THE PATTERNSUNDER THE OLDTESTAMENT ANDNEW TESTAMENT COVENANT
In the scriptures, thepractice of anointing withoil either with or withoutperfume, had both asecular and a religioussignificance.
• In biblical Hebrew two (2) words are used.• SÛK: Which is designated as an everyday practice of rubbing the body with oil after bathing or pouring oil on the head of a guest showing honour and respect.
• However this practice was prohibited during mourning (Deut. 28:40, Ruth 3:3, Esther 2:12, 2Samuel 12:20, 14:2, Isa. 61:3).• The term is translated “Pour” in English and it denotes a secular practice. It has no religious meaning or connotation.
• Māshah / Mashach: The basic meaning of Māshah is to “Smear” or rub on with oil. For a religiously oriented act of anointing, the Hebrew prefers the word Māshah.• The first of such instance was Jacob’s dead of anointing the stone which he had used as a pillow at Bethel after his vision (Gen. 31:13).•
• Priests and High priests were anointed (Exodus 28:41, 29:7, 36)• Kings were anointed (1Saj. 9:16, 16:3, 12-13, 2Samuel 2:4)• Prophets were anointed (1Kings 19:16)• The Tabernacle, its furniture, and its vessels were anointed (Exodus 30:26-28).
•The anointing separated the thing or person unto God for special service, thus becoming sacred and untouchable (1Sam. 24:6, 26:9).
• Frequently the anointing was regarded as an act of God, because he commanded it to be done (1Sam. 9:16 with 1Sam. 10:1) and was associated with the out pouring of the spirit of the Lord (1Sam. 10:9, 16:13, Isa. 61:1).•
• For the term māshah, it is specifically stated that the sacred oil was not to be used for common purposes.• In only one place in referring to a person does the term māshah seems to indicate a nonreligious acts of anointing the body (Amos 6:6).
• NEW TESTAMENT (aleiphǒ)• In the New Testament, the Greek word “aleiphǒ” is the preferred term for the circular practice of anointing the body after bathing or to show honour to a guest (Luke 7:38, 46, Jn 11:2, 12:3).
• It can however designate the act of anointing the sick (Matt. 6:13, Js. 5:14) and the dead (Mk 10:1) so SÛK to OT = aleiphǒ to New Testament)• Chriǒ: The Greek word Chriǒ carries the “Māshah” into the New Testament, where God is always involved.
In references to OldTestament; Priests, Kingsand Prophets, it has the samefunction as māshah.In Luke 4:18 Jesus appliedthe anointing mentioned inIsaiah 61:1 to himself.
Peter related the anointing ofJesus with the Holy Spirit(Acts 10:38) and Paulconnects the anointing withthe seal of the spirit andproof of the Christiansrelationship to Christ(2Cor. 1:21-22)
In the New Testament the anointing is understood as an endowment of spiritual power and understanding (Jn. 2:20, 27). In the Old Testament it is associated with the kingly office (1Sam. 10:1-9, 16:13) but in the New Testament it is associated with Christ and with Christian’s witnesses within a context of proclaiming the gospel.
• So in both Old Testament and New Testament the anointing was of three (3) kinds• ORDINARY – use after bath and to show honour for guests.• SACRED – King, Priest, Prophet, Tabernacle and son• MEDICAL: The sick and the dead
• INGREDIENT FOR THE MAKE UP OF THE OLIVE OIL ASCOMMANDED BYGOD (Exo. 30:22-33)
• God instructed Moses his servant to specifically select some herbs for the oil which was to be used for the consecration of the temple and its objects and Aaron and his sons.• The formation was to be used for all generation (Exo. 30:31-33).• The ingredients for the oil were symbolic by the features of tress the helps came from.
• Myrr: Sweetscentered, nourisher for pure-matured babies. It is very fresh and makes the one who uses it very fresh. Its perfume cannot be hidden, its always stands out, it’s a sign of purity and it is in corruptible.
• Cinnamon: It’s a sweet scented flower tree with a special flavour for different season. (It has a flavour for every scenes).• It has a beauty of a new blossom flowers and (fruits).• It has a sweet nectar which is used to nurse and raised those who take it
• It’s a tree that stands upright always no matter what season.• It stands for integrity loyalty.
•CANE: They are plants that grow in the wilderness. They are very strong plants not even the conclusion of the wilderness can obstruct its growth.
• They do not know whether or season they blossom through the year.• They have thorns on them which makes it almost impossible to handle with the bear hands• That is why its dangerous to sin against Gods anointed “touch not the anointed of God”• The devil with all his power cannot handle you, because of the anointing.
• CASIA: It has the ability to live in water and will absorb the water into it. The anointed one will live in the word but will not absorb the signs of the word.• This plant is like the sunflower; it takes its direction from the rays of the sun light.
• The anointed person takes his direction from God and God alone (Those who are not lead by the spirit are not the signs of God). God will lay the anointed person to sleep and bring you back to life.• It blows to God after all day activity. (The anointed one love to worship God deep from within) as a sign of homage and respect to God as a creator and master.
• All this ingredients are put together, mix together before they can produce this features. That is the symbol of the unity of the body of characteristics.• The herbs are beaten, crush and squeeze, this signifies how God forms us by taken away the unwanted in us.
• We need to allow God to deal with the negative sides of us so that the liquid that comes out of us will be very pure.• The chaff is thrown away after the liquid is drain.
• The liquid is perfumed: This makes its very expensive• The anointing of God is priceless, it valve cannot be quantified.• God gives it to the believer as he will but the believer price is to maintain it.•
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