Soil health wb soil test pkm

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Strategy for Soil health assessment for the benefit of farmers of West Bengal through fine tuning of existing Soil Testing Method.

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Soil health wb soil test pkm

  1. 1. Major soil related constraints in intensively cultivated areas identified during SAARC, 2009 Workshop at Karnal, India a) Soil acidity and salinity b) Depletion in major nutrients c) Imbalanced fertilization d) Deficiency of micronutrients e) Declining soil health SAARC (2009)
  2. 2. Severe impediment in SAARC countries Resource poor farmer Small size land holder Poor land : man ratio can’t afford good land care
  3. 3. The intent 1. Examining present pattern of fertilizer, pesticide and water use; 2. Looking for alternative policy and technology for their rational/balanced use; 3. Educating stakeholders for benefits of such use through outreach activities; 4. Auditing the socio-economic impacts of such use; 5. Upkeeping natural resource base.
  4. 4. Potential transferable technology Technology Transferability INM/IPM High LCC High Customized (with Zn/B) fertilizers High OFWM Medium SSNM Medium Symptomatic (typical) High Bio-village Medium Acidity/salinity amelioration High
  5. 5. Capacity Building 1. Set up/strengthen soil, plant health and fertilizer testing laboratories, 2. Prepare/update soil fertility/crop-pest incidence mapping, 3. Establish pest forewarning systems, 4. Empower the stakeholders through training, 5. Capacity building/upgrading skill/knowledge of technicians, 6. On-lining pest/soil nutrient mapping, “technology basket”, and all other relevant site-specific information, 7. Documenting success stories.
  6. 6. 1. Due to poor utilization capacity of state soil testing laboratories (only 30-35%), soil test and fertilizer recommendation services is inadequate in the state, 2. Farmers are frustrating with the current soil testing services as time taken for reporting is excessively high. Even reports become available after crop season. 3. Reporting is made in English understandable to the farmers, and – intricacy is 4. Adhocisim in fertilizer application 5. Absent of Referral Soil Testing Laboratory in the state. not
  7. 7. Establishment of static soil testing laboratory of 2500 sq ft floor space under Directorate of Research with a capacity of 15,000 samples/year,
  8. 8. 1.1. Collection of soil sample a) GPS-based soil will be collected from agriculturally intensified 5 districts, b) 15 Village level scouts will be engaged for soil collection with the assistance of ADA & Panchayet, c) Panchayet Samity at Block level will be primary soil collection centre, d) Soil collected at Panchayet Samity will be brought to Static Soil Testing Lab on weekly basis
  9. 9. 1.2. Soil analysis a) 3 Soil Analysts and 3 laboratory Assistants will be engaged for analysis of samples collected, b) Soil will be analysed for pH, OC, EC,LR, NPK and specific micronutrients. Pollutants and biological attributes will be analysed for specialized analysis, c) Minimum charge will be fixed/sample on the basis of operational cost.
  10. 10. 1.3. Fertilizer Recommendation – Fertilizer recommendation will be made in simple way in Bengali on the basis of – a) Soil test value- Low, Medium, High fertility basis, b) Yield target fixed. Target Yield Equations for 20 crop are with us. This will be used where fitted best.
  11. 11. 1.4. Fertilizer recommendation service (at least 15 days before onset of crop season) • Through SMS • Through toll free telephone service • Through online using university website A documentary on soil testing and fertilizer recommendation and few success stories thereof will be prepared for telecasting
  12. 12. 2. Introduction of mobile soil testing laboratory for On spot soil testing and fertilizer recommendation Soil testing for far reaching farmers Well in advance fertilizer recommendation
  13. 13.  Adoption of village!
  14. 14. To address objective - 2 Provision of soil testing services to non farmer parties. Govt, Quasi Govt, NGOs Corporate sectors, Environmental agencies
  15. 15. To address objective - 3 Soil health diagnosis Introduction of soil health card and Mapping
  16. 16. To address objective - 4
  17. 17. Field history with preset yield goal Model Soil Test Report- An Example Sample ID Time bound quality testing and reporting Analysis of all the nutrients to determine existing deficiencies Numbers as well as clear visual interpretation guide Site and crop specific precise recommendation for pre-set yield target
  18. 18. This is Our Future This is Our Future
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