Q1. Is the sufficient evidence in sources D to I to explain why the troubles broke out in Northern Ireland in 1969?
It is an extract from an autobiography
The writer is a Catholic (Therefore the source is bias…is it therefore unreliable?) Is it also useful? What can we learn from it?
The source is useful as we can see that the attitudes of people in Northern shaped from an early age and on the opinions of others who are bias
We can see that Catholic schools shaped it students identities so they seen themselves as Irish they therefore found it harder to mix with Protestants
Bernadette Devlin went on to become a Leader of the People’s Democracy. Read about this in the handbook!!!
What is the relationship to what she was taught at school and what she was doing when the troubles broke out?
Is a 19 th Century Protestant cartoon
It shows Ireland bound by the ropes of the Catholic priest/church
Many protestants would be of this opinion because in 19 th century the Catholic church had a lot of power and influence over politics, law, education, peoples everyday life etc. in Ireland
Protestants have always feared that if there was to be a United Ireland they would be in the minority and the Catholic Church would have this power over their lives
Unionist politicians have played on this fear in convincing protestants that this is what a United Ireland would mean for them
It is a map of Derry in 1966 showing population and which councillors were elected in each area
You can see that there is a lot more Catholics than protestants living in Derry (mention the figures)
This map is a solid piece of evidence that there was blatant vote rigging or Gerrymandering in the City of Derry – It is reliable because it is an official government document produced by the Boundary Commission.
Voting in Local elections in Northern Ireland was on the basis of property. If you did not own a house you could not vote or if you owned several houses or shops etc you could vote for each on of these. This generally discriminated against the poorer Catholic population
By the 1960s many young Nationalists were disillusioned with Northern Irish politics. They blamed the Unionist party and some also blamed the Nationalists for not playing a more constructive role politics
Is a drawing from a Protestant school textbook showing images of Catholic attacks on Protestants along with text describing it. Look in the handbook what happened on this date?
It shows the Irish Catholics to be savages
It is a Protestant source so it is bias
Why was the Source included in a protestant textbook?
Relate this source to what Bernadette Devlin was taught at school what is the connection?
It is a photograph. Is it bias? Is it reliable is it useful? What are its limitations?
It shows RUC men (police) hitting a Civil Rights marcher on 5 th Oct 1968 Look in handbook for information on the police
What was the situation in NI at this time? Why was NICRA and PD set up anyway?
Is the photograph evidence as to why the 1969 troubles broke out? (Short term reason)
Also a photograph. What does it show? What does it not show? Is it useful is it reliable? What are the limitations?
It shows crowd violence as Loyalists (extreme Unionists) ambush civil rights marchers at Burntollet in January 1969 Look in the book to find out about what happened at this Civil Rights march
Who else do we know who was at this march?!?
What were the implications of the violence for Northern Ireland? And how far did they contribute to the outbreak of the troubles?