101 REASONS TO GO VEGETARIANWell their only real point is usually "Meat is tasty" - fair enough a lot of people enjoythe t...
7. If everyone went vegetarian upto 90% of land used for animal farming could be taken      out of production & used to re...
8. Depletion of groundwater reserves to grow crops for animals & to supply abattoirs      will lead to greater water short...
5. Chickens are crammed into battery cages with upto 3 other birds, they are unable to      even spread their wings & many...
2. Meat is full of traces of antibiotics, hormones, toxins produced by stress & pesticide       residues that become conce...
year and in the meantime it is one of the major factors in the destruction of the environment -so what does the meat & dai...
acre of land could produce 50,000 pounds of tomatoes, 40,000 pounds of potatoes, 30,000pounds of carrots or just 250 pound...
fertilizer and manure) as one of the most serious water-quality problems in Europe and theUnited States.YOU WILL PRESERVE ...
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101 reasons to go vegetarian

  1. 1. 101 REASONS TO GO VEGETARIANWell their only real point is usually "Meat is tasty" - fair enough a lot of people enjoythe taste of meat - but there are plenty of delicious alternativesPeople Land Air Water Efficiency Animals HealthPEOPLE 1. Every year in the UK we feed our livestock enough food to feed 250,000,000 people while in the world 30,000,000 people die of starvation 2. 20 vegetarians can live off the land required by one meat eater 3. Every 3 seconds a child dies of starvation somewhere in the world 4. If Americans reduced their meat consumption by 10% it would free 12,000,000 tons of grain - enough to feed 60,000,000 people (the population of Great Britain) 5. If all Americans became vegetarian, it would free enough grain to feed 600,000,000 people (the population of India) 6. Intensification in animal farming has displaced 1,000,000s of people from their traditional lands - eg. indigenous people in south & central america, native americans in north america & crofters in Great Britain - this is continuing today 7. People displaced from their lands into cities succumb to dietary deficiency, diseases, parasites & opportunistic diseases 8. In third world countries 1 in 10 babies die before their first birthday 9. The UK imports ?46,000,000 worth of grain from third world countries to feed our livestock 10. Due to overgrazing 850,000,000 people live on land threatened by desertification & over 230,000,000 already live on land so severely desertified that they are unable to sustain their existence & face imminent starvation 11. 1,000,000,000 people in the west gorging on meat & dairy leave 1,000,000,000 to waste away & 3,500,000,000 teeter on the brinkLAND 1. If they continue to clear American forests to raise cattle at the present rate, in 50 years there will be none left 2. 1 acre yields 165 lbs of beef or 20,000 lbs of potatoes 3. 8/10 of cultivated land in the UK is used to grow food for animals (14,732,000 hectares) 4. It takes 16lbs of high protein soya to produce 1 lb of beef 5. Since 1945 in the UK we have lost 95% of flower meadows, 50% of ancient woodlands, 40% of heathlands, 50% of wet lands & 224,000 km of hedgerows all due to animal farming 6. Pressure on land due to meat farming leads to soil erosion 6billion tons/year in the USA
  2. 2. 7. If everyone went vegetarian upto 90% of land used for animal farming could be taken out of production & used to replant woodlands, leisure activities etc. 8. 25% of Central americas forests have been destroyed for cattle grazing since 1960 9. Between 1966-1983 38% of the Amazon rain forest was destroyed for cattle grazing 10. 90% of cattle ranches established on cleared forest land go bankrupt in less than 8 years as the land becomes barren due to nutrient loss & overgrazing 11. Overgrazing by cattle is destroying the land & increasing desertification, nearly 430 million acres in the USA alone has suffered a 25-50% reduction in yield since first grazed 12. An inch of topsoil takes 200-1000 years to develop - yet in the USA they have lost around 1/3 of their prime topsoil in 200 years (around 7 inches) due to animal farming 13. Land will be lost due to rises in sea level due to global warming due to animal farmingAIR 1. The destruction of the rainforest by cattle farmers is destroying the lungs of the planet & reducing the worlds capacity to replenish our oxygen supply 2. The 1,300,000,000 cattle in the world emit 60,000,000 tons of methane per year (methane is a greenhouse gas & leads to global warming) 3. Burning of forests, grasslands & agricultural waste associated with animal farming releases 50-100,000,000 tons of methane per year 4. Combining these figures, 25% of methane emissions are due to animal farming (not including the billions of sheep, pigs & poultry so the real figure is much higher) 5. Fertilizer used to grow crops to feed to animals releases nitrous oxide - thought to account for 6% of the greenhouse effect 6. Fertilizer, weedkiller & pesticides sprayed on crops enter the atmosphere creating a noxious carcinogenic cocktail 7. CFCs are released into the air from refrigeration units used to store decomposing flesh (meat), milk & butter - CFCs are destroy the ozone layer 8. Ammonia from animal urine also pollutes the atmosphere 9. CO2 is released by burning oil & petrol in lorries, ships, abattoirs, dairies, factories etc. associated with meat & dairy production 10. Emissions from large chemical plants which produce fertilizer, weedkiller & other agricultural chemicals are also poisoning our airWATER 1. 25 gallons of water to produce 1lb of wheat & 2500 gallons to produce 1lb of meat 2. UK farm animals produce 200,000,000 tonnes of slurry (liquid excrement) every year, the majority of which ends up in our rivers 3. Bloody waste water from abattoirs ends up in our rivers 4. In the USA every second humans produce 12,000 lbs of effluent while farmed animals produce 250,000 lbs 5. Nitrates & pesticides used on crops grown to feed livestock end up in our rivers 6. Meat & dairy farming uses 70 litres of water per day per animal in the UK or 159,250,000,000 litres per year in total 7. The water used to produce 10 lbs of steak is equivalent to the average consumption of water for an entire household for an entire year
  3. 3. 8. Depletion of groundwater reserves to grow crops for animals & to supply abattoirs will lead to greater water shortages 9. Aquafers (stores of underground water) in the San Joaquin valley in the USA are being drained at the rate of 500,000,000,000 gallons/year to produce meat 10. 18% of all agricultural land in the world is irrigated & as global warming increases (partly due to animal farming) it will cost $200,000,000 to keep these systems going 11. The water used to produce a 1000 lb beef steer is enough to float a Destroyer battleship 12. The liquid waste from the various parts of the meat & dairy industry flow into the rivers & from there into the seas polluting them & encouraging huge algal blooms to growEFFICIENCY 1. To produce 1calorie of energy from meat takes 60 calories of petrol, whereas growing grains & legumes to directly feed people produces 20 calories for each calorie of fuel used ( thats 1200 times more efficient) 2. Meat & dairy farming uses billions of gallons of oil to run tractors, fuel ships & lorries (to move animal feed & animals), pump billions of gallons of water to irrigate fields & run slaughterhouses, power refrigeration units to prevent the corpses from decomposing & to power sewage plants to clean up some of the pollution produced 3. Cattle convert only 6% of their energy intake (mainly grains & soya) into flesh, the remaining 94% is wasted as heat, movement (which is why they keep many animals in very close confinement), hair, bones, faeces etc 4. 1lb of beef takes 1 gallon of petrol to produce 5. A family of four eating beef for a year uses enough petrol to run a car for 6 months (obviously depending on how far you drive!) 6. If the full ecological cost of meat was passed onto the consumer - the price would be quadrupled (at least) 7. The EC spends ?100,000,000s to subsidise animal production resulting in lakes of unwanted milk & mountains of unwanted meat & butter. This money could be better spent encouraging organic fruit, vegetable & grain production 8. In the USA in 1979 145,000,000 tons of crops were fed to cattle resulting in only 21million tons of animal bodies - the cost of the wasted crops was $20,000,000,000 9. Between 1950 & 1985 grain production in Europe & the USA increased massively but 2/3 was fed to animals 10. 70% of all grain is fed to animals 11. Eating vast quantities of animal flesh, eggs, milk & butter is a luxury that most of the planet can not affordANIMALS 1. Fishing with drift (and other modern) nets weakens & destroys ecosystems by indiscriminately killing billions of sea creatures & disrupting the sea bed 2. Fishermens nets kill 10 times as many other animals as the fish they are hoping to catch 3. Fish caught in nets die an agonising slow death of suffocation 4. Each year 15,000,000,000 land animals are slaughtered for food & an unknown but much larger number of sea creatures (including 1000s of dolphins caught accidentally)
  4. 4. 5. Chickens are crammed into battery cages with upto 3 other birds, they are unable to even spread their wings & many can not even stand up 6. Unwanted male chicks (because they cant lay eggs) are gassed or pulped while their sisters go to the battery sheds 7. Chicks are debeaked without anaesthetic to prevent them injuring each other in the unnaturally confined conditions they are kept in - this is equivalent to having your fingernails pulled out without anaesthetic 8. Modern farming methods using growth hormones & artificial lighting mean that many chickens out grow their bones, resulting in fractured & broken legs 9. Sows are kept tethered in stalls 1.3 x 1 metre on concrete or slatted floors - they can not even turn around 10. Poultry raised for meat are kept in windowless broiler sheds, with around 20-30,000 in each shed, they live in an area of 10-20 cm square - fighting due to overcrowding is common & like battery hens they commonly suffer from supperating bed sores 11. Broilersheds are artificially lit 23 hours a day to produce rapid growth 12. Animals travel between farms & to slaughter in overcrowded transporters with no food or water - resulting in stress, injuries & deaths - legal requirements are widely ignored 13. 95% of poultry suffer injuries before being killed & 30% suffer broken bones 14. Problems with stunning practices mean that many animals have their throats slit while still conscious (around 6% of cattle or 200,000 per year) & are then dipped in tanks of scalding water (to loosen feathers, bristles etc.) again while fully conscious 15. 4000 animals die spurting their blood out every minute in a British slaughterhouse 16. Calf leather comes from animals killed at just 2 weeks old 17. Cows were fed on the ground up remains of other cows & sheep - the result is thought to be BSE (mad cow disease) in the USA cattle are fed partly on recycled plastic pellets 18. Cows only give milk for 10 months after they have a calf - so they are routinely artificially inseminated (ie. mechanically raped) to keep them pregnant & milking - their calves are taken away (usually at 12 hours old) for meat or export to veal crates 19. Cows would naturally live upto 20 years but are slaughtered after 5-7 years when their milk production begins to fall 20. In the UK animals are killed by first being stunned with electricity or a captive bolt gun (ie. a bolt is fired into their heads) before having their throats slit & being plunged into boiling water - all this happens on a production line with the animals being hung upside down from a moving conveyor belt - this is factory farming 21. "Animals are those unfortunate slaves & victims of the most brutal part of mankind" - John Stewart Mill (philosopher) 22. Veal calves are confined in stalls in the dark, unable to move & are fed on pigs blood , chocolate & dried milk (we are drinking the rich fresh milk of their mothers) 23. Cows naturally produce 5 litres of milk per day for their calves - under the intensified systems of modern farming they produce 25-40 litres per day - resulting in swollen & inflamed udders - at this rate they are soon worn out 24. Large areas of land are under monoculture to grow crops to feed to animals - these areas are wildlife deserts supporting fewer & fewer species.HEALTH 1. Vegetarians have a 20% lower rate of mortality from all causes (ie. they live longer & dont get sick as often)
  5. 5. 2. Meat is full of traces of antibiotics, hormones, toxins produced by stress & pesticide residues that become concentrated from all the crops they have eaten 3. Fish contain heavy metals & other pollutants -many of which originated on farms 4. The world health organisation recommends a diet low in saturated fat, sugar, salt & with plenty of fibre - exactly what you get on a vegan/vegetarian diet 5. Farmed animals contain upto 50% saturated fat in their bodies 6. Vegetarians have 24% reduced risk of getting heart disease & Vegans a 57% reduction (heart disease is the biggest killer in the UK accounting for 50% of deaths) 7. Obesity is rare in vegetarians, obesity is related to many diseases 8. Vegans & vegetarians have lower blood pressure & cholesterol levels - high levels are associated with heart disease, strokes & kidney failure 9. Vegetarians have a 50% reduced risk of dying of diabetes 10. Vegetarians have a 40% reduced level of cancer than the general population thought to be because they have a higher intake of vitamins A,C & E 11. Vegetarians have a reduced risk of developing gall & kidney stones 12. 80% of food poisoning is due to infected meat (faeces, bacteria etc.) after all meat is decomposing flesh - most of the rest is due to salmonella in eggs 13. Osteoporosis due to calcium loss from bones is mainly due to the sulphur content in meat & casein protein in milk that cause calcium to be lost in the urine - the countries with the highest meat & dairy consumption are those with the highest levels of brittle bones 14. 50% of people do not have the enzyme to digest milk properly & milk allergy is related to asthma & eczema 15. Meat eaters have double the rate of Alzheimers disease as Vegans & Vegetarians - some people also think that Parkinsons disease is also linked to meat eating 16. Egg yolk is a dense concentration of saturated fat & the white is high in albumin protein associated with leaching calcium into your urine. Butter is 80% saturated fat, cream is 40% saturated fat & cheese is 25-40% saturated fat 17. Meat eaters are two and a half times more likely to get bowel cancer than Vegetarians 18. The cling film used to wrap meat in supermarkets & butchers contains chemicals linked to falling sperm counts in men 19. Chinese people (living mainly on a vegetarian diet) consume 20% more calories than Americans but Americans are 20% fatter 20. Of 2,100,000 deaths in the USA in 1987, 1,500,000 were related to diet (ie. meat & dairy)If youve read this far, I hope that you are beginning to see that the Meat & Dairy industry is amajor contributor to misery on this planet. It is destroying the health of people in richcountries, starving those in poor countries, it is torturing & killing billions of animals every
  6. 6. year and in the meantime it is one of the major factors in the destruction of the environment -so what does the meat & dairy industry have to say in its defence?Well their only real point is usually "Meat is tasty" - fair enough a lot of people enjoy thetaste of meat - but there are plenty of delicious alternatives (just consider the huge range ofvegetarian dishes in Indian cooking - one of the oldest & most sophisticated cuisines in theworld) and if you really crave meat & dairy, nowadays there are plenty of healthy non animalalternatives - just look in the supermarket & health food shop. So I hope you will agree itspretty pathetic to consider all the evidence & then say "well I know youre right about theenvironment & health & the animals - but I just love my meat"KINDLY NOTE.I DO NOT TAKE THE CREDIT FOR THE ABOVE INFORMATION. I CAME ACROSSIT ON THE NET.YOU WILL LIVE LONGERVegetarians live about 7 years longer, and vegans about 15 years longer than meat eaters.These findings are backed up by the China Health Project (the largest population study ondiet and health to date), which found that Chinese people who eat the least amount of fat andanimal products have the lowest risk of cancer, heart attack and other chronic degenerativediseases. And a British study that tracked 6,000 vegetarians and 5,000 meat eaters for 12years found that vegetarians were 40 percent less likely to die from cancer during that timeand 20 percent less likely to die from other diseases.YOU WILL HELP REDUCE WASTE AND AIR POLLUTIONEach year, the nations factory farms, collectively produce 2 billion tons of manure, asubstance that is rated by the Environmental Protection Agency as one of the countrys(U.S)top 10 pollutants. And thats not even counting the methane gas released by cows, pigs andpoultry (which contributes to the green house effect); the ammonia gases from urine; poisongases that emanate from manure lagoons; toxic chemicals from pesticide; and exhaust fromfarm equipment used to raise feed for animals. Circle 4 Farms in Milford, Utah, which raises2.5 million pigs every year, creates more waste than the entire city of Los Angeles.YOU WILL HELP REDUCE FAMINE72 percent of all grain produced in the U.S is fed to animals raised for slaughter. It takes 15pounds of feed to get one pound of meat. But if the grain were given directly to people, therewould be enough food to feed the entire planet. According to the journal Soil and Water, one
  7. 7. acre of land could produce 50,000 pounds of tomatoes, 40,000 pounds of potatoes, 30,000pounds of carrots or just 250 pounds of beef.YOU WILL GIVE YOUR BODY A SPRING CLEANINGGiving up meat helps purge the body of toxins (pesticides, environmental pollutants,preservatives) that overload our systems and cause illness. When people begin formaldetoxification programs, their first step is to replace meats and dairy products with fruits,vegetables and juices. "These contain phytochemicals that help us detox naturally," saysChris Clark, M.D., medical director of The Raj, an Ayurvedic healing center in Fairfield,Iowa, which specializes in detox programs.YOU CAN SAVE MONEYReplacing meat, chicken and fish with vegetables and fruits is estimated to cut food bills byan average of $4,000 a year.YOU WILL AVOID TOXIC CHEMICALSThe EPA estimates that nearly 95 percent of pesticide residue in our diet comes from meat,fish and dairy products. Fish, in particular, contain carcinogens (PCBs, DDT) and heavymetals (mercury, arsenic, lead, cadmium) that cannot be removed through cooking orfreezing. Meat and dairy products are also laced with steroids and hormones.YOU WILL PROTECT YOURSELF FROM FOOD-BORNE ILLNESSThe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that among Americans, therewere approximately 80 million incidences of food-borne illness a year- resulting in 9,000deaths. According to the Center for Science in the Public Interest, 25 percent of all chickensold in the U.S carries salmonella bacteria and, the CDC estimates, 70 percent to 90 percentof chickens contain the bacteria campylobacter (some strains of which are antibiotic-resistant), approximately 5 percent of cows carry the lethal strain of E. coli 0157:h7 9whichcauses virulent diseases and death), and 30 percent of pigs slaughtered each year for food areinfected with toxoplasmosis (caused by parasites). All of which leads Michael Klaper, M.D.,author or Pregnancy, Children and a Vegan Diet, to comment, "Including animal products inyour diet is like playing Russian roulette with your life."YOU WILL HELP BRING DOWN THE NATIONAL DEBTWe spend between $60 billion and $120 billion annually to treat the heart disease, cancer,obesity, and food poisoning that are byproducts of a diet heavy on animal products.YOU WILL HELP PROTECT THE PURITY OF WATERIt takes 2,500 gallons of water to produce one pound of beef, but just 25 gallons of water toproduce a pound of wheat. Not only is this wasteful, but it contributes to rampant waterpollution. A 1997 study by the Senate Agriculture Committee found that 60 percent ofAmerican waterways were polluted, and the major reason is animal agriculture. TheOrganization for Economic Cooperation and Development lists nitrate pollution (from
  8. 8. fertilizer and manure) as one of the most serious water-quality problems in Europe and theUnited States.YOU WILL PRESERVE OUR FISH POPULATIONBecause of our voracious appetite for fish, 39 percent of the oceans fish species are overharvested, and the Food & Agriculture Organization reports that 11 of 15 of the worlds majorfishing grounds have become depleted.YOU WILL SAVE YOUR HEARTCardiovascular disease is still the number one killer in the U.S, and the standard Americandiet (SAD)thats laden with saturated fat and cholesterol from meat and dairy is largely toblame. Children as young as age 3 who are raised on fast food and junk food show early signsof heart disease, according to the Bogalusa Heart Study done at the Louisiana StateUniversity. Cardiovascular disease is found in one in nine women aged 45 to 64 and in one inthree women over 65. Heart attacks are also deadlier to the fairer sex: 53 percent of womenwho have heart attacks die from them, compared with 47 percent of men. Today, the averageAmerican male eating a meat-based diet has a 50 percent chance of dying from heart disease.his risk drops to 15 percent if he cuts out meat, dairy and eggs. Partly responsible is the factthat fruits and vegetables are full of antioxidant nutrients that protect the heart and its arteries.Plus, produce contains no saturated fat or cholesterol. Incidentally, cholesterol levels forvegetarians are 14 percent lower than meat eaters.SOURCES VEGETARIAN TIMES VEGETARIAN BEGINNERS GUIDE (Macmillan, 1996) 101 REASONS WHY IM A VEGETARIAN by Pamela Teisler-Rice (Viva veggie Society, 1995) VEGAN: THE NEW ETHICS OF EATING by Erik Marcus (McBooks Press, 1998) 365 GOOD REASONS TO BE VEGETARIAN by Victor Parachin (Avery Publishing Group, 1998) WORLD WATCH VITAL SIGNS (W.W Norton, 1998) THE PERFECTLY CONTENTED MEAT-EATERS GUIDE TO VEGETARIANISM by Mark Warren Reinhardt (Continuum, 1998) THE VEGAN SOURCEBOOK by Joanne Stepaniak, M.S., E.D (Lowell House, 1998)

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