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Stress Management


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Please read and practice the course for a happy life

Please read and practice the course for a happy life

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  • 2. Introduction
    Why some people find ordinary task difficult while others do it easily? They might have the same intelligent quotient, same skill sets and the same working conditions.
    Why then does one group look smiling and relaxed while the other is tired and bad tempered ?
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 3. Smile or Sulk –It is your Choice
    The Answer lies in one word-STRESS.
    While the second group is stressed out and unable to enjoy work , the first has learnt that the only way to cope with stress is to understand and manage stress. Make stress an ally and not an enemy.
    Everyone reacts to stress differently, but whatever may be the reaction, management of stress is essential
    For a healthy ,wholesome and productive life, management of stress is a must
    “Make friends with the enemy ,Before it eats you up”
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 4. Managing stress effectively means using it to your advantage. Like an athlete putting forward his best in a crucial race. But allowing it to control your life is a sure path to disaster.
    Negative stress affects the body and mind damaging health and impairing the ability to perform.
    “ Stress can kill. It is the attitude which takes you first to the winning post”
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 5. Stress can cause heart attacks, high blood pressure, diabetes and a host of other medical problems. It affects the mind too and can lead to nervous breakdowns if neglected
    Learning to manage stress needs commitment , self belief , a scientific approach and certain special skills.
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 6. Being Prepared is being powered to Face.
    To become more productive
    For easy completion of task
    To stay calm in difficult situations
    And to Enjoy work and home life
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 7. Hierarchy Diagram
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 8. Stress is a stimulus (spur/goad) which cause a response. Stress is defence mechanism that any living being ;plant, animal or human being adopts to tackle new or threatening situations.
    While in ancient times this threat might have come from hunger or attack by wild animals , in modern days the threat is more delicate
    It takes the form of having to answer 3 telephone calls at a time , deals with 20 files in half an hour or having to complete processing some urgent proposals.
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 9. Not only you feel stressed out by the time you try to complete all your work at the office ,when you reach home ,there is pandemonium because the washing machine has conked out, your wife is unwell or your daughter coming with demands
    Stress is “Anything that causes ANXIETY,ANGER,FEAR AND WORRY
    Stress is something that which has an impact on the body or the mind. This impact is usually negative.
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 10. In short-Stress is
    1. Natural Response
    2. Impacts with body and mind
    3.Brings out the best in some people
    4.Has adverse effect on most
    5.Can harm health
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 11.
    • Quiz
    • 12. 1.Stress is something natural-True
    • 13. 2.Stress is unique to human beings-False(Stress affects all living things like plants animals and human beings.)
    • 14. 3.Stress is a defence mechanism-True
    • 15. 4.Stress brings out the best in some people-True
    • 16. 5.Negatively excess stress can harm health-True
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 17. Causes of Stress
    Type of Personalities
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 18. Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 19. Type A Personalities are characterized by the following qualities
    1.Achiever 2.Aggressive
    3.Competitive 4.Impatient
    5.Fast Talking
    6.Poor Listeners
    7.Lacking Empathy
    Type A People are more prone to Stress among the Three Groups
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 20. Type B Personalities – are the opposites of Type A people. Let’s look at some of their traits . They are:-
    5.Not Aggressive
    Type B people rarely fall victim to stress but at the same time they are in danger of being called lazy
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 21. Type AB
    Which Combines the best of these two type , is perhaps the best cocktail. These are people who are truly balanced .Combined type A and B qualities in moderate measures and can cope with any situations positive or negative with equanimity
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 22. Of all the Three Personalities , Type A is more prone to stress
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 23. Environment
    1.Home 2.Family 3.Work 4.Colleague 5.Education 6.Training 7.Life Style 8.Attitude 9.General Health
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 24. The Home where we spend most of our life is the most important environmental factor in our life.
    If home is peaceful secure and stress free ,we are better equipped to face challenges elsewhere
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 25. Family : Within the family the contribution of each member to a stress free atmosphere is important. Children model themselves on adults. So it is important for grownups not to yield to stress by shouting or screaming. The executive in particular has to realize that in the home , he or she is just another member of the family with the same privilege as the rest.
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 26. Work
    The work place is typically stress prone.
    This is because a sense of achievement (in varying degrees) is important for all employees, whatever role they are performing.
    The roads to achievement is invariably littered with stresses
    What is important is to learn to manage the natural stresses that arise in the work place and thus ensure better productivity
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 27. colleagues
    You can choose your family and friends , but not your colleagues. But it is your colleagues who will play a large part in your success or failure.! Be prepared to accept colleagues for what they are and derive strength from them and not stress.
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 28. Knowledge
    Feeling under skilled affects your productivity and adds to stress
    Do not hesitate to acquire the knowledge from whatever source it is available
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 29. Training
    Inability to keep up with the constantly changing paradigms(business models) aggravates Stress.
    Obtain proper training and you will feel on par with your colleagues and thus more secure and stress free.
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 30. Keep going, it would be good for you to recognize your role in life.
    Life Style can become a big source of stress if it does not match your income. your life style should suite yourself , not your neighbour , your colleagues or even your relatives.
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 31. Attitude
    A positive energetic approach to work from Day 1 will keep off stress
    General Health
    If you are ill you will feel even simpler task difficult and your stress level will shoot up. Good fitness level will see you bouncing in and out of the office with ease.
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 32. Quiz
    1.The primary causes of stress : personality type and the surrounding environment.
    2.Empathy is a characteristics of Type B personality
    3.The ideal personality type is Type AB
    4.Good Health contributes to low stress
    5.Aggression is a characteristics of Type A
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 33. Symptoms of stress
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 34. It is important to recognize these symptoms. Each individual has to spend some time to figure out whether the symptoms are due to some physical problems (for example backache caused by bad posture ) or as a result of stress.
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 35. Quiz
    1.How often do you catch cold
    a. Once in a week b. Once a month c. Once in two weeks d. Never
    2. How many headache pills do you buy a month
    Ten b. Thirty c. None d. Sixty
    3. Has anyone said you blink too much
    Never b. Just once c. Constantly d. A couple of times
    4. Do your colleagues easily understand what you say
    Always b. Never c. Sometimes d. I don’t know
    5. How often do you leave your car key in the car?
    Once a month b. Never c. Too often d.Rarely
    6.How much behind with your work are you
    One week b. Too much to quantify c. A little d. I am uptodate
    7. Can you switch off from a work problem easily
    a. Easily b. It somehow comes up at the dinner table
    c. I manage d. It keeps me awake
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 36. Managing Stress
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 37. 1.Be committed to whatever you are doing
    2.Time management is crucial. you will be stressed out if you are ten minutes late to work everyday.
    3.Don’t put off till tomorrow what you can finish today.
    4.Don’t lose control especially when confronting change
    5.Believe in yourself.
    6.But in situations where you know you are right and superior or majority opinion is different ,let go.
    7.Think positive .Be honest with self assessment
    8.Don’t expect reward every time for good work done.
    9.Don’t indulge in nostalgia about past good times and current bad times. The golden age of the past is a myth
    10.Take break
    11.Keep fit
    12.Practice relaxation techniques
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 38. Quiz
    What is crucial about managing stress-TimeManagement
    .Identify a factor which can provide ammunition against stress – Knowledge
    Identify a factor which causes stress – Sudden disruptions
    What can stress have a negative effect on – Personality
    Exercise is important because it released something in the brain . What? – Good chemicals
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 39. Relaxation Techniques
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 40. Mind is stronger than matter. Ancient healing systems in fact trace many diseases to the mind. They are called psychosomatic disorders. Problems caused by stress would definitely fall under this category.
    But think of it this way . If it is all in your mind then you will have the ability to control what’s happening to you. Let us look at two stress management techniques
    23. Give Satan an inch & he'll be a ruler.
    Prepared By P A Thomas
    This technique involves allowing your imagination to soar free and focus on positive scenarios. For instance , if you have a stress induced backache , slowly visualize your back. The muscle, the spinal chord, The ligaments everything. Then target your brain on each part and visualize as healthy, without pain. Slowly you will find your muscle relaxing and tension slipping away.
    Imagine yourself in an open field lying on the grass with a patch of sun flowers a short distance away. The sky is blue the birds are singing and the trees are green. There is a shimmering lake to your side, while in the distance you can see a mountain ranges .Get up slowly and start climbing the hills. Breathe in the fresh air, exercise your unused muscles. Before you realize it you have reached the top of the hill
    That made me feel really wonderful!
    Top of the world and in command of everything
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 42. Meditation
    Meditation is different from visualisation.It involves more concentrated effort Select a place where you will not be disturbed. Sit in the cross legged posture on a mat .Keep your hands at your sides. Focus your eyes on any object. Breath in deeply in and out. As you will be taking in more oxygen than usual you will start feeling a little sleepy. Do not worry about that but resist the temptation to close your eyes.. After 10 minutes remove your focus from the picture and instead thinking of any random word.. Repeat the word in your mind for as long as you can for up to 5 minutes . You feel relaxed.
    A word of caution
    Don’t do meditation on a full stomach .Before food is ideal Or one hour after food.
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 43. Relaxation for Senses
    Looking to the cool grey waters of an indoor aquarium sparkling with gold and silver myriad fish. Or indulging in lively activities with children.
    There can be no more immediate release of tension from the body than a good massage
    Watch what you eat and drink. Avoid caffeine before bedtime. Moderation is the key word.
    Breakfast like King, Lunch like a Prince and Dine like a Beggar
    Music sets the mood for any occasion and soothing music soothes the mind. For management of stress the choice of music is all too important.
    Aromatherapy which uses different fragrances therapeutically has now become an accepted method of treating both physical and mental disorder.
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 44. Relaxation for the Body.
    These are exercises which help the mind and body to relax.
    Make sleep come easier at Night.
    Ease tension during Day.
    Close your left hand into a tight fist. Open as slowly as you can. Repeat. Do the same exercise with your right hand . Repeat.
    Make fist again and bring your left arm stiffening it. Let it fall back as slowly as possible. Repeat . Do the same exercise with your right hand and arm.
    Spread out the fingers of your left hand as wide as possible. Bring them back together as slowly as possible . Repeat. Do the same exercise with the right hand.
    Crinkle your forehead into a frown as much as you can .Release slowly. Repeat
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 45. Twist your tongue into a rolled up position .Release slowly. Repeat
    Grit your teeth as hard as you can . Release slowly . Repeat.
    The neck is one part of the body which always become stiff and painful when you are under stress. These exercise will relieve that discomfort. They can be done sitting or lying.
    Turn your head slowly to the right. Bring it back as slowly as you can . Do the same turning your head to the right. Repeat.
    Bring your head down and press your chin onto your chest as much as you can.Relese slowly. Press your head backwards as much as you can.Relese slowly. Repeat.
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 46. The next exercises involves the shoulders , stomach and spine. They can be done by lying down. Do not use a pillow
    Press the shoulders back into the mattress as much as you can .Release slowly and come back to natural position. Repeat.
    Take in stomach as much as you can Release slowly . Repeat. Put off stomach as much as you can Release slowly . Repeat
    Bring spine up from the mat as much as you can.Relese slowly. Repeat.
    Take a deep breath and hold it for seconds .Release slowly.
    Stand up. Bend your foot from ankle inward as much as you can.Relese. Repeat
    Bend your foot from ankle onwards as much as you can .Release. Repeat.
    Press balls of feet on the ground/mat.Release.Repeat
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 47. Then do the last exercise in the following order
    Lie down. Tighten your fists. Crinkle your forehead. Press your shoulders back. Take in your stomach. Press your spine down and press the ball of your feet on the mat. When the whole body is tense, release slowly.
    The exercise we just practised use:-
    The Principle of building tension
    The release of tension
    To achieve relaxation
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 48. Quiz
    1.Relaxation technique should target the mind, the body and the senses –True
    2.Technique like visualization and meditation do help to manage stress-True
    3.The right type of music is important if you are listening to music for stress relaxation –True
    4.Relaxation exercises make you feel wide awake-No
    5.When you are doing a hand exercise you should close your fist and release it as slow as possible. True
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 49. In this programme on managing stress
    We understand the concept of stress
    • Inevitable part of life
    • 50. Causes of Stresses
    • 51. Symptoms of Stress
    • 52. Manage and conquer stress
    • 53. How to relax
    Prepared By P A Thomas
  • 54. Final Quiz
    A manifestation of Stress- Behavioural Change
    What the body does in stress-React
    Releases good chemicals in brain-Exercises
    Type A personality-Aggressive
    Type B personality-Patience
    Type AB personality-Balance
    A primary cause of stress-Environment
    Principle of relaxation methods-Release of tension
    Objective of this program-Managing stress.
    Prepared By P A Thomas