Photographic composition - Padmanabh Munje

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Primer on photographic composition by Padmanabh Munje.

Primer on photographic composition by Padmanabh Munje.

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  • 1. Photographic composition
    Tips and tools on how to see things creatively!
    By Padmanabh Munje
  • 2. basic tenets of art
    Applies to all works of art… Music, Writing, Painting and Photography!
  • 3. Putting it all together…
    Composition is the placement or arrangement of artistic elements or ingredients in a work of art
    Arrangement is always according to the principles of art form
    Distinct from the subject of the work of art, but includes the subject of the work of art
  • 4. agenda
    Lines & shapes
    The rule of thirds
    Focal point
    Fill the frame
    Perspective change
    Cut the clutter
    Create depth
    Repetition & rhythm
    Active space
    Some Tips
  • 5. “There are no rules for good photographs, there are only good photographs.”
    Ansel Adams
  • 6. Lines and shapes
    the building blocks of a photograph…
  • 7. Look for lines and shapes within a scene
    Lines & shapes are used to enhance and emphasize the subject
    Lines represent restfulness, dynamism, create a sense of depth, and movement
    Lines and shapes
  • 8. “Relaxing” lines, bring “peace”
    Used to emphasize the more impressive element within the scene
    Layers of horizontal lines provide rhythm
    Lines and shapes
    Horizontal Lines
  • 9. Strong, dynamic lines, emphasize height and power
    In vertical format strength is represented by the longest sides of the frame
    Vertical lines seem bursting out of the picture if you opt for landscape format
    Lines and shapes
    Vertical Lines
  • 10. The most interesting and visually exciting lines
    Lead to the centre of interest by the most dynamic of route
    Viewers to takes notice of subjects cutting through our vision
    Lines and shapes
    Diagonal Lines
  • 11. Circles mirror emptiness and wholeness both
    Lines and shapes
    Shapes - Circle
  • 12. Triangles eye-catching as they cut through vertical or horizontal lines
    Lines and shapes
    Shapes - Triangles
  • 13. Four-sided shapes mirror the four sides of the frame
    Make for interesting viewing if used diagonally
    Lines and shapes
    Shapes - Quadrangulars
  • 14. Curves represent beauty, seamlessness, grace
    Combining circles or curved lines with straight ones produces great tension
    Lines and shapes
  • 15. The rule of thirds
    Balanced and powerful compositions…
  • 16. The rule of thirds
    By placing the subject off-centre in your view
    In a 3x3 grid
    Where the lines cross
    The point of power
    The most common compositional tool
    Developed by painters centuries ago
    Painters use “the golden mean” or “the divine proportion”
  • 17.
    • The rule can be applied to any subject
    • 18. Not limited to… but best suited for landscapes and other wide-angle works
    The rule of thirds
  • 19. Can be applied to any format - square, rectangular or panoramic
    The rule of thirds
  • 20. Focal point
    Define your image’s point of interest
  • 21. Define your point of interest
    Supress the elements which detract from the power of the main subject
    Focal Point
  • 22. Fill the frame
    If you can’t make something good, make it big…
  • 23. Fill the Frame
    There’s no doubt about the centre of interest
    Good compositional techniques, such as placing a key feature on a point of power, still apply
    Get in close – then get in closer still…
  • 24. Fill the Frame
    If you can’t get in close, expand the presence of your subject in the frame
  • 25. Change perspective
    Change the way you see the world…
  • 26.
    • Classic way to shoot a citiscape is in landscape format
    • 27. Portraits emphasize the height hence appear vibrant
  • 28. Cut the clutter
    Leave out the distractions…
  • 29. Cut the Clutter
    • Very important to leave out elements that take the focus away from the subject
  • Play with sense of depth
    Shallow or deep…
    • Shallow depth of field creates emphasis
    • 31. A central subject given real visual power by the use of leading lines
    • 32. Diagonal line cuts across and provides a sense of depth
  • Repetition & rhythm
    Order in chaos…
  • 34. Active space
    Where’s the subject looking?
  • 35. Active Space
    • Open spaces represent subject’s point of interest
  • Some tips…
    Keep it simple
    Think in lines and shapes
    Think backgrounds
    Think in odds
    Odd Numbers
    “3” is a magic number
    Odd Shapes
    Odd Angles
    Watch cropping
    Avoid clichés
    Shoot plenty of pictures
    Visit daily
    Break the established rules!
    And… always carry a camera ;-)
  • 36.
    Thank you!