Collaboration in aNetwork Research LandscapeSeptember 23rd, 2011Accelerate Research Excellence Forum @ New Delhi, India   ...
Global trends we see today in research            Trends                      Implications• Funding Pressures           • ...
Competition …                                 Investment in R&D at a National Level                                 400,00...
Competition …                        Rapid Growth of Research Papers                          p                        p  ...
Collaboration: Proportion of the world’s papers                                         p                                 ...
Collaboration: Global trend of increasingcollaboration in research activities                                             ...
Why do researchers collaborate?… some Motivations•     Changing patterns of funding•     To increase scientific popularity...
What triggers collaboration?    … some Factors•    “… spatial proximity seems to encourage collaboration since it     tend...
How can we monitor collaboration? What are theimplications?  p                                                            ...
Implications from data    Some Examples                p                                                   A•    Who are o...
A                        Collaboration for Internal Planning:                         Taking an Indian Institution for an ...
A    Many publications from Engineering, Physics,     Material Sciences and Chemistry                                   y ...
A    84 Global strength areas in Computer Sciences,     Chemistry, Engineering and Biotechnology             y,    g      ...
A   Who are our researchers co-authoring papers with?    Which countries/institutions do they belong to?                  ...
A   Collaborations within your 84 research    competencies?        p        Example: An Indian Institution (Based on 2006-...
A   Drill down into more details:    Example of collaboration with Japanese institutions           p                      ...
A   Identify opportunities for collaboration to further    strengthen your competencies         g      y         p        ...
A   Key Takeaways – Collaboration for strategic    p    planning at an institutional level           g    •   With the inc...
B   Supporting individual researchers find    collaborators more effectively: MD Anderson                                 ...
B   Individual researcher will get their own profile,    visible to the international research community y                ...
B   Enable both internal and external researchers to    identify researchers with specific expertise           y          ...
B   Researchers can also analyze their own research    network with up-to-date information                  p             ...
B   Looking from a research management point of view …    Example of MD Anderson         p•   Currently includes researche...
B    National Networks being developed in US    Source: http://www.vivoweb.org/           24
B   Key Takeaways    – Supporting new collaborations        pp     g    •   We see increasing demand from researchers to s...
C    Measuring expected impact of collaborations        Example: An Indian Institution (Based on 2006-10 Publication)     ...
C                            Average Citation per Paper                                       Your Researchers +          ...
C    Future Funding Opportunities     Example: Top results for the US researcher mentioned previously                     ...
C   Backup: Awarded grants and future opportunities    identified from 4,200+ funding bodies globally                     ...
C   Key Takeaways    – Measuring expected impact from collaboration              g p          p    •   Both qualitative an...
What is your challenge …   Understanding   Collaboration     Situation    Identifying   Opportunities     for Future   Col...
Elsevier’s SciVerse Scopus …Used in various national level research exercises“ … the four UK Higher Education Funding Bodi...
SciVal is based on SCOPUSSourceData                                    Client Data                Customized Solutions bas...
Summary• Collaboration is a global trend                     g• Data can help to get an understanding of the current  coll...
For further contacts•   Padma Muralidharan    Senior Customer Development Manager – India    p.muralidharan@elsevier.com• ...
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Accelerate research excellence goki presentation (2)

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Accelerate research excellence goki presentation (2)

  1. 1. Collaboration in aNetwork Research LandscapeSeptember 23rd, 2011Accelerate Research Excellence Forum @ New Delhi, India Goki Ishikawa Director of Product Marketing, SciVal Elsevier, Science and Technology g.ishikawa@elsevier.com
  2. 2. Global trends we see today in research Trends Implications• Funding Pressures • C Competition and C Collaboration• Evaluation of Research Activities • Efficiency and Effectiveness• Mobility of Resources y• Advancement in Technology • Accountability y• Internationalization 2
  3. 3. Competition … Investment in R&D at a National Level 400,000,000 350,000,000R&D Budget per Nation (PP USD) 300,000,000 PP 250,000,000 200,000,000 200 000 000 150,000,000 100,000,000 50,000,000 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Year Note: China is total of “China”, “China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region” and “China, Macao Special Administrative Region”. Data for the following years/nations are estimated data; 2008 India, 2003/2005/2007 Australia. Source: UNESCO, Institute of Statistics 3
  4. 4. Competition … Rapid Growth of Research Papers p p 500,000 450,000 450 000 400,000 on 350,000 350 000Number of Publicatio 300,000 250,000 250 000 200,000 150,000 150 000N 100,000 50,000 50 000 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Year Source: SCImago (Based on SciVerse Scopus data) 4
  5. 5. Collaboration: Proportion of the world’s papers p produced with more than one international author % 40Percentage of Papers with int’l author 35 s 30P e 25 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Source: Knowledge, Networks and Nations: Global scientific collaboration in the 21st century, The Royal Society, 2011 5
  6. 6. Collaboration: Global trend of increasingcollaboration in research activities 2008 ernational Collaborat Papers ted s 1996 mber of Inte Num Rate of International PublicationSource: Knowledge, Networks and Nations: Global scientific collaboration in the 21st century, The Royal Society, 2011 6
  7. 7. Why do researchers collaborate?… some Motivations• Changing patterns of funding• To increase scientific popularity, visibility and recognition• Demands for the rationalization of scientific manpower• Requirements of complex and large-scale instrumentation• Increasing specialization in science• Demands for more k D d f knowledge in order to make significant l d i d t k i ifi t advances• Growing professionalization of science gp• Need to gain experience or to train apprentice researchers in the most effective way possible• Desire t bt i D i to obtain cross-fertilization across di i li f tili ti disciplines• Need to work in close physical proximity with othersSource: J. Sylvan Katz, Ben R. Martin (1997) 7
  8. 8. What triggers collaboration? … some Factors• “… spatial proximity seems to encourage collaboration since it tends t t d to generate more informal communication” t i f l i ti ”• “… social distance between individuals is also apparently a factor influencing whether collaborations develop … collaboration between peers (i.e., scientists of similar standing) is more likely than collaboration between individuals of unequal rank …”• “Collaboration frequently occurs between teachers and students.” q y• “… in cases where the potential collaboration involves a clear division of l b f labour, scientists may be more concerned with seeking the most i ti t b d ith ki th t appropriate expert partners, even if they have to travel some distance to find them.” Source: J. Sylvan Katz, Ben R. Martin (1997) 8
  9. 9. How can we monitor collaboration? What are theimplications? p • “… despite the limitations of p co-authorship measures, many studies have used this technique to investigate ” investigate. • “ … some would argue that bibliometric studies are unintrusive and indeed non-reactive--that is, the measurement does not affect the collaboration process. This may be true in terms of an immediate effect, but others have effect suggested that the results from a bibliometric investigation may influence collaboration practices over the longer term.”Source: J. Sylvan Katz, Ben R. Martin (1997), MD Anderson SciVal Experts http://www.experts.scival.com/mdanderson/ 9
  10. 10. Implications from data Some Examples p A• Who are our researchers co-authoring g papers with? Collaboration for• Which countries/institutions do those Internal Planning researchers belong to? B• Who else outside of my current network, y , can I work together with? Support New• Who has expertise in this topic within and Collaborations outside of my university? C• How much impact will the collaboration have Measuring M i to our research organization? Are there any expected quantitative metrics we can consider, in Impact of addition to the qualitative factors? dditi t th lit ti f t ? Collaborations 10
  11. 11. A Collaboration for Internal Planning: Taking an Indian Institution for an example g p Example: An Indian Institution (Based on 2006-10 Publication) 2000 1800 nsNumber of Publication 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400N 200 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 High growth in publication (CAGR 5%) g g p ( ) Source: Scopus data, Analysis 11
  12. 12. A Many publications from Engineering, Physics, Material Sciences and Chemistry y Example: An Indian Institution (Based on 2006-10 Publication) Engineering (16.6%) Others Physics and Astronomy (15.2%)Mathematics (5.2%)Biochemistry, Genetics andMolecular Biology (7.9%) Material Science (12.7%) Computer Sciences (8.4%) Chemistry (11.2%) Source: Scopus data, Analysis 12
  13. 13. A 84 Global strength areas in Computer Sciences, Chemistry, Engineering and Biotechnology y, g g gy Example: An Indian Institution (Based on 2006-10 Publication) Computer S i C t Science Physics/Math / Chemistry Chemistr Social Science Brain Research Engineering Competencies with p multiple colored lines are multi-disciplinary Health Science research areas Earth Science Biology Medical Specialties p Biotechnology Bi t h l Source: SciVal Spotlight 2010 Map Infectious Disease 13
  14. 14. A Who are our researchers co-authoring papers with? Which countries/institutions do they belong to? y g Example: An Indian Institution (Based on 2006-10 Publication) Many papers co-authors with researchers belonging to institutions in US, India, Western Europe and Japan Source: SciVal Spotlight 2010 Map 14
  15. 15. A Collaborations within your 84 research competencies? p Example: An Indian Institution (Based on 2006-10 Publication) Within areas of strengths co-authorship happening strengths, mostly with researchers from institutions in US and India Source: SciVal Spotlight 2010 Map 15
  16. 16. A Drill down into more details: Example of collaboration with Japanese institutions p p Example: An Indian Institution (Based on 2006-10 Publication) Source: SciVal Spotlight 2010 Map 16
  17. 17. A Identify opportunities for collaboration to further strengthen your competencies g y p Example: An Indian Institution (Based on 2006-10 Publication) Source: SciVal Spotlight 2010 Map 17
  18. 18. A Key Takeaways – Collaboration for strategic p planning at an institutional level g • With the increasing number of papers being published today, it is extremely challenging to understand the overall activities of researchers at your institution • Understanding the overall co-authorship situation is crucial for building future research strategy at an institutional level • Data can help to: (a) visually get an understanding of the overall collaboration situation, and (b) detailed information for each of the potential opportunities 18
  19. 19. B Supporting individual researchers find collaborators more effectively: MD Anderson y • VP of Global Academic Programs at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center wanted to create a network among researchers at MD Anderson and its 23 sister institutions around the world to help achieve its mission “Making Cancer History” • The challenge – enabling researchers and administrators to easily identify experts across institutions and facilitate opportunities to collaborate 19
  20. 20. B Individual researcher will get their own profile, visible to the international research community y Can h C showcase their lists of publications, th i li t f bli ti awarded grants, trend of past research et al. Source: MD Anderson SciVal Experts Website http://www.experts.scival.com/mdanderson/default.asp 20
  21. 21. B Enable both internal and external researchers to identify researchers with specific expertise y p p Source: MD Anderson SciVal Experts Website http://www.experts.scival.com/mdanderson/default.asp 21
  22. 22. B Researchers can also analyze their own research network with up-to-date information p Can identify h they have not worked together with, C id tif who th h t k dt th ith within their research community Source: MD Anderson SciVal Experts Website http://www.experts.scival.com/mdanderson/default.asp 22
  23. 23. B Looking from a research management point of view … Example of MD Anderson p• Currently includes researcher data from the y German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), one of its sister institutions Expanding the community• Hopes to expand to the rest of 22 sister institutions globally• Extract data from SciVal Experts to conduct analysis on size and activity level of specific Insight into research area strategic planning• Identify gaps in certain areas and strategically allocation resource to strengthen the field “SciVal Experts has made it easier to find the right expert at MD Anderson, and so has lowered the barrier for potential collaborators to make a good connection." Source: Vice President of Global Academic Programs, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center 23
  24. 24. B National Networks being developed in US Source: http://www.vivoweb.org/ 24
  25. 25. B Key Takeaways – Supporting new collaborations pp g • We see increasing demand from researchers to seek new collaborators, to develop future breakthrough in science and interdisciplinary research • However, it is challenging for both external researchers and internal researchers/administrators to identify such collaborators beyond th i existing network b d their i ti t k • As initial step to facilitate collaboration showcasing individual collaboration, researcher’s activity to the global research community can help • Elsevier is working closely with global research institutions to provides these infrastructure, which can also be linked to national network initiatives being developed g p 25
  26. 26. C Measuring expected impact of collaborations Example: An Indian Institution (Based on 2006-10 Publication) Indian Institution Researcher A Researcher B Source: SciVal Spotlight 2010 Map 26
  27. 27. C Average Citation per Paper Your Researchers + Potential collaborator from Japan Your Researchers + Potential collaborator from USAAverag Citation per Paper Result from top four researchers at this institution ge Publication Year Source: SciVal Strata 27
  28. 28. C Future Funding Opportunities Example: Top results for the US researcher mentioned previously Identify funding opportunities from Id tif f di t iti f +25,000 opportunities worth > $24.4B Source: SciVal Funding 28
  29. 29. C Backup: Awarded grants and future opportunities identified from 4,200+ funding bodies globally , g g y Expanding database through E di d t b th h including funding data from other nations Source: SciVal Funding 29
  30. 30. C Key Takeaways – Measuring expected impact from collaboration g p p • Both qualitative and quantitative factors should be considered to analyze impact of collaboration. For quantitative factors, “Average citation per paper” and “Funding” might be something we can look into • By looking into the trends of individual researcher’s past research output, we can gain insight i t h h t t i i i ht into how th collaboration the ll b ti might impact Average citation per paper • In addition, by looking into past awarded grants and future funding opportunities, we can estimate how much external grants the collaboration might be able to attract 30
  31. 31. What is your challenge … Understanding Collaboration Situation Identifying Opportunities for Future Collaborations Measuring expected Impact of collaboration 31
  32. 32. Elsevier’s SciVerse Scopus …Used in various national level research exercises“ … the four UK Higher Education Funding Bodies (representing England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales) will use Elsevier s Elseviers SciVerse Scopus database as the sole bibliometric provider for the 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF). The Framework was developed to assess the quality of research in UK higher education institutions …” (September 19th, 2011)“ … the Australian Research Council has selected SciVerse Scopus, the worlds largest abstract and citation database, for the third time as the sole citation provider for the Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) assessment for 2012 …” (September 12th, 2011)Source: http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/ 32
  33. 33. SciVal is based on SCOPUSSourceData Client Data Customized Solutions based on individual needs 33
  34. 34. Summary• Collaboration is a global trend g• Data can help to get an understanding of the current collaborations taking place and insight into opportunities for future collaborations• By showcasing each individual researcher’s activities, we can support both internal and external researchers to find new collaborators outside of their current network• Elsevier can provide various solutions to support these needs 34
  35. 35. For further contacts• Padma Muralidharan Senior Customer Development Manager – India p.muralidharan@elsevier.com• Goki Ishikawa Director of Product Marketing, SciVal – Global g.ishikawa@elsevier.com 35

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