystems to be modified, as their protec-tive effect may otherwise be impaired.<Integral childs seat*These childs seats, in the two outer rearseat positions, satisfy the legal require-ments of ECE Directive R-44 and aresuitable for children between about 3gand 12 years of age (weighing 15 to36 kg/33 to 80 lbs).Forchildrenagedfromapprox.18monthsto 3g a years (weighing between 9 and18 kg (20 and 40 lbs), use these seats inconjunction with the "Comfort" seatback and impact-absorbing table; theseare available from BMW Service.Unfolding the childs seat:Reach under the front of the seat andpull it upwards diagonally to the rear(arrow). Then press the childs seat tothe rear until it engages in position.394de149Folding away the childs seat:Release by pulling the loop forwardsand down (arrow). Then press downfrom the top until the childs seat en-gages.Use the integral childs seats onlyin conjunction with the head re-straints.When repositioning the cars frontseats, make sure that the childs feetare not trapped.Never leave children in the car on theirown – even when occupying a childsseat.<394de150Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 63. 62nChild restraint systems* Childproof door locksNote the safety instructions re-garding seat belts on page 58, toensure that the full protective action ofthe belts is maintained.If damaged or subjected to severeloads in an accident, have the integralchilds seat (and other accessories ifnecessary) renewed by BMW Service.<394de152Insert key into slot on rear door and turnoutwards:This door can now only be opened fromthe outside.390de019Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 64. 63nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalData0 Steering lockedThe key can only be inserted and re-moved in this position.After removing the key, turn the steer-ing wheel slightly if necessary until thesteering lock engages.Automatic transmission cars: Donot move the selector lever awayfrom position P until the engine is run-ning (ignition key position 2).Before the ignition key can be returnedto position 0 or pulled out, the auto-matic transmission selector lever mustbe moved to position P (interlock).<390de0101 Steering releasedA slight movement of the steering wheeloften makes it easier to turn the key inthe ignition from 0 to 1.Individual power consumers can thenoperate.2 Ignition switched on/BMW 525td/tds, 530d:preheatingAll electrical consumers are ready tooperate.3 Starting the engineBefore starting> Apply the handbrake> Move the gear lever to neutral (orautomatic transmission selector toP or N)> At low temperatures, depress theclutch pedal.Never run the engine in an en-closed space. The exhaust gascontains carbon monoxide, which iscolourless and odourless, but highlytoxic. Inhaling exhaust gas constitutes asevere health risk and can lead to lossof consciousness with fatal conse-quences.Do not leave the car unattended withthe engine running, as it then consti-tutes a considerable potential hazard.<Ignition switch Starting the engineOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 65. 64nStarting the engineCars with spark-ignition engine> Start the engine without depressingthe accelerator pedal.Allow the starter motor to run for areasonable time, but not for morethan about 20 seconds. As soon as theengine fires, release the ignition key.Do not allow the engine to warm up at astandstill, but drive off as soon as pos-sible, using moderate engine speeds.BMW 535iA, 540iA:Your BMW is equipped with a conven-ient-start system. It is sufficient to turnthe ignition key briefly to position 3 (tooperate the starter motor), then to re-lease it.The starter then runs automatically for apredetermined period, and cuts out assoon as the engine has started.If the battery voltage is low, automaticstarting cannot be activated, or thefunction is interrupted. The engine canbe jump started (refer to page 196).<If the engine does not start first time, forinstance if it is very cold or very hot:> Depress the accelerator pedal half-way while starting the engine.Cold starts at very low ambient temper-atures (below approx. –156) at highaltitude (more than 1000 m above sealevel):> On the first occasion, take longerover the starting operation (approx.10 seconds)> Depress the accelerator pedal half-way while starting the engine.Cars with diesel engineWhen the engine is cold:> Hold the ignition key in position 2 un-til the preheat telltale or display goesout> Start the engine.At extremely low temperatures, thestarter motor may have to be run forup to 40 seconds.When the engine is warm:> The preheat telltale or display doesnot come on. Start the engine imme-diately.Movement of the accelerator pedal hasno influence on the starting process.Do not allow the engine to warm up at astandstill, but drive off as soon as pos-sible, using moderate engine speeds.Bleeding the the fuel system:Even if the fuel tank has been run dry,the fuel system does not normally needto be bled.If you nevertheless encounter difficul-ties in starting the engine:> Run the starter motor for approx.20 seconds.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 66. 65nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataStopping the engine HandbrakeTurn the ignition key back to 1 or 0.BMW 530d:When the engine is cold, a fuel-burningauxiliary heater is used to warm thecars interior more rapidly. Its exhaustfumes are discharged under the doorsill on the drivers side.If the engine is stopped before it hasreached its regular operating tempera-ture, the auxiliary heater continues torun for a short time, and therefore pro-duces exhaust fumes.Never take out the ignition keywhen the car is still moving, inorder to prevent the steering lock fromengaging.When leaving the car, always removethe ignition key and lock the steering.Manual-gearbox cars:When parking on a slope, apply thehandbrake, because merely engagingfirst or reverse gear may not prevent thecar reliably from rolling away.Automatic transmission cars:Select position P.<ApplyingThe lever engages automatically andthe telltale in the instrument clusterlights up in ignition setting 2, refer topage 20.ReleasingRaise slightly, press the knob and movethe lever down.The handbrake is primarily intended forpreventing a stationary vehicle fromrolling away, and acts on the rearwheels.In exceptional cases, if the hand-brake has to be used to slow orstop the car, do not pull the lever up toohard. Keep the knob on the lever held inall the time.390de042Too violent an application of the hand-brake could over-brake the rear wheelsand cause the rear of the car to skid.The brake lights do not come on whenthe handbrake is applied.Manual-gearbox cars:When parking on a slope, apply thehandbrake, because merely engagingfirst or reverse gear may not prevent thecar reliably from rolling away.Automatic transmission cars:Select position P.<To avoid corrosion, apply the hand-brake lightly from time to time whencoasting to a standstill, for instance ata traffic signal, provided that it is safeto do so.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 67. 66nManual gearboxThe gear lever comes to rest when notin use in the 3rd/4th gear gate plane(dot in picture).When the lever is moved from a forwardor reverse gear into neutral, it is auto-matically spring-loaded to return to thisplane of the gate.360de044BMW 540iThe gear lever comes to rest when notin use in the 3rd/4th gear gate plane(dot in picture).When the lever is moved from a forwardor reverse gear into neutral, it is auto-matically spring-loaded to return to thisplane of the gate.When selecting a gear in the 5th/6th gear plane, always press thelever to the right, to avoid accidentallyselecting a gear in the 3rd/4th plane ofthe gate.<380de044ReverseEngage this gear only when the car isstanding still. Press the gear lever to theleft until slight resistance is overcome.The reversing lamps then come on au-tomatically in ignition key position 2.Never try to prevent the car fromrolling back on an uphill gradientby slipping the clutch; always apply thehandbrake. A clutch that is allowed toslip will wear rapidly.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 68. 67nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAutomatic transmission*Your BMW is equipped with AdaptiveTransmission Control (AGS). It re-sponds sensitively to your individualdriving style and the actual road andtraffic situation. Various shift programsare used for this purpose.You will find more details on the AGS inthe chapter headed "Technical Items ofInterest" on page 202.390de044Selector lever positionsP R N D S 3 2Starting the engineThe engine can only be started in posi-tions P or N.The gear display differs according toyour cars equipment specification (seepictures).390de045Moving the selector leverA locking mechanism is provided to pre-vent accidental movement of the selec-tor lever to certain positions. To releasethe lock, press the button on the front ofthe selector lever knob (arrow).Before moving the selector leveraway from P or N with the car at astandstill, you must press the brake pedaldown to release the lever (shiftlock).Keep the brake pedal pressed down untilready to move away, so that the car doesnot creep forwards (or backwards as thecase may be) with the gear engaged.<Before leaving the car with the en-gine running, move the automatictransmission selector lever to position Por N and apply the handbrake to preventthe car from moving.390de046Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 69. 68nAutomatic transmission*Do not leave the car unattended withthe engine running, as this constitutes apotentially severe accident risk.<P ParkEngage this gear only when the car isstanding still. The driven wheels arelocked.R ReverseEngage this gear only when the car isstanding still.N NeutralSelect only if the journey is interruptedfor a fairly long time.D Drive (automatic shift position)Use this position for all normal driving.The system shifts up through all forwardgears and the AGS functions in an unre-stricted manner.S Sport programThis position is recommended if it is in-tended to make full use of the cars per-formance.3 and 2 Shift-limiting positionsSelect these positions if you wish torestrict gear selection, for instance onsteep uphill or downhill gradients inmountainous regions. The transmissioncontinues to shift automatically, butonly up to the selected gear.Position 2 is also particularly suitablefor use when towing a trailer.Kick-DownIn the "kick-down" position, maximumacceleration and top speed are availa-ble in position D.Press the accelerator pedal down be-yond the regular full-throttle position;increased resistance will be felt.Shift electronicsIf the warning lamp comes on orthe message "TRANS. FAIL-SAFE PROG" appears in theCheck Control, an automatic transmis-sion malfunction has occurred.All lever positions can still be selected,but in the forward positions only certaingears are actually available when thecar is driven.Avoid excessive loads, and take the carto the nearest BMW Service.Do not work in the engine com-partment with the selector lever ina driving position, in case the car be-gins to move unexpectedly.<For towing away, tow-starting and jumpstarting see page 197 onwards.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 70. 69nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAutomatic transmission with Steptronic*You can either drive the car as with aconventional automatic transmission, orshift between gears yourself.If you move the selector lever from po-sition D to the left, into the M/S leverplane, this will activate automatic-trans-mission shift programs that will appealto those who wish to adopt a more en-thusiastic driving style. As soon as youmove the lever in the "+" or "–" direc-tion, the Steptronic transmissions man-ual gear shift mode is activated. If youwish to return to fully automatic gearshifts, move the lever back to the right,to position D.Your BMW is equipped with AdaptiveTransmission Control (AGS). It re-sponds sensitively to your individualdriving style and the actual road and390de138traffic situation. Various shift programsare used for this purpose.You will find more details on the AGS inthe Chapter "Technical Items of Inter-est" on page 202.Selector lever positionsP R N D M/S + –Starting the engineThe engine can only be started in posi-tions P or N.The gear display differs according toyour cars equipment specification (seepictures).390de139Moving the selector leverA locking mechanism is provided toprevent accidental movement of the se-lector lever to certain positions. To re-lease the lock, press the button on thefront of the selector lever knob (arrow).Before moving the selector leveraway from P or N with the car at astandstill, you must press the brakepedal down to release the lever (shift-lock).Keep the brake pedal pressed downuntil ready to move away, so that thecar does not creep forwards (or back-wards as the case may be) with thegear engaged.<390de140Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 71. 70n Automatic transmission with Steptronic*Before leaving the car with the en-gine running, move the automatictransmission selector lever to position Por N and apply the handbrake to pre-vent the car from moving.Do not leave the car unattended withthe engine running, as this constitutes apotentially severe accident risk.<P ParkEngage this gear only when the car isstanding still. The driven wheels arelocked.R ReverseEngage this gear only when the car isstanding still.N NeutralSelect only if the journey is interruptedfor a fairly long time.D Drive (automatic shift position)Use this position for all normal driving.All forward gears are selected as nec-essary and the AGS is fully operational.Kick-DownIn the "kick-down" position, maximumacceleration and top speed are availa-ble in position D.Press the accelerator pedal down be-yond the regular full-throttle position;increased resistance will be felt.M/S Manual mode and SportprogramWhen changing from D to M/S, theSport program is activated and D S dis-played on the instrument panel. This po-sition is recommended if it is intended tomake full use of the cars available per-formance.When the lever is next moved, the auto-matic transmission will switch from theSport program to the manual-shiftmode. If you move the lever forwards inthe "+" direction, the transmission shiftsup; if you move it to the rear, in the "–"direction, a downshift takes place. Thegear display reads 1 to 5 or M1 to M5according to version.390de323Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 72. 71nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAutomatic transmission with Steptronic*The AGS performs up- and down-shiftsonly at a suitable engine or road speed;for example, it will not shift down if theresulting engine speed would be toohigh. The instrument panel shows theselected gear briefly, followed by thegear actually in use.For rapid acceleration in the man-ual-shift mode – for example whenovertaking – shift down manually or usethe kick-down to shift to a lower gear.<The selector lever can only be movedfrom M/S to the positions P, R and N ifit has first been moved back to D.In the following situations, Steptronic"thinks for you" in the manual-shiftmode:> To prevent the engine from over-speeding, an up-shift to the next-higher gear takes place automaticallyshortly before the governed speedlimit is reached in an intermediategear> At low speeds, a lower gear is se-lected automatically without anyaction on the drivers part> The kick-down, when used, selectsthe lowest gear which can still beused without risk of the engine over-speeding.Shift electronicsIf the warning lamp comes on orthe message "TRANS. FAIL-SAFE PROG" appears in theCheck Control, an automatic transmis-sion malfunction has occurred.All lever positions can still be selected,but in the forward positions only certaingears are actually available when thecar is driven.Avoid excessive loads, and take the carto the nearest BMW Service.Do not work in the engine com-partment with the selector lever ina driving position, in case the car be-gins to move unexpectedly.<For towing away, tow-starting andjumpstarting, see page 197 onwards.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 73. 72nTurn indicator/headlamp flasher Wipers1 High beam headlamps (blue telltalelamp)2 Headlamp flasher3 Flashing turn indicators (green re-peater lamps with rhythmic ticking offlasher relay).If the telltale flashes and the relay ticksmore rapidly than usual, a flashing turnindicator has failed; if towing a trailer,the failed lamp could be on the trailer.390de335To indicate a turn brieflyMove the lever lightly, only as far asthe first detent. It will cancel when re-leased.0 Parked position of wipers1 Intermittent wipe setting or rainsensor*2 Normal wiper speed3 Fast wiper speed4 Flick wipe5 Automatic windscreen wash6 Automatic intensive cleaning*7 Knurled wheel for controlling the in-termittent wipe intervals andthe sen-sitivity of the rain sensor394de041Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 74. 73nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataWipers1 Intermittent wipe interval orrain sensor*Intermittent wipe interval:Using knurled wheel 7 you can selectfour intermittent wipe intervals.The wipe speed is also varied automati-cally, according to road speed.Rain sensor:When the rain sensor is activated, thewind screen wipers are controlled auto-matically in response to wetting of thewindscreen (they of course also re-spond to snow). This means you do notneed to involve yourself in switching thewindscreen wipers on and off, nor doyou need to concern yourself with anyof the settings between intermittentwipe and continuous wipe. Instead, youcan focus your entire attention on pre-vailing road and traffic conditions. Thisadvantage is particularly important inadverse weather conditions.Activating the rain sensor:From ignition setting 1, shift into leversetting 1. In any event, the wipers willnow cross the windscreen once.You can leave the lever in setting 1 allthe time, then all you need to do is toactivate the rain sensor from ignitionsetting 1. To do this,> turn knurled wheel 7 briefly or> use the automatic windscreen clean-ing function (5) or the automatic in-tensive cleaning function (6).To vary the sensitivity of the rain sensor:turn knurled wheel 7.Switch off the rain sensor in an au-tomatic car wash, or else the car’swipers may operate and be damaged.<2 Normal wiper speedThe wipers change over automaticallyto the intermittent wipe mode when thecar comes to a standstill (not on carswith rain sensor).3 Fast wiper speedThe wipers switch to normal speedwhen the car comes to a standstill (noton cars with rain sensor).5 Automatic windscreen washFluid from the washer tank is sprayedon to the windscreen and the wipersare operated for a short time.If the lever is pulled only briefly, washerfluid will be sprayed on to the wind-screen, but the wipers will not beswitched on.6 Intensive cleaning, automatic*Same as 5, but intensive cleaning fluidis first sprayed on to the windscreen.Changing the wiper blades: seepage 176.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 75. 74nWipersHeadlamp cleaning*If the headlamps are switched on, theyare automatically cleaned as well oneach fifth occasion that the windscreenwiper or intensive cleaning system isoperated.The driver should only operate thewashers and cleaning equipmentif certain that the fluid will not freeze tothe windscreen and interfere with theview ahead. Antifreeze should thereforebe added to the fluid; see page 156.Do not run the washer systems if thefluid reservoirs are empty, or thewasher pump will be damaged.<Windscreen washer jetsThe windscreen washer jets are auto-matically heated when the ignition keyis in position 2.Rear window wiper – touring0 Parked position of rear window wiper1 Rear window wiper operates intermit-tently. When reverse gear is engaged,the wiper operates continuously.2 Automatic rear window washerYou can program the desired wipeinterval:> Move the lever briefly from position 0to position 1 and back> The time which elapses before switch-ing on again (from 0 to 1) is the pro-grammed wipe interval (max. 30 sec-onds).392de158Programming is cancelled:> move the lever to position 0 forapprox. 10 seconds, or> when the engine is switched off.When the rear window is opened, itswiper is switched off. After closing thewindow it then has to be restarted if re-quired.To renew the wiper blade, seepage 176.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 76. 75nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataHeated rear window Cruise control*Switching onPress the button: while the telltale is lit,the heated rear window is operating athigh power (fast thawing).When the telltale lamp goes out, therear window heating continues to oper-ate at reduced output, then switches it-self off automatically.Switching offIf the telltale lamp is on, press the but-ton.390de362Above about 30 km/h (approx. 19 mph),you can memorise and call up the carsroad speed.Activating the systemFrom ignition key setting 2:Press button 1: the telltale in the instru-ment cluster lights up. You can then usethe cruise control.Maintaining and memorisingspeed, acceleratingPress button 2 briefly:The cars actual speed is maintainedand memorised. Each time the switch ispressed briefly again, road speed is in-creased by approx. 1 km/h.390de332Hold button 2 in:The car accelerates without the accel-erator pedal being touched. As soon asyou release the switch, the speed thecar has reached will be maintained andmemorised.If engine braking alone is insuffi-cient on a downhill gradient, thecontrolled speed may be exceeded. Itmay also prove impossible to maintainwith the available engine power on up-hill gradients.<DeceleratingPress button 3 briefly:Every time you press the button, roadspeed drops by approx. 1 km/h if youare already running with cruise control.Hold button 3 in:The car slows down by automaticallycutting the throttle if you are alreadyrunning on cruise control. As soon asyou release the switch, the speed thecar has reached will be maintained andmemorised.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 77. 76n Cruise controlCancelling the cruise controlWhen activated, press button 1: the tell-tale remains lit. You can use the cruisecontrol again when required.In addition, you interrupt the cruise con-trol function automatically:> When braking> When operating the clutch or whenmoving the automatic transmissionselector lever from D to N> If the selected speed is exceeded ornot reached for a lengthy period, forinstance by depressing the accelera-tor pedal.Calling up memorised speedPress button 4:The speed last memorised is recalledand maintained once it has beenreached again. If you turn the ignitionkey to setting 0, the stored road speedis cleared from memory and the systemis de-activated.De-activating the systemIf you have interrupted the cruise con-trol function, press button 1 once again.The telltale lamp goes out and thestored road speed is cancelled.Do not use the cruise control ontwisting roads, in heavy trafficwhich prevents a constant speed frombeing maintained or if the road surfaceis slippery (snow, rain, ice) or loose(stones, sand).<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 78. 77nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataOdometer (distance recorder)You can activate the displays shown onthis Figure in ignition setting 0 by press-ing the button (arrow) on the instrumentcluster.The layout of the displays differs ac-cording to your cars equipment.Trip distance recorderTo reset to zero, press the knob (arrow)in ignition key position 1 or beyond.Outside temperature displayThe outside temperature is displayedfrom ignition key position 1 on.You can change the dimensional unit(6/7) by pressing390de0251 the button (arrow) in ignition setting 1and holding it down2 then turning the ignition key to 0.Ice warningIf the outside temperature falls to ap-prox. +36, a warning signal is heardand the display flashes for a short pe-riod.The warning is repeated if the tempera-ture rises again to at least +66 andthen drops a second time to +36.The ice warning does not rule outthe possibility of black ice alsooccurring at temperatures that are other-wise above +36, for instance on bridgesor where the road is in shadow.<Never allow the engine to run in the redzone of the revolution counter.In this zone the fuel supply is inter-rupted to protect the engine. This be-comes evident as an intermittent reduc-tion in available power.390de004Trip distance recorder; outside temperature display Revolution counterOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 79. 78nEnergy Control Fuel gaugeIndicates current fuel consumption inl/100 km. This enables you to checkhow economical and environmentallyfriendly your current driving style is.When the car is halted, the needlemoves back to zero.390de005The warning light comes on briefly asan operating check when the ignition isswitched on.When the warning light comes on, thereare about> 8l – BMW 520i, 523i, 528i,525td/tds, 530d> 10l – BMW 535i, 540iof fuel left in the tank.Fuel tank capacity: see page 223.Certain vehicle positions, e.g. drivinguphill for prolonged periods, may causeslight fluctuations in the fuel gaugereading.390de006Add fuel in good time, or elsethere is a risk of running the tankdry and causing damage to the engineor the catalytic converter.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 80. 79nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataCoolant thermometer Service Interval indicatorBlueThe engine is still cold. Drive at moder-ate engine and road speeds.RedIf the warning light comes on or theCOOLANT TEMPERATURE CheckControl display appears*: the engine istoo hot. Switch it off at once and allowto cool down.Between the coloured zonesNormal operating temperature. At highoutside temperatures or when loads onthe car are severe, the needle maymove up as far as the beginning of thered zone.Checking coolant level: see page 160.390de007The display layout varies according toyour cars equipment specification.Green light-emitting diodesThe fewer are on, the sooner the nextservice will be due.Yellow LEDThis lights up in conjunction withOILSERVICE or INSPECTION.A service routine is due. Make arrange-ments with BMW Service.Red LEDThe service routine is overdue.390de008Clock symbolShows that brake fluid renewal is due.Periods during which the batterywas disconnected are ignored bythe display.In such cases you must ensure that thebrake fluid is renewed every two yearsregardless of the display. Also seepage 161.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 81. 80nGraphic displayThe following instructions and statusmessages are depicted as symbols andsound a gong from ignition setting 2.They remain on display until the faultshave been remedied:1 Check low- and high-beam head-lamps and parking lights2 Top up washer fluid – goes out afterapprox. 1 minute3 Door open4 Luggage compartment lid/tailgateopen5 Check rear light or brake light. A de-fective third (centre) brake light is in-dicated by the upper symbol.At the end of a journey, when thedrivers door is opened, the LIGHTS ONsignal may be heard without any visualdisplay.390de121Alphanumeric display*Clear-text instructions and remindersare shown in ignition key position 2 andbeyond. A gong signal is always heardat the same time.1 Symbol that a warning is present2 Display3 CHECK buttonThe system malfunction displays are di-vided into two priority categories:390en111Priority 1These displays appear immediately,accompanied by a gong signal and byflashing fault display symbols 1. If sev-eral faults occur at the same time, theyare displayed in succession. The dis-plays remain in force until the faultshave been rectified, and cannot beerased with CHECK button 3:> RELEASE PARKINGBRAKE> COOLANT TEMPERATUREThe temperature is too high. Stop thecar immediately and switch off theengine; see page 160> STOP! ENGINE OILPRESSEngine oil pressure has dropped toolow. Stop the car immediately andswitch off the engine; see page 157Check ControlOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 82. 81nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataCheck Control> CHECK BRAKE FLUIDThe level is close to the minimummark. Add fluid at the earliest oppor-tunity; see page 161. Have the causeof brake fluid loss traced and rectifiedby BMW Service> TYRE DEFECT*Immediately reduce speed ready tostop, avoiding any pronounced brak-ing and steering manoeuvres whiledoing so.See pages 89> SELFLEVEL SUSP. INACT*Have the car checked by the nearestBMW Service; see page 135> FUEL INJECT.SYS.*Have a check performed by BMWService; see also page 136> LIMIT*Display shows whenever you are ex-ceeding the legal speed limit in agiven country.Priority 2These faults or reminders are shown for20 seconds in ignition key position 2and beyond. After the text displayshave gone out, symbols remain visibleto indicate that there are fault mes-sages in the Check Control. The mes-sages can be called up again by press-ing CHECK button 3.> BOOTLID OPENDisplay only appears when car isdriven away from a standstill for thefirst time> DOOR OPENDisplay appears when the car hasreached a given (low) speed> FASTEN SEAT BELTS*The warning lamp with belt symbolalso comes on> PRE-HEATING*Do not start the engine until the dis-play has gone out> WASHER FLUID LOWRestore the correct level at the earli-est opportunity; see page 156> CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVAdd engine oil as soon as possible;see page 157> SET TYRE PRESSURE*The RDC has accepted the prevailingtyre pressure as the nominal value ithas to monitor.See pages 88> CHECK TYRE PRESSURE*Check the tyre pressure at the nextavailable opportunity (refueling stop)and correct to the specified levels.See pages 88> TYRE CONTROL INACTIVE*Brief fault in RDC or system fault,refer to page 89> CHECK BRAKE LIGHTSA bulb has failed or there is a fault inthe electrical circuit; see page 179and 192 or consult BMW Service> CHECK LOWBEAM LIGHTSCHECK PARK LIGHTSCHECK TAIL LIGHTSCHECK FRONT FOGLAMPS*CHECK REAR FOGLIGHTSCHECK NUMPLATE LIGHTCHECK TRAILER LIGHTS*CHECK HIGHBEAM LIGHTCHECK REVERSE LIGHTSIn each case a bulb may have failedor the electrical circuit may have afault. See page 177 onwards and 192or consult BMW ServiceOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 83. 82nCheck Control> TRANS FAILSAFE PROG*Please visit your nearest BMW Serv-ice centre, refer to page 67 or 69> CHECK BRAKE LININGSHave the brake pads checked byBMW Service; see page 132> RADIO KEY, BATTERYRenew the battery; see page 183> CHECK COOLANT LEVELCoolant level is too low and shouldbe topped up at the earliest opportu-nity; see page 160> ENGINE FAILSAFE PROG*The Electronic Engine Output Control(EML) has a fault. Higher pedal pres-sure and longer pedal travel may beneeded when braking. Please have acheck performed by BMW ServiceThe following message cannot becalled up again:> EXT. TEMP–5.06This is an example of the display. Theactual outside temperature is shownif it is +36 or below; see alsopage 77.Messages displayed at the endof a journeyAll malfunctions which have been indi-cated during a journey are displayedagain in succession when the ignitionkey is turned back to position 0.The following information is also pro-vided if appropriate:> LIGHTS ONWarning at end of journey, whendrivers door is opened> CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVAdd engine oil at the earliest opportu-nity (when refuelling); see page 157.After the ignition key has been removedand the display has gone out, you cancall up CHECK CONTROL displays forup to approx. three minutes by pressingthe CHECK button 3. If there are sev-eral displays, the CHECK button mustbe pressed more than once.Check Control testPress the CHECK button 3 in ignitionkey setting 2: the display should showCHECK CONTROL OK.There are no malfunctions in the sys-tems monitored.ComputerA description of the computer is to befound in "Radio and information sys-tems" and "Monitor".You can also have Check Controlmessages and computer informa-tion displayed in another language.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 84. 83nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataOn-board computerCalling up functionsUsing the button in the turn indicatorlever, from ignition key setting 1, youcan call up on-board computer informa-tion in the instrument cluster displayunit. Every time you press the buttontowards the steering column, anotherfunction is displayed on screen (i.e.scrolling function).The sequence of displays is:ambient temperature, average fuel con-sumption, range, average road speed.From ignition setting 1, the most recentsetting appears on the display.The layout of the displays differsaccording to your cars equipment.390de336Outside temperature and averagefuel consumptionYou can change the unit of measure-ment for the ambient temperature dis-play (6/7), by1 pressing and holding down the resetbutton for the trip distance display(odometer)2 then turning the ignition key to 0.See also page 77.390de126Operating range and averagespeedThe range is calculated on the basis ofdistance actually covered.The average speed display ignores anystationary periods where the enginewas switched off.390de125Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 85. 84nOn-board computerClearing the displayWhile average speed is being dis-played, if you press the turn indicatorlever briefly, the on-board computerdisplay can be switched off.RecalculatingIf you hold the button down longer, theaverage values displayed for fuel con-sumption and road speed are recalcu-lated, starting from this point in time.The engine must be running.Computer with alpha-numericaldisplay*If your car has Check Control with analpha-numerical display, the computeris described in the operating instruc-tions "Radio and information systems".Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 86. 85nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataPDC assists you when reversing the carinto a parking space. An audible warn-ing signal tells you how far you are fromobstructions behind the car. To do this,four ultrasonic sensors in the backbumper measure the distance to thenearest object. The measuring range forthe two corner sensors ends approx.60 cm (approx. 2 ft) behind the bumper.The two centre sensors have a range ofapprox. 1.50 m (approx. 5 ft).In ignition key position 2, the system isactivated automatically after approx. 1second when reverse gear is selectedor the automatic transmission selectorlever moved to R. It is switched offwhen the lever is moved out of reversegear or away from position R. If you aretowing a trailer, of course, the systemcannot make the appropriate measure-ments and is therefore out of action.Audible warning signalsThe distance from an obstruction is in-dicated by an intermittent audible sig-nal. The closer the car approaches theobstruction, the more rapid the se-quence of signals. When the distance isless than 30 cm (approx. 12 in), the sig-nal becomes continuous.The signal is interrupted after approx.3 seconds if the distance from the ob-stacle remains constant during thistime, for instance when reversing paral-lel to a wall.If a continuous signal at a pitch higherthan usual is heard when the system isfirst activated, it is malfunctioning. Havethe cause traced and rectified by BMWService.The PDC cannot act as a substi-tute for your personal assessmentof obstructions. The sensors have cer-tain "dead areas" in which objects can-not always be detected. In addition, thedetection of obstacles can reach thephysical limits of ultrasonic measure-ment, e.g. trailer towbars and couplingsor thin and painted objects.Loud sound sources such as loud ra-dios can overpower the signal tone ofthe PDC.<Keep the sensors clean and freefrom ice, so that they always oper-ate reliably.Do not spray the sensors for any lengthof time with a high-pressure cleaningjet. Keep such jets at least 10 cm (ap-prox. 4 in) away from the sensors.<Park Distance Control (PDC)*Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 87. 86nASC+T/DSC*Automatic Stability Controlplus Traction (ASC+T)/DynamicStability Control (DSC)*These systems ensure additional dy-namic stability, particularly when accel-erating and cornering.The DSC adds to the advantages ofASC+T. In addition to achieving opti-mum dynamic stability when accelerat-ing and starting from a standstill, a gainin stability is obtained when cornering.Note however that the car always re-mains subject to the limits imposed bythe basic laws of dynamics.The system is in operation wheneverthe engine has been started.390de359Telltale lampThe telltale lamp in the instru-ment cluster goes out shortlyafter the engine has beenstarted. See page 21.If the telltale lamp flashes:The system is active, that is to say it iscompensating for fluctuations in trac-tion caused by the road surface.If the telltale lamp does not go out afterthe engine has been started or comeson during the journey:The system is defective, but the car it-self is fully operational with the excep-tion of the ASC+T/DSC stability controlfunction. Please visit BMW Service forrepair work.Switching offPress the button; the telltale lamp willcome on.Depending on the cars equipment, thebutton is marked either ASC or DSC.When ASC+T/DSC is switched off, youare driving conventionally. It is advisa-ble to switch off the system to improvetraction:> if the car has to be rocked out of ahollow or a soft surface, or started indeep snow or on a loose surface> if snow chains are fitted.See also page 133.Switching on againPress the button a second time; the tell-tale lamp will go out.Not even ASC+T/DSC can over-come the laws of physics. If thelimit speed is exceeded, the driver is re-sponsible for the consequences: a lackof traction and poor lateral roadholding.The extra safety potential offered bythis system must never be understoodas an invitation to take additional risks.<You will find further details on ASC+T/DSC in the Chapter "Technical items ofinterest", page 203.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 88. 87nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataElectronic Damping Control (EDC)*This system automatically ensuresthat movement of the road wheels isdamped according to the cars needs,and therefore enhances both ride com-fort and safety.390de358Automatic controlAutomatic control is activated eachtime the engine is started. It takes effectover the entire road-speed range andregardless of the load on the car. If theinfluencing factors change (road sur-face and other operating factors suchas steering, braking etc.), the dampingforce exerted by the shock absorbers isautomatically varied within a fraction ofa second.Sport programWith the ignition key in position 2, pressthe EDC button (arrow); the telltale lampnext to the S will come on.The Sport program should be selectedif you require a firmer response from thesuspension in all operating situations.To change over to automatic control:Press the button again; the telltale lampwill go out.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 89. 88n Tyre pressure control (RDC)*The principleThe RDC monitors tyre pressures at allfour road wheels, both at a standstilland when the car is being driven. Thesystem reports any sudden loss ofpressure in one or more tyres.To enable the RDC to "get to know" thecorrect tyre pressure, check tyre pres-sures in all tyres against the tyre pres-sure table on page 27 and correct ifnecessary. Then activate the system.This telltale in the instrumentcluster or the Check Control in-forms you whenever tyre pres-sure is not normal.Activating the system1 Turn the ignition key to position 2 (butdo not start the engine)2 Keep the button pressed in (arrow)until the yellow telltale lamp on the in-strument panel comes on for a fewseconds or the Check Control dis-plays "SET TYRE PRESSURE"3 After the car has been driven for sev-eral minutes, the RDC adopts the ac-tual tyre pressures as the nominalvalues which it is to monitor.Do not repeat this process until youhave ensured that tyre pressures arecorrect. Otherwise RDC operates auto-matically in ignition setting 2 and there-fore takes effect during every journey.390de320If there is a loss of tyre pressureIf the tyre pressure has dropped too farafter a short time (quite normal on anytyre), the yellow telltale lamps up or themessage "check tyre pressure" appearsin the Check Control.This is to remind you that the tyre pres-sure should be corrected to the speci-fied values again as soon as possible.If you are asked to check tyrepressures shortly after correctingthem, the corrected pressure valueswere not plausible. Please check thetyre pressures again and correct themto the values specified in the tyre pres-sure table. After this, re-activate thesystem.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 90. 89nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataTyre pressure control (RDC)*With a burst tyreIf you suffer a tyre defect involving lossof pressure, the red telltale lamps up, orthe message "TYRE DEFECT" appearsin the Check Control. In addition, agong sounds.When this occurs, slow down to a stopimmediately, avoiding harsh brakingand steering manoeuvres. Replace thedefective wheel with tyre.The spare wheel supplied asstandard with your car is equippedwith the necessary RDC electronics andis therefore also monitored automati-cally after fitting, when the system hasbeen activated.<The RDC system cannot provideadvance notification of any serioussudden tyre damage caused by externalinfluences.<Have your tyres changed by BMWService.BMW Service is informed about how tohandle RDC and is equipped with thenecessary special tools.<FaultsThe RDC can be subjected to brief in-terference locally by outside equipmentor devices which use the same radiofrequency.While there is a fault in the system, theyellow telltale lamps up or the message"Tyre pressure control inactive" ap-pears in the Check Control.The same display appears> in the event of a system fault> if a wheel not equipped with RDC isfitted to the car> if one or more wheels equipped withRDC electronics are carried on thecar in addition to the spare wheel.Consult BMW Service if necessary.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 91. 90nSide lightsLow beam headlampsIf you switch off the ignitionwhile the low-beam headlampsare switched on, only the park-ing lights remain lit.You can also have the "Delayedswitch-off" ("Follow-me-home")headlamp setting selected: if the head-lamp flasher lever is operated, the low-beam headlamps then remain on for ashort time after the ignition has beenswitched off.<390de034LIGHTS ON warningWhen the ignition key is turned back to0 and the drivers door is opened, abuzzer sounds for several seconds as areminder if the lights are still on.On cars with alphanumerical CheckControl*:the reminder appears on the CheckControl; see page 81.Daytime (dim-dip) circuit*If desired, the light switch can remain inthe second position: when the ignitionis turned off, the cars lights go out.You can have the daytime dippedheadlamp setting selected on yourcar.<Turn the knurled wheel to vary theintensity of the lighting.390de036Sidelights/low-beam (dipped) headlamps Instrument lightingOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 92. 91nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataHeadlight beam throw adjustment* High-beam/parking lightsTo avoid dazzling the drivers of oncom-ing vehicles, the beam throw of the lowbeam headlamps must be adjusted tosuit the load carried in the car:Values in ( ) apply when towing a trailer.0 (1) = 1 to 2 persons without luggage1 (1) = 5 persons without luggage1 (2) = 5 persons with luggage2 (2) = 1 person, load area orluggage compartment full390de035Cars with self-levelling suspension*:All load conditions: position 0.Exception:1 person, luggage compartment or loadarea full or when towing a trailer: posi-tion 1.Comply with permitted rear axle load,see page 217.Please use the correct settings toavoid dazzling oncoming drivers.<Xenon headlamps*Cars with xenon headlamps areequipped with automatic beam angleadjustment.1 High-beam headlamps2 Headlight flasher (blue telltale lamp)3 Parking lightsRight or left parking lightsIn ignition key position 0, move the turnindicator lever beyond its normal left orright turn position until it reaches a finaldetent and is retained there.390de335Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 93. 92nFog lights Interior lightingFog lights*The green telltale lamp on theinstrument panel comes onwhen the fog lights are in use.Rear fog lights*The yellow telltale lamp in theinstrument cluster comes onwhen the rear foglights are lit.390de037Foglights and rear foglightsPlease comply with local leg-islation concerning the use offront and rear fog lights.The interior lights are controlled auto-matically.Switching interior light on and offmanuallyPress the button (arrow) briefly.To switch off the light permanently, holdthe button depressed for about 3 sec-onds.To cancel this mode, press the button.The load-area light in the touring oper-ates similarly.390de040Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 94. 93nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataInterior lighting Reading lightsFootwell lightsThe footwell lights operate in the sameway as the interior light.There are reading lights at the front nextto the interior light, and in the rear pas-senger area. They can be switched onand off using the buttons beside them.To protect the battery, all lights in-side the car are switched off about15 minutes after the ignition key hasbeen turned to 0.<394de301Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 95. 94n390de340Air conditioningOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 96. 95nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAir conditioning1 Air supply to windscreen and sidewindows2 Air to the upper body areaThe knurled wheels down the sidesopen and close the air vents (any in-termediate setting possible) and thelevers alter the direction of air flow.The centre knurled wheel varies thetemperature of the airflow; seepage 973 Airflow to footwells4 Airflow to rear-seat footwells5 Airflow to upper-body area, rear-seat passengers 976 Temperature 967 Air flow directed on to the> Windows> Upper body area> FootwellAny intermediate position is pos-sible; see page 968 Air supply 96Air temperature control takes effectwhen the fan is switched on9 Heated rear window 9610 Cooling 9611 Recirculated air mode 96Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 97. 96nAir conditioningTips for pleasant drivingFor the air temperature 6 the setting226 will normally result in pleasantdriving conditions. For air distributionsetting 7, move selector to "6 oclock".For setting 8, move to centre position.Turn outlets 2 so that the airflow passesthe occupants without striking theirbodies directly. Turn the knurled wheelbetween air vents 2 into a central posi-tion to allow slightly cooler air to en-hance fatigue-free driving.The description below tells you how toobtain various settings which may beindividually preferred.TemperatureThe scale values are guide fig-ures for the interior tempera-ture. 226 has been found tobe a pleasant setting. Whenthe car is in motion, the selected tem-perature is reached as soon as possibleand held constant.Air distributionYou can direct air on to thewindows, on to the upperbody and into the foot-well. Any intermediate settingis possible. In position a smallamount of air continues to reach thewindows in order to prevent them fromfogging over. The 6 oclock setting isrecommended in normal conditions(see illustration and overview of systemon page 94).Air supplyThe airflow volume can becontinuously varied. Thegreater the incoming flow ofair, the more effective heatingand ventilation will be. In position 0 theblower and air conditioning areswitched off and the fresh air supplyfrom outside the car is entirely shut off.Heated rear windowWhen the heated rear windowis switched on, the telltalelamp comes on. The heatedrear window switches itself off automat-ically.CoolingAir is cooled when the air con-ditioner is switched on, then isheated back to suit the tem-perature setting. Depending on weatherconditions, the windscreen may fogover momentarily when the engine isstarted.Switch off the air conditioning at out-side temperatures below approx. 56.This helps to prevent the windows frommisting up.If the windows fog over immediatelyafter switching off the air conditioning,switch it on again.Moisture condensate forms in theair conditioning and is dischargedunderneath the car. Traces of water onthe ground are therefore normal.<Recirculated air modeIf there are strong smells out-side, you can shut off the sup-ply of outside air for temporaryperiods. The air inside the car is thenrecirculated.If your car has a multifunctional steeringwheel with recirculated air button, thiscan also be used to shut off the incom-ing airflow (see page 23).If the windows fog over in therecirculated air mode, switch it offand, if necessary, increase the airflow.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 98. 97nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAir conditioningDraught-free ventilationThe outlets for the occupants upperbody area can be adjusted to suit yourpersonal preferences:Turn knurled wheels 1 to open or closethe outlets steplessly. Alter the direc-tion of the airflow by moving levers 2.Turn outlets so that the airflow passesthe occupants without striking theirbodies directly.Knurled wheel 3 blends a varyingamount of cool air with the air for theupper body area outlets:> Turn towards the blue mark – cooler> Turn towards the red mark – warmer.390de051Rear-seat area ventilationKnurled wheel 1 opens the outlets step-lessly. The airflow direction is varied atlevers 2.The air emerging here is slightly coolerthat the air for the footwells.390de355Micro-filterThe micro-filter traps dust and pollen inthe incoming airflow. It is renewedwhen your BMW Service carries outroutine maintenance work. If airflow isnoticeably less than usual, this may in-dicate that the filter should be renewedearlier.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 99. 98nAir conditioningCooling1 Select an interior temperature whichyou find pleasant at the rotary tem-perature control, e.g. 2262 Switch on the air conditioning3 Turn the rotary air distribution controlto position4 Set the rotary blower control (air sup-ply) to a central position5 Open the air outlets for the upperbody zone6 Turn knurled wheel 3 to a tempera-ture setting which you find pleasant;see "Draught-free ventilation",page 97.390de341Rapid ventilation1 Select an interior temperature whichyou find pleasant at the rotary tem-perature control, e.g. 2262 Switch on the air conditioning andselect the recirculated-air mode3 Turn the rotary air distribution controlto position4 Turn the rotary blower control (airsupply) fully to the right5 Open the air outlets for the upperbody zone6 Set knurled wheel 3 to cold (blue);see page 97.390de342Rapid heating1 Select an interior temperature whichyou find pleasant at the rotary tem-perature control, e.g. 2262 Turn the rotary air distribution controlto position3 Turn the rotary blower control (airsupply) fully to the right4 Close the rear seat-area outlets.390de343Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 100. 99nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAir conditioningDefrosting and demistingwindows1 Select an interior temperature whichyou find pleasant at the rotary tem-perature control, e.g. 2262 Turn the rotary air distribution controlto position3 Turn the rotary blower control (airsupply) fully to the right4 Close the rear seat-area outlets5 To defrost the rear window, switch onrear window heating.The latent heat store* enables heat tobe obtained from ignition key position 1on, even if the engine is not running.390de344HeatingIf the windows are free from ice andcondensation, the following settings arerecommended:1 Select an interior temperature whichyou find pleasant at the rotary tem-perature control, e.g. 2262 Turn the rotary air distribution controlto position3 Set the rotary blower control (air sup-ply) to a central position4 Close the rear seat-area outlets.390de127390de345Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 101. 100n390de365Automatic air conditioning*Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 102. 101nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAutomatic air conditioning*1 Air supply to windscreen and sidewindows2 Air to the upper body areaThe knurled wheels down the sidesopen and close the air vents (any in-termediate setting possible) and thelevers alter the direction of air flow.The centre knurled wheel varies thetemperature of the emerging air;see page 1043 Air to footwells4 Air to rear-seat footwells5 Air to upper body area, rear-seatpassengers 1056 Automatic air distribution 1027 Individual air distribution 1028 Temperature – left side 1029 Temperature display, airsupply 10210 Temperature – right side 10211 Defrosting and demistingwindows 10312 Air conditioning 10313 Automatic Recirculated Air Control(AUC) 10314 Heated rear window 75, 10415 Air supply 10316 Residual heat utilisation 10417 Air inlet grille for interior tempera-ture sensor – keep unobstructedOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 103. 102nAutomatic air conditioning*A pleasant interior temperaturePress AUTO key 4 to switch on the au-tomatic mode. Choose an interior tem-perature which you find pleasant, e.g.226. Above ambient temperatures of56 you can also use the air conditioner10. This dries the air and prevents thewindows from misting up, for instance ifsomeone sits in the car with wet cloth-ing. Turn outlets 2 so that the airflowpasses the occupants without strikingtheir bodies directly. The knurled wheelbetween outlets 2 for the upper bodyarea should be turned to a central set-ting, since slightly cooler air at this levelhelps to avoid driving fatigue.The description below tells you how toobtain various settings which may beindividually preferred.You can have your car pro-grammed so that your preferredautomatic air conditioning settings areobtained whenever you unlock the carwith your personal remote-control key.<Automatic air distributionThe AUTO program handles thesetting of air distribution for youand also adapts your temperature pref-erences to suit ambient conditions(summer, winter). It ensures a pleasantinterior climate at every time of year.Select a pleasant interior temperaturefor yourself, e.g. 226. Selected tem-peratures and the reminder AUTO forthe airflow appear on display 7; seeoverview on page 100. Open the outletsfor the occupants upper body zone.Switch the air conditioning on in thewarm season of the year. Maximumcooling effect is obtained when knurledwheel 3 (see page 104) is in the coldsetting.Individual air distributionYou can also switch off theAUTO program and choose yourown combination of air distribu-tion settings. Air flows on to thewindows, to the upper body zoneand to the footwell .TemperatureYou can also select your own in-dividual temperature setting ondriver and passenger sides ofthe car. The displayed values are aguide to the actual interior temperature.226 is recommended as a pleasantsetting, whether or not the air condi-tioning is in operation. During the jour-ney, the chosen temperature is reachedas quickly as possible – in summer andin winter – and maintained at a constantvalue.Turn knurled wheel 3 (see "Draught-freeventilation", page 104) to a central set-ting, since slightly cooler air at this levelhelps to prevent driving fatigue.This feature can be used primarily forblending air to make slight adjustmentsand enhance personal comfort.You can obtain full output from theheater (non-regulated) at the 326setting. At 166 the full cool air outputis obtained when the air conditioning isswitched on.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 104. 103nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAutomatic air conditioning*Air supplyIn the AUTO program, air sup-ply is controlled automatically;AUTO appears in display 7 – see thesummary on page 100. Using "+" and"–" you can vary the air supply. Your en-try is indicated by a bar display, the au-tomatic air supply is switched off andthe automatic airflow distribution sys-tem remains unchanged. However, youcan switch the automatic air supply sys-tem back on by pressing the AUTO but-ton.In the lowest fan setting, if you press"–", all displays disappear: blower,heating and air conditioning areswitched off and the air supply shut off.The automatic air conditioning can beswitched on again by pressing any but-ton (except REST button 14).Defrosting and demistingwindowsThis program removes ice andcondensation quickly from thewindscreen and from the side windows.Air conditioningAir is cooled and dried when theair conditioner is switched on,then is heated back up to suit the tem-perature setting.Depending on weather conditions, thewindscreen may fog over momentarilywhen the engine is started.At outside temperatures below approx.56, switch off the air conditioning. Thishelps to prevent the windows frommisting up.If the windows fog over immediately theair conditioning is switched off, switch iton again.Moisture condensate forms in theair conditioning and is dischargedunderneath the car. Traces of water onthe ground are therefore normal.<Automatic Recirculated AirControl (AUC)If the air outside the car has anunpleasant odour or containspollutants, you can shut off the suply tothe interior of the car temporarily. Theair inside the car is then recirculated.Obtain the desired operating mode bypressing the button as often as neces-sary.> Telltale lights off: fresh air enters carfrom the outside.> Left telltale lamp on – AUC operation:the system identifies pollutants in theoutside air and shuts off the supply ifnecessary. The air inside the car isthen recirculated.After this, the automatic systemswitches between outside air supplyand recirculated air according to theavailable air quality.> Right telltale lamp on: the outside airsupply is permanently shut off. Theair inside the car is recirculated.If your car has a multifunctional steeringwheel with recirculating air switch (seepage 23), you can use it to change be-tween "Off" and the recirculating airmode (or between AUC and the recircu-lating air mode).Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 105. 104nAutomatic air conditioning*If the windows fog over in the re-circulated air mode, switch it offand, if necessary, increase the airflow.<Heated rear windowWhen the heated rear window isswitched on, the telltale lampcomes on. The heated rear windowswitches itself off automatically.Residual heat utilisationHeat from the engine is storedand used to heat the cars interiorwhen the ignition is switched off, for in-stance when waiting at a level crossing.In ignition setting 1, you can adjust thesettings of the automatic air condition-ing system. In ignition key position 0,the heated air is directed automaticallyto the windscreen, side windows andfootwells.This function can be activated ifoutside temperature is below ap-prox. +156, the engine is at its regularoperating temperature and the batteryis sufficiently charged.<Latent heat store*Automatically activated in ignition keyposition 1 when residual heat is used.Draught-free ventilationThe outlets for the occupants upperbody area can be adjusted to suit yourpersonal preferences:Turn knurled wheels 1 to open or closethe outlets steplessly. Alter the direc-tion of the airflow by moving levers 2.Turn outlets so that the airflow passesthe occupants without striking theirbodies directly.Knurled wheel 3 blends a varyingamount of cool air with the air for theupper body area outlets:> Turn towards the blue mark – cooler> Turn towards the red mark – warmer390de051Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 106. 105nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAutomatic air conditioning*Rear-seat area ventilationKnurled wheel 1 opens the outlets step-lessly. Use knurled wheel 3 to vary thetemperature of the airflow, subject tothe position of the knurled wheel at thefront of the car.You can vary the airflow direction atlevers 2.390de354Micro-filter and activatedcharcoal filterThe micro-filter traps dust and pollenin the incoming airflow. The activatedcharcoal filter in addition removes gas-eous pollutants from the air entering thecar. This combined filter is changed byBMW Service during routine mainte-nance work. If the airflow is noticeablyless than usual, this may indicate thatthe filter should be renewed earlier.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 107. 106nHeated seats* Steering wheel heating* Roller sunblind*The seat cushion and seat back can beheated when the ignition key is in posi-tion 2.By pressing the button repeatedly, youcan obtain different heat outputs.The maximum heat output is obtainedwhen three telltale lamps are on, theminimum heat output when only one ison. Temperature control is by thermo-stat.Direct switching off is also possiblewhen a higher heat output has beenselected:keep the button pressed in for a longerperiod.390de356The steering wheel heating is opera-tional in ignition key position 2; toswitch on and off, press the key (arrow).When the steering wheel is being heat-ed, the telltale lamp in the button is on.If your car has a multifunctional steeringwheel without steering wheel heating,this position is occupied by the recircu-lated air button (see page 23).390de014From ignition setting 1, press the buttonto operate.Roller sun blinds for rear sidewindows*Pull the blind out at its loop and secureit to the retainer.390de357Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 108. 107nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAuxiliary heater* Auxiliary ventilation*If your car has an auxiliary fuel-burningheater, it is also equipped with inde-pendent ventilation control. Cars arealso supplied with independent ventila-tion control only.Both systems are operated by theMulti-Information-Display (MID) or theon-board monitor; refer to the Operat-ing Manual.Two different switch-on times can bepreselected, so that you can be surethat the cars interior is warm when it isnext entered. Snow and ice are alsoeasier to remove from the windows.The auxiliary heater runs for 30 minutes.It can also be switched on and off di-rectly. Since its current consumption ishigh, it should not be run twice in suc-cession unless there has in the mean-time been an opportunity to rechargethe cars battery by driving the car.The auxiliary fuel-burning heater can beoperated at outside temperatures be-low 166 if the switch-on time is prese-lected, or switched on directly at anyoutside temperature. This only applieswhen the car is driven, however, untilthe engine has reached its regular oper-ating temperature.The heated air is directed automaticallyto the windscreen, side windows andfootwell; maximum heating output is al-ways used.In ignition key position 1 you can adjustthe interior temperature, air supply andair distribution.The auxiliary heater continues to runfor a short period after it has beenswitched off (telltale lamp out).Even during the warm season ofthe year the auxiliary heatershould be switched on directly aboutonce a month, then switched off againafter about 5 minutes.<Do not operate the auxiliary heaterin confined spaces (closedrooms). Always switch off the auxiliaryheater before refuelling the car.<Ventilates the interior of the car andlowers its temperature by means of the(automatic) air conditioning blower.The auxiliary ventilation is operated bythe Multi-Information-Display (MID) orthe on-board monitor; refer to yourOperating Manual.Two different switch-on times can bepreselected; the ventilation system thenruns for 30 minutes. It can also beswitched on and off directly. Since itscurrent consumption is high, it shouldnot be run twice in succession unlessthere has in the meantime been an op-portunity to recharge the cars batteryby driving the car.Independent ventilation control can beoperated at any outside temperatureabove 166 if the switch-on time ispreselected, or switched on directly atany outside temperature, but not whenthe car is being driven.Air emerges from the variable-flow,controlled-direction outlets for the up-per body zone on the fascia. These out-lets must therefore remain open if theindependent ventilation system is to beused.In ignition key position 1, the airflowvolume and air distribution are adjustedin the same way as for auxiliary heating.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 109. 108nRemote control for auxiliary heater*1 Switching on2 Radio aerial3 Telltale light4 Switching offYou can switch the auxiliary heater onand off with the remote control handsetprovided that the outside temperatureis below 166. The average range forsignal reception is approx. 350 metres.Switching on1 Extend aerial 2 fully2 Press button 1. Telltale light 3 comeson three times, then emits shortrhythmic flashes for the remainder ofthe operating period (max. 30 min-utes)3 Push the aerial back in, but only afterthe first three regular flashes havebeen seen.390de155Switching off1 Extend aerial 2 fully2 Press button 4. The telltale lampflashes three times and then goes out3 Finally, push the aerial back in.Renewing the battery and operating anew transmitter: see page 185.The best signal transmission isobtained if the remote control isheld either vertical or horizontal. Whenswitching on and off, do not touch theaerial or point it at the car.The remote control only operates theauxiliary heater if this is not already run-ning after a preselected time input ordirect switch-on.<InterferenceOperation of the remote control may beinterfered with by outside equipmentoperating on the same frequency.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 110. 109nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataTo openPull the handle. The lamp comes onautomatically.To closeSwing the lid up.LockingLock with a master key. The glove boxcan only be unlocked with a master key.If you only hand over the door keyand ignition key, for example tohotel staff (see page 34), this will pre-vent unauthorised access to the glovebox.<390de060After using the glove box, close itslid without delay, so that it cannotcause injury in the event of an acci-dent.<Rechargeable hand lamp*This is inside the glove box, on the left.The lamp is protected against over-charging and can therefore remain inthe socket when it is not in use.Always switch the lamp off beforeinserting it into the socket, or elseit could be overcharged and damaged.<The lid of the compartment on the front,inclined section of the centre consolecan be slid open and closed (arrow).If a cassette holder* is installed, eachcassette compartment is opened bypressing the small button next to it.Compartment on centre console be-tween front seats: To open, reach intothe recess and pull up. If a car phone isinstalled, it will occupy this compart-ment.390de043Glove box Storage compartmentsOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 111. 110nStorage compartments Car phone* Drink can holders*There is an open storage compartmentto the left of the steering column.There is further storage space in alldoors and on the front seat backs*.Hands-free telephone system*On cars prepared for telephone installa-tion* there is a trim panel for the hands-free microphone in the roof lining, nearthe interior lamp.For further information on the carphone, see the separate operatinginstructions.390de353There are two holders for drink cans orcups at the front of the centre console(see illustration) and another two at theend of the centre console, below thegrille.Press briefly to release and open them;swing back inwards when not required.390de363Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 112. 111nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAshtray, front* Cigarette lighter*To openPress briefly in the direction of thearrow.To extinguish a cigarette, knock off theash and insert a short distance only intothe funnel-shaped hole.390de061To emptyPress the edge of the lid (arrow): theashtray will pop up and can be re-moved.On cars with non-smoker fittings, theinsert is removed in the same way.390de062Press the recess (arrow) briefly, thenpress the cigarette lighter in.The cigarette lighter can be removedwhen it pops back out.Hold the hot cigarette lighter onlyby its knob, or else you may sufferburns.The cigarette lighter remains opera-tional when the ignition key has beenremoved. For this reason, do not leavechildren in the car unattended.<390de364Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 113. 112nCigarette lighter* Ashtray, rear*Cigarette lighter socketThis can be used for a hand lamp,vacuum cleaner or similar device, pro-vided that it runs on 12 V DC and itspower consumption does not exceed200 Watts. Make sure that the socket isnot damaged by attempting to insertplugs of the wrong pattern.On cars with non-smoker fittings, thesocket is at the same point.To openPress the recess briefly.To emptyPress the edge of the lid (arrow). theashtray will pop up and can be re-moved.390de063Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 114. 113nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataThe rear seat back is divided into twosections, one of them one-third and theother two-thirds of the total width.Either side can be folded forwards indi-vidually if long or bulky objects have tobe carried in the car.Folding:Insert the fingers into the recess andpull forwards (arrow 1).When the seat backs are returned tothe raised position again, make surethat their catches engage correctly. Thered panel (arrow 2) must move down.394de117The centre seat belt has a small addi-tional belt lock.> If you connect up the two belt sec-tions, you can use the centre seatbelt just like any normal three-pointseat belt.> Disconnecting the seat belt (arrow)makes it more convenient to folddown the larger seat back.394de303Each seat back can be locked with oneof the cars master keys.This prevents access to the luggagecompartment from the inside of the carif you are obliged to hand over door andignition key 3 (see page 34). This is anadvantage, e.g. in hotels.394de118Through-loading system*Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 115. 114nSki bag*This enables a maximum of four pairs ofskis to be carried safely and kept clean.Using the full length of the ski bag andthe additional space in the luggagecompartment, skis up to a length of2.10 m can be carried. If skis of thislength are carried, however, the skisack will only be able to hold two pairsbefore it becomes too narrow.Removing the centre armrest(Not on cars with through-loading sys-tem or on touring; see page 116).1 Unfold the centre armrest completely2 Detach the cover over the opening atthe top (it has a burr fastener) andplace it on the armrest3 Hold the front of the armrest with onehand, place the other hand under thearmrest and move it sharply upwards(arrow).394de067Installing the centre armrestInsert the centre armrest from the topand press it down until it is heard to en-gage in its holders.Make sure that the pins at thesides do not damage the seat up-holstery.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 116. 115nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataSki bag*Loading1 Press the button (arrow 1): this willunlock the loading flap in the luggagecompartment2 Press the locking levers together(arrows 2) and swing the cover for-wards3 Lay out the ski bag between the frontseats. The zip fastener simplifies ac-cess to the contents of the bag, andmakes drying it out easier394de0684 Inside the luggage compartment, se-cure the loading flap to the undersideof the rear window shelf with themagnetic retainers.Make sure that the skis are clean beforethey are inserted into the bag, and thatany sharp edges on them or their bind-ings do not damage or pierce the skibag.380de069Secure the skis or any otherstored objects with the retainingstrap on the ski bag. Tighten the turn-buckle to ensure that the retaining strapis taut.<To stow away the ski bag, follow theopposite procedure.380de070Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 117. 116nSki bag*With through-loading system1 Swing out the centre armrest, detachthe cover over the opening at the top(it is secured by a burr fastener) andplace it on the armrest2 Press catch 1 down and swing thecover forwards3 Press catch button 2: this unlocks theflap in the luggage compartment.394de119In the touring1 Swing out the centre armrest, detachthe cover over the opening at the top(it is secured by a burr fastener) andplace it on the armrest2 Press catch 1 down and swing thecover forwards3 Press button 2: this releases the flapin the load area.In conjunction with the removableluggage floor* (refer to page 120):removal of floor, unlock the flap andslide the floor back in – the floor sec-tion then covers the flap.392de176If the flap in the load area is con-cealed by the pull-out floor panel,do not fold the larger section of the rearseat back, otherwise the flap will bedamaged.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 118. 117nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataLoad area – touringFolding rear seat backInsert fingers into the recess and pullforwards (arrow).The rear seat back is divided into twosections, one of them one-third and theother two-thirds of the total width. Youcan fold down both sides to enlarge theluggage area.When the seat backs are returnedto the raised position again, makesure that their catches engage cor-rectly. The red warning zone in therecess then disappears.The centre seat belt can only be pulledout when the larger section of the rearseat back is locked into position.<392de161Roller-blind coverPull out the roller cover and secure it inthe retainers at the backThe cover can support the weight oflight articles, e.g. clothing.Do not place any heavy or hardobjects on the roller cover orthese could endanger the occupants ifever you have to brake sharply.Do not allow the roller cover to run backtoo fast, as this could damage it.<For storage of the roller cover when theseat is folded, see next page.392de162Protective net*Pull the protective net out by its loop,then hold the rod at both sides and in-sert it into the retainers. This is bestdone from the back seat.Do not allow the protective net toretract too fast, or it could causeinjury and itself become damaged.<When the rear seat backs are folded,the net tube can be secured in front ofthe rear seats, from which point the netcan still be pulled out and secured atthe front retainers (see next page).392de163Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 119. 118nLoad area – touringRemoving roller cover andprotective net1 Press the buttons at the ends(arrow 1)2 Pull the tube out to the rear (arrow 2).InstallingSimply insert the tube into the two sidecatches and push it forward until it en-gages.392de164StorageHolders for the tube are provided infront of the rear seat.Insert the tube from the right, as shownin the picture. The loop on the protec-tive net must be at the top and the endof the roller cover must be placedaround the tube at the bottom rear.You can pull out the protective net andinsert it in the brackets above it in theroof area.392de165Side flapsTo open, press the button.392de166Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 120. 119nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataLoad area – touringCompartment in floorTo open: press the recessed section ofthe handle and swing up the flap (largearrow).The flap is lockable with a master key.The partitions in the compartment canbe repositioned. If they are removedand their holders turned to the left andtaken out, a compartment with a flatfloor is obtained.392de167Raising the floor panel flapSwing up the holder (black) on the un-derside of the flap and attach it to theupper frame of the tailgate cutout.Before folding the floor panel flap downagain, return the holder to its originalposition.392de168Raising the spare wheel coverSwing the cover up and attach it to thered holder on the floor panel flap(arrow).Before folding the cover back down, re-turn the holder to its original position.392de169Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 121. 120nLoad area – touringPull-out load-area floor*To release, pull the recessed handle up.Pull out the floor.Do not drive the car with the load-area floor extended.Do not release the load-area floor whenthe car is standing on a slope, or it mayrun out by itself and cause injury.If an unsecured load is being carried, itcould slide if the load-area floor extendsaccidentally, and fall to the ground whenthe floor panel reaches its limit stop.<392de174When extended, the panel can with-stand the following loads:> Up to 300 kg (660 lb) distributed overits entire surface> Up to 75 kg (165 lb) at the rear edge.Do not place heavier loads on thepanel, or damage may occur.Do not reach under the load-area floorwhen sliding it back in, or injury couldbe caused.<Raising the load-area floorFor access to the area under the floor,the spare wheel etc.:> Swing up the load-area floor paneland retain it with the rod (arrow)> Open the quick-release fasteners onthe spare wheel cover.392de175Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 122. 121nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataLoadLoadingIf you carry heavy or bulky loads in yourBMW:> Place heavy loads as far forward aspossible – right behind the back restsor the load area partition– and keepload low (this Figure illustrates thetouring)> Wrap protective material round sharpcorners and edges> Do not stack loads higher than theseat backs> Pull out the protective net* (refer topage 117f) and ensure that objectsare not able to pass through the sep-arating net> When carrying very heavy loads withno passengers on the back seat, in-sert each of the outer seat belts intotheir opposite locks.392de177Securing the load> Small and light items can be retainedwith the tensioning straps, a load-area net* or other suitable straps (seepage 43)> BMW Service can supply suitablemeans of lashing and securing largeror heavier loads*. Lashing points areprovided in the corners of the lug-gage compartment or load area (pic-ture shows touring)> Please note the information suppliedwith load securing equipment.392de178Always stow the load correctlyand secure it so that it cannot en-danger the cars occupants if the driverhas to brake heavily or swerve.Do not exceed the gross weight or axleload limits (see page 217), as this couldendanger the cars operating safety andinfringe the law.Do not carry heavy or hard objectsloose in the occupant area, in case theyare thrown around and endanger theoccupants when the car is braked heav-ily or during a sudden avoidance man-uoeuvre.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 123. 122nRoof rack*Mounting pointsAccess to the mounting points:To open the covers (arrow), use the toolaccompanying the roof rack system.A special roof rack system is availableas an accessory for your BMW. If it isused, please comply with the installa-tion instructions supplied.A loaded roof rack alters the cars roadbehaviour and steering response quiteconsiderably, by moving its centre ofgravity.When loading the roof rack, ensure thatthe specified roof load limit, the carsgross weight limit and the axle loadsare not exceeded. The relevant figuresare shown in the technical data section,page 217.394de369The roof load must be uniformly distrib-uted and should not be too large inarea. Heavy items of luggage shouldalways be placed at the bottom. Makesure that sufficient clearance is availa-ble for raising the sliding/tilting sunroofand that no objects extend into thehinge-up area of the tailgate.Secure loads to the roof rack so thatthey cannot shift or fall off during thejourney, and thus endanger followingtraffic.Drive smoothly and avoid violent accel-eration, braking or cornering.The roof load increases the cars sur-face area exposed to the wind, so thatfuel consumption will be higher and theloads on the roof structure of the carmore severe.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 124. 123nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataTowing a trailerTowing a trailerWhen a trailer is towed, the demandson both car and driver are more severe.A trailer reduces manoeuvrability, theability to climb hills, acceleration andbraking capacity and makes the carhandle and corner differently.The permissible trailer load and noseweight (towbar downthrust) are statedin "Technical Data", page 217. Thetrailer load limit is also entered in thecars registration papers. Consult BMWService regarding increased trailerweights.Trailer tow hitch*The suspension settings of your BMWafford optimum safety, ride comfort andsports performance.If a trailer tow hitch is fitted by themanufacturer, the vehicle will also beequipped with uprated suspension* atthe rear as standard. This compensatesfor the weight of the tow hitch and alsoensures optimum road behaviour whenthe trailer is not being towed.If a trailer tow hitch* is retrofitted, itmust be of a type approved by BMWand be expertly installed by BMW Serv-ice. You are recommended to have up-rated suspension fitted as well.On models with self-levelling suspen-sion, the trailer-towing suspensionneed not be retrofitted.BMW does not approve of any othersuspension systems offered by the au-tomotive trade for trailer towing pur-poses.Look after a detachable ball end in ac-cordance with its manufacturers oper-ating instructions, to ensure that it canbe fitted and removed without difficulty.If a trailer tow hitch is installed, theself-regenerating action of the rearbumper system may not be able to takeeffect.<The use of a stabilizing device can berecommended, particularly if the traileris a heavy one. Information can be ob-tained from BMW Service.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 125. 124nTowing a trailerCover flap*RemovingTake hold of the trailer tow hitch coverpanel in the cutout provided, pull down-wards and to the rear and remove thepanel from the cutout.For attaching and removing the ballhead, please see the separate instruc-tions.Fittingfirst install the cover flap at the top withthe groove in the aperture, then press inthe lower area (arrow).390de325Nose weightThis is the load exerted downwards bythe trailer on the ball head of the towhitch (it can be determined with the aidof bathroom scales or similar).In Germany: a minimum nose weight of25 kg (55 lb) is laid down by law.Try to achieve a nose weight close tothe permitted limit (see page 217) with-out exceeding it.The trailers nose weight affects thetowing vehicle, and must not lead to thecars gross weight limit or rear axle loadlimit being exceeded if a trailer is beingtowed. The cars payload limit is re-duced by the weight of the trailer towhitch and, if a trailer is being towed, byits nose weight. The gross weight limitfor the combined car and trailer mustnot be exceeded.LoadWhen loading the trailer, make sure thatthe weight is kept as low as possibleand stowed if possible close to the axle.A low centre of trailer gravity makes theoutfit much more stable and safe todrive.Do not exceed either the trailers grossweight or the specified trailer load limitfor the car. The smaller value is the limitwhich should be adhered to.Before purchasing a trailer it is advisa-ble to obtain a declaration from thetrailer concerning the effective trailerweight and trailer payload limit.GradientsIn the interests of safety and to avoidholding up other traffic, do not attemptto climb gradients steeper than 12X. Ifan application is made to tow a heaviertrailer, the limit is 8X.As altitude above sea level increases,engine power output tends to drop. Youshould therefore take particular carewhen driving through mountainouscountry, since the maximum gradienton which the outfit can be started maybe lower than usual.BMW 530d: Avoid driving uplengthy hills in 1st gear alone,since this could overheat the fuel andcause bubbles to form, so that the en-gine is starved of fuel and stalls. Auto-matic-transmission cars: Select posi-tion D.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 126. 125nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataTowing a trailerDownhill gradientsSpecial care must be taken when de-scending gradients: before doing so, al-ways change down to the next-lowergear – and if necessary as far as 1stgear or automatic transmission selec-tor lever position 2 – and drive down thehill slowly.Speed limitThe maximum speed limit when towinga trailer is 80 km/h in Germany, andsimilar speed limits apply in other coun-tries also. The trailer load limits havebeen chosen to ensure that driving sta-bility is satisfactory at this speed. Ifhigher speed limits apply in other coun-tries, you are none the less recom-mended not to drive faster for safetyreasons.If the trailer begins to swing from sideto side, the outfit can only be stabilizedby braking immediately.Tyre pressuresCheck the cars and the trailers tyrepressures most carefully. For the trailer,comply with the manufacturers recom-mendations.Outside mirrorsIf the standard outside mirror is not suit-able for towing a trailer, legislation pre-scribes two outside mirrors which bringboth rear corners of the trailer into yourfield of view. Suitable mirrors, somewith adjustable arms, can be obtainedfrom BMW Service.Electrical systemHigher electrical consumptioncan be expected if a trailer (cara-van) is towed. Try to avoid operatingelectrical equipment for too long peri-ods at a time, in order to limit the drainon the cars battery.<Before starting a journey, checkthat the trailers rear lamps are op-erating correctly.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 127. 126nOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 128. Initial overviewControls in detailOperation, maintenanceand general careMinor repairsTechnical dataIndexTechnical items of interest127nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataDriving precautions:Running in 128Driving hints 128Catalytic converter 129Anti-lock brake system(ABS) 130Disc brakes 131Brakes 132Winter operation 133Power steering 135Self-levelling suspension 135Digital Diesel Electronics(DDE) 136Car telephone 136Car radio 136Wheels and tyres:Tyre pressures 137Condition of tyres 137New tyres 138Wheel-changing 138Wheel and tyrecombinations 139Winter tyres 140Snow chains 140Approved wheel and tyresizes 141In the engine compartment:Engine hood 147Engine compartment 148Washer fluid 156Washer jets 156Engine oil 157Coolant 160Brake fluid 161Power steering oil 162Vehicle identificationnumber 162Type plate 162Maintenance and general care:The BMW MaintenanceSystem 163Care of the car 164Airbags 170Laying up out of use 170Legal requirements andregulationsRule of the road 171Registration abroad 171Technical modifications 172OBD socket 172Recycling:Recycling in the Servicearea 173Returning the car 173Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 129. 128nPlease comply with the following in-structions, which are intended to en-sure that your car achieves its optimumoperating life and economy.Engine and final driveUp to 2000 km (approx. 1300 miles):drive at varying road and enginespeeds, but do not exceed the follow-ing maximum values:> Cars with spark-ignition (petrol, gas-oline) engine6-cylinder: 4500 rpm or160 km/h (99 mph)8-cylinder: 4500 rpm or170 km/h (106 mph)> Cars with diesel engines3500 rpm or150 km/h (92 mph)Avoid full throttle and do not use theautomatic transmission kick-down.From a distance reading of 2000 km(approx. 1250 miles) onwards, engineand road speeds can be gradually in-creased.Comply with these running-in instruc-tions again if an exchange engine orfinal drive is fitted later in the cars life.TyresNew tyres do not achieve their full roadgrip immediately, for production rea-sons. You should therefore drive in arestrained manner for the first 300 km(approx. 200 miles).BrakesBrake pads and discs do not achieve afavourable wear and contact patternuntil the car has covered about 500 km(approx. 300 miles).Brakes:Do not rest your foot on the brakepedal while the car is in motion. Evenslight continuous pressure on the brakepedal could cause overheating, brakepad wear or even brake system failure.Aquaplaning:When driving on wet or slushy surfaces,reduce speed to prevent a wedge ofwater from forming between the tyreand the road. This situation, known asaquaplaning, means that the tyre canactually lose contact completely withthe road surface, so that the car canneither be steered nor can the brakesbe properly applied.Water on roads:When there is water on the roads, onlydrive through to a max. depth of 30 cm(12 in), and no faster than a walkingpace, otherwise damage to the engine,electrical system and transmission maybe caused.Rear-window shelf:Do not place heavy or hard objects onthe shelf, or these could injure the carsoccupants when the brakes are ap-plied.Running in Driving hintsOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 130. 129nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataDriving hints Catalytic converterCoat hooks:Items of clothing hung from the hooksmust not obstruct the drivers view. Donot hang heavy objects from the hooks,they could cause injury to the cars oc-cupants during sudden or heavy brak-ing or avoidance manoeuvres.<The catalytic converter reduces the pol-lutant content of the exhaust gas.Cars with a spark-ignition engine mustbe run on unleaded petrol.Even very small amounts of lead in thefuel are sufficient to damage the oxygensensor and the catalytic converter per-manently.To ensure that the engine always oper-ates correctly and reliably, and to avoiddamaging it, the following instructionsshould complied with:> Always comply with the specifiedmaintenance work> Do not run the fuel tank empty> Tow-start the car only when the en-gine is cold, to prevent unburned fuelfrom igniting in the catalytic converterand causing damage. It is better tojump-start the car> Avoid any other situations in whichfuel remains unburned or is only par-tially burned, for example: running thestarter motor too frequently or for ex-cessively long periods in rapid suc-cession if the engine does not start(though the engine can of course bestopped and restarted at any time if itis running correctly). Running theengine with a spark plug lead de-tached.Always comply with the aboveprecautions, to prevent unburnedfuel from reaching the catalytic con-verter. Otherwise there is a risk of thecatalytic converter overheating and be-ing damaged.High temperatures occur on all vehiclesequipped with a catalytic converter.Never remove the heat shields protect-ing the exhaust system, nor apply un-derseal to them. Make sure that whendriving or parking the car or when theengine is idling, no material which couldcatch fire easily (e.g. hay, leaves, grassetc.) can come into contact with the hotexhaust system. It could ignite andcause a fire, with the risk of severe inju-ries or damage.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 131. 130nAnti-lock brake system (ABS)The principleABS prevents the wheels from lockingwhen the brakes are applied, and thusincreases active safety. Locked wheelsare dangerous, because the frontwheels cannot then be steered and therear wheels may slide sideways andcause the car to spin or slide off theroad.With ABS in action, the car achieves theshortest possible braking distances forthe prevailing conditions (straight-linebraking or cornering, on asphalt, ice,wet roads etc.).ABS is capable of satisfying two funda-mental requirements whenever thebrakes are applied:> Safe drive stability> Secure steering and manoeuvrabilityon differing road surfaces (asphalt,cement, mud, rain, snow, ice).Braking with ABSThe system functions above approx.8 km/h (5 mph). Below about 3 km/h, itstops operating. The wheels can there-fore theoretically tend to lock during thefinal stages of braking action. However,in practice, this is not considered to becritical.You use ABS most effectively by apply-ing maximum brake pressure in situa-tions which call for this ("full braking").Since you retain steering control of thecar, you are still able, despite hardbraking, to avoid any obstacles with rel-atively calm movement of the steeringwheel.The ABS regulation cycle takes placewithin fractions of a second. The brakepedal pulsates to warn the driver thatthe ABS is active and therefore that thecar is reaching the adhesion limit. In ad-dition, a rattling noise reminds you – asa consequence of the ABS action – thatthe friction coefficient or grip betweentyre and road surface (slippery surface)is diminishing, and that you should re-duce your road speed accordingly.On roads with loose surfaces on a firmbase, e.g. on gravel or snow, and whendriving with snow chains, you may findthe braking distance is greater thanwhen the wheels are locked. However,the advantages of greater stability andthe ability to steer while braking are stillavailable to the driver.Information for your safetyEven ABS is unable to overcome thelaws of physics. It cannot absolve thedriver from the consequences of brak-ing too late, maintaining insufficientspace from vehicles ahead, exceedingthe limits of adhesion when cornering atspeed or encountering a poor stretch ofroad where aquaplaning occurs. Avoid-ing such situations remains the driversresponsibility. Although ABS enhancesactive driving safety, this should not beregarded as an invitation to take corre-spondingly greater risks.Make no modifications to the ABSsystem.All work on the ABS should be en-trusted only to skilled, authorized per-sonnel.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 132. 131nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataABS Disc brakesIn the event of a faultthe ABS warning lamp lights up,refer to page 20. The brake sys-tem then operates as it would incars not fitted with ABS. Arrange tohave this examined by BMW Service assoon as possible. Additional faults tothe brake system could otherwise occurwithout being readily apparent.Disc brakes offer maximum braking effi-ciency, responsive control of brakingforce and the ability to resist severeloads.If the car is used only for short dis-tances, is out of use for lengthy periodsor not subject to more than light loads,corrosion of the brake discs and con-tamination of the brake pads may oc-cur, because the minimum contactpressure between pads and discs,which is needed to generate a self-cleaning effect, has not been reached.When the brakes are applied, corrodeddiscs tend to judder, and even lengthybrake applications usually fail to elimi-nate this effect entirely.To ensure that the cars safety isnot affected, use only brake padsand linings approved by BMW.<Driving hintsIn damp weather or heavy rain it is ad-visable to apply the brakes with lightpedal pressure every few kilometres.When doing so, make sure that no otherroad-user is endangered. This will gen-erate sufficient heat to dry out the discsand pads.It is a well-known fact that the most ef-fective braking is obtained not withlocked wheels but when they are stilljust rotating. ABS maintains this state ofaffairs automatically. Should the ABSmalfunction, the driver should adopt thecadence braking principle if possible(see page 134).To avoid any risk of brake fade whendescending long or steep hills, selectthe gear which calls for a minimumamount of braking (or shift the auto-matic transmission down to an equiva-lent speed stage).The engines braking effect can be fur-ther increased by selecting a lower gearor, with automatic transmission, 1st gearor lever position 2.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 133. 132nDisc brakes BrakesIf engine braking alone is insufficient,do not apply the brakes for too longwith only slight or moderate force. In-stead, it is better to brake the car quitehard (providing that the road behind youis clear) so that your speed is reducednoticeably, and to repeat this processat brief intervals as necessary. Thecooling-down phases between thesebrake applications should avoid over-heating and maintain full braking effi-ciency.Never drive with the clutch pedal-held on, with the shift or selectorlever in neutral, or while the engine isswitched off, otherwise engine brakingaction will not be present with thetransmission in neutral and there will beno power assistance to the brakeswhile the engine is switched off.Make sure that the full travel of thebrake, clutch and accelerator pedals isnot obstructed by floor mats, carpets orother objects.<Dynamic Brake Control DBC*If the brake pedal is pressed down rap-idly, this system automatically booststhe braking force to a maximum andthus helps to pull the car up in theshortest possible distance when a fullbrake application is made. It also makesfull use of the advantages offered byABS.Maintain pressure on the brake pedalduring the entire brake application. Ifthe brake pedal is released, DBC will beswitched off.If a malfunction occurs, the yel-low warning lamp comes on.Normal brake action remainsavailable without restriction.Have the system checked at the nextopportunity by BMW Service.Please note the "Information foryour safety" concerning ABS onpage 130. It also applies to DBC whereappropriate.<Brake fluid levelThe brake hydraulics warninglamp lights up or the message"Check brake fluid" appears inthe Check Control display:The brake fluid level in the reservoir istoo low (see page 161).If the brake fluid level is too low and ifbrake pedal travel is much longer thanusual, one of the two hydraulic brakecircuits may have failed.Braking performance is still adequatewith the remaining brake circuit in use.Visit your nearest BMW Service.When driving the car in this condi-tion, note that higher brake pedal pres-sure and considerably longer brakepedal travel may be necessary. Modifyyour driving style accordingly.<The warning lamp also comes on whenthe CHECK BRAKE LININGS warningappears on the Check Control display.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 134. 133nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataBrakes Winter operationBrake padsThe warning lamp for the brakelinings lights up, or the message"Check brake linings" appears inthe Check Control display:The brake linings have reached the safelimit for lining wear. To replace them,visit your nearest BMW Service at thenext available opportunity.To ensure that the cars safety isnot affected, use only brake padsand linings approved by BMW.<The winter, with its frequently changingweather conditions, not only calls foryour style of driving to be modified asappropriate but also for certain mea-sures to be taken to ensure that yourcar can be driven safely and reliablyCoolantEnsure that the 50:50 mix ratio (water/long-term anti-freeze and corrosion in-hibitor) is present. This is equivalent tofrost resistance down to approx. –376.Renew the coolant every 4 years.LocksBMW door lock de-icer can be used tofree them if frozen. This de-icer alsocontains lubricant.After its use, treatment with BMW lockbarrel grease is recommended.Rubber partsTo prevent rubber parts on doors, bon-net and boot from freezing solid, coatthem with a rubber care agent or withBMW silicone spray.BMW Service can supply suitablecar-care products.<Diesel fuelTo ensure that the diesel engine oper-ates reliably during the cold season ofthe year, it must be run on winter-gradediesel oil, which garages usually sellduring the period in question. Fuel filterheating is installed as standard equip-ment to prevent the fuel from solidifyingduring operation.The use of flow improvers is not permit-ted, as these can lead to problems inthe fuel system.Snow chainsBMW snow chains* may be fitted toboth summer and winter tyres, but onlyto both rear wheels. Always observe themanufacturers safety recommenda-tions. When snow chains are in use, donot exceed 50 km/h (approx. 30 mph).To improve traction, it is advisable toswitch off the ASC+T/DSC* when snowchains are fitted, refer to page 86.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 135. 134nWinter operationMoving away from a standstillTo set off in deep snow, or to "rock thecar free", it is advisable to switch off theASC+T/DSC*, refer to page 86.Driving on slippery roadsOperate the accelerator pedal gently,avoid high engine speeds and shift upto the next higher gear early. On uphillor downhill gradients, change down tothe next lower gear in good time.Maintain a safe distance from the vehi-cle in front.BrakesWinter road conditions greatly reducethe amount of tyre grip that is available,so that the driver must expect brakingdistances to be considerably longerthan usual in every situation.ABS prevents the wheels from locking,so that the car remains stable and canalways be steered.Should the ABS fail and the roadwheels lock, reduce pressure on thebrake pedal until the wheels just start toturn, but still remain braked.Then increase pedal pressure again, re-duce when the wheels start to lock thenincrease again etc.This intermittent braking action (the ca-dence braking principle) reduces brak-ing distances and you retain steeringcontrol of your car at the same time.You can still try to drive round dangerareas once you have reduced the brakepedal pressure.If the road surface is slippery, donot shift to a lower gear in order toslow the car, or else the rear wheelsmay slip and you could lose control ofthe car as a result.<When applying the brakes hard onslippery roads or if the amount ofsurface grip varies widely, always de-clutch as well.<Correcting a skidDepress the clutch pedal, release theaccelerator pedal or set the automatictransmission selector lever to N. Try tosteer into the skid and bring the carunder control in this way.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 136. 135nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataWinter operation Power steering Self-levelling suspension*ParkingSelect 1st gear or reverse, or move theautomatic transmission selector lever toP. If the gradient makes it necessary,apply the handbrake as well on carswith a manual-shift gearbox. To preventthe handbrake linings from sticking tothe drums in freezing weather or as aresult of corrosion, dry out the hand-brake briefly first, by applying it as thecar is coming to a halt. Make sure thatfollowing traffic is not endangered.The brake lights do not come onwhen the handbrake is applied.<If the steering is stiff to turn:Check oil level; see page 162.Steering becomes heavy when you turnthe steering wheel rapidly:Without fail, visit BMW Service to haveyour steering system checked.Special instruction forServotronic*If steering becomes lighter as speed in-creases:An electronic fault has occurred. Have itrectified by BMW Service.If the power assistance should fail,greater effort will be required atthe steering wheel.<If the self-levelling suspensiontelltale lamp comes on or theCheck Control displays SELF-LEVEL SUSP.INACT., a malfunction hasoccurred in the self-levelling suspen-sion.Stop the car and examine it. If the bodyis distinctly lower at the back than atthe front, and possibly standing at anangle (for instance, lower at the left thanat the right), take it to the nearest BMWService. Drive cautiously while the caris in this condition. The cars groundclearance is reduced and its ride com-fort below the usual standard.Even if the car appears to be at its nor-mal ride height and attitude, alwaystake it to a BMW Service if a malfunc-tion is displayed.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 137. 136nDDE Car phone* Car radioDigital Diesel Electronics (DDE)If the DDE warning lamp comeson during a journey or the CheckControl displays FUEL INJECT.SYS, a malfunction of the electronic fuelinjection system has occurred.Except in an extreme situation wherethe engine refuses to run, the car canstill be driven, since the engine man-agement system has an emergency-runprogram. Note, however, that full per-formance may not be available whenthis program is in use. For this reason,the fuel injection system should bechecked as soon as possible by BMWService.Only mobile communication systems(car phone, radio telephone etc.) with arating of max. 10 Watts are permitted.They can still cause malfunctions whenthe car is being operated if they are notintended for use with your car. SinceBMW cannot examine and test eachproduct, it is unable to accept any re-sponsibility for the installation of items ithas not approved. Before purchasingany such system you are recommendedto obtain advice from BMW Service.In order to safeguard your BMWs oper-ating reliability, do not operate any in-car telephones or other mobile radioequipment with an aerial inside the caror not fitted to the cars exterior.Detach the telephone aerial beforedriving the car on to a car train orinto a car wash.<The reception and reproduction qualityof a mobile radio system depends onthe range of the desired station, your lo-cation for reception and the alignmentof the aerial.Adverse factors such as high voltagewires, buildings or natural obstaclescan cause noise interference even ifyour car is equipped with optimum sup-pression.Climatic influences such as the intensityof solar radiation, fog, rain or snowfallcan also interfere with radio reception.Car phones not recommended by BMWor mobile phones may also interferewith the cars radio when they are used.In such cases, a low-frequency hum isoften heard.Operation and tuning of your car radioare described in the separate instruc-tions accompanying this handbook.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 138. 137nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataInformation for your safetyThe radial-ply tyres approved for yourcar are matched to its characteristicsand ensure not only optimum roadsafety but also the desired level of ridecomfortThe condition of the tyres and mainte-nance of the specified tyre pressuresnot only influence tyre life but also roadsafety to a very considerable extent.Incorrect pressures are often a cause oftyre problems. They also have a consid-erable effect on the roadholding of yourBMW.Check the tyre pressure – also ofthe spare wheel – at regular inter-vals, at least twice a month and beforesetting out on any long journeys. Incor-rect tyre pressures can adversely affectthe cars roadholding and cause tyredamage, which could result in an acci-dent.<Tyre tread – tyre damageInspect the tyres frequently for damage,the presence of foreign bodies, unusualwear and sufficient tread depth.Tread depth should if possible not beallowed to drop below 3 mm (approx.0.12 in). Wear indicators (arrow) in thetread recesses indicate when a treaddepth of 1.6 mm has been reached; thisis the European legal limit for passengercar tyres in Europe. Below a treaddepth of 3 mm there is a risk of aqua-planing at fairly high road speeds evenif the water is not very deep.390de331Do not continue driving with a flattyre. If air pressure is lost from atyre, this seriously affects the cars han-dling and braking, and could cause thedriver to lose control.Avoid overloading the car, as this couldcause the tyres load capacity limit to beexceeded. Otherwise you could over-heat the tyres and cause internal dam-age to them in the short to mediumterm. In some cases, this can result insudden loss of tyre pressure.Unusual vibration while the car is beingdriven could indicate a tyre fault orsome other defect on your car. Thesame applies to any other abnormalroad behaviour, such as pulling severelyto the right or left. In such cases, reducespeed immediately. Proceed carefully tothe nearest BMW Service or tyre dealer,or have the car towed there so that itcan be checked or its tyres inspected.All forms of tyre damage (which could inthe worst case lead to sudden and totalloss of pressure) represent a risk of seri-ous or even fatal injury to the cars oc-cupants and to all other road users.<Tyre pressures Condition of tyresOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 139. 138n New tyres Wheel-changingTo maintain the cars good road behav-iour, always fit tyres of the same makeand tread pattern to all wheels.Do not use retreaded tyres, asthese could have adverse effectson the cars safety. Their carcases maydiffer in internal construction or haveaged sufficiently to cast doubt on theirdurability.<Age of tyresA tyres date of manufacture is shownas part of the inscription on the tyrewall:DOT ... 328 means for instance that thetyre was manufactured in Week 32 ofthe year 1998.BMW recommends tyre replacementafter not more than 6 years, even iftyres up to 10 years old may still besuitable.Spare tyres more than 6 years oldshould be reserved for genuine emer-gencies, e.g. if a regular tyre has be-come punctured. New tyres should befitted in their place as soon as possible,and they should no longer be broughtinto regular service when new tyres arefitted.Between the axlesTread wear patterns differ at the frontand rear wheels according to individualoperating conditions. In the interests ofsafety and the cars road behaviour, in-terchanging them is not recommended.If a cost advantage is anticipated as aresult of interchanging the wheels fromfront to rear, always remember that theactual removal and fitting of the wheelsmay incur additional cost which maynot be justified by the expected in-crease in tyre life. If wheels are inter-changed, this should always be under-taken at relatively frequent intervals(max. 5000 km/3000 miles). BMW Serv-ice will gladly advise you.If you do decide to interchange thewheels, please take the following pre-cautions:do so only between front and rear oneach side of the car, otherwise brakingresponse and road grip may be ad-versely affected.Always check tyre pressures after fit-ting, and adjust as necessary.Never interchange wheels be-tween the front and rear axles iftyres of different sizes are fitted (seepage 141 onwards).<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 140. 139nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataWheel and tyre combinationsChoosing the correct tyresUse only tyres approved by BMW; seepage 141 onwards.In view of the cars top speed, certainmakes and sizes of tyre are compul-sory. Details can be obtained fromBMW Service.Comply with any relevant national orlocal regulations.The correct wheel and tyre combi-nation has an influence on varioussystems, the function of which couldotherwise be adversely affected, for in-stance ABS, AGS, ASC+T/DSC.For this reason, use only tyres of thesame make and tread pattern on allwheels, and after a puncture, for in-stance, fit the approved wheel andtyre combination again as soon as pos-sible.<Markings on tyres and wheelsThe correct choice is made easier if themeaning of the tyre markings is under-stood.Markings on radial-ply tyres:The speed code letter indicates themaximum permissible speed at whichthe tyre is to be operated.On summer tyres:S = up to 180 km/h (112 mph)T = up to 190 km/h (118 mph)H = up to 210 km/h (131 mph)V = up to 240 km/h (149 mph)W = up to 270 km/h (168 mph)Y = over 270 km/h (168 mph)ZR = over 240 km/h (149 mph)e.g.Nominal widthin millimetresAspect ratio in XCode letter for radial plyRim diameter in inchesLoad capacity figure(not on ZR tyres)Speed code letter(ahead of the R on ZR tyres)225/60 R 15 96 WOn winter tyres:Q M+S = up to 160 km/h (100 mph)T M+S = up to 190 km/h (118 mph)H M+S = up to 210 km/h (131 mph)Markings on light alloy wheels:Prevent dirt from entering the tyrevalves by attaching screw-on dustcaps. Dirt in the tyre valve can oftenlead to a gradual loss of air pressure.Rim widthin inchesShoulder patterncode letterSymbol for well-base rimRim diameter in inchesHump on 2 rim flanges7 x 15 H 2JOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 141. 140nWinter tyresThe correct tyresBMW recommends you to fit wintertyres (M+S radial-ply) if the car is usedfor driving in wintery conditions. Al-though tyres sold for all-year use withan M+S marking have better wintercharacteristics than summer tyresmarked with speed letters H, V, W orZR, they do not normally match the per-formance of winter tyres.In the interests of reliable directionalstability and steerability, fit winter tyresof the same make and tread pattern toall four road wheels.Fit only winter tyres approved by BMW.BMW Service will gladly advise you onthe correct winter tyres for the condi-tions in which your car has to operate.Note the speed limit applicable tothese tyresIn Germany: a warning notice statingthe maximum permitted speed withwinter tyres fitted must be displayed inthe drivers field of view if the car is ca-pable speed higher than that permittedfor the tyres (please check for similar lo-cal legislation). Tyre dealers and BMWService can supply these labels.Never exceed the maximum speedlaid down for the winter tyres fittedto your car.Lack of expert knowledge or incorrecthandling of tyres can cause damageand lead to accidents.All work on tyres should therefore becarried out only by experts. BMW Serv-ice will gladly place its specialisedknowledge and facilities at your dis-posal.<Tyre condition and tyre pressuresBelow a tread depth of 4 mm (0.16 in),winter tyres become noticeably lesssuitable for winter driving conditionsand should therefore be replaced forsafety reasons.Keep to the specified tyre pressuresand have the wheels and tyres rebal-anced each time the wheels arechanged or new tyres fitted.Tyre storageStore wheels and tyres in a cool, dryand preferably dark place when not inuse. Protect tyres against contamina-tion from oil, grease and fuel.Snow chains*Fine-link BMW snow chains may be fit-ted to either summer or winter tyres,but only to both rear wheels. When fit-ting, comply with the manufacturers in-structions.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 142. 141nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataApproved wheel and tyre sizes – saloonTyre sizes Pressed-steelwheelAlloy wheelBMW 520i, 523i, 525td/tdsSummer205/65 R 15 94 V – 6.5Jx157Jx15225/60 R 15 96 V – 7Jx15225/55 R 16 95 V – 7Jx16235/45 R 17 94 W – 8Jx17Front: 235/45 R 17 94 W – 8Jx17Rear: 255/40 R 17 94W – 9Jx17Winter (M+S)205/65 R 15 94 Q/T/H 6.5Jx157Jx156.5Jx157Jx15225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H 7Jx15 7Jx15225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H – 7Jx16235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H – 8Jx17BMW 525tdFor summer tyres, tyres of speed cate-gory "H" are sufficient.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 143. 142n Approved wheel and tyre sizes – saloonTyre sizes Pressed-steelwheelAlloy wheelBMW 528i, 530dSummer225/60 R 15 96 W – 7Jx15225/55 R 16 95 W – 7Jx16235/45 R 17 94 W – 8Jx17Front: 235/45 R 17 94 W – 8Jx17Rear: 255/40 R 17 94W – 9Jx17Winter (M+S)205/65 R 15 94 Q/T/H 6.5Jx157Jx156.5Jx157Jx15225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H 7Jx15 7Jx15225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H – 7Jx16235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H – 8Jx17BMW 530dWheel size 6.5Jx15 is not approved.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 144. 143nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataApproved wheel and tyre sizes – saloonTyre sizes Pressed-steelwheelAlloy wheelBMW 535i, 540iSummer225/55 R 16 95 W – 7Jx16235/45 R 17 94 W – 8Jx17Front: 235/45 R 17 94 W – 8Jx17Rear: 255/40 R 17 94W – 9Jx17Winter (M+S)225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H – 7Jx16235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H – 8Jx17Comply with the tyre and wheel data stated in the cars docu-ments. If tyre and wheel sizes not stated in the cars official reg-istration documents are fitted, a special entry must be made.Snow chains*Snow chains cannot be fitted to 17-inchwheels.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 145. 144n Approved wheel and tyre sizes – touringTyre sizes Pressed-steelwheelAlloy wheelBMW 520i, 523i, 525tdsSummer205/65 R 15 94 V – 7Jx15225/60 R 15 96 V – 7Jx15225/55 R 16 95 V – 7Jx16235/45 R 17 94 W – 8Jx17Winter (M+S)205/65 R 15 94 Q/T/H 7Jx15 7Jx15225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H 7Jx15 7Jx15225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H – 7Jx16235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H – 8Jx17BMW 528i, 530dSummer225/60 R 15 96 W – 7Jx15225/55 R 16 95 W – 7Jx16235/45 R 17 94 W – 8Jx17Winter (M+S)225/60 R 15 96 Q/T/H 7Jx15 7Jx15225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H – 7Jx16235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H – 8Jx17BMW 523i touringTyre size 205/65 R 15 94 V is notapproved.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 146. 145nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataApproved wheel and tyre sizes – touringTyre sizes Pressed-steelwheelAlloy wheelBMW 540iSummer225/55 R 16 95 W – 7Jx16235/45 R 17 94 Y – 8Jx17Winter (M+S)225/55 R 16 95 Q/T/H – 7Jx16235/45 R 17 94 Q/T/H – 8Jx17Comply with the tyre and wheel data stated in the cars docu-ments. If tyre and wheel sizes not stated in the cars official regis-tration documents are fitted, a special entry must be made.Snow chains*Snow chains cannot be fitted to 17-inchwheels.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 147. 146nOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 148. 147nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataUnlockingPull the lever at the left under the fascia.Do not work on the car unless youpossess the appropriate special-ised knowledge. Before working in theengine compartment, switch off the en-gine and allow it time to cool. Discon-nect the battery before working on theelectrical system. For any work on thecar at all, comply with the relevantnotes and instructions. If unfamiliar withthe regulations which have to be com-plied with, have the work performed byBMW Service; incorrect handling ofparts and materials could represent asafety risk for the cars occupants orother road users.<390de071To openpull the release lever and open the lid.390de072To closePress the engine compartment lidlightly at the points illustrated (arrows)to close it, or allow it to drop from aheight of approx. 10 cm (4 in) until it isheard to engage.To avoid injuries, as when closingall doors or lids on the car, makesure that the engine compartment lid isunobstructed.If you notice during the journey that theengine compartement has not beenproperly closed, stop the car at the ear-liest possible moment and close it cor-rectly.<390de073Engine hoodOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 149. 148nEngine compartment – BMW 520i, 523i, 528i390de372Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 150. 149nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataEngine compartment – BMW 520i, 523i, 528i1 Engine oil dipstick 1572 Reservoir for brake fluid (under themicrofilter housing) 1613 Jump-start connection point 1964 Power steering oil reservoir 1625 Coolant level-equalizing tank 1606 Engine oil filler cap 1577 Reservoir for intensive cleaningsystem 1568 Reservoir for windscreen washerand headlamp cleaning system 156Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 151. 150nEngine compartment – BMW 535i, 540i390de130Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 152. 151nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataEngine compartment – BMW 535i, 540i1 Reservoir for brake fluid (under themicrofilter housing) 1612 Power steering oil reservoir 1623 Jump-start connection point 1964 Engine oil dipstick 1575 Engine oil filler cap 1576 Coolant level-equalizing tank 1607 Reservoir for intensive cleaningsystem 1568 Reservoir for windscreen washerand headlamp cleaning system 156Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 153. 152nEngine compartment – BMW 525td/tds390de116Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 154. 153nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataEngine compartment – BMW 525td/tds1 Engine oil dipstick 1572 Reservoir for brake fluid (under themicrofilter housing) 1613 Jump-start connection point 1964 Power steering oil reservoir 1625 Coolant level-equalizing tank 1606 Engine oil filler cap 1577 Reservoir for intensive cleaningsystem 1568 Reservoir for windscreen washerand headlamp cleaning system 156Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 155. 154nEngine compartment – BMW 530d390de352Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 156. 155nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataEngine compartment – BMW 530d1 Engine oil dipstick 1572 Reservoir for brake fluid (under themicrofilter housing) 1613 Jump-start connection point 1964 Power steering oil reservoir 1625 Coolant level-equalizing tank 1606 Engine oil filler cap 1577 Reservoir for intensive cleaningsystem 1568 Reservoir for windscreen washerand headlamp cleaning system 156Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 157. 156nWasher fluid Washer jetsHeadlight cleaning system* andwindscreen washerCapacity in litres (Imp. pints)Windscreen washer:approx. 3.5 (6.2) – saloonapprox. 6.0 (10.6) – touringIncl. headlamp cleaning system:approx. 6.0 (10.6).Fill with water and – when required –with anti-freeze according to manufac-turers instructions.It is best to mix the water andadditive before filling the washerfluid tank.<390de082Intensive cleaning system*Content app. 1.0 litre (1.8 pints).Fill with intensive cleaning agent. This isfrost-resistant down to approx. –276and can be obtained from BMW Serv-ice.Antifreeze for the cleaning or in-tensive cleaning systems is easilyflammable. Keep it away from possibleignition sources and store it only in thecarefully sealed original packs, out ofreach of children. Comply with the in-structions on the pack.<390de083Windscreen washerWindscreen:The jets of liquid should strike the wind-screen in such a way that reliablecleaning is assured even at highspeeds. Correct the direction of the jetif necessary by inserting a needle andmoving the jet as required, or have thiswork performed by BMW Service.Rear window:Have these jets adjusted by BMW Serv-ice if necessary.Headlight cleaning systemHave these jets adjusted by BMW Serv-ice if necessary.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 158. 157nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataEngine oilChecking engine oil level1 Position the car on a flat, level sur-face2 Switch off the engine, which shouldbe at its regular operating tempera-ture3 After about 5 minutes, take out thedipstick and wipe it clean with a non-fluffy cloth, paper tissue or similar4 Push the dipstick fully back into thetube, then pull it out again5 The oil level must be between the twomarks on the dipstick.Like fuel consumption, engine oil con-sumption depends on driving style andoperating conditions.390de076The quantity of oil between the twodipstick marks is approx. 1 litre(1.75 pints). Do not add oil above theupper dipstick mark. Adding too muchoil will harm the engine.460de189Adding engine oilDo not add more oil until the level hasdropped almost as far as the lower dip-stick mark. However, the oil level shouldnot be allowed to fall below the lowerdipstick mark.BMW engines are designed not toneed separate additives in the en-gine oil, and indeed adding these sub-stances could even be harmful in cer-tain circumstances. This applies tomanual-shift gearbox or automatictransmission, final drive and powersteering.<390de077Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 159. 158nEngine oilSpecified engine oilsThe quality of the engine oil is a deci-sive factor for the correct operation andlong life of your cars engine. BMW hasconducted extensive tests before ap-proving certain grades of engine oil.Spark-ignition engines:Use only an approved grade of "long-life" oil.If you are unable to purchase an ap-proved grade of "Longlife" oil, you cantop up the oil level in between oilchanges, if only a small amount of oil isneeded, with a BMW-approved gradeof "Special oil". Only if no such oil isavailable should you top up the engineoil level with an oil to ACEA: A3 specifi-cation.BMW Service can provide detailsof the "long-life" and "special" oilsapproved by BMW for your cars en-gine.<Diesel engines:The engine oil must always comply withthe ACEA A3 and ACEA B3 specifica-tions.ViscositiesThe viscosity of an oil determines itsability to flow and is quoted as an SAEclassification.Choice of the correct SAE oil classifica-tion depends on the climatic conditionsin which your BMW is operated.BMW recommends the use of oils inSAE categories SAE 0W-X or SAE 5W-X. X indicates any suitable higher value,e.g. 30, 40 or 50.These oils can be used at any outsidetemperatures.If an SAE 10W-X oil is used, tempera-tures under the lower limit are permittedfor short periods. However, the enginemay not start as easily from cold.460de162Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 160. 159nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataEngine oilComply with local and nationalhazardous-material disposal regu-lations when discarding used oil.<Recommendation: have oil changescarried out only by BMW Service.In laboratory tests, prolongedcontact with used oils has causedcancer.For this reason, always wash the af-fected skin areas thoroughly with soapand water after work.Keep all oils, greases etc. in a placewhich is inaccessible for children andalways read and comply with any warn-ing instructions on the containers.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 161. 160nCoolantDo not top up the cooling systemwhile the engine is hot otherwiseyou may scald yourself on the resultantcoolant steam.To avoid the risk of subsequent dam-age, use only long-life antifreeze andcorrosion inhibitor free from nitrites andamino compounds, and approved bythe manufacturer. BMW Service is fa-miliar with these products.Antifreezes and corrosion inhibitors arehazardous to health. Keep them insealed original packs, out of reach ofchildren.Long-life antifreeze and corrosion inhib-itor contain ethylene glycol, which isflammable. For this reason, try to avoidspilling long-life antifreeze and corro-sion inhibitor on hot parts of the engine,since it could cause burns if it were toignite.<When disposing of used long-lifeantifreeze and corrosion inhibitor,comply with the relevant environmentalprotection laws.<Checking coolant levelDiesel engine:Correct coolant level with engine cold(approx. 206):Add to just below the KALT/COLD markon the translucent reservoir.390de373Spark-ignition engine:Correct coolant level with engine cold(approx. 206):Unscrew the cap on the header tank.The coolant level is correct when theupper end of the red float rod is levelwith the edge of the filler pipe (seearrow in picture or drawing next to fillercap).380de081Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 162. 161nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataCoolant Brake fluidAdding coolantOpen the cap on the equalizing tankonly when the engine has cooled down.The needle of the coolant thermometeron the instrument panel must be in theblue zone, otherwise there is a risk ofbeing scalded.1 Turn the cap slightly counter-clock-wise until it starts to open, then allowthe pressure to escape before open-ing it fully2 Top up slowly until the correct level isreached – do not overfill.The coolant consists of water to whicha long-life antifreeze and corrosion in-hibitor has been added. The 50:50 mix-ing ratio must be maintained all the yearround to ensure protection against cor-rosion. No other additives are needed.Renew the coolant every 4 years.If the warning lamp lights up forbrake hydraulics, or the mes-sage "Check brake fluid" ap-pears in the Check Control: The brakefluid level is too low in the reservoir.The brake fluid reservoir is located un-der the micro-filter housing on thedrivers side. To top up the brake fluid,or to rectify the cause of any loss ofbrake fluid, please consult BMW Serv-ice whose staff is familiar with the fac-tory-approved grades of brake fluid(DOT 4).Loss of fluid will increase brake pedaltravel. Comply with the instructions onpage 132.Brake fluid is hygroscopic, that isto say it absorbs moisture gradu-ally from the air.To ensure that the cars brake systemremains in good working order, havethe brake fluid renewed every two yearsby BMW Service; see also page 79, 191and the Service Booklet.Brake fluid is hazardous to health, andalso attacks the cars paintwork. Keep itin sealed original packs, out of reach ofchildren.Do not spill brake fluid; add it only up tothe MAX mark on the reservoir. If itcomes into contact with hot parts of theengine, brake fluid may ignite andcause burns.<When disposing of old brake fluid,comply with the relevant environ-mental protection laws.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 163. 162nPower steering oil Vehicle identification Type plateIllustration shows oil reservoir for BMW520i, 523i and 528i as an example.Oil reservoirs on other models:see the engine compartment illustra-tions starting on page 150.With the engine stationary, unscrew thecontainer lid and insert the dipstickonce again with its cover, but withoutscrewing it on.The oil level must be between themarks on the dipstick.After checking, screw on the containerlid.Consult your local BMW Service agentif there is a shortage of oil because onlyATF (automatic transmission fluid) canbe used, and specialist knowledge isrequired when topping up.390de078In the engine compartment, on the leftspring strut mounting (arrow).390de074In the engine compartment down theleft side wall, and also where necessaryon the left upper side of the dash-board*.The data on the type plate must agreewith those in the cars documents.The cars data are needed as a refer-ence for all queries, checks and sparepart orders.390de322Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 164. 163nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataThe BMW maintenance system hasbeen designed to ensure that minimumcost and effort are involved in ensuringthat your car remains safe and reliableat all times.Please remember that regular mainte-nance is not only essential to ensurethat your car remains safe, but also toenhance its resale value.390de008Service Interval indicatorAdvanced technologies have beenadopted as a means of computingmaintenance requirements, which arethen shown on the Service Interval indi-cator. Whereas conventional systemscall for maintenance when a fixed dis-tance in kilometres/miles has been cov-ered, the BMW Maintenance Systemhas for many years now taken the carsoperating conditions into account aswell, since one kilometre is by no meansthe same as another.100,000 kilometres completed exclu-sively in the form of short journeys can-not be equated with 100,000 kilometresmade up of long main-road journeysonly.The maintenance routines based onactual use of the car consist of the OilService and Inspections I and II.The principle of determining mainte-nance intervals according to load effec-tively covers all the operating condi-tions to which the car is likely to beexposed. Drivers who cover only veryshort annual distances – well below10,000 km (approx. 6,000 miles) –should nonetheless have an engine oilchange carried out every two years,since engine oil ages regardless of theloads imposed on it.Service BookletFor further information on maintenancepoints and the scope of maintenancework, please refer to the cars ServiceBooklet.Depending on the circumstances inwhich the car is used, it may be worth-while to inspect it for damage causedby stones flung up from the road, inorder to guard against subsequent cor-rosion.Have maintenance and repair workcarried out by BMW Service.BMW Service is in possession of thelatest information on maintenance andrepair procedures and equipped withthe special tools needed for your car.A check on parts subject to wear is in-cluded in the maintenance schedules.Make sure that maintenance work isconfirmed in the Service Booklet after ithas been carried out. These entries areevidence that your car has been serv-iced regularly and correctly, and arealso the basis of any warranty claims.<The BMW Maintenance SystemOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 165. 164n Care of the carCar washYou can put your new BMW through anautomatic car wash right from the start.Ideally, you should try to find one thatoperates without brushes.Before washing the car, soak dead in-sects and obstinate dirt marks andwash them off.To prevent patches from forming, donot wash the car when the engine hoodis still hot, directly after it has been ex-posed to strong sunlight or if it isparked in the sun.If an automatic car wash is used, makesure> that it can safely accommodate yoursize of car> that it cannot damage add-on bodyelements (e.g. spoilers or a car phoneaerial). If necessary, consult the oper-ator of the car wash first> that your cars wheels and tyres can-not be damaged by the mechanismused to move the car through the au-tomatic wash> the brush pressure is as low as possi-ble, and the car wash operates withample rinsing water.Cars with a rain sensor:clean the windscreen regularly. Wax orsilicone coatings from car washes, andalso insects adhering to the glass couldprevent the rain sensor from operatingcorrectly.Switch off the rain sensor in anautomatic car wash, otherwise thecar’s wipers may operate and be dam-aged.<Clean the areas not reached in theautomatic wash by hand, for exampledoor sills, folds in door and lid panelsetc.During the winter months in particular,wash the car more frequently. Severedirt deposits and road salt are difficultto remove and tend to damage thepaintwork if not attended to promptly.If a steam jet or high-pressurewasher is used, make sure that itis held sufficiently far away from thecars panel surfaces. High pressure jetsstriking it from only a short distanceaway could cause damage, or surfacedeterioration leading to damage at alater date. In addition, water could pen-etrate various components on the carand cause long-term damage or fail-ure.<When cleaning the headlamps,please note:> do not rub them when dry or usecaustic or abrasive cleaning agents> soak dirt or other deposits (e.g. deadinsects) with BMW Shampoo andwash down with plenty of water> use a de-icer spray to remove ice de-posits – not a scraper or other hardtool.<After washing the car, drive itbriefly and apply the brakes to drythem out; this is necessary to preventreduced braking effect when the brakesare wet, and also to avoid corrosion ofthe brake discs.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 166. 165nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataCare of the carPaintworkThe cars paintwork is built up in severallayers, for protection against corrosion.In addition to cataphoretic dip coatingwith primer, the body cavities are spe-cially protected with materials that havebeen subjected to stringent and suc-cessful testing for a number of years.The underside of the body has a resil-ient PVC coating applied to it, followedby complete wax-based undersealingfor additional protection.Always remember that regular care ofyour car will go a long way towardsmaintaining not only its safe conditionbut also its resale value.Increasing awareness of the damagewhich unfavourable environmental con-ditions can cause to paintwork has ledto paint suppliers and automobile man-ufacturers steadily increasing the dura-bility of the paint finishes. Nonetheless,regional environmental factors couldhave adverse effects on the cars paint-work. Please wash and clean the car asfrequently as needed.In the case of mechanical loads causedby sand, road salt, stone chippings orsimilar, the paint surface may be brokenand corrosion may then be able to de-velop under the paint, and spread outfrom the damaged areas.Mud and dirt from the roads, tar stains,dead insects, bird droppings (stronglyalkaline) and even resin and pollen fromtrees all contain substances that candamage the paintwork if not removedpromptly (by causing patches, blisters,caustic burns or flaking off of the topcoat).In industrial areas, airborne fly ash,lime, oily soot, acid rain or sulphur diox-ide as well as other impurities in the airare bound to attack the paintwork if notcleaned with sufficient regularity,though in most cases only the horizon-tal panel surfaces are affected.In coastal regions the high salt contentand humidity of the air encouragesmore rapid corrosion.In tropical zones, strong ultra-violet ra-diation and high atmospheric humidityare often accompanied by temperaturesabove 406 in the shade. Light-col-oured cars can reach a temperature ashigh as 806 and dark-coloured cars upto 1206.Care of paintworkThe long-term effects of substanceswhich could damage the paint can becounteracted by washing the car regu-larly, particularly if it is used in an areasuffering from severe atmospheric pol-lution or natural forms of contamination(tree sap, pollen etc.).However, always remove particularlyaggressive substances as soon as pos-sible, to avoid the risk of paint damageor discoloration. These may includespilled fuel, oil, grease, brake fluid orbird droppings.Contamination of the paint surface isparticularly easy to identify after the carhas been washed. Remove such resi-dues without delay, using cleaning-grade petroleum spirit or alcohol ona clean cloth or wadding. Remove tarsplashes with a suitable tar stain re-mover. Finally, apply a paint preservingproduct to the treated areas.Cleaning and care products canbe obtained from BMW Service.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 167. 166n Care of the carProtecting the paintworkPolish the paintwork only with productscontaining Carnauba or syntheticwaxes.A sure sign that the paintwork needsprotective treatment is when water nolonger forms large droplets and rolls offthe surface.Remove care product residues and sili-cone from the windscreen with glasscleaner.Touching in paint damageMinor paint damage can be touched inwith a BMW paint spray aerosol orBMW paint pencil.The colour of your cars paintwork isstated on the type plate (see page 162)and on the first page of the ServiceBooklet.Scratches and damage caused by flyingstones must be repaired immediately,to prevent rust from forming.If any areas of the body have alreadystarted to rust as a result of paint dam-age, remove the rust and clean them.Apply primer coating with a BMWprimer stick, allow to dry thoroughly,then apply the top coat. After a fewdays, polish the touched-in areas andapply a paint protection product.You can have more widespread paintdamage expertly repaired by BMWService in accordance with the manu-facturers directives, using originalBMW paint materials.Care of windowsWater- and dirt-repellent windscreen (inpreparation)The coating is not affected by wax fromautomatic car washes or windscreenwasher additives.Depending on the how often the wipersare used, and also on environmental in-fluences, the windscreen coating willincur an unavoidable degree of wear.The properties of the coating then dete-riorate to an increasing extent. After ap-prox. 20,000 to 25,000 km, the glassbegins to resemble a non-coated wind-screen. BMW Service can then renewthe windscreen coating.Keep the inside surfaces of windows,and the mirrors, clean and free fromsmears with a glass cleaner. Never usecleaning agents or polishing pastescontaining quarz powder on the mirrors.For care of the protective glass*,please note:The inside surfaces of the cars sidewindows have a plastic film applied tothem. For this reason, avoid attachingany adhesive labels unless it is not in-tended to remove them again.Clean only with water, to which a com-mercially available dishwasher deter-gent can be added if desired. Do notuse abrasive cleaning products.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 168. 167nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataCare of the carFogged-over or iced-up windows canbe treated inside the car with a demist-ing cloth or de-icing spray – do not usean ice scraper.<Clean the wiper blades with soapy wa-ter. Renew the windscreen wipers twicea year, before and after the cold sea-son. This is particularly important oncars with a rain sensor.Use only BMW-approved wiperblades.<Care of special componentsAlloy wheels should be treated with asuitable cleaner, particularly in the win-ter months, but do not use aggressive,acid, strongly alkaline or abrasivecleaning agents or steam jets at morethan 606 (comply with the manufac-turers instructions for use).If your car has chrome-plated parts*such as window surrounds, door han-dles etc., they should be cleaned mostcarefully with plenty of water to which ashampoo can be added; this is particu-larly important if the car is exposed toroad salt in winter. Use chrome polishto buff up these parts.Clean plastic parts, imitation leathersurfaces, the roof lining, the lightglasses, the glass over the instrumentsand parts that are sprayed matt blackwith water and possibly a plastic careproduct. Do not soak the seats or rooflining right through. Never use solventssuch as nitro thinners, cold cleanser,fuel or similar.Apart from water, treat rubber partsonly with rubber care products or sili-cone spray.Seat belts should only be cleaned withmild soap suds (without removing themfrom the car). Do not dry-clean or usechemical products, or the fabric may beweakened.Never allow inertia reel seat belts to re-tract unless they are dry. Dirt on theseat belts can interfere with the actionof the reel and represent a safety haz-ard.Floor carpets and mats* can be treatedwith a car interior cleaner if very dirty.The floor mats can be taken out of thecar to enable the interior to be cleanedmore thoroughly.Real wood trims and wooden partsshould only be cleaned using a dampcloth. Then rub dry with a second softcloth.Cleaning and care products canbe obtained from BMW Service.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 169. 168nCare of the carCare of upholstery materialsThe pressure areas which occur whencloth seats are in daily use can be re-stored by brushing against the pile di-rection with a slightly moistened brush.The tendency of the pile to lie in a par-ticular direction on velour upholstery isnot a quality defect and, just as onhome textiles or clothing, cannot beavoided.Remove fluff from cloth upholstery andrubbed-in threads or scraps of cloth orsuede with a suitable fluff roller or burrbrush. A cleaning glove is available forparticularly obstinate fluff. Stains andfairly large areas of dirt should becleaned off without delay, using luke-warm water and an interior cleaner,stain remover or cleaning-grade ben-zene. Brush the fabric afterwards torestore its appearance.If the car is likely to be exposed tostrong sunlight for a lengthy period,either cover the seats or mask off thewindows in order to prevent a bleachingeffect.The build-up of a static electricalcharge on the seats, particularly if at-mospheric humidity is low, can give theoccupants an unpleasant electric shockif they touch metal parts of the car afterleaving it. Although this is not danger-ous in any way, it can be avoided byholding on to a bare or polished metalpart of the car while getting out.Care of leatherThe leather* used by BMW is a naturalproduct of the highest quality, proc-essed by the very latest methods, andwill remain in good condition for manyyears if correctly treated.Since this is an authentic natural prod-uct, its special characteristics and howit is used and looked after must begiven due consideration.Regular cleaning and care are needed,since dust and dirt, for instance fromthe roads, collect in pores and creases,cause severe abrasion and can lead tothe leather surface becoming prema-turely brittle. You are therefore recom-mended to remove dust from theleather at regular intervals with a clothor vacuum cleaner.For cleaning, please use BMW leathercleaning foam.Owing to the fact that dirt and greasecan, over time, permeate the protectivecoating on the leather, cleaned leathersurfaces must be treated with a BMWleather care product. This also helps toprevent a static electrical charge frombuilding up.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 170. 169nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataCare of the carTo protect it against moisture anddamp, the leather can be treated withBMW impregnating agent.This treatment is recommended everysix months, assuming normal use of thecar.If any liquids are spilled, wipe them offimmediately. Dab grease or oil stainscarefully with stain remover.If exposed to strong sunlight when thecar is parked for a lengthy period,leather seats should be covered or thewindows blanked off to prevent fading.Cleaning and care products canbe obtained from BMW Service.<Cleaning agents can contain haz-ardous substances or constitute ahealth risk. Always comply with thewarning and hazard avoidance instruc-tions on the pack.When cleaning the interior of the car,leave the doors or windows open.Never use any solvents or other sub-stances not specifically intended forcleaning the car.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 171. 170nAirbags Laying up out of use1 Front airbags for the driver and pas-senger2 Head airbags (at front)3 Side airbags (front and rear seats*)Important safety instructionsDo not remove the airbag gasgenerators. Have testing and as-sembly work performed only by spe-cially trained personnel. If the airbagoccupant restraint system develops afault, is shut down out of use or hasbeen triggered off in an accident, haveit repaired or dismantled only by BMWService.Never make any modifications to the in-dividual components of the system orits wiring. This includes the upholsteredcovers on the steering wheel, dash-380de647board, side panels on front and reardoors and roof struts as well as downthe sides of the roof liners. Do not applyadhesive or any surface material tothese covers or modify or process themin any other way. Do not remove thesteering wheel.In order to comply with valid safetyregulations, have airbag generatorsscrapped only by BMW Service.Any careless or unskilled interferencewith the system could lead to its failureor to accidental triggering off with therisk of injury.<Please ask BMW Service what precau-tions are necessary if the car is to belaid up out of use for more than threemonths.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 172. 171nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataWhen entering another country involvesa switch to driving on the other side ofthe road:Cars with xenon headlamps, right-hand-drive cars:1 Remove the plugs above the head-lamps2 For driving on the left: slide lever to-wards centre of carFor driving on the right: slide lever to-wards outside of carLeft-hand-drive cars without xenonheadlamps:Please contact BMW Service or, toavoid dazzle from the headlamps, haveBMW Service carry out the necessarymodification.390de143Cars are always supplied to conformwith the registration laws of the countryin which they are intended for use.If the owner moves to another country,it is important to check beforehand thatimport regulations and vehicle licensinglaws do not make it too difficult to im-port the car.You can obtain this information in Ger-many by calling Tel. 089/382-0 andstating the model, the vehicle identifica-tion number and the date first regis-tered.In other countries, please contact BMWService or the importer.Rule of the road Registration abroadOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 173. 172nTechnical modifications OBD socketAny BMW Service will gladly advise youconcerning the value of proposed tech-nical modifications to your car, the legalrequirements and the manufacturersrecommendations. Enquiries should beaccompanied by the vehicle identifica-tion number and, if relevant, the enginenumber.Light-emitting diodes (LED)Controls, displays and other equipmentitems inside your car have light-emittingdiodes (LEDs) behind a cover as theirlight source. These LEDs resemble con-ventional lasers and are classified bylaw as "Class 1 light-emitting diodes".Do not remove the cover or ex-pose the eyes directly to the unfil-tered light source for several hours at atime, as this could cause irritation to theiris.< Access to socket for On-Board Diagno-sis (OBD):Lift the cover on the top of the compart-ment next to the steering column(arrow).Components which have a decisiveeffect on exhaust emissions can betested at this interface with a suitabledevice.390de346Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 174. 173nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataIn many countries, BMW Service col-lects residual materials during mainte-nance and repair work according tospecific categories, for example:> old oil> oil filters> antifreeze> brake fluid> batteries> tyres> air cleaner elements> airbags> windscreens and rear windowsBMW organises, pays for and super-vises the removal and disposal of thesesubstances and has drawn up handlingprinciples far in excess of anything cur-rently called for by law.When your car reaches the end of itsuseful life, the fact that it is largely suit-able for recycling will avoid unneces-sary expense for you and undue burdenon the environment. Easily removablecomponents and assemblies containingre-usable materials wherever possibleincrease the value of a scrapped vehi-cle.BMW cooperates with selected, li-censed disposal and recycling compa-nies in its various countries; these ac-cept your vehicle at the end of its usefullife and recycle or dispose of it and itscomponent parts according to the prin-ciples laid down by BMW.Your BMW Service station willgladly advise you on returning thecar for disposal as and when it has tobe withdrawn from use.<Recycling in the Service areaReturning the carOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 175. 174nOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 176. Initial overviewControls in detailOperation, maintenanceand general careMinor repairsTechnical dataIndexTechnical items of interest175nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataReplacing parts:Toolkit 176Wiper blades 176Lights and bulbs 177Radio remote control 183Auxiliar heater remotecontrol 185Wheel-changing 186Lockable wheel studs 189Battery 190Fuses 192If an electrical fault occurs:Fuel filler flap 194Sliding/tilting sunroof 194touring: Tailgate 195Mutual aid:BMW Emergency Service 196Starting with a flat battery 196Tow-starting, towing away 197Fire extinguisher 199Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 177. 176nThe toolkit is located in the luggagecompartment lid/tailgate.To open, undo the wing bolt(s).394de080Front1 Raise the wiper arm slightly and holdit firmly2 Move the sliding safety catch (arrow)and take off the wiper blade towardsthe windscreen3 Attach the new wiper blade and slidethe safety catch back.390de097Rear*1 Hold the wiper blade against theglass and pull the wiper arm off/un-clip it (arrow) at the outer pivot2 Offer up the new wiper blade andpress it against the wiper arm (clipinto position).Use only BMW-approved wiperblades.<392de173Toolkit Wiper bladesOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 178. 177nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataLights and bulbsBulbs and lights are crucial safety fea-tures of your car. Appropriate care andattention should therefore be takenwhen handling these components. Ifyou are unfamiliar with such tasks, it isbetter to entrust them to BMW Service.Do not touch the glass of a newbulb with the fingers, becauseeven slight amounts of dirt or greasewill then be burned into the bulb and re-duce its working life. Use a clean tissue,cloth or similar, or hold the bulb by itsbase.<A box containing spare bulbs is availa-ble from BMW Service.Before any work is done on theelectrical system, switch off theaffected consumer equipment or dis-connect the negative terminal from thebattery, to prevent any risk of short-cir-cuits occurring.Observe any instructions supplied bythe bulb manufacturer, to avoid causinginjury or damage when changingbulbs.<1 Low-beam headlampsH7 bulb, 55 WattRight-hand-drive cars: HB4 bulbThe H7 bulb is pressurised, sowear goggles and gloves. There isotherwise a risk of physical injury if thebulb should be damaged.<1 Turn the bulb holder to the left (arrow)and take it off2 Pull out the bulb and change it.2 High-beam headlampsHB3 bulb, 60 Watt1 Turn the bulb holder to the left andtake it off2 Detach the cable connector390de0983 Attach new bulb holder with bulb toplug connector – making sure that itengages correctly4 Install in the opposite order of work.Please note when cleaning theheadlamps:> Do not rub them when dry or usecaustic or abrasive cleaning agents> Soak dirt or other deposits (e.g. deadinsects) with BMW Shampoo andwash down with plenty of water> Use a de-icer spray to remove ice de-posits – not a scraper or other hardtool.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 179. 178nLights and bulbsXenon headlamps*The operating life of these light units isextremely long and the likelihood of fail-ure very low, provided that they are notswitched on and off a very greatnumber of times. If a Xenon headlampshould nonetheless fail, switch on thefog lights and continue the journey withgreat care, provided that local legisla-tion does not prohibit this.In view of the high voltages thatare present, work on the entirelighting system should only be carriedout by skilled personnel, to avoid therisk of possibly fatal injury.<Side and parking lights5 Watt bulb1 Turn the bulb holder to the left (arrow)and take it off2 Pull out the bulb and change it.390de099Front flashing turn indicator21 Watt bulb1 Press bulb holder together at the lugs(arrows) and remove to the rear2 Press the bulb in slightly, turn to theleft and remove3 After changing the bulb, insert thebulb holder (note correct position oflugs) and engage.390de100Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 180. 179nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataLights and bulbsSide turn indicator repeater*5 Watt bulb1 Press the light forwards with the fin-gertip at its rear edge (arrow) andtake it out2 Press the bulb in slightly, turn to theleft and remove.390de106Fog lightsH7 bulb, 55 WattThe bulb is pressurised, so protectthe eyes and wear gloves. There isotherwise a risk of physical injury if thebulb should be damaged.<1 Pull the cover next to the fog light for-wards and remove it2 Take out the two screws (arrows) andswing the fog light out3 Release the spring on the back of thefog light and turn the cap to the left4 Disconnect the wire spring clip andrenew the bulb after pulling off thecontact cap.390de101Rear lights – saloonRear lights: 5 Watt bulbsOther lights: 21 Watt1 Flashing turn indicators yellow2 Rear lights, rear fog lights red3 Rear fog lights red4 Reversing lights white5 Brake lights redIf both bulbs fail in the rear lights,the brake lights take on the func-tion of the rear lights.<394de102Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 181. 180nLights and bulbs1 Fold down the side trim in the lug-gage compartment, using the handleat the top2 Turn the quick-release bulb holder tothe left (arrow) and take it off3 Press the bulb in slightly, turn to theleft and remove.394de103Rear lights – touringRear lights: 5 Watt bulbsOther lights: 21 Watt1 Flashing turn indicators yellow2 Rear lights red3 Rear fog lights red4 Reversing lights white5 Brake light, reflector redIf both bulbs fail in the rear lights,the brake lights take on the func-tion of the rear lights.<392de104Lights in rear panel:1 Open the flap in the side panel trim2 Turn the quick-release fastener andtake off the trim in front of the bulbholder3 Turn the quick-release fastener(arrow) and take off the bulb holder4 Press the bulb in slightly, turn to theleft and remove.If a sub-woofer loudspeaker* is in-stalled behind the right-hand flap, re-lease the toggle screw and swing thesub-woofer to one side.392de170Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 182. 181nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataLights and bulbsLights in tailgate:1 Open the trim in the tailgate2 Turn the quick-release fastener(arrow) and take off the bulb holder3 Press the bulb in slightly, turn to theleft and remove.392de171Central brake light*21 Watt bulb1 Open the luggage compartment lid2 Use a screwdriver to unclip the coveron the underside of the rear windowshelf (arrow)3 Turn the bulb holder to the left andtake it off4 Press the bulb in slightly, turn to theleft and remove.touring: LED strip light in tailgate.394de123Licence plate lights5 Watt bulb1 Insert screwdriver into slot and pressto the right (arrow); this will releasethe light2 Take out the light and change thebulb.394de105Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 183. 182nLights and bulbsInterior lightsFrontInterior light (10 Watt bulb) with readinglights (10 Watt bulbs)1 Interior light: Press the light out to theside with a screwdriver and take offthe cover. Pull the bulb out of its con-tact tabs2 Reading light: press the bulb inslightly, turn to the left and remove.Indirect lighting1 Watt bulb1 Unclip the bulb holder2 Take out the bulb.Rear – saloonInterior light (10 Watt bulb) with readinglights (5 Watt bulbs)1 Insert a screwdriver at the top andpress the light out of the cutouts2 Interior light: press the lug back at thereflector and change the bulb3 Reading light: press the bulb inslightly, turn to the left and remove.Rear – touringInterior light: 5 Watt bulbs1 Press the light out from the top with ascrewdriver2 Take off the glass3 Change the bulb.Interior light (10 Watt bulb) with readinglights (6 Watt bulbs)1 Press the light out at the side next tothe switch with a screwdriver2 Take off the glass3 Change the bulb.Footwell lights5 Watt bulb1 Lever the cover out at one side with ascrewdriver2 Change the bulb.Glove box light5 Watt bulb1 Press light out of recess with ascrewdriver2 Take off the reflector3 Change the bulb.Luggage compartment lightsLight on underside of rear windowshelf: Halogen bulb, 10 Watt.Light in the luggage compartment lid:10 Watt bulb.1 Press light out of recess with ascrewdriver2 Take off the reflector3 Change the bulb.Load-area lightsLight on roof lining:10 Watt bulbs.1 Press the glass out at the side with ascrewdriver2 Change the bulb.Light at end of tailgate: 10 Watt bulb1 Press the light out at the upper edgewith a screwdriver2 Take off the reflector3 Change the bulb.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 184. 183nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataRadio remote controlChanging the batteryRenew the battery when the CheckControl displays "REMOTE KEYBATTERY". The LED no longer lights upwhen a button is pressed, and the re-mote control will not perform the lock-ing action.Use only one battery of the type statedin the battery compartment (CR 2016),and make quite sure that it is installed inthe correct position.1 Using a screwdriver, lift the cover outat the recess (arrow)365de0172 Remove the two screws (arrows) andtake off the cover.The battery type and correct installedposition are marked on the base of thebattery compartment.Dispose of old batteries only to anauthorised collecting point or re-turn them to BMW Service.<365de018Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 185. 184nRadio remote controlNew transmitterIf you begin to operate a new remotecontrol (a replacement or an additionaltransmitter), it must first be initialised:1 Enter the car and close the doors2 Insert the ignition key into the steer-ing lock, turn briefly to position 1(max. 5 seconds) then back to 0; re-move the key3 Press button 1 (see picture) and holdit in. Press button 2 three times inrapid succession (within 10 seconds)without releasing button 14 Release button 1. LED 3 will flashslowly for a maximum of 10 seconds5 The central locking system indicatesthat initialisation has been performedsuccessfully by closing and releasingthe locks in rapid succession.380de014If the LED does not flash and the centrallocking system does not operate, theinitialising procedure must be repeated.If you use further remote control trans-mitters for this car, all of them (up tofour) must be re-initialized within30 seconds each. Repeat steps 3 and 4above for each of the transmitters. Thecentral locking will confirm each initial-ising operation as described in step 5.In the event of faults, contact BMWService, which can also supply replace-ment transmitters.Prevent unauthorised use of thetransmitter, for example by hand-ing over only door and ignition key 3 orthe spare key (see page 34) to hotelstaff.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 186. 185nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataRemote control for auxiliary heater*Changing the batteriesRenew the batteries if the telltale lampno longer flashes when the auxiliaryheater is switched on.1 Pull open cover 1 for battery com-partment2 Insert two batteries of the same typeas before (LR 1). Battery type andinstalled position are marked on thebase of the battery compartment3 Press the cover back into position.Dispose of old batteries only to anauthorised collecting point or re-turn them to BMW Service.<390de156New transmitterIf you begin to use a new transmitter (areplacement or additional transmitter), itmust first be initialised. Either one ortwo transmitters can be used.Observe the times stated belowaccurately, otherwise initialisingwill fail and have to be repeated.<1 Remove the fuse for the auxiliaryheater (in luggage compartment orload area on right, see page 193) andinsert it again after 10 seconds2 Within 3 seconds of having insertedthe fuse again, press button 33 Next, press button 4 within 5 seconds4 After a further 3 seconds, the systemis operational.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 187. 186nWheel-changingSafety precautions in the event ofa puncture or tyre failure:Halt the car as far away from the maintraffic flow as possible, on a firm sur-face; switch on the hazard warningflashers.Engage the steering lock in the straight-ahead position, apply the handbrakeand select first or reverse gear or selec-tor lever position P.All occupants must leave the car and beled to a point where they are not ex-posed to risk, for example behind acrash barrier at the side of the road.If necessary, set up the warning triangleor a flashing warning light at a sufficientdistance to the rear. Comply with rele-vant local laws.Only change wheels on flat, firm andnon-slip surface. On a soft or low-gripsurface (snow, ice, tiles or similar) thereis a risk of the car or the jack slidingsideways.Position the cars jack on a firm surface.Never place wood blocks or similar un-der the jack, or the maximum lifting ca-pacity may be exceeded. When the carhas been jacked up, do not lie under itor start the engine, as this could lead toa potentially fatal accident.<What you needTo avoid rattling noises later, pleasemake a note of the positions of the toolswhen they are removed, and re-attachthem in the same positions later.> JackSaloon: fold back the floor mat in theluggage compartment and loosen thewing nut (arrow).touring: raise the floor panel and thespare wheel cover (see page 119).After using the jack, retract it fully,swing the crank handle back in andclip it securely> Wheel chockNext to the jack. Unscrew the wingnut to remove it394de090Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 188. 187nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataWheel-changing> Spare wheel and adapter* for re-moval of hub cap* (see next column)Both are kept next to the jack. Takeoff the adapter or the plastic cap. Un-screw the wing nut (arrow) by handand take out the wheel> Wheel stud wrench and screwdriverIn the cars toolkit under the luggagecompartment lid (see page 176).touring: the wheel stud wrench isnext to the spare wheel.394de091Procedure1 Note the safety precautions on theprevious page2 Prevent the car from rolling away:place the wheel chock behind thefront wheel on the side opposite towhere the wheel is to be removed(or in front of the front wheel on adownhill gradient). If the car cannotbe moved to a point on a less se-vere gradient, you must protect itreliably against rolling away3 If full-width wheel covers are in-stalled*: insert the fingers into thevent holes and pull the cover off4 Version with adapter*: Place theadapter on the wheel stud cover, at-tach the wheel stud wrench andpress to the left (see illustration)380de0925 If hub covers are fitted*: lever thecover off by inserting a screwdriverinto the slot. For thiefproof wheelstuds, see page 1896 Slacken off the wheel studs by a1/2 turn7 Attach the jack to the nearestmounting point to the wheel which itis intended to remove; the full sur-face area of the base of the jackshould make contact with theground, and the jack head shouldenter the rectangular recess of themounting point (see picture detail)as the jack is raised8 Continue to turn the crank handleuntil the wheel you wish to changeis lifted clear of the ground9 Take out the wheel studs and re-move the wheel390de350Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 189. 188nWheel-changing10 Remove heavy dirt deposits fromthe wheel and hub contact facesand clean the wheel studs11 Offer up the new wheel and secureit with at least two studs inserted onopposite sides of the hub12 Insert and screw up the remainingwheel studs, then tighten them allfirmly, working across the hubrather than round it13 Lower the car and remove the jack14 Tighten the studs alternately on op-posite sides of the hub15 With full-width wheel covers: placethe cover in position so that thevalve cutout is aligned with the tyrevalve, then press the cover on to thewheel with both hands390de360For this lightweight wheel, useonly the special full-width coversupplied with the car, otherwise thecover may not be held firmly.<16 With hub cap: offer up the cap andpress into position17 On wheels with a wheel stud cover(hub cap): align the arrow on thecover with the line on the wheel,then press the cover on18 Correct the tyre pressure at the ear-liest opportunity.Use the jack only for wheel chang-ing. Do not attempt to raise an-other type of vehicle or any other loadwith this jack; this could result in injuryor damage.For safety reasons, have the wheel studtightening torque checked without de-lay, using a suitable calibrated torquewrench (correct tightening torque =100 Nm).<When replacing a wheel in the sparewheel well, make sure that the centralthreaded rod in the well is not bent ordamaged.If the car is fitted with alloy wheels notof the Original BMW type, note that dif-ferent wheel studs may be needed.Have a flat tyre repaired as soon aspossible, and the wheel and tyre rebal-anced before fitting.For the lightweight wheel, useonly BMW approved balanceweights for alloy wheels. Do not at-tempt to use hammer-on steel balanceweights on these wheels.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 190. 189nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataWheel-changing Thiefproof wheel studs*Tyre size 255/40 R 17 94W* onthe rear wheels:In the event of a puncture or similar, itmay be necessary to fit the spare wheeland tyre (of different size) at the rear.The cars spare wheel and tyre are offull capacity in all load and speedranges. In such cases, fit a wheel andtyre of the correct size as soon as pos-sible.<1 Cap (not needed for wheels withwheel stud cover or hub cap)2 Wheel stud for adapter3 Adapter (in toolkit, next to sparewheel in the touring)To remove:1 Turn cap 1 slightly to the left with thewheel stud wrench, and take it off2 Take adapter 3 out of the toolkit andinsert it into the wheel stud3 Unscrew wheel stud 2.After inserting and tightening the wheelstud again, remove the adapter andpress on the stud cap.The cap is located correctly if theM of the BMW badge is over araised section on the wheel stud whenpressed on.<360de094The code number is embossed on thefront of the adapter. Please make acareful note of this number and keep itin a safe place, in case the adapter islost.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 191. 190nBatteryLocationThe battery is behind the right-handside trim in the luggage compartment/load area.Swing the trim panel down by pullingthe handle at the top; on the touring,press the button.If, on the touring, a sub-woofer loud-speaker* is installed, release the togglescrew and swing the sub-woofer to oneside.394de305SymbolsYour cars battery is marked with thefollowing symbols. For your own safety,check the meaning of these symbolsbefore handling or working on the bat-tery.Before handling or working onthe battery, please note the fol-lowing precautions.Always wear eye protection.Do not allow any particles con-taining acid or lead to enter theeyes, or to make contact with skin orclothing.Battery acid is highly caustic. Al-ways wear protective glovesand goggles. Do not tilt battery:acid could then escape from breathervents.Keep the acid and the batteryout of the reach of children.Naked flames and sparks mustbe avoided; smoking is prohib-ited. Avoid sparks when workingon wiring and electrical equipment. Theignition key must be in position 0 whendisconnecting or reconnecting the bat-tery. Never short-circuit the battery ter-minals, or a powerful spark could resultand cause injury.A highly explosive detonatinggas is generated when the bat-tery is charged.If acid comes into contact withthe eyes, rinse immediately withclean water for several minutes.Then immediately seek medical assist-ance. Neutralize acid spillage on theskin or clothes immediately with soapand rinse off with plenty of water. If acidhas been swallowed, consult a physi-cian immediately.To protect the housing fromultra-violet rays, do not exposebattery to direct sunlight. Asbatteries which have run flat couldfreeze, store in a place where there isno risk of frost damage.MaintenanceThe battery is entirely maintenance-freein accordance with German IndustrialStandard DIN 43 539/2, that is to sayone acid filling is sufficient for the wholeoperating life of the battery.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 192. 191nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataBatteryState of chargeThe "Magic Eye" (hydrometer, in prepa-ration) can be used to read off the stateof battery charge:> green: adequate charge> black: state of charge is too low. Thebattery needs to be recharged.Please contact BMW Service and ar-range for this to be done> yellow: the battery must be replaced.The battery will not achieve its fulloperating life unless it is kept ade-quately charged. Have the state ofcharge checked more frequently if thecar is mainly used for short journeys.<394de368Removing and installingDo not disconnect battery leadswhile the engine is running, other-wise excess current will destroy the ve-hicle electronics unit.Do not make any modifications to theleads at the positive terminal, since thiscould render the protective function ofthe safety battery terminal ineffective.Repairs and disposal should only beundertaken by properly trained person-nel.<When removing the battery, first dis-connect the lead at the negative termi-nal, then the lead at the positive termi-nal. Dismantle the battery retainingbracket (1) and unfasten the screw con-nection on the battery (2).394de306When installing the battery, connect thelead to its positive terminal first, thenthe lead to its negative terminal.During installation, check that thebattery is correctly mounted andfit the protective hoop, otherwise thebattery will not be secure enough in theevent of an accident.<Recharging the batteryRecharge the battery only with the en-gine stopped, or remove it from the car.Before undertaking any work onthe cars electrical system, dis-connect the lead from the negative ter-minal of the battery in order to avoid therisk of short-circuits and fire or injury.<If the car is laid up out of use for morethan 4 weeks, disconnect the negativelead from the battery in order to sepa-rate it from the cars electrical system.If the car is not to be used for more thansix weeks, remove the battery, rechargeit and store it in a cool place where isno risk of frost damage. After 6 monthsat the latest, and always before the bat-tery is installed again, it must be re-charged to prevent it from becomingOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 193. 192nBattery Fusesuseless. Every time a battery is allowedto run flat, particularly if left in this statefor some time, its operating life is re-duced.Dispose of old batteries only to anauthorised collecting point or re-turn them to BMW Service. Batteriesfilled with acid should be transportedand stored upright. Protect batteriesagainst falling over when in transit.<Periods of time in which the carsbattery is disconnected are notcounted by the Service Interval indica-tor when the brake fluid renewal warn-ing is given.In such cases you must ensure that thebrake fluid is renewed every two yearsregardless of the display.<If an electrical consumer fails, switch itoff and check its fuse.In glove box1 Open the glove box and turn the twowhite quick-release fasteners to theleft. The fuse strip also containsspare fuses and plastic tweezers forchanging the fuses2 Pull the fuse for the failed electricalconsumer out of its holder with thetweezers3 A blown fuse – identifiable by themelted wire must be replaced by an-other of the same colour and ampererating.A list of fuses with ampere ratings andconsumers is located under the fusestrip.390de085Close the fuse strip by pressing on thelid at the top and turning the two quick-release fasteners to the right.There are additional fuses in the lug-gage compartment/load area (see nextpage).On cars equipped for towing a trailer*there are additional fuses for the trailerlights in the trailer module, which is be-hind the right trim panel in the luggagecompartment.The fuse for the permanent positive lineis above the battery in a separate fusebox. If a fault develops, have this fusechanged by BMW Service.Do not repair burnt out fuses orreplace them with fuses with dif-ferent colours or ampere ratings other-wise overloaded electrical wires cancause a fire in the vehicle.<If the fuse burns out several times, havethe cause of the fault rectified by BMWService.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 194. 193nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataFusesIn luggage compartmentFold the right side trim down with thehandle provided.The list of fuses with ratings in amperesand equipment connections is on theback of the side trim.394de124In the load areaPress the button on the right-hand flapto open it, and pull the trim to one side.There is a list of fuses with current rat-ings and attached consumers on theback of the flap.If a sub-woofer loudspeaker* is in-stalled behind the right-hand flap, re-lease the toggle screw and swing thesub-woofer to one side.392de172Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 195. 194nManual release – saloon1 Swing the right side trim in the lug-gage compartment down by meansof the handle at the top2 Pull the button with the fuel pumpsymbol (arrow).394de095Manual release – touring1 Open the right-hand flap in the loadarea by pressing the button, andswing it down2 Pull the button with the fuel pumpsymbol (arrow).If a sub-woofer loudspeaker* is in-stalled behind the right-hand flap, re-lease the toggle screw and swing thesub-woofer to one side.392de157Operate manually1 Take out the interior lamp (seepage 182), reach into the apertureand press out the cover2 Remove the plug (arrow) and turn thesunroof panel in the desired directionwith the Allen key from the carstoolkit (see page 176).380de096Fuel filler flap Sliding/tilting sunroof*Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 196. 195nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataTailgateManual release – touringIf an electrical defect occurs, you canoperate the tailgate manually.1 Working from the load area, open andtake out the two side flaps (arrow)392de1662 In the tailgate, open the two quick-re-lease fasteners for the toolkit coverand raise the cover3 Take out the plastic plug (arrow) andpull towards the interior of the car torelease the tailgate4 Open the tailgate, press the plugback in and close the cover at thequick-release fasteners5 Insert and close the two side flaps.392de301Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 197. 196nThe BMW Emergency Service is thereto assist you, even in the evenings, atweekends and on public holidays.If you have a breakdown, just call theBMW Emergency Service control centrefor the country in which you are situ-ated. Telephone numbers are shown atthe end of the list of BMW EuropeanService points.If you cannot obtain the assistance yourequire (e.g. because of difficulties inobtaining a telephone connection orcommunicating in the local language),please call the BMW Emergency Serv-ice in Munich, Germany:National dialling code for Germany(usually 0049) 89 - 260 99 09.There is a list of national dialling codesat the end of the list of BMW EuropeanService points.Do not use the spray products sold asstarting aids.If the cars own battery is flat, the en-gine can be started by using two jumpercables from another vehicles battery.Use only cables with fully insulated bat-tery post clips, e.g. to German DIN72551 standard or equivalent.Do not touch any electrically liveparts when the engine is runningor a fatal accident may occur.<Do not depart from the procedure de-scribed below, or else personal injurycould result or one or both vehicles bedamaged.1 Check that the other vehicles batteryhas a voltage of 12 V and approxi-mately the same capacity in Amp/h(this should be printed on the battery)2 Do not disconnect the flat batteryfrom the cars electrical system3 The two vehicles bodies must nottouch – risk of short-circuit4 Use one jumper lead to connect thepositive terminal of the other batteryto the jump-starting connection inyour cars engine compartment. Thecap over this connection is markedBatt. + (see illustration). Pull the capup to remove it. This Figure illus-trates, by way of example, the jumpstart point on the BMW 520i, 523iand 528i. For other models, see de-scription of engine compartment,starting on page 1505 Connect the negative terminals of thetwo batteries as follows: Make thefirst connection to the negative termi-nal of the donor battery or to earth(ground) on the engine or body of thedonor vehicle, and then to earth(ground) on the vehicle which youwish to start. On your BMW a special390de145BMW Emergency Service Starting with a flat batteryOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 198. 197nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataStarting with a flat battery Tow-starting,towing awaynut is provided for this purpose onthe suspension strut housing; seearrow in illustrationConnect the jumper leads in thecorrect order when you are assist-ing the driver of another vehicle as well,so that no sparks occur at the batteryand possibly cause injury.<6 If the donor vehicles battery is notstrongly charged, run its engine7 Start the engine of the affected vehi-cle in the usual way, and allow it torun as well as the other vehicles en-gine. If an initial attempt to start theengine fails, wait several minutes untilthe flat battery has been recharged toa slightly greater degree390de1468 Before disconnecting the jumperleads from your BMW, switch on thelights, heated rear window and maxi-mum heater blower speed and thenkeep the engine running for at least10 seconds, in order to avoid voltagepeaks reaching the electrical con-sumers from the voltage regulator9 Disconnect the jumper leads in theopposite order from that in whichthey were originally attached.Have the battery recharged (dependingon the cause of the fault). Towing eyeThe screw-in towing eye is kept in thecars toolkit (on the touring, next to thespare wheel) and should always be car-ried on the car. It can be screwed in atthe front or the rear of the car, and isonly to be used for towing on a firmroad surface.Access to threaded holeFront:Press the arrow symbol on the coverand swing it out to remove.390de087Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 199. 198nTow-starting, towing awayRear:Press the arrow symbol on the coverand swing it out to remove.Screw the towing eye in fully toavoid the risk of its thread beingdamaged.Never tow the car or lash it down at anyof the suspension elements, as thiscould cause damage and lead to acci-dents occurring later.<For towing, either use a towbar or a ny-lon rope or tape to help avoid suddentensile loads.394de088Using a towbarThe towing eyes of both vehicles shouldbe on the same side.If it is impossible to avoid attaching thetowbar at an angle, note the following:> Towbar clearance may be restrictedwhen cornering> The angled towbar generates lateralforces which could be critical if theroad surface is slippery> To compensate for the angled tow-bar, the towed and towing vehiclesmay have to be offset in relation toone another> there is a risk of skidding to one sidewhen the towing vehicles brakes areapplied.Do not tow a vehicle heavier thanyour own, as there is otherwise arisk of losing control.<Tow-startingCars with catalytic converter shouldonly be tow-started if the engine iscold. It is always preferable to usejumper leads.1 Switch on the hazard warningflashers(comply with local regulations)2 Turn the ignition key to position 23 Select 3rd gear4 Keep the clutch pedal down. Whenthe car is moving, gradually releasethe clutch pedal. After the engine hasfired and is running, depress theclutch pedal again5 Switch off the hazard warning flash-ers.Have the cause of starting problemstraced and rectified by BMW Service.Automatic-transmission cars:These cars cannot be tow-started.Starting with jumper leads: seepage 196.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 200. 199nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataTow-starting, towing away Fire extinguisher*Towing away1 Ignition key in setting 1 to enablebrake lights, headlamp flashers, hornand windscreen wipers to be acti-vated2 Switch on the hazard warning flash-ers. (comply with local regulations).If the cars electrical system has failed,the car must be rendered identifiable tofollowing vehicles, for instance by plac-ing a notice or the warning triangle inthe rear window.Make sure that the ignition key isturned to position 1 even if theelectrical system has failed; this is toensure that the steering lock cannot en-gage and prevent the car from beingsteered.When the engine is not running, there isno power assistance and the brakeservo is out of action. The steering andbrakes will require extra effort to oper-ate.<Automatic-transmission cars:1 Set the selector lever to N2 Maximum towing speed:70 km/h (approx. 43 mph)3 Maximum towing distance: 150 km(approx. 93 miles).Holder* on drivers seat, or on frontpassengers seat unless this space isoccupied by a first aid box.To ensure that the fire extinguisher re-mains operational, have it checkedevery two years by its manufacturersauthorised after-sales service organisa-tion.If these service points are not listed onthe extinguisher or in any documenta-tion available to you, please consult alocal trade directory or the "yellowpages" of the telephone service to ob-tain the address.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 201. 200nOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 202. Initial overviewControls in detailOperation, maintenanceand general careMinor repairsTechnical dataIndexTechnical items of interest201nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataAdaptive transmission control(AGS) 202Airbags 203Automatic Stability Control plusTraction (ASC+T)/DynamicStability Control (DSC) 203Car radio 204Seat belt catch tensioner 204Hi-fi system (DSP) 205Interior mirror, automatic-dip 205Integral-link rearsuspension 206Latent heat store 206Self-levelling suspension 207Rain sensor 207Tyre Pressure Control(RDC) 208Xenon headlamps 208Water- and dirt-repellentwindscreen 209Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 203. 202nAdaptive transmission control (AGS)evaluates a number of factors beforedetermining the best possible auto-matic transmission shift points. It takesyour individual driving style and the ac-tual road and traffic situation into ac-count.AGS identifies driving style from theopening angle and speed of movementof the accelerator pedal, the rate of re-tardation when braking and lateral ac-celeration when cornering. It then se-lects a suitable shift characteristic –which can range all the way from re-laxed travel with the emphasis on re-finement to harder, highly enthusiasticdriving.390de334In order to take driving conditions intoaccount, AGS registers corners andboth uphill and downhill gradients. Itsuppresses up-shifts, for instance,when cornering fast. On uphill gradientsit delays the up-shift until a higher en-gine speed has been reached, in orderto make better use of the enginespower reserves. When driving downhill,on the other hand, AGS shifts downmore rapidly as the car becomes fasterand the driver applies the brakes.AGS*Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 204. 203nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataRetardation sensors continuously moni-tor the acceleration forces acting on thecar. If a frontal impact causes a rate ofretardation at which the seat belts alonecould not provide sufficient occupantprotection, the gas generators for thedrivers and front passengers airbagsare ignited in parallel. However, the frontpassengers airbag is only triggered offif a further sensor has identified that theseat is occupied.In the event of a side impact, the frontand rear* airbags are triggered off asnecessary.390de319The airbags located under the markedcovers are inflated within a few millisec-onds by the gas which is generated,causing them to emerge. When they doso, they split open at the programmedrupture lines down the upholstered cov-ers and force these covers outwards.In view of the very brief system re-sponse time, the noise of propellantignition and inflation is lost in the gen-eral accident situation. The gas re-quired for filling the airbags is not dan-gerous and escapes after a very shortperiod of time (emerging as smoke).The entire process is over in a fractionof a second.Extremely responsive sensors monitorthe speeds of rotation of the roadwheels and in the case of DSC also thesteering lock angle, lateral acceleration,braking pressure and the cars move-ment round its vertical axis.If differences in the wheel rotatingspeeds are detected by the system,there is a risk of wheelspin occurring,and the power input is therefore re-duced; in addition, the rear wheelbrakes are applied if necessary.If an unstable driving condition is de-tected by DSC, the front brakes mayalso be applied in order to stabilise thecar.The driver may find it difficult initially togrow accustomed to the action of thesystem. However, it ensures the bestpossible forward traction and dynamicstability at all times.When the brakes are applied by thesystem, some noise will be heard.Airbags ASC+T/DSC*Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 205. 204nCar radio Seat belt catch tensionerThe medium wave (MW), long wave(LW) and short wave (SW) bands can bepicked up a long way from the transmit-ter, because the signals are broadcastboth as ground waves and through theair – reflected by the ionosphere.VHF (FM) reception provides far higherlistening quality than any of the AMwavebands. The range of each trans-mitter, however, is low, since the sig-nals are transmitted by line of sight.360de084The limitations from which all non-sta-tionary radio receivers suffer are com-pensated for by a variety of ingenioussystems:The Radio Data System (RDS) ensuresthat when a radio station is beingbroadcast on several frequencies, theset automatically switches to whicheverfrequency offers the best reception.For aerial diversity, several VHF aerialsmust be available. An integrated micro-processor automatically selects the aer-ial which provides the best reception ofthe incoming VHF signal. The change tothe best aerial field occurs within a fewmilliseconds, and is not apparent to thelistener.The seat belt catch tensioner ensuresthat in the event of a collision the seatbelt is tautened across the wearersbody and holds it firmly in the seat.Within a fraction of a second, the beltcatch is retracted by gas pressure, sothat the lap and shoulder straps of theseat belt are both tautened at the sametime. This provides further protectionagainst slipping under the lap belt.390de330Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 206. 205nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataHiFi system (DSP)* Inside mirror, automatic anti-glare*The Professional DSP hi-fi system withtop-quality hi-fi amplifier, Digital SoundProcessor (DSP) and integrated loud-speakers yields a fascinatingly natural,precise sound quality. The loudspeakersystem employs sub-woofers, woofers,mid-range units and dome-patterntweeters to create a most impressivespatial effect. The loudspeakers are lo-cated in such a way that all the carsoccupants have the impression that thesound image comes from the front, asin a concert hall. During the journey, thesound image is automatically modifiedto take road speed and noise levels intoaccount.390de109The automatic-dip interior mirror coun-teracts the glare caused by followingvehicles according to its intensity, andrestores the original reflecting capacityof the mirror as soon as the offendinglight source is no longer present. A lightsensor facing forwards in the mirrorcasing measures light intensity in frontof the car. There is a second light sen-sor in the mirror glass. An electronicregulating system compares the lightintensities at the front and rear. The dif-ference between them generates anelectrical voltage which is applied to agel coating on the mirror glass.390de113This gel undergoes a chemical reactionwhen the voltage reaches it, and dark-ens the mirror steplessly (electrochro-mic principle).The mirror no longer has to be resetmanually to avoid being dazzled by fol-lowing vehicles, so that the driver canconcentrate fully on the general trafficsituation.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 207. 206nIntegral-linkrearsuspension Latent heat store*The control arms of the patented inte-gral link rear suspension system, whichare made of aluminium, are not pivoteddirectly to the body. They are resilientlymounted on a sub-frame, which in turnis resiliently attached to the bodyshell.Even the slightest road surface irregu-larities are absorbed by this double re-silient mounting principle.The wheel locating arms of the integrallink rear suspension have pivots with aprecisely computed degree of elasticity,so that a predetermined self-steeringeffect is achieved. This enhances driv-ing safety in all situations.The picture shows the saloons rearaxle. The tourings compact, weight-saving rear axle the shock absorbersmounted at an angle from the vertical.390de114The latent heat store is capable of re-taining waste heat from the engine forseveral days, even at very low outsidetemperatures. When the engine is re-started, this heat is available for imme-diate use, for instance to defrost thewindscreen and side windows. Thetimes required for heating the car inte-rior and the time taken by the engine toreach operating temperature are re-duced substantially (arrow).The latent heat accumulator consists ofan extremely well-insulated reservoirconnected to the engines cooling sys-tem.390de115The principle uses the latent heat re-leased from an environmentally accept-able salt mixture when it changes froma liquid to a solid state. Like the heatwhich is released when ice melts, theheat from the warm engine is stored byconverting the salt mixture into a fluid.If "empty", the latent heat accumulatorwill be ready for further use after the carhas been driven for about 15 minutes.In this way, the latent heat accumulatoris able to increase driving safety by im-proving conditions within the car andengine response, but without imposingany burden on the environment.No action on the drivers part is needed,as the device is electronically control-led.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 208. 207nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataSelf-levelling suspension* Rain sensor*Self-levelling rear suspension keeps thecars ground clearance constant de-spite load changes.The car is equipped with air springstruts at the rear instead of the conven-tional steel springs and shock absorb-ers. An electronic control unit deter-mines body ride height at any givenmoment with the help of two sensors,and injects air from a compressor intothe air springs if necessary.By increasing air spring pressure in re-sponse to load, the self-levelling sus-pension not only ensures a constantride height but also a consistently highstandard of ride comfort regardless ofthe load being carried.390de136The rain sensor operates the wind-screen wipers when rain is detected onthe glass.An infra-red beam is directed againstthe glass through an optical device, andreflected fully if the windscreen is dry.The amount of reflected light is meas-ured by the device.If there are droplets of water on thewindscreen, the amount of light re-flected directly back is reduced, sincethe infra-red beam can escape at theglass surface. In other words, the pro-portion of reflected light determines theamount of rain striking the windscreen.390de133If the intermittent-wipe mode has beenselected, the wipers respond immedi-ately, for instance, if the vehicle in frontsplashes water on to the windscreen. Inthis way, the rain sensor makes a con-tribution to greater safety as well asmore convenient driving.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 209. 208nTyre pressure control (RDC)* Xenon headlamps*This system performs regular tyre pres-sure checks for you and monitors thepressure of all four tyres, even whileyou are driving.There is an electronic unit in everywheel, designed to withstand highstresses and strains and to cope with along service life. It contains a pressuresensor, a transmitter and a battery.Pressure is measured at frequent, regu-lar intervals and the reading transmittedby radio. If there is any irregularity, thetransmission rate is increased.394de304There are aerials in the body besideeach wheel which receive signals fromall four wheels. A central electroniccontrol unit evaluates these multiplesignals and reports any changes asthey appear.RDC makes a significant contribution toroad safety.Xenon light greatly increases the illumi-nation of the areas in front of the carand at the side of the road; it is consid-erably brighter and more uniform thanconventional halogen headlamps.In the xenon headlamp an electric arctakes the place of the filament, andgenerates an intensive light source. Amixture of an inert gas and a metallicvapour in a quartz glass sleeve is ig-nited by a high electrical voltage. Theresulting arc is maintained by a lowervoltage. When the xenon headlampsare switched on, a brief period isneeded for the full beam strength tobuild up. Maximum brightness isachieved after about 15 seconds.390de134Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 210. 209nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataXenon headlamps* Water- and dirt-repellent windscreenXenon light helps the driver to locatethe cars position effectively, particu-larly in poor weather and difficult drivingconditions for instance at night, inheavy rain or if road works are encoun-tered and the markings on the road sur-face are missing.Cars with xenon headlamps are alsoequipped with automatic headlampbeam angle control. The road surface isthus illuminated effectively despitechanges in the load on the car, and on-coming traffic is not dazzled. See alsopage 91.Xenon light also makes an importantcontribution towards road safety by en-abling the driver to see other roadusers, particularly pedestrians, cyclistsand motorcyclists, at the side of theroad.This windscreen (in preparation) has aspecially smoothed surface to whichwater droplets do not adhere; as theyroll off they take dirt particles with them.Even when new, glass in conventionalwindows has a rough surface whenviewed under a microscope (1). Thewater- and dirt-repellent windscreen isgiven an absolutely transparent liquidcoating.Depending on how clean the windscreenis, droplets of water blow off at a speedof approx. 60 km/h (approx. 37 mph).The coating, which is absolutely trans-parent,has no adverse effect on the viewthrough the windscreen.390de337Other advantages:> A clear view and therefore greatersafety when weather conditions arepoor> Less glare when driving after dark inrainy weather.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 211. 210nOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 212. Initial overviewControls in detailMinor repairsTechnical dataIndex211nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataEngine data 212Fuel consumption, carbon diox-ide/O emission level 213Dimensions 215Weights 217Performance 221Filling capacities 223Electrical system 224V-belts 224Operation, maintenanceand general careTechnical items of interestOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 213. 212nBMW 520i/touring BMW 523i/touring BMW 528i/touring BMW 535iDisplacementNumber of cylinderscc 19916249462793634988Max. power output– at engine speedkW/bhprpm110/1505900125/1705500142/1935500180/2455800Max. torque– at engine speedNmrpm1903500245350028035003453800Compression ratio e 11 10,5 10,2 10StrokeBoremmmm66807584848478,984Mixture preparation Digital Motor ElectronicsBMW 540i/touring BMW 525td BMW 525tds/touring BMW 530d/touringDisplacementNumber of cylinderscc 43988249762497629266Max. power output– at engine speedkW/bhprpm210/286540085/1154800105/1434600135/1844000Max. torque– at engine speedNmrpm4403600230190028022003901750 to 3200Compression ratio e 10 22 22 18StrokeBoremmmm82.79282.88082.8808884Mixture preparation Digital MotorElectronicsDigital Diesel Electronics (DDE)Engine dataOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 214. 213nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataBMW 520i BMW 520i BMW 523i BMW 523iTownCountryTotalO emissionslitres/100 km(Imp. mpg)litres/100 km(Imp. mpg)litres/100 km(Imp. mpg)grammes/km5-sp. gearbox12.6/13.7(22.4/20.6)9.0/9.6(31.4/29.4)8.1/8.3(34.9/34.0)215/220Automatic14.5/15.3(19.5/18.5)9.9/10.5 (28.5/26.9)9.1/9.4(31.0/30.1)242/2505-sp. gearbox13.1/13.4(21.6/21.1)9.4/9.8(30.1/28.8)8.1/8.3(34.9/34.0)215/220Automatic15.0/15.6(18.8/18.1)10.3/10.7(27.4/26.4)9.1/9.4(31.0/30.1)242/250BMW 528i BMW 528i BMW 535i BMW 535iTownCountryTotalO emissionslitres/100 km(Imp. mpg)litres/100 km(Imp. mpg)litres/100 km(Imp. mpg)grammes/km5-sp. gearbox13.6/13.8(20.8/20.5)9.5/9.8(29.7/28.8)8.1/8.3(34.9/34.0)215/220Automatic15.6/15.5(18.1/18.2)10.5/10.7(26.9/26.4)9.1/9.4(31.0/30.1)242/2505-sp. gearbox16.9(16.7)11.6(24.4)11.9(23.7)283Automatic16.7(16.9)11.7(24.1)10.1(28.0)241BMW 540i BMW 540i BMW 525tdTownCountryTotalO emissionslitres/100 km(Imp. mpg)litres/100 km(Imp. mpg)litres/100 km(Imp. mpg)grammes/km6-sp. gearbox17.7/18.0(16.0/15.7)12.1/12.4(23.3/22.8)12.3/12.7(23.0/22.2)293/302Automatic17.2/17.6(16.4/16.1)12.1/12.6(23.3/22.4)9.1/9.4(31.0/30.1)242/2505-sp. gearbox11.3(25.0)6.0(47.1)7.9(35.8)210First value: saloon; second value: touringFuel consumption, carbon dioxide (CO ) emissions2Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 215. 214nFuel consumption, carbon dioxide (CO ) emissions2BMW 525tds BMW 525tds BMW 530d BMW 530dTownCountryTotalO emissionslitres/100 km(Imp. mpg)litres/100 km(Imp. mpg)litres/100 km(Imp. mpg)grammes/km5-sp. gearbox11.5/11.7(24.6/24.1)6.2/6.3(45.6/44.8)8.1/8.3(34.9/34.0)215/220Automatic13.0/13.4(21.7/21.1)7.0/7.2(40.4/39.2)9.1/9.4(31.0/30.1)242/2505-sp. gearbox9.8/10.0(28.8/28.2)7.2/7.4(39.2/38.2)8.1/8.3(34.9/34.0)215/220Automatic11.7/11.9(24.1/23.7)8.3/8.5(34.0/33.2)9.1/9.4(31.0/30.1)242/250First value: saloon; second value: touringFuel consumption is determined according to a standard test method (93/116/EU). It is not the same as the average fuelconsumption in practice, which depends on a great many different factors such as driving style, load, road condition, trafficdensity and flow, weather, tyre pressures etc. Engine power output and road performance data are measured in the condi-tions laid down by 80/1269 EU and DIN 70020 (with the car to standard specification). This standard specifies the permit-ted tolerances. Additional equipment on the car may have quite a significant influence on both performance and fuel con-sumption, since it usually affects the cars weight and c value (drag coefficient), for instance roof rack, wider tyres,additional mirrors etc.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 216. 215nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataDimensions394de367All dimensions in millimetres (mm). Value after /: with automatic-dip outside mirrorsMinimum turning circle (dia.)11.3 m (37.1 ft); BMW 535i, 540i: 11.4 m (37.4 ft)Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 217. 216nDimensions392de366All dimensions in millimetres (mm). Value after /: with automatic-dip outside mirrorsMinimum turning circle (dia.): 11.3 m (37.1 ft); BMW 540i: 11.4 m (37.4 ft)Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 218. 217nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataWeights – saloonBMW 520i BMW 523i BMW 528i BMW 535iWeight of car, unladen (with one occupant, ready for road, tank full, excluding optional extras)with manual gearboxwith automatic transmissionkg (lb)kg (lb)1545 (3406)1575 (3472)1550 (3417)1580 (3483)1575 (3472)1605 (3538)1685 (3715)1730 (3814)Permitted gross weightwith manual gearboxwith automatic transmissionwhile towing a trailerwith manual gearboxwith automatic transmissionkg (lb)kg (lb)kg (lb)kg (lb)1980 (4365)2010 (4431)2020 (4453)2050 (4519)1985 (4376)2015 (4442)2030 (4475)2060 (4541)2040 (4497)2070 (2070)2050 (4519)2080 (4586)2150 (4740)2195 (4839)2240 (4938)2285 (5038)Front axle load limit kg (lb) 975 (2149) 975 (2149) 1000 (2205) 1090 (2403)Rear axle load limit for trailer towing kg (lb)kg (lb)1125 (2480)1230 (2712)1125 (2480)1230 (2712)1170 (2580)1250 (2756)1200 (2646)1305 (2877)Towing loads according to EU operating permit (acc. to factory specification and legally permitted in Germany).BMW Service will have details of possible increases. Note and comply with different values in certain countries.unbrakedbraked, max. gradient 12X (manual gearbox/auto-matic transmission)braked, max. gradient 8X (supplementary permit)kg (lb)kg (lb)kg (lb)750 (1653)1500/1700(3307/3748)1900 (4189)750 (1653)1800/1900(3968/4189)1900 (4189)750 (1653)2000/2000(4409/4409)2000 (4409)750 (1653)2000/2000(4409/4409)2000 (4409)Trailer nose weight kg (lb) 90 (198)Roof load kg (lb) 100 (220)Luggage compartment capacity acc. to VDA test l (cu.ft) 460 (16.2)If you make full use of the quoted trailer load limit on gradients up to 12X and also wish to load the car itself up to its per-missible gross weight limit, you are recommended not to drive up gradients steeper than 10X.Do not exceed either the axle load limits or the cars gross weight limit.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 219. 218nWeights – saloonBMW 540i BMW 525td BMW 525tds BMW 530dWeight of car, unladen (with one occupant, ready for road, tank full, excluding optional extras)with manual gearboxwith automatic transmissionkg (lb)kg (lb)1705 (3759)1735 (3825)1580 (3483)–1585 (3494)1615 (3560)1650 (3638)1660 (3660)Permitted gross weightwith manual gearboxwith automatic transmissionwhile towing a trailerwith manual gearboxwith automatic transmissionkg (lb)kg (lb)kg (lb)kg (lb)2170 (4784)2200 (4850)2260 (4982)2290 (5049)2015 (4442)–2080 (4586)–2020 (4453)2050 (4519)2090 (4608)2120 (4674)2115 (4663)2125 (4685)2205 (4861)2215 (4883)Front axle load limit kg (lb) 1090 (2403) 1020 (2249) 1020 (2249) 1060 (2337)Rear axle load limit for trailer towing kg (lb)kg (lb)1200 (2646)1305 (2877)1135 (2502)1240 (2734)1135 (2502)1240 (2734)1170 (2579)1275 (2811)Towing loads according to EU operating permit (acc. to factory specification and legally permitted in Germany).BMW Service will have details of possible increases. Note and comply with different values in certain countries.unbrakedbraked, gradients up to 12Xbraked, gradients up to 8X(supplementary permit)kg (lb)kg (lb)kg (lb)750 (1653)2000 (4409)2000 (4409)750 (1653)1900 (4189)1900 (4189)750 (1653)1900 (4189)1900 (4189)750 (1653)2000 (4409)2000 (4409)Trailer nose weight kg (lb) 90 (198)Roof load kg (lb) 100 (220)Luggage compartment capacity acc. to VDA test litres(cu.ft)460 (16.2)If you make full use of the quoted trailer load limit on gradients up to 12X and also wish to load the car itself up to its per-missible gross weight limit, you are recommended not to drive up gradients steeper than 10X.Do not exceed either the axle load limits or the cars gross weight limit.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 220. 219nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataWeights – touringBMW 520i BMW 523i BMW 528iWeight of car, unladen (with one occupant, ready for road, tank full, excluding optional extras)with manual gearboxwith automatic transmissionkg (lb)kg (lb)1645 (3627)1675 (3693)1655 (3649)1685 (3715)1690 (3726)1720 (3792)Permitted gross weightwith manual gearboxwith automatic transmissionwhile towing a trailerwith manual gearboxwith automatic transmissionkg (lb)kg (lb)kg (lb)kg (lb)2195 (4839)2225 (4905)2125 (4685) or2195 (4839)2225 (4905)2205 (4861)2235 (4927)2205 (4861)2235 (4927)2200 (4850)2230 (4916)2200 (4850)2230 (4916)Front axle load limit kg (lb) 1000 (2205) 1000 (2205) 1010 (2227)Rear axle load limit for trailer towing kg (lb)kg (lb)1275 (2811)1360 (2998)1275 (2811)1360 (2998)1290 (2844)1380 (3042)Towing loads according to EU operating permit (acc. to factory specification and legally permitted in Germany).BMW Service will have details of possible increases. Note and comply with different values in certain countries.unbrakedbraked, gradients up to 12X (manual gearbox/auto-matic transmission)braked, max. gradient 8X (with supplementary permit)kg (lb)kg (lb)kg (lb)750 (1653)1600/1700(3527/3748)1900 (4189)750 (1653)1800/1900(3968/4189)1900 (4189)750 (1653)2000/2000(4409/4409)2000 (4409Trailer nose weight kg (lb) 90 (198)Roof load kg (lb) 100 (220)Luggage compartment capacity acc. to VDA test l (cu.ft) 410–1525 (14.5–53.8)If you make full use of the quoted trailer load limit on gradients up to 12X and also wish to load the car itself up to its per-missible gross weight limit, you are recommended not to drive up gradients steeper than 10X.Do not exceed either the axle load limits or the cars gross weight limit.BMW 520i with manual gearbox: 1600 kg (3527 lb) trailer load only up to a gross vehicle weight of 2125 kg (4685 lb). If thefull gross vehicle weight of 2195 kg (4839 lb) is utilised, the max. towing load is only 1530 kg (3373 lb).Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 221. 220nWeights – touringBMW 540i BMW 525tds BMW 530dWeight of car, unladen (with one occupant, ready for road, tank full, excluding optional extras)with manual gearboxwith automatic transmissionkg (lb)kg (lb)1815 (4001)1845 (4067)1695 (3737)1725 (1725)1760 (3880)1770 (3902)Permitted gross weightwith manual gearboxwith automatic transmissionwhile towing a trailerwith manual gearboxwith automatic transmissionkg (lb)kg (lb)kg (lb)kg (lb)2280 (5026)2310 (5093)2370 (5225)2400 (5291)2205 (4861)2235 (4927)2205 (4861)2235 (4927)2310 (5093)2320 (5115)2310 (5093)2320 (5115)Front axle load limit kg (lb) 1095 (2414) 1040 (2293) 1065 (2348)Rear axle load limit for trailer towing kg (lb)kg (lb)1275 (2811)1410 (3108)1280 (2822)1370 (3020)1300 (2866)1390 (3064)Towing loads according to EU operating permit (acc. to factory specification and legally permitted in Germany).BMW Service will have details of possible increases. Note and comply with different values in certain countries.unbrakedbraked, gradients up to 12Xbraked, gradients up to 8X (supplementary permit)kg (lb)kg (lb)kg (lb)750 (1653)2000 (4409)2000 (4409)750 (1653)1900 (4189)1900 (4189)750 (1653)2000 (4409)2000 (4409)Trailer nose weight kg (lb) 90 (198)Roof load kg (lb) 100 (220)Luggage compartment capacity acc. to VDA test l (cu.ft) 410–1525 (14.5–53.8)If you make full use of the quoted trailer load limit on gradients up to 12X and also wish to load the car itself up to its per-missible gross weight limit, you are recommended not to drive up gradients steeper than 10X.Do not exceed either the axle load limits or the cars gross weight limit.Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 222. 221nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataPerformance – saloonBMW 520i BMW 523i BMW 528i BMW 535iTop speedwith automatic transmissionkm/h (mph)km/h (mph)220 (136)210 (130)228 (141)226 (140)240 (149)235 (146)250 (155)247 (153)Acceleration from0 to 50 km/h (0 to 31 mph) s 3.3 2.8 2.6 2.50 to 80 km/h (0 to 50 mph) s 6.8 5.8 5.3 5.00 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) s 10.2 (11.5) 8.5 (9.7) 7.5 (8.8) 6.9 (7.6)0 to 120 km/h (0 to 75 mph) s 13.9 11.6 10.6 9.780 to 120 km/h(50 to 75 mph) in 4th gears 10.7 9.2 8.2 7.4Standing-start kilometre s 31.1 (32.7) 29.2 (30.5) 28.2 (29.4) 27.1 (28.1)BMW 540i BMW 525td BMW 525tds BMW 530dTop speedwith automatic transmissionkm/h (mph)km/h (mph)250 (155)(governed)250 (155)(governed)198 (123)–211 (131)205 (127)225 (139)225 (139)Acceleration from0 to 50 km/h (0 to 31 mph) s 2.5 3.8 3.4 2.90 to 80 km/h (0 to 50 mph) s 4.6 8.0 7.0 5.60 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) s 6.2 (6.5) 11.9 10.4 (11.0) 8.1 (8.4)0 to 120 km/h (0 to 75 mph) s 8.5 17.1 14.4 11.180 to 120 km/h(50 to 75 mph) in 4th gears 6.2 11.7 9.4 7.2Standing-start kilometre s 25.9 (26.5) 33.3 31.6 (32.3) 28.8 (29.6)Values in ( ): – with automatic transmissionOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 223. 222nPerformance – touringBMW 520i BMW 523i BMW 528iTop speedwith automatic transmissionkm/h (mph)km/h (mph)212 (131)209 (129)224 (139)222 (137)233 (144)229 (142)Acceleration from0 to 50 km/h (0 to 31 mph) s 3.3 2.9 2.60 to 80 km/h (0 to 50 mph) s 7.0 6.0 5.50 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) s 10.6 (11.9) 8.9 (10.2) 7.9 (9.3)0 to 120 km/h (0 to 75 mph) s 14.5 12.2 11.180 to 120 km/h(50 to 75 mph) in 4th gears 10.7 9.0 8.4Standing-start kilometre s 31.6 (33.4) 29.7 (31.1) 28.8 (30.1)BMW 540i BMW 525tds BMW 530dTop speedwith automatic transmissionkm/h (mph)km/h (mph)250 (155) (governed)250 (155) (governed)210 (130)203 (126)222 (137)222 (137)Acceleration from0 to 50 km/h (0 to 31 mph) s 2.4 3.4 2.90 to 80 km/h (0 to 50 mph) s 4.6 7.2 5.70 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) s 6.3 (6.7) 10.7 (11.4) 8.3 (8.9)0 to 120 km/h (0 to 75 mph) s 8.8 14.9 11.680 to 120 km/h(50 to 75 mph) in 4th gears 6.6 9.9 7.6Standing-start kilometre s 26.2 (26.9) 32.0 (32.7) 29.3 (30.2)Values in ( ): – with automatic transmissionOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 224. 223nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataFilling capacitiesLitres (Imp. units) NoteFuel tank– including reserve ofapprox. 70 (15.4 gal.)approx. 8 (1.8 gal.) – with 6-cylinder engineapprox. 10 (2.1 gal.) – with 8-cylinder engineFuel grade: page 25Windscreen washerincl. headlamp cleaning systemIntensive cleaning systemapprox. 3.5 (6.2 pints) – Saloonapprox. 6.0 (10.6 pints) – touringapprox. 6.0 (10.6 pints)approx. 1.0 (1.8 pints)For further details, page 156Cooling system, incl. heater circuit 8.5 (99.9 pints) – BMW 520i, 523i, 528i12.5 (22.0 pints) – BMW 535i, 540i10.0 (99.9 pints) – BMW 525td/tds9.2 (16.2 pints) – BMW 530dFor further details, page 160Engine oil with filter renewal 6.5 (11.4 pints) – BMW 520i, 523i, 528i7.5 (13.2 pints) – BMW 535i, 540i6.75 (99.9 pints) – BMW 525td/tds7.0 (12.3 pints) – BMW 530dLong-life oil for spark-ignitionand diesel engines.Oil grades: page 158Manual gearbox, automatic transmissionand final drive– Permanently filled, no oilchangesOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 225. 224nElectrical system V-beltsBatteryBMW 520i, 523i, 528i:12 V, 70 Amp/hBMW 535i, 540i:12 V, 90 Amp/hBMW 525td/tds, 530d:12 V, 95 Amp/hSpark plugsNGK BKR 6 EQUPBosch FGR 7 DQPBMW 520i, 523i, 528iCoolant pump – alternator – powersteeringRibbed, 6 K x 1538Air conditioning compressorRibbed, 5 K x 906BMW 535i, 540iCoolant pump – alternator – powersteeringRibbed, 7 K–LB x 1635Air conditioning compressorRibbed, 5 K x 1007BMW 525td/tdsCoolant pump – alternator – powersteeringRibbed, 5 K x 1815Air conditioning compressorRibbed, 4 PK x 781BMW 530dCoolant pump – alternator – powersteeringRibbed, 5 PK x 2063Air conditioning compressorRibbed, 5 PK x 810You can obtain Original BMWParts and Accessories togetherwith competent advice from BMW Serv-ice.<Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 226. 225nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 227. 226nOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 228. Initial overviewControls in detailOperation, maintenanceand general careMinor repairsTechnical dataIndexTechnical items of interest227nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataFrom A to Z 228Minor repairs from A to Z 234Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 229. From A to ZAABS (anti-lock brakesystem) 21, 130Acceleration 221Accessories 5Activated charcoal filter 105Adaptive Transmission Con-trol 67, 202Aerial 136Aerial diversity 204Air conditioning,automatic 102Air distribution 96, 102Air outlets 94Air supply 96, 103Air vents 100Airbags 21, 59, 170, 203Alarm system 44Alloy wheels 141Antifreeze 133, 160Anti-glare interior mirror 205Anti-lock brake system(ABS) 21, 130Anti-theft system 44Aquaplaning 128, 137Artificial leather, care 167ASC+T (Automatic StabilityControl plus Traction)21, 86, 203Ashtrays 111AUC (Automatic Recircu-lated Air Control) 103Automatic airconditioning 100Automatic Recirculated AirControl (AUC) 103Automatic Stability Controlplus Traction (ASC+T)21, 86, 203Automatic transmission21, 67Automatic transmission withSteptronic 69Auxiliary heater 107Changing remote controlbattery 185New transmitter 185Auxiliary heater control, seeradio operating instruc-tionsAuxiliary heater, remote con-trol 108Average fuel consump-tion 83Average speed 83Axle loads 217BBattery 190, 224Charging 191Removing andinstalling 191State of charge 191Battery capacity 224Battery changingRadio remote control 183Remote control for auxil-iary heater 185Beam throw adjustment 91Belt catch tensioner 204Biodiesel 26Blower 96, 103BMW Comfort seat 51Brake fluid 161Brake hydraulics, brakepads 20Brake lightsChanging bulb 179Brakes 131Malfunctions 132Breakdown Service 196Bulb-changing 177CCan holder 110Car care, exterior 165Car care, interior 167Car keys 34Car Memory 57Car phone 110, 136Car phone malfunctions 136Car phone, see separateoperating instructionsCar radio reception 136, 204Car radio, see separateoperating instructionsCar washes 164Caravan towing 123Care of car 133Care of car, exterior 165Cassette operation,see radio operatinginstructionsCatalytic converter 129CD operation, see radiooperating instructionsCentral locking 36Button, safety buttons ondoors 39Centre brake light 181Chassis number 162Check Control 80Check Control button 80Child restraint systems 61Child seat 61Childproof door locks 62Cigarette lighter 111Clock, see radio operatinginstructionsO emissions 213Code, see radio operatinginstructionsComfort seat 51Compartments in loadarea 118Computer 83Consumption 78Controls 14Coolant 133, 160A – ZOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 230. From A to Z 229nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataCoolant thermometer 79Cruise control 75Cup holder 110DDate, see radio operatinginstructionsDaytime dipped head-lamps 90DBC (Dynamic Brake Con-trol) 22, 132Deadlock 44Defogging windows 99Defrost setting 102Defrosting windows 99Demisting windows 99Diesel fuel 26, 133Diesel-engine injection sys-tem 136Digital clock, see radio oper-ating instructionsDigital Diesel Electronics(DDE) 136Dimensions 215Dipped headlamps 90Dipstick 157Disc brakes 131Displacement 212Display lighting 90Displays 16Door keys 34DoorsLocking and unlocking 36Manual operation 36Remote control 37Driving area 14Driving hintsAquaplaning 128DSC (Dynamic Stability Con-trol) 21, 86, 203DSP amplifier, refer to RadioOwners ManualDSP Digital Sound Proces-sor 205Dynamic Brake Control(DBC) 22, 132Dynamic Stability Control(DSC) 21, 86, 203EEco-diesel 26EDC (Electronic DampingControl) 87Electric mirror heating 54Electric windows 46Electrical consumerfailure 192Electrical defectFuel filler flap 194Sunroof 194Tailgate (touring) 195Electronic Damping Control(EDC) 87Electronic immobilizer 35Emergency operation,doors 36load area 40luggage compartment 40tailgate 40Emergency Service 196Energy Control 78Engine compartment 148Engine compartment lidrelease 147Engine data 212Engine oil 157Engine oil consumption 157Engine oil grades 158Engine oil level 20, 21Engine oil level check 157Engine oil pressure 20Engine size 212Equipment fitted, see Serv-ice BookletFFailure displays 80Fault displays 80Filling capacities 223Fire extinguisher 199First aid kit 24Flashing turn indicatorrepeaters 22Flat battery 196Flooding 128Fog lights 92Changing bulb 179Folding rear seat back 113Foot brake 131Footwell lights 93Changing bulb 182Foreign use 171Front seat adjustment 49Frost protection,radiator 160Fuel additives 133Fuel consumption 78Fuel consumptionfigures 213Fuel consumption,average 83Fuel filler flap 25Release if an electricaldefect occurs 194Fuel gauge 78Fuel grade 25Fuel reserve telltale 78Fuel tank 223Fuses 192GGearbox, manual-shift 66Glove box 109Glove box light, changingbulb 182Grills 100Gross weight 217Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 231. From A to ZHHand lamp 109Handbrake 21, 65Hands-free system 110Hazard warning flashers 24Head airbags 59Head restraints 50Headlamp cleaningsystem 74Headlamp flasher 72Headlight adjustment drivingon right/left 171Headlight beam throwadjustment 91Headlight cleaningsystem 156Headlight covers, care of164, 177Heat accumulator 206Heated rear window 75, 96Heated seats 106Heated steering wheel 106Heating and ventilation94, 100Heating with enginestopped 104Heating, rapid 98Heavy loads 121Height 215HiFi system 205High-beam headlamps22, 91Changing bulb 177Horn 15Hydraulic Brake Assistant,see DBC 22, 132IIce warning 77Ice, removing fromwindows 102Ignition switch 63Immobilizer 35Independent ventilation 107Inside mirror 54Inspection 79Instrument cluster 16instrument cluster switch 72Instrument lighting 90Instrument panel 14Integral rear suspension 206Integrated childrensseats 61Intensive cleaningsystem 156Intensive cleaning, auto-matic 73Interior light 37, 92Remote control 37Interior lightsChanging bulb 182Interior mirror, automatic-dip 205Interior movement protec-tion 44Interlock 63Intermittent-wipe setting 72JJack 186Jump starting 196KKey Memory 57Keys 34Keys with radio remote con-trol 34Keys, replacing 34Knock control 25LLashing down loads 43, 121Lashing points 43Latent heat accumulator 206Laying up out of use 170Leather, care of 168Length 215Licence plate lights, chang-ing bulb 181Light switch 90Lights-on warning 90Load area 40, 117Load area capacity 217Load area cover, touring 117Load area lights 40Changing bulb 182Load area net 43Load floor, removable 120Load, securing 121Lockable wheel studs 189Locks 133Long-life oils 158Low-beam headlamps 90Changing bulb 177Luggage compartment 40Capacity 217Remote control 38Securing separately 40Luggage compartment lid 40Opening from inside car 41Luggage compartmentlights 92Changing bulb 182Lumbar support 51MM+S tyres 140Magic eye, see battery stateof charge 191Maintenance 79, 163Make-up mirrors 54Malfunction displays 80Manual gearbox 66Manual operation oftailgate 40Memory 55MFL (multifunctional steeringwheel) 23Micro-filter 97, 105Microphone 110Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 232. From A to Z 231nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataMID (Multi-Information Dis-play), see radio operatinginstructionsMirror memory 55Mirror, anti-glare 54Mirror, inside, automatic-dip 54Mirrors 53Mirrors, outside, automatic-dip 55Mobile phone, see separateoperating instructionsMobile telephones 136Modifications, technical5, 172Multifunctional steeringwheel (MFL) 23Multi-Information Display(MID), see radio operatinginstructionsNNavigation system, seeseparate operatinginstructionsNet, protective (touring) 117Non-smoker equipment 112Nose weight 124Nozzles 100OOBD socket 172Octane numbers 25Odometer 77Oil additives 157Oil change intervalsOil for power steering 162Oil grades 158Oil levelChecking 157Oil level warning light 21Oil pressure warning light 20Oil Service 79Old batteries 192On-board computer, seealso radio operatinginstructionsOperating range 83Outside mirrors 53Outside temperaturedisplay 77Outside temperature,computer display 83PPaint, protecting 166Paintwork 165Paintwork repairs 166Paintwork, removing dirt 165Park Distance Control(PDC) 85Parking aid 85Parking brake 65Parking in winter 134Parking lights 91Changing bulb 178PDC (Park DistanceControl) 85Performance 212, 221Petrol 25Pollen 105Pollen filter 97Power socket 112Power steering 135Power steering oil 162Pre-heating 22, 63Pressed-steel wheels 141Protective glass, care of 166Protective net 117Pull-out load-area floor 120Punctures 137, 186RRadiator 133Radio Data System(RDS) 204Radio reception 136, 204Radio remote control 37Radio telephones 136Radio, see separate operat-ing instructionsRain sensor 73, 207Range 83Rapeseed oil methyl ester 26RDC (Tyre PressureControl) 88, 208RDS (Radio DataSystem) 204Reading lights 93Rear fog lights 92Changing bulb 179Rear light 179Rear lightsChanging bulb 179Rear lights, changing bulb(touring) 180Rear seat back, folding 113Rear windowOpening 41Rear window heating 75Rear window washer, auto-matic 74Rear window wiper 74Renewing wiper blade 176Rear window, heated96, 104Recirculated air mode96, 103Reclining seat mecha-nism 49Recycling 173Refuelling 25Registration abroad 171Remote control 37Changing battery 183New transmitter 184Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 233. From A to ZRemote control, auxiliaryheater 108Removable load floor 120Replacement keys 34Residual heat 104Restraint system 61Retaining straps 43Retreaded tyres 138Return of vehicles 173Reverse 66Reversing lamps 66Reversing lightsChanging bulb 179Revolution counter 77Roller sunblinds 106Roller-blind cover, touringLoad area cover,touring 117Roof load 217Roof rack 122Rubber parts 133Rule of the roadAdjusting headlamps 171Running-in 128SSeat back adjustment 49Seat belt catch tensioner 59Seat belts 58, 59Seat heating 106Seat height adjustment49, 51Seat memory 55Seat, electrically adjusted 51Seat, manually adjusted 49Seats, adjusting 49Selecting desired memorysettings 57Selector lever, automatictransmission 67Self-levelling suspension 22,135, 207Service Booklet 163Service Interval indicator79, 163Servicemobile, see Emer-gency Service 196Servotronic 135Shiftlock 67, 69Shoulder support 51Side airbags 59Side lights 90Changing bulb 178Ski bag 114Ski bag, touring 116Skidding 134Sliding/tilt sunroof 47Closing if an electricaldefect occurs 194Sliding/tilting sunroof 47Snow chains 133, 140Socket 112Socket for On-Board Diag-nosis 172Spare keys 34Spare wheel 186Spark plugs 224Special oils 158Speech input (see alsoseparate operatinginstructions) 23Speedometer 16Split rear seat back 113Sport seat 50, 52Starting difficulties 129, 196Starting problems 64, 198Starting the engine 63Starting with a flatbattery 196Steering 135Steering lock 63Steering wheel heating 106Steering wheel heightadjustment 52Steering wheel memory 55Steering wheel, adjusting 52Steptronic 69Stopping the engine 65Stopwatch, see radio operat-ing instructionsStorage compartments 109Storage space 109Stratified temperature con-trol 97Rear-seat area ventila-tion 104Summer tyres 139Summer-grade dieselfuel 133Sun roller blind 106Sun visors 54Sunroof 47Convenient closure andopening 36Manual operation 194Symbols 4, 190TTailgateManual operation 40, 195Opening from inside car 41Securing separately 40Technical modifications5, 172Telephone 110Telephone, preparation forinstalling 110Telephone, see separateoperating instructionsTelltale lights 20Temperature display, enginecoolant 79Temperature, adjusting96, 102Thiefproof wheel studs 189Thigh support, adjusting50, 52Third brake light 181Through-loading system 113Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 234. From A to Z 233nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataTilt alarm sensor 37, 45Timer, see radio operatinginstructionsTools 176Top speed 221Topping up engine oil 157Torch 109Torque 212touringChanging load area lightbulb 182Compartments in loadarea 118Folding rear seat back 117Lashing loads 121Load area 117Opening rear window 41Rear window wiper 74Releasing tailgate if anelectrical defectoccurs 195Renewing rear windowwiper blade 176Securing load 121Ski bag 116Towbar downthrust 124, 217Towing away 197, 198Towing eyes 197Tow-starting 197, 198Track 215Traction control, see ASC+Tand/or DSC 86Trailer loads 217Trailer nose weight 217Trailer tow hitch, coverflap 124Trailer towing 123Transmitter initialising(remote control) 184Tread depth, tyres 137Trip distance recorder 77Turn indicators 72Changing bulb 178Turning circle 215Type plate 162Tyre changing 138, 186Tyre damage 137Tyre inscriptions 139Tyre markings 139Tyre Pressure Control(RDC) 88, 208Tyre pressure monitoring88, 208Tyre pressures 27, 137Tyre sizes 141Tyre tread 137UUnladen weight 217Upholstery, care of 168VVacuum cleaner, connecting 112V-belts 224Vehicle identification 162Vehicle recycling 173Ventilation 97, 100Ventilation grilles 94Ventilation outlets 94Ventilation, auxiliary 107Ventilation, draught-free97, 104Ventilation, rear-seat area 97Vents, ventilation 100Voice input 23WWarm feet – cool head97, 104Warning displays 80Warning lights 20Warning triangle 24Washer jets, adjusting 156Washing the car 164Water- and dirt-repellentwindscreen 166, 209Water on road 128Weights 217Wheel changing 186Wheel covers 187Wheel stud wrench 186Wheel studs 187Wheel studs, lockable 189Wheelbase 215Wheels 139Wheels and tyres 139, 141Wheels, interchanging 138Width 215Window lifts 46WindowsConvenient closure andopening 36Remote control 37Safety switches 46Windows, defrosting 99, 102Windscreen washer reser-voir, refilling 156Windscreen washer, auto-matic 73Windscreen wipers 72Windscreen, water- and dirt-repellent 166, 209Winter driving 133Winter operation 133Winter tyres 139, 140Winter-grade diesel fuel 133Wiper blades, renewing 176Wipers 72Wool velour, care of 168Work on engine 147XXenon headlamps 91, 178,208Online Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 235. AAnti-freeze, adding 161BBattery changingRadio remote control 183Remote control forauxiliary heater 185Battery, recharging 191Battery, state of charge 191Bonnet, opening 147Brake fluid, adding 161Brake lights, changingbulb 179Brakes, malfunctioning 132Breakdown Service 196Bulb changing 177CChanging tyres 186Check-Control 80Checking oil level 157Coolant, adding 161DDefect tyre 186Defrosting 103Defrosting windows 99, 103De-icing windows 99, 103Demisting windows 99, 103Diesel, Fuel injection mal-function 136Door, manual operation 36EElectrical consumerfailure 192Electrical faultFuel filler flap 194Sliding/tilting sunroof 194Emergency operationDoors 36Fuel filler flap 194Luggage compartmentlid 40, 195Sliding/tilting sunroof 194Emergency Service 196Engine compartment, open-ing 147Engine oil grades 158Engine oil level check 157Engine oil, topping up 157FFailure indications 80Fault indications 80Filling windscreen washerfluid 156Fire extinguisher 199First aid box 24Flashing turn indicator,changing bulb 178Flat battery 196Fog lights, changingbulb 179Footwell lights, changingbulb 182Fuel filler flap, unlocking inthe event of an electricalfault 194GGlove box light, changingbulb 182HHazard warning flashers 24Headlamp adjustment, ruleof the road 171Headlight covers, careof 177High-beam headlights, bulbchanging 177IInterior lights, changingbulb 182LLicence plate lights, chang-ing bulb 181Low-beam headlights, bulbchanging 177Luggage compartment lidEmergency operation 40Luggage compartment/loadarea lights, changingbulb 182MMaintenance 79, 163Manual operationDoors 36Fuel filler flap 194Luggage compartment lid40, 195Sliding/tilting sunroof 194NNew transmitterRadio remote control 184Remote control for auxilia-ry heating 185OOil grades 158PParking light, changingbulb 178Power steering oil,adding 162Protective glass, care of 166RRadio interior movementdetector, switching off 45Rear fog light, changingbulb 179Rear lights, changingbulb 179Minor repairs from A to ZOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 236. 235nMinorrepairsKeywordsOverviewControlsMaintenanceTechnicalDataRear lights, changing bulb(touring) 180Rear window wiper, renew-ing blade 176Rear window wiper, renew-ing blade (touring) 176Recharging battery 191Remote controlBattery changing 183New transmitter 184Remote control for auxiliaryheaterBattery changing 185New transmitter 185Renewing fuses 192Reserve wheel 186Reversing light, changingbulb 179Rule of the roadHeadlamp adjustment 171SSelf-levelling suspensioninactive 135Servicemobile, see Emer-gency Service 196Side light, changing bulb 178Sliding/tilting sunroofClosing in the event of anelectrical malfunction 194Power supply failed 48Sliding/tilting sunroof, clos-ing (electrical defect) 194Snow chains 140Spare wheel 186Starting difficulties 64, 129,198Starting problems 196Starting with a flatbattery 196Steering stiff to turn 135TTelltale lights 20Tilt alarm, switching off 45Toolkit 176touringFuel filler flap, unlocking inthe event of an electricalfault 194Luggage compartment lid,unlocking in the event ofan electrical fault 195Towing 198Towing away 197Towing eyes 197Tow-starting 197Tyre damage 137Tyre pressures, checking 27WWarning lights 20Warning signals 80Warning triangle 24Washer fluid, topping up 156Washer jets, adjusting 156Washer reservoir, filling 156Wheel stud wrench 186Wheel-changing 186Windows 103Windows, defrosting 99Windscreen washer reser-voir 156Windscreen wiper blades,renewing 176Wiper blades, renewing 176Working on engine 147Minor repairs from A to ZOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 237. So that you always have access to thedata you need when refuelling, you arerecommended to add the relevant infor-mation to the table shown here.FuelFor description, see page 25Engine oilFor description, see page 158The quantity of oil between the two dip-stick marks is approx. 1 litre (1.75 pints).DesignationRON: for nominal power out-putRON: also permittedRON: minimum, use only ifunavoidableGradeTyre pressuresFor description, see page 27Summer Winterfront rear front rear4 persons5 persons or 4 plus luggageRefuelling stopOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG
  • 238. The Ultimate Driving Machine01419791301EnOnline Edition for Part-No. 01 41 9 791 301 - © 01/99 BMW AG

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