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Historical methods 2012

Historical methods 2012



Lomax historiography class

Lomax historiography class
Spr. 2012



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    Historical methods 2012 Historical methods 2012 Presentation Transcript

    • HISTORICAL METHODS Prof. Lomax Spring Semester 2012
    • A Period of Transition for Historians• Information explosion• Problems locating information• Reliability of burgeoning body of literature?• Information stored in non-durable formats
    • A Period of Transition for HistoriansGrowing number of formats• Traditional print• Microforms• Punch cards• Various magnetic media• Optical Media• Online digital
    • Legibility/ Stability of Media• Availability of equipment to read and reproduce• Availability of retrieval software• Stability of content
    • Sources - Media Format: Clay tablet Storage Density: Really low See: A History of Stability: Really high Information Storage & Retrieval, Foster Stockwell
    • Sources - Media Format: Papyrus scroll Storage Density: Low Stability: Centuries
    • Sources - Media Format: Book (paper) Storage Density: Low Stability: Centuries
    • Sources - Media Format: Microfilm Storage Density: Medium Lifetime: Centuries
    • Sources - Media Format: Magnetic / optical / digital memory Storage density: high Stability: Low
    • Media - SourcesFormat: InternetStorage Density: HighStability: ?
    • Tools for Locating Resources• Catalogs• Databases• Search Engines
    • POLAR400,000+ items OhioLINK 10,000,000+ items WorldCAT 110 million+ items
    • CATALOGS - POLAR• Public Online Library Access & Retrieval• Covers holdings of both Heterick & the law library• Access from library home page• Includes items in all formats – including online material
    • CATALOGS - OHIOLINK• Includes holdings of all Ohio colleges & universities• Connected to POLAR• Students can request materials from other libraries – IF they are not available from ONU• Most items requested arrive within 3-5 working days
    • CATALOGS - WorldCAT• Includes holdings of libraries world wide• Covers all types of libraries & increasingly non-library organizations• Materials can be in all formats• Unlike OhioLINK - Does not allow students to request materials directly• Available via Heterick homepage
    • RESEARCH TOOLS• Catalogs• Databases• Web sites
    • RESEARCH TOOLS - DATABASES• Usually tools for locating periodical (journal and newspaper) articles (Newspaperarchive.com)• May include graphic material as well
    • DATABASES – EXAMPLES• America History and Life• American Periodical Series• Historical Abstracts• JSTOR• Digital; Dissertations• History of Science and Medicine• HarpWeek• ITER• Sanborn Maps
    • RESEARCH TOOLS• Catalogs• Databases• Web sites
    • Source: New Yorker – July 5, 1993
    • Web Materials Evaluation• Authority – Does an organization stand behind materials posted?• Credentials – Are individuals qualified contributors?• Content – Are materials unedited reproductions of original sources?• “About Us” – Use identification links if you are not familiar with an organization.
    • Content• Full-text Resource – War of the Rebellion (TIF files) http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/moa/moa_browse.html• Full-text Resource – New York Times (PDF file)• Full-text Resource – Gentle Measures in the Training of the Young… (ASCII file, text)
    • Locating Tools• Search Engines, e.g. Google• WorldCAT• Metasites
    • Locating Tools - WorldCATWorldCAT includes some Internet resources• Have been identified, evaluated by real human beings• Descriptive abstracts are included• Emphasis on quality rather than quantity• Available from Heterick home page
    • Locating Tools - Metasites• OAIster (Open Archives Inititative (now a part of Worldcat)• Repository of Primary Sources• Text Encoding Initiative consortium
    • WEB SITES - TYPES• Professional Organizations• Topical/ Thematic Sites• Text/ Graphic Collections• Museums and Other Learned Bodies
    • WEB SITES - PROFESSIONALAm. Assoc. for State and Local Historyhttp://www.aaslh.orgAmerican Historical Associationhttp://www.historians.orgOhio Historical Societyhttp://www.ohiohistory.orgOrganization of American Historianshttp://www.oah.orgScholarly Societies Projecthttp://www.lib.uwaterloo.ca/society/overview.html
    • WEB SITES -TEXTS• Railroad Maps http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/rrhtml/rrhome.html• Duke Papyrus Archive http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/papyrus• Documenting the American South http://docsouth.unc.edu• Internet Library of Early Journals http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/ilej/• Eurodocs http://library.byu.edu/~rdh/eurodocs
    • WEB SITES - TOPICAL• Aquae Urbis Romae http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/waters/• Ctr. For the Hist. Of Information Technol. http://www.cbi.umn.edu• Ancient Metallurgy Research Group http://www.brad.ac.uk/acad/archsci/depart/resgrp/amrg/amrginfo.htm• Bill Douglas Ctr. For the Hist. Of Cinema http://www.ex.ac.uk/bill.douglas/menu.html
    • WEB SITES – MUSEUMS, ETC.U. Of Memphis Inst. Of Egyptian Arthttp://www.memphis.edu/egypt/main.htmlJ. Paul Getty Museumhttp://www.getty.edu/museumSistine Chapelhttp://www.christusrex.org/www1/sistine/0-Tour.htmlNational Palace Museum – Taipeihttp://www.npm.gov.tw/english/index-e.htm
    • Additional Materials
    • Additional Materials
    • Interlibrary Loans• Use for books, microforms, etc. that cannot be obtained via OhioLINK or online• No charge for the service• No limit on number of requests• Available from ONU homepage
    • FURTHER HELP• Reference Desk (see library hours)• Phone to Ref. Desk – 2185• E-mail help on database help pages• Chat reference